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  • ASTM E 45 : 1997 : EDT 2

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  14-09-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  31-12-2010

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1 These test methods cover a number of recognized methods for determining the nonmetallic inclusion content of wrought steel. Macroscopical methods include macroetch, fracture, step-down, and magnetic particle tests. Microscopical methods include five generally accepted systems of examination. In these microscopical methods, inclusions are assigned to a category based on similarities in morphology, and not necessarily on their chemical identity. Metallographic techniques that allow simple differentiation between morphologically similar inclusions are briefly discussed. While the methods are primarily intended for rating inclusions, constituents such as carbides, nitrides, carbonitrides, borides, and intermetallic phases may be rated using some of the microscopical methods. In some cases, alloys other than steels may be rated using one or more of these methods; the methods will be described in terms of their use on steels.

    1.2 These test methods are suitable for manual rating of inclusion content. Other ASTM standards cover automatic methods for obtaining JK ratings (Practice E 1122) and inclusion content using image analysis (Practice E 1245).

    1.3 Depending on the type of steel and the properties required, either a macroscopical or a microscopical method for determining the inclusion content, or combinations of the two methods, may be found most satisfactory.

    1.4 These test methods deal only with recommended test methods and nothing in them should be construed as defining or establishing limits of acceptability for any grade of steel.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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    Committee E 04
    Document Type Test Method
    Product Note E2 Note-Editorial corrections were made to footnotes 7 and 8 in October 1999.
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 768 : 1999 : R2018 Standard Guide for Preparing and Evaluating Specimens for Automatic Inclusion Assessment of Steel
    ASTM A 232/A232M : 2018 Standard Specification for Chromium-Vanadium Alloy Steel Valve Spring Quality Wire
    ASTM A 230/A230M : 2019 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Carbon Valve Spring Quality
    ASTM A 878/A878M : 2019 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Modified Chromium Vanadium Valve Spring Quality
    ASTM A 920/A920M : 2014 : R2019 Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Microalloy, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, Mechanical Properties
    ASTM A 576 : 2017 Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality
    ASTM F 1466 : 2020 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel-Cobalt Alloys for Metal-to-Ceramic Sealing Applications
    ASTM C 1187 : 2020 : REV A Standard Guide for Establishing Surveillance Test Program for Boron-based Neutron Absorbing Material Systems for Use in Nuclear Fuel Storage Racks in Pool Environment
    ASTM A 646/A646M : 2017 Standard Specification for Premium Quality Alloy Steel Blooms and Billets for Aircraft and Aerospace Forgings
    ASTM A 877/A877M : 2017 Standard Specification for Steel Wire, Chromium-Silicon Alloys, Chrome-Silicon-Vanadium Alloy Valve Spring Quality
    ASTM A 600 : 1992 : REV A : R2016 Standard Specification for Tool Steel High Speed
    ASTM A 983/A983M : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for Continuous Grain Flow Forged Carbon and Alloy Steel Crankshafts for Medium Speed Diesel Engines
    ASTM D 5707 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Lubricating Grease Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM E 2283 : 2008 : R2019 Standard Practice for Extreme Value Analysis of Nonmetallic Inclusions in Steel and Other Microstructural Features
    ASTM F 2332 : 2006 : R2013 Standard Specification for Annular Ball Bearings for Instruments and Precision Rotating Components
    ASTM F 3160 : 2016 Standard Guide for Metallurgical Characterization of Absorbable Metallic Materials for Medical Implants
    ASTM A 289/A289M : 1997 : R2018 Standard Specification for Alloy Steel Forgings for Nonmagnetic Retaining Rings for Generators
    ASTM E 531 : 2013 Standard Practice for Surveillance Testing of High-Temperature Nuclear Component Materials (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM A 805/A805M : 2009 : R2016 Standard Specification for Steel, Flat Wire, Carbon, Cold-Rolled
    ASTM E 3 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
    ASTM A 579/A579M : 2020 Standard Specification for Superstrength Alloy Steel Forgings
    ASTM F 2527 : 2016 Standard Specification for Wrought Seamless and Welded and Drawn Cobalt Alloy Small Diameter Tubing for Surgical Implants (UNS R30003, UNS R30008, UNS R30035, UNS R30605, and UNS R31537)
    ASTM F 139 : 2019 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)
    ASTM A 756 : 2017 Standard Specification for Stainless Anti-Friction Bearing Steel
    ASTM E 7 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Metallography
    ASTM D 7594 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Fretting Wear Resistance of Lubricating Greases Under High Hertzian Contact Pressures Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 7420 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Tribomechanical Properties of Grease Lubricated Plastic Socket Suspension Joints Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM A 534 : 2017 Standard Specification for Carburizing Steels for Anti-Friction Bearings
    ASTM A 295/A295M : 2014 : R2020 Standard Specification for High-Carbon Anti-Friction Bearing Steel
    ASTM D 6425 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils Using SRV Test Machine
    ASTM D 8316 : 2020 : REV A Standard Test Method for Measuring Friction and Wear Properties of Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubricating Oils with the Roller-Disk Geometry Using SRV Test Machine
    ASTM A 681 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Specification for Tool Steels Alloy
    ASTM E 2142 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Methods for Rating and Classifying Inclusions in Steel Using the Scanning Electron Microscope
    ASTM F 561 : 2019 Standard Practice for Retrieval and Analysis of Medical Devices, and Associated Tissues and Fluids
    ASTM E 1245 : 2003 : R2016 Standard Practice for Determining the Inclusion or Second-Phase Constituent Content of Metals by Automatic Image Analysis
    ASTM F 1376 : 1992 : R2020 Standard Guide for Metallurgical Analysis for Gas Distribution System Components
    ASTM A 686 : 1992 : R2016 Standard Specification for Tool Steel, Carbon
    ASTM D 5706 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Lubricating Greases Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM D 7217 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Extreme Pressure Properties of Solid Bonded Films Using a High-Frequency, Linear-Oscillation (SRV) Test Machine
    ASTM A 921/A921M : 1993 : R2016 Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Microalloy, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, for Subsequent Hot Forging
    ASTM A 909/A909M : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Microalloy, for General Industrial Use
    ASTM E 588 : 2003 : R2020 Standard Practice for Detection of Large Inclusions in Bearing Quality Steel by the Ultrasonic Method
    ASTM F 90 : 2014 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-20Chromium-15Tungsten-10Nickel Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30605)
    ASTM F 138 : 2019 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)
    ASTM F 2581 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 11Manganese-17Chromium-3Molybdenum Low-Nickel Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S29225)
    ASTM A 711/A711M : 2017 Standard Specification for Steel Forging Stock
    ASTM A 485 : 2017 Standard Specification for High Hardenability Antifriction Bearing Steel
    ASTM A 1099/A1099M : 2020 Standard Specification for Modified Alloy Steel Forgings, Forged Bar, and Rolled Bar Commonly Used in Oil and Gas Pressure Vessels
    ASTM F 1058 : 2016 Standard Specification for Wrought 40Cobalt-20Chromium-16Iron-15Nickel-7Molybdenum Alloy Wire, Strip, and Strip Bar for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30003 and UNS R30008)
    ASTM F 1314 : 2018 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 22 Chromium–13 Nickel–5 Manganese–2.5 Molybdenum Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S20910)
    ASTM F 1586 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 21Chromium-10Nickel-3Manganese-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Alloy Bar for Surgical Implants (UNS S31675)
    ASTM F 1684 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel and Iron-Nickel-Cobalt Alloys for Low Thermal Expansion Applications
    ASTM A 540/A540M : 2015 Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel Bolting for Special Applications
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