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  • ASTM E 203 : 2016 : REDLINE

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    Standard Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-04-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 06.04, 2018 Provides a general guide for the application of the volumetric Karl Fischer (KF) titration for determining free water and water of hydration in most solid or liquid organic and inorganic compounds.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method is intended as a general guide for the application of the volumetric Karl Fischer (KF) titration for determining free water and water of hydration in most solid or liquid organic and inorganic compounds. This test method is designed for use with automatic titration systems capable of determining the KF titration end point potentiometrically; however, a manual titration method for determining the end point visually is included as Appendix X1. Samples that are gaseous at room temperature are not covered (see Appendix X4). This test method covers the use of both pyridine and pyridine-free KF reagents for determining water by the volumetric titration. Determination of water using KF coulometric titration is not discussed. By proper choice of the sample size, KF reagent concentration and apparatus, this test method is suitable for measurement of water over a wide concentration range, that is, parts per million to pure water.

    1.2The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.3This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warnings are given in 3.1 and 7.3.3.

    1.4Review the current Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions for chemicals used in this test procedure.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 16
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    DEFSTAN 91-35/2(1995) : 1995 HYDRAULIC FLUID PETROLEUM, EMULSIFYING, JOINT SERVICE DESIGNATION: OX-30
    ASTM D 3401 : 1997 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures
    DIN EN 16900 E : 2017 FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR INDUSTRIAL BOILERS - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    SAE AMS 2980/4 : 2014 CARBON FIBER FABRIC AND EPOXY RESIN WET LAY-UP REPAIR MATERIAL - PART 4 - PURCHASING SPECIFICATION - RESIN
    MIL I 82819 : 0 INSULATION, THERMAL, POLYISOPRENE, SILICA & ASBESTOS FILLED
    MIL P 71158 : 0 PROPELLANT, LIQUID, XM46
    AWS A4.4M : 2001 STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINATION OF MOISTURE CONTENT OF WELDING FLUXES AND WELDING ELECTRODE FLUX COVERINGS
    MIL C 82813 : NOTICE 1 CURING AGENT, ISOPHORONE DIISOCYANATE
    MIL I 27686 : F INHIBITOR, ICING, FUEL SYSTEM
    BS EN 16900:2017 Fast pyrolysis bio-oils for industrial boilers. Requirements and test methods
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4274 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Testing Polyurethane Raw Materials: Determination of Hydroxyl Numbers of Polyols
    PD CEN/TR 17103:2017 PETROLEUM AND RELATED PRODUCTS - FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR STATIONARY INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - QUALITY DETERMINATION
    MIL P 27408 : A MILITARY SPECIFICATION PROPELLANT, MIXED OXIDES OF NITROGEN
    ASTM D 5177 : 1991 : R1996 Standard Guide for Waste Acceptance at Hazardous Waste Incinerators (Withdrawn 2005)
    ASTM D 6201 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    MIL C 306 : C CARBON BLACK, POWDERED, DRY
    ASTM D 3218 : 2007 Standard Specification for Polyolefin Monofilaments
    SAE AMS 2950/1 : 2008 PASTE ADHESIVE FOR CORE RESTORATION - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    ASTM E 302 : 1995 Test Methods for Monobasic Organic Acids (Withdrawn 2001)
    ASTM D 3401 : 1997 : R2012 Standard Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures
    ASTM E 1100 : 1992 Test Method for Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Specially Denatured Ethanol, Formula SD-3A (Withdrawn 1998)
    ASTM D 1123 : 1999 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM E 475 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Assay of Di-tert-Butyl Peroxide Using Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3218 : 2007 : R2018 Standard Specification for Polyolefin Monofilaments
    SAE AMS 2980/1 : 2014 CARBON FIBER FABRIC AND EPOXY RESIN WET LAY-UP REPAIR MATERIAL - PART 1 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    MIL P 26539 : C PROPELLANT, NITROGEN TETROXIDE
    ASTM D 1123 : 1999 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
    ASTM D 1123 : 1999 : R2003e1 TEST METHODS FOR WATER IN ENGINE COOLANT CONCENTRATE BY THE KARL FISCHER REAGENT METHOD
    MIL DTL 27686 : G INHIBITOR, ICING, FUEL SYSTEM
    API MPM CH10.7 : 2002(R2011) MANUAL OF PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - CHAPTER 10 - SEDIMENT AND WATER - SECTION 7 - STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR WATER IN CRUDE OILS BY POTENTIOMETRIC KARL FISCHER TITRATION
    ASTM D 6201 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    MIL A 82667 : A AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    ASTM D 7058 : 2004 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of Saybolt Color of Aviation Turbine Fuels and Kerosine Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
    MIL A 63471 : 0 ALUMINUM CHLORIDE, (ANHYDROUS) (FOR USE IN AMMUNITION)
    S.R. CEN/TR 17103:2017 FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR STATIONARY INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - QUALITY DETERMINATION
    ASTM D 4252 : 1989 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates
    ASTM D 7058:2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of Saybolt Color of Aviation Turbine Fuels and Kerosine Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
    ASTM D 6201 : 2004 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Dynamometer Evaluation of Unleaded Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4017 : 2002 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method
    ASTM D 268 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material
    ASTM D 6304 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 6756 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of the ASTM Color of Diesel Fuel and Heating Oil Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
    ASTM D 268 : 2001 : R2012 Standard Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 4377 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 1249 : 1992 : R1999 Standard Specification for Octyl Ortho-Phthalate Ester Plasticizers (Withdrawn 2007)
    I.S. EN 16900:2017 FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR INDUSTRIAL BOILERS - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    MIL O 51499 : A NOTICE 1
    API MPM CH10.7:2002 MANUAL OF PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - CHAPTER 10 - SEDIMENT AND WATER - SECTION 7 - STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR WATER IN CRUDE OILS BY POTENTIOMETRIC KARL FISCHER TITRATION
    MIL I 85470 : A INHIBITOR, ICING, FUEL SYSTEM, HIGH FLASH
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4017 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method
    MIL DTL 32064 : (3) EXPLOSIVE, PLASTIC-BONDED, PRESSED, PBXN-11
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 5008 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Ethyl Methyl Pentanol Content and Purity Value of 2-Ethylhexanol By Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2021)
    MIL A 82667/1 : 0 AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE, HIGH PURITY
    GOST R 52714:2018 Motor gasolines. Determination of individual and group hydrocarbon composition by capillary gas сhromatography method
    SAE AMS 3025 : 2018 POLYALKYLENE GLYCOL HEAT TREAT QUENCHANT
    ASTM D 268 : 2001 Standard Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material
    ASTM E 200 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis
    ASTM D 6304:2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Petroleum Products, Lubricating Oils, and Additives by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    FM 6930 : 2009 FLAMMABILITY CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIAL FLUIDS
    ASTM D 4252 : 1989 : R2017 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates
    ASTM D 1045 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Plasticizers Used in Plastics
    ASTM E 1145 : 1987 : R1992 : EDT 1 Specification for Denatured Ethyl Alcohol, Formula 3A (Withdrawn 1993)
    ASTM D 4672 : 2012-08 TEST METHODS FOR POLYURETHANE RAW MATERIALS: DETERMINATION OF WATER CONTENT OF POLYOLS
    ASTM D 3401 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures
    ASTM D 4377 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM E 567 : 1991 Test Method for Tertiary Hydroxyl Groups with Hydrogen Bromide (Withdrawn 1996)
    ASTM D 7618 : 2013 : R2017 Standard Specification for Ethyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (ETBE) for Blending with Aviation Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM E 202 : 2012-06 TEST METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF ETHYLENE GLYCOLS AND PROPYLENE GLYCOLS
    ASTM D 4252 : 1989 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates
    ASTM D 7544 : 2012 Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel
    ASTM D 2195 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Pentaerythritol (Withdrawn 2011)
    ASTM E 1064 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 4377 : 2000 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 7618 : 2013 Standard Specification for Ethyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether (ETBE) for Blending with Aviation Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    ASTM D 8063 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Water in Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) by Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
    DIN EN 16900:2015-09 (Draft) FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR INDUSTRIAL BOILERS - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    ASTM D 6813 : 2002 : REV A : R2007 Standard Guide for Performance Evaluation of Hydraulic Fluids for Piston Pumps
    ASTM D 6813 : 2002 Standard Guide for Performance Evaluation of Hydraulic Fluids for Piston Pumps
    ASTM D 6813 : 2002 : REV A : R2013 Standard Guide for Performance Evaluation of Hydraulic Fluids for Piston Pumps (Withdrawn 2015)
    ASTM D 5501 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 6813 : 2002 : REV A Standard Guide for Performance Evaluation of Hydraulic Fluids for Piston Pumps
    ASTM D 4377 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration
    MIL M 48767 : 0 METHYL FORMATE (FOR USE IN AMMUNITION)
    MIL DTL 440 : D COMPOSITION A-3 AND A-4
    MIL P 85364 : A PROPELLANT CTBN 23-17
    MIL V 48773 : 0 VANADIUM PENTOXIDE (FOR USE IN AMMUNITION)
    ASTM E 700 : 1979 : R1990 : EDT 1 Test Method for Water in Gases Using Karl Fischer Reagent (Withdrawn 1995)
    MIL C 12051 : B CHEMICAL AGENT, MUSTARD, DISTILLED (HD)
    MIL T 63466 : 0 THIONYL CHLORIDE (FOR USE IN AMMUNITION)
    AASHTO M 327 : 2011 : R2015 SPECIFICATION FOR PROCESSING ADDITIONS FOR USE IN THE MANUFACTURE OF HYDRAULIC CEMENTS
    MIL DTL 83800 : B PROPANEDIOL, 1, 2-
    MIL A 82667/2 : 0 AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE, CONDITIONED
    ASTM D 7058 : 2004 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Red Dye Concentration and Estimation of Saybolt Color of Aviation Turbine Fuels and Kerosine Using a Portable Visible Spectrophotometer
    ASTM D 7375 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Water in Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Mixtures by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 1123 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
    SAE AMS 1431 : 2012 COMPOUND, SOLID RUNWAY AND TAXIWAY DEICING/ANTI-ICING
    UNI/TS 11446 : 2012 PYROLYTIC BIOLIQUIDS - CLASSIFICATION AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR ENERGY USE
    TAPPI T 689 : 0 ANALYSIS OF CRUDE TALL OIL
    ASTM D 1992 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Testing Synthetic Plasticizers Used in Rubber
    ASTM D 1123 : 1999 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
    SAE AMS 2950/1 : 2008(R2019) PASTE ADHESIVE FOR CORE RESTORATION - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    ASTM D 5008 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Ethyl Methyl Pentanol Content and Purity Value of 2-Ethylhexanol By Gas Chromatography
    ASTM E 3050 : 2016 Standard Specification for Denatured Ethanol for Use as Cooking and Appliance Fuel
    ASTM D 4252 : 1989 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates
    GOST 849:2018 Primary nickel. SpecificationsE
    UNE-EN 16900:2017 Fast pyrolysis bio-oils for industrial boilers - Requirements and test methods
    EN 16900:2017 Fast pyrolysis bio-oils for industrial boilers - Requirements and test methods
    MIL DTL 85097 : E USN/USMC PROPELLANT ACTUATED DEVICES (PADS) - GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    API MPM CH10.9 SPANISH : 2013 MANUAL OF PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - CHAPTER 10.9: STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR WATER IN CRUDE OILS BY COULOMETRIC KARL FISCHER TITRATION
    MIL H 502 : B HEXAMETHYLENETETRAMINE, TECHNICAL
    API MPM CH10.9 : 2013 MANUAL OF PETROLEUM MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - CHAPTER 10.9: STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR WATER IN CRUDE OILS BY COULOMETRIC KARL FISCHER TITRATION
    ASTM E 222 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Hydroxyl Groups Using Acetic Anhydride Acetylation
    ASTM E 326 : 1996 Test Method for Hydroxyl Groups by Phthalic Anhydride Esterification (Withdrawn 2001)
    NASA KSC SPEC P 0025 : 2002 PROPYLENE GLYCOL MONOMETHYL ETHER (PGME) 1-METHOXY-2-PROPANOL, SPECIFICATION FOR
    MIL STD 286 : C PROPELLANTS, SOLID: SAMPLING, EXAMINATION AND TESTING
    MIL A 50460 : A AMMONIUM NITRATE, PRILLED (FOR USE IN AMMUNITION)
    ASTM E 335 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Hydroxyl Groups by Pyromellitic Dianhydride Esterification (Withdrawn 2003)
    MIL E 50011 : C ETHANOLAMINES (MONOETHANOLAMINE, DIETHANOLAMINE, AND TRIETHANOLAMINE), TECHNICAL
    MIL L 63470 : 0 LITHIUM CHLORIDE (FOR USE IN AMMUNITION)
    ASTM D 1123 : 1999 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
    MIL M 14745 : 0 MINOL 2 COMPOSITION
    15/30325842 DC : 0 BS EN 16900 - FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR INDUSTRIAL BOILERS - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    MIL I 51498 : 0 ISOPROPYLAMINE, TECHNICAL
    DOD U 10866 : D UREA, TECHNICAL (METRIC)
    MIL D 6998 : D DICHLOROMETHANE, TECHNICAL
    MIL A 175 : C AMMONIUM NITRATE, TECHNICAL (METRIC)
    MIL DTL 10866 : E UREA, TECHNICAL (METRIC)
    ASTM D 3218 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Specification for Polyolefin Monofilaments
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    MIL N 48263 : 0 1-NITRO-2-PROPANOL (NPL)
    AASHTO M 327:2011 SPECIFICATION FOR PROCESSING ADDITIONS FOR USE IN THE MANUFACTURE OF HYDRAULIC CEMENTS
    ASTM D 3089 : 1997 : R2008 Standard Practice for Determining the A-D Dimension of Aerosol Valve Dip Tubes
    ASTM D 7785 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Water in Lint Cotton by Oven Evaporation Combined with Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 3401 : 1997 : R2006 Standard Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures
    ASTM D 4017 : 2002 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method
    ASTM D 6160 : 1998 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 7544 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Specification for Pyrolysis Liquid Biofuel
    ASTM D 3401 : 1997 : R2001 Standard Test Methods for Water in Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures
    CEN/TR 17103 : 2017 PETROLEUM AND RELATED PRODUCTS - FAST PYROLYSIS BIO-OILS FOR STATIONARY INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - QUALITY DETERMINATION

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 1152 : 2006 Standard Specification for Methanol (Methyl Alcohol)
    ASTM D 5530 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Total Moisture of Hazardous Waste Fuel by Karl Fischer Titrimetry
    ASTM D 4672 : 2012-08 TEST METHODS FOR POLYURETHANE RAW MATERIALS: DETERMINATION OF WATER CONTENT OF POLYOLS
    ASTM E 180 : 2003 Standard Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals (Withdrawn 2009)
    ASTM D 1533 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Water in Insulating Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    ASTM D 803 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Testing Tall Oil
    ASTM D 2072 : 1992 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water in Fatty Nitrogen Compounds (Withdrawn 2007)
    ASTM E 1064 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
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