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  • ASTM E 384 : 2017 : REDLINE

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Superseded date:  12-11-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  25-08-2017

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 03.01, 2017 Defines determination of the microindentation hardness of materials.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers determination of the microindentation hardness of materials.

    1.2This test method covers microindentation tests made with Knoop and Vickers indenters under test forces in the range from 9.8 × 10-3 to 9.8 N (1 to 1000 gf).

    1.3This test method includes an analysis of the possible sources of errors that can occur during microindentation testing and how these factors affect the precision, bias, repeatability, and reproducibility of test results.

    1.4Information pertaining to the requirements for direct verification and calibration of the testing machine and the requirements for the manufacture and calibration of Vickers and Knoop reference hardness test blocks are in Test Method E92.

    Note 1:While Committee E04 is primarily concerned with metals, the test procedures described are applicable to other materials.

    1.5Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 04
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

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    ASTM B 477 : 1997 : R2002 Standard Specification for Gold-Silver-Nickel Electrical Contact Alloy
    SAE AMS 4903 : 2015 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 6AL - 4V, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    ASTM F 3213 : 2017 Standard for Additive Manufacturing – Finished Part Properties – Standard Specification for Cobalt-28 Chromium-6 Molybdenum via Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM C 522 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Airflow Resistance of Acoustical Materials
    ASTM D 1474 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings
    SAE J 441 : 2013 Cut Wire Shot
    ASTM C 849 : 1988 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Ceramic Whitewares
    ASTM C 730 : 1998 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
    ASTM C 522 : 2003 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Airflow Resistance of Acoustical Materials
    ASTM E 1268 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Practice for Assessing the Degree of Banding or Orientation of Microstructures
    ASTM C 730 : 1998 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
    ASTM E 2546 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Instrumented Indentation Testing
    ASTM B 832 : 1993 : R2003 Standard Guide for Electroforming with Nickel and Copper
    ASTM B 596 : 1989 : R2017 Standard Specification for Gold-Copper Alloy Electrical Contact Material
    ASTM F 2215 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Balls, Bearings, Ferrous and Nonferrous for Use in Bearings, Valves, and Bearing Applications
    ASTM B 578 : 1987 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Microhardness of Electroplated Coatings
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    BS EN ISO 13628-2 : 2006 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
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    SAE AMS 5923 : 2013 STEEL, CORROSION-RESISTANT, BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS,17CR - 0.52MO (0.95 - 1.20C) (SAE 51440C), FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS
    SAE AMS 5544 : 2014 NICKEL ALLOY, CORROSION AND HEAT-RESISTANT, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 57NI - 19.5CR - 13.5CO - 4.2MO - 3.0TI - 1.4AL - 0.05ZR - 0.006B, CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE OR VACUUM INDUCTION MELTED, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4916L : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 8AL - 1MO - 1V DUPLEX ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 5914 : 2012 NICKEL ALLOY, CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT, SHEET, STRIP, AND FOIL 52.5NI - 19CR - 3.0MO - 5.0CB - 0.90TI - 0.50AL - 18FE, CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE OR VACUUM INDUCTION MELTED PRECISION COLD ROLLED, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    API SPEC 20E : 2017 ALLOY AND CARBON STEEL BOLTING FOR USE IN THE PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
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    SAE AMS 6280 : 2017 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND RINGS, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.20MO (0.28 - 0.33C) (SAE 8630)
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    SAE AMS 6378 : 2014 STEEL BARS, 1.0CR - 0.20MO - 0.45SE (0.39 - 0.48C) (4142H MODIFIED), DIE-DRAWN, 130 KSI (896 MPA) YIELD STRENGTH, FREE MACHINING
    SAE AMS 5596 : 2017 NICKEL ALLOY, CORROSION AND HEAT-RESISTANT, SHEET, STRIP, FOIL AND PLATE, 52.5NI - 19CR - 3.0MO - 5.1CB (NB) - 0.90TI - 0.50AL - 18FE, CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED OR VACUUM INDUCTION MELTED, 1775 DEGREES F (968 DEGREES C) SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
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    SAE AMS 2759 : 2014 HEAT TREATMENT OF STEEL PARTS, GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    SAE AMS 6348 : 2013 STEEL, BARS, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.28 TO 0.33C) (SAE 4130), NORMALIZED
    ASTM C 849 : 1988 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Ceramic Whitewares
    ASTM F 879 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket Button and Flat Countersunk Head Cap Screws
    ASTM B 69 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Rolled Zinc
    ASTM D 1474 : 1998 : R2008 Standard Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings
    ASTM B 477 : 1997 : R2008 Standard Specification for Gold-Silver-Nickel Electrical Contact Alloy
    ASTM B 540 : 1997 : R2017 Standard Specification for Palladium Electrical Contact Alloy
    ASTM F 1459 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Hydrogen Gas Embrittlement (HGE)
    ASTM F 3055 : 2014 Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Nickel Alloy (UNS N07718) with Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM F 3055 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Nickel Alloy (UNS N07718) with Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM B 541 : 2001 Standard Specification for Gold Electrical Contact Alloy
    ASTM B 388 : 2006 : R2012 Standard Specification for Thermostat Metal Sheet and Strip
    DIN EN ISO 4498:2010-11 Sintered metal materials, excluding hardmetals - Determination of apparent hardness and microhardness (ISO 4498:2010)
    I.S. EN ISO 13628-2:2006 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
    I.S. EN ISO 15156-2:2015&LC:2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - MATERIALS FOR USE IN H[2]S-CONTAINING ENVIRONMENTS IN OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION - PART 2: CRACKING-RESISTANT CARBON AND LOW-ALLOY STEELS, AND THE USE OF CAST IRONS (ISO 15156-2:2015)
    EN ISO 15156-2:2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - MATERIALS FOR USE IN H[2]S-CONTAINING ENVIRONMENTS IN OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION - PART 2: CRACKING-RESISTANT CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEELS, AND THE USE OF CAST IRONS (ISO 15156-2:2015)
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    I.S. EN ISO 4498:2010 SINTERED METAL MATERIALS, EXCLUDING HARDMETALS - DETERMINATION OF APPARENT HARDNESS AND MICROHARDNESS
    ASME PCC 2 : 2015 REPAIR OF PRESSURE EQUIPMENT AND PIPING
    SAE AMS 4940 : 2017 TITANIUM SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE COMMERCIALLY PURE ANNEALED, 25.0 KSI (172 MPA) YIELD STRENGTH
    MIL STD 3049 : 0 MATERIALS DEPOSITION, DDM: DIRECT DEPOSITION OF METAL FOR REMANUFACTURE, RESTORATION AND RECOATING
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    ASTM B 277 : 1995 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Hardness of Electrical Contact Materials
    SAE AMS 5911 : 2014 STEEL, CORROSION-RESISTANT, SHEET AND STRIP, 19CR - 9.2NI (SAE 30304) COLD ROLLED, 1/2 HARD, 150 KSI (1034 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    I.S. EN ISO 13628-5:2009 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 5: SUBSEA UMBILICALS
    MIL DTL 18866 : J FITTINGS, HYDRAULIC TUBE, FLARED, 37 DEGREE AND FLARELESS, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    ASTM C 522 : 2003 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Airflow Resistance of Acoustical Materials
    BS 3531-8:1982 Surgical implants Specification for ceramic materials based on alumina
    I.S. EN 843-4:2005 ADVANCED TECHNICAL CERAMICS - MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MONOLITHIC CERAMICS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE - PART 4: VICKERS, KNOOP AND ROCKWELL SUPERFICIAL HARDNESS
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    ASTM B 563 : 2001 : R2017 Standard Specification for Palladium-Silver-Copper Electrical Contact Alloy
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    SAE AMS 5225 : 2014 IRON-NICKEL ALLOY, STRIP, 49FE - 5.3CR - 42NI - 2.5TI - 0.55AL, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED, COLD ROLLED, 50% REDUCTION
    SAE AMS 4910 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 5AL - 2.5SN ANNEALED
    ASTM F 364 : 1996 : R2009 Standard Specification for Molybdenum Flattened Wire for Electron Tubes
    SAE AS 7108 : 2009 NADCAP AUDIT CRITERIA FOR CHEMICAL PROCESSING
    SAE AMS 2437 : 2012 COATING, PLASMA SPRAY DEPOSITION
    ASTM C 1326 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    SAE AMS 2759/13 : 2018 GASEOUS NITROCARBURIZING
    SAE AIR 4777 : 2013(R 2018) NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION (NDI) METHODS USED DURING PRODUCTION AND OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT WHEELS AND BRAKES
    SAE AMS 6304 : 2016 LOW-ALLOY STEEL, HEAT-RESISTANT, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.95CR - 0.55MO - 0.30V (0.40 - 0.50C)
    SAE AMS 6409E : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340) SPECIAL AIRCRAFT QUALITY CLEANLINESS, NORMALIZED AND TEMPERED
    ASTM B 578 : 1987 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Microhardness of Electroplated Coatings
    SAE AMS 6945 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY, SINGLE MELT, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 6AL - 4V ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6320 : 2017 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND RINGS 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.33 - 0.38C) (8735)
    SAE ARP 4715A : 2011(S2018) INDUCTION HARDENING OF STEEL COMPONENTS
    NACE RP 04 72 : 2005 METHODS AND CONTROLS TO PREVENT IN-SERVICE ENVIRONMENTAL CRACKING OF CARBON STEEL WELDMENTS IN CORROSIVE PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTS
    AGMA 2004 : C GEAR MATERIALS, HEAT TREATMENT AND PROCESSING MANUAL
    DIN EN ISO 17945 E : 2015 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - METALLIC MATERIALS RESISTANT TO SULFIDE STRESS CRACKING IN CORROSIVE PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTS (ISO 17945:2015)
    SAE AMS 2454 : 2012 PLATING, ELECTROLESS NICKEL, CODEPOSITED WITH POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE (PTFE)
    04/301931 DC : DRAFT JAN 2004 ISO 13628-2 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 2: UNBONDED FLEXIBLE PIPE SYSTEMS FOR SUBSEA AND MARINE APPLICATIONS
    MIL DTL 32460 : A ADAPTER, HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC, 37 DEGREES FLARE TUBE FITTING TO ORFS CONNECTORS, 1500 TO 3000 PSI AND -65 DEGREES F TO 250 DEGREES F, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
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    07/30127452 DC : DRAFT AUG 2007 BS ISO 13628-5 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SUBSEA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - PART 5: SUBSEA UMBILICALS
    GGG D 751 : D DRILLS, TWIST (TAPER-SQUARE, STRAIGHT, AND TAPER-ROUND SHANKS)
    SAE AMS 5907 : 2012 STEEL, CORROSION AND HEAT-RESISTANT, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 17CR - 12NI - 2.5MO (SAE 30316), COLD ROLLED, 1/4 HARD, 125 KSI (862 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
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    API SPEC 17E : 2017 SPECIFICATION FOR SUBSEA UMBILICALS
    MIL DTL 32502 : 0 COATING, COBALT-PHOSPHORUS ALLOY, NANOCRYSTALLINE (ELECTRODEPOSITED)
    SAE AMS 4544 H: 2017 NICKEL-COPPER ALLOY, CORROSION RESISTANT, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 67NI - 30CU, ANNEALED
    API 5ST : 2010 : R2015 SPECIFICATION FOR COILED TUBING
    GGG K 275 : D KEY, SOCKET HEAD SCREW AND KEY SETS SOCKET HEAD (WRENCH, HEXAGON, SPLINE AND SQUARE)
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    ASTM F 3302 : 2018 Standard for Additive Manufacturing – Finished Part Properties – Standard Specification for Titanium Alloys via Powder Bed Fusion
    ASTM F 2162 : 2001 : R2016 Standard Specification for Bearing, Roller, Needle: Drawn Outer Ring, Full Complement, Without Inner Ring, Open and Closed End, Standard Type
    SAE AMS 5892 : 2014 ALLOY, SHEET AND STRIP, 42FE - 37.5NI - 14CO - 4.8CB (NB) - 1.6TI, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED, PRECIPITATION HARDENABLE, MULTIPLE MELTED, HIGH TEMPERATURE, LOW EXPANSION
    A A 52202 : C OPENER, CAN, HAND, FOR SQUARE AND ROUND FOOD CANS
    ABMA 10A : 2001 METAL BALLS FOR UNGROUND BEARINGS AND OTHER USES
    SAE AMS 6477 : 2015 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.80CR (0.90 - 1.03C), FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS
    SAE AMS 6358 : 2016 STEEL SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 0.50CR - 0.55NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 8740)
    SAE ARP 1341 : 2010 DETERMINING DECARBURIZATION AND CARBURIZATION IN FINISHED PARTS OF CARBON AND LOW-ALLOY STEELS
    SAE AMS 6539 : 2013 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 1.7CR - 3.8NI - 0.3MO - (0.32-0.38 C), AIRCRAFT-QUALITY
    ASTM B 477 : 1997 Standard Specification for Gold-Silver-Nickel Electrical Contact Alloy
    SAE AMS 6324 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING, 0.65CR - 0.70NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (8740 MODIFIED)
    SAE AMS 7855 : 2017 COLUMBIUM (NIOBIUM) ALLOY BARS, RODS, AND WIRE, 10W - 2.5ZR, RECRYSTALLIZED
    SAE AMS 4917 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 13.5V - 11CR - 3.0AL - SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 6415 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340)
    SAE AMS 6490 : 2014 STEEL BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 4.0CR - 4.2MO - 1.0V (0.77 - 0.85C) (M-50) PREMIUM AIRCRAFT-QUALITY FOR BEARING APPLICATIONS CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE VACUUM MELTED
    SAE AMS 6381 : 2017 STEEL, MECHANICAL TUBING, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4140)
    SAE AMS 6414 : 2016 STEEL, BARS, FORGINGS, AND TUBING 0.80CR - 1.8NI - 0.25MO (0.38 - 0.43C) (SAE 4340) VACUUM CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE REMELTED
    SAE AMS 5529 : 2012 STEEL, CORROSION RESISTANT, SHEET AND STRIP, 17CR - 7.1NI - 1.1AL, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED AND COLD ROLLED, PRECIPITATION HARDENABLE, 0.0015 TO 0.100 INCH (0.038 TO 2.54 MM) NOMINAL THICKNESS
    SAE AMS 4899 : 2016 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 4.5AI - 3V - 2FE - 2MO, ANNEALED
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    SAE AMS 5120 : 2013 STEEL STRIP, 0.68 - 0.80C (SAE 1074)
    SAE AMS 5632 : 2018 STEEL, CORROSION-RESISTANT, BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS, 17CR - 0.50MO (0.95 - 1.20C) (440F), FREE-MACHINING, ANNEALED
    API 5C8 : 2017 CARE, MAINTENANCE, AND INSPECTION OF COILED TUBING
    SAE AMS 6437 : 2015 STEEL, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 5.0CR - 1.3MO - 0.50V (0.38 - 0.43C) (H-11)
    ASTM B 596 : 1989 : R2012 Standard Specification for Gold-Copper Alloy Electrical Contact Material
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    SAE AMS 5517 : 2010 STEEL, CORROSION RESISTANT, SHEET AND STRIP, 18CR - 8NI (301) COLD ROLLED, 125 KSI (862 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 6303 : 2018 STEEL BARS AND FORGINGS, LOW ALLOY, HEAT-RESISTANT, 0.65SI - 1.25CR - 0.50MO - 0.85V (0.25 - 0.30C)
    SAE AMS 5518 : 2014 STEEL, CORROSION RESISTANT, SHEET AND STRIP 18CR - 8NI COLD ROLLED, 150 KSI (1034 MPA) TENSILE STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 6365 : 2014 STEEL TUBING, SEAMLESS, 0.95CR - 0.20MO (0.33 - 0.38C) (SAE 4135), NORMALIZED OR STRESS RELIEVED