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  • ASTM E 2662 : 2015

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    Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination of Flat Panel Composites and Sandwich Core Materials Used in Aerospace Applications

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-06-2015

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This practice is intended to be used as a supplement to Practices E1742, E1255, E2033, and E2698.

    1.2This practice describes procedures for radiographic examination of flat panel composites and sandwich core materials made entirely or in part from fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites. Radiographic examination is: a) Film Radiography (RT), b) Computed Radiography (CR) with Imaging Plate, c) Digital Radiography (DR) with Digital Detector Array’s (DDA), and d) Radioscopic (RTR) Real Time Radiography with a detection system such as an Image Intensifier. The composite materials under consideration typically contain continuous high modulus fibers (> 20 GPa), such as those listed in 1.4.

    1.3This practice describes established radiographic examination methods that are currently used by industry that have demonstrated utility in quality assurance of flat panel composites and sandwich core materials during product process design and optimization, process control, after manufacture inspection, in service examination, and health monitoring. Additional guidance can be found in E2533, Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace.

    1.4This practice has utility for examination of flat panel composites and sandwich constructions containing, but not limited to, bismaleimide, epoxy, phenolic, poly(amide imide), polybenzimidazole, polyester (thermosetting and thermoplastic), poly(ether ether ketone), poly(ether imide), polyimide (thermosetting and thermoplastic), poly(phenylene sulfide), or polysulfone matrices; and alumina, aramid, boron, carbon, glass, quartz, or silicon carbide fibers. Typical as-fabricated geometries include uniaxial, cross ply and angle ply laminates; as well as honeycomb core sandwich constructions.

    1.5This practice does not specify accept-reject criteria and is not intended to be used as a means for approving flat panel composites or sandwich core materials for service.

    1.6To ensure proper use of the referenced standards, there are recognized nondestructive testing (NDT) specialists that are certified according to industry and company NDT specifications. It is recommended that a NDT specialist be a part of any composite component design, quality assurance, in service maintenance or damage examination.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 07
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2981 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of the Composite Overwraps in Filament Wound Pressure Vessels Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 1025 : 2018 Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiography
    MIL-HDBK-6870C:2020 NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR AIRCRAFT AND MISSILE MATERIALS AND PARTS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2033 : 2017 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination Using Computed Radiography (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
    ASTM E 2446 : 2016 Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Computed Radiography Systems
    ASTM E 1316 : 2011 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1255 : 2009 Standard Practice for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 1742 : 2000 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination
    ASTM E 1025 : 2011 Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
    ASTM E 1316 : 2009 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2033 : 1999 : R2013 Standard Practice for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2008 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2698 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
    ASTM E 1316 : 2010 : REV C Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 1434 : 1982 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM E 1316 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2017 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2736 : 2017 Standard Guide for Digital Detector Array Radiography
    ASTM E 1316 : 2013 : REV C Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 2698 : 2010 Standard Practice for Radiological Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
    ASTM E 2533 : 2016 : REV A Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 1817 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination by Using Representative Quality Indicators (RQIs)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2000 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1255 : 1996 Standard Practice for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 1815 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
    ASTM E 543 : 2021 Standard Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
    ASTM E 1316 : 2019 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2015 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM D 3878 : 2019 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1165 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM D 3878 : 2000 Standard Terminology Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1316 : 2014 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1000 : 1998 Standard Guide for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 1316 : 2013 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1815 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
    ASTM E 2698 : 2018 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
    ASTM E 1000 : 2016 Standard Guide for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 1316 : 2018 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1817 : 2008 Standard Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination by Using Representative Quality Indicators (RQIs)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2011 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2007 : 2010 Standard Guide for Computed Radiography
    ASTM E 2533 : 2009 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 2737 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Practice for Digital Detector Array Performance Evaluation and Long-Term Stability
    ASTM E 1316 : 2007 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2015 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1165:2012 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM E 1316 : 2019 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1025 : 2018 Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiography
    ASTM E 1316 : 2013 : REV D Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2000 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2019 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2446 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Practice for Classification of Computed Radiology Systems
    ASTM E 2033 : 1999 Standard Practice for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2001 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1165 : 1992 : R1996 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM E 1316 : 2003 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1000 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Guide for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 1471 : 1992 : R2008 Standard Guide for Identification of Fibers, Fillers, and Core Materials in Computerized Material Property Databases
    ASTM D 3878 : 2003 : REV A Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1742 : 2008 : REV A Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination
    ASTM E 1316 : 2018 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2016 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1309 : 2000 Standard Guide for Identification of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials in Databases
    ASTM E 1471 : 1992 : R1998 Standard Guide for Identification of Fibers, Fillers, and Core Materials in Computerized Material Property Databases
    ASTM D 3878 : 2019 : REV A Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM D 3878 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1817 : 2003 Standard Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination by Using Representative Quality Indicators (RQIs)
    ASTM E 2736 : 2010 Standard Guide for Digital Detector Array Radiology
    ASTM D 3878 : 1998 Standard Terminology Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1316 : 2006 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 543 : 2015 Standard Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
    ASTM E 1316 : 2016 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2007 : 2000 Standard Guide for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence (PSL) Method)
    ASTM E 1815 : 2008 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
    ASTM D 3878 : 2018 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV D Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2533 : 2016 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 1025 : 2005 Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
    ASTM D 3878 : 2002 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 2533 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 1316 : 2010 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1471 : 1992 : R2014 Standard Guide for Identification of Fibers, Fillers, and Core Materials in Computerized Material Property Databases (Withdrawn 2015)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2022 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1165 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM E 2533 : 2017 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 1316 : 2013 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2004 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 2007 : 2008 Standard Guide for Computed Radiography
    ASTM D 1434 : 1982 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1742 : 2005 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination
    ASTM D 3878 : 2007 : R2013 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1309 : 2000 : R2011 Standard Guide for Identification of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials in Databases (Withdrawn 2015)
    ASTM E 2446 : 2005 Standard Practice for Classification of Computed Radiology Systems
    ASTM D 1434 : 1982 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM D 3878 : 2020 : REDLINE Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1025 : 1998 Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
    ASTM E 1316 : 2017 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2020 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1471 : 1992 : R2004 Standard Guide for Identification of Fibers, Fillers, and Core Materials in Computerized Material Property Databases
    ASTM D 3878 : 2003 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1316 : 2016 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2445 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Practice for Qualification and Long-Term Stability of Computed Radiology Systems
    ASTM E 1316 : 2009 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2007 Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 2597 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Digital Detector Arrays
    ASTM E 1316 : 2002 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2004 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2737 : 2010 Standard Practice for Digital Detector Array Performance Evaluation and Long-Term Stability
    ASTM E 2007 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Guide for Computed Radiography
    ASTM E 1316 : 2007 : REV C Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2010 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1316 : 2013 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1815 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
    ASTM E 1000 : 1998 : R2009 Standard Guide for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 1742 : 2006 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination
    ASTM E 1309 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Guide for Identification of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials in Databases
    ASTM E 1165 : 1992 : R2002 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM D 3878 : 2004 : REV A Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2033 : 1999 : R2006 Standard Practice for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2007 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1165 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM E 2533 : 2021 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Examination of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    ASTM E 1316 : 2005 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Testing
    ASTM E 1316 : 2004 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1165 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV C Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2445 : 2005 Standard Practice for Qualification and Long-Term Stability of Computed Radiology Systems
    ASTM D 1434 : 1982 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting
    ASTM E 1817 : 1996 Standard Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination by Using Representative Quality Indicators (RQIs)
    ASTM E 2446 : 2015 Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Computed Radiography Systems
    ASTM E 1316 : 2007 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 3878 : 2001 Standard Terminology Composite Materials
    ASTM E 1255 : 2016 Standard Practice for Radioscopy
    ASTM E 2597 : 2007 Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Digital Detector Arrays
    ASTM E 1316 : 2012 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 2007 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Guide for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence (PSL) Method)
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