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  • ASTM E 709 : 2021

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    Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  14-07-2021

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This guide2 covers techniques for both dry and wet magnetic particle testing, a nondestructive method for detecting cracks and other discontinuities at or near the surface in ferromagnetic materials. Magnetic particle testing may be applied to raw material, semifinished material (billets, blooms, castings, and forgings), finished material and welds, regardless of heat treatment or lack thereof. It is useful for preventive maintenance testing.

    1.1.1This guide is intended as a reference to aid in the preparation of specifications/standards, procedures and techniques.

    1.2This guide is also a reference that may be used as follows:

    1.2.1To establish a means by which magnetic particle testing, procedures recommended or required by individual organizations, can be reviewed to evaluate their applicability and completeness.

    1.2.2To aid in the organization of the facilities and personnel concerned in magnetic particle testing.

    1.2.3To aid in the preparation of procedures dealing with the examination of materials and parts. This guide describes magnetic particle testing techniques that are recommended for a great variety of sizes and shapes of ferromagnetic materials and widely varying examination requirements. Since there are many acceptable differences in both procedure and technique, the explicit requirements should be covered by a written procedure (see Section 21).

    1.3This guide does not indicate, suggest, or specify acceptance standards for parts/pieces examined by these techniques. It should be pointed out, however, that after indications have been produced, they must be interpreted or classified and then evaluated. For this purpose there should be a separate code, specification, or a specific agreement to define the type, size, location, degree of alignment and spacing, area concentration, and orientation of indications that are unacceptable in a specific part versus those which need not be removed before part acceptance. Conditions where rework or repair is not permitted should be specified.

    1.4This guide describes the use of the following magnetic particle method techniques.

    1.4.1Dry magnetic powder (see 8.4),

    1.4.2Wet magnetic particle (see 8.5),

    1.4.3Magnetic slurry/paint magnetic particle (see 8.5.7), and

    1.4.4Polymer magnetic particle (see 8.5.8).

    1.5Personnel Qualification—Personnel performing examinations in accordance with this guide should be qualified and certified in accordance with ASNT Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A, ANSI/ASNT Standard CP-189, NAS 410, or as specified in the contract or purchase order.

    1.6Nondestructive Testing Agency—If a nondestructive testing agency as described in Specification E543 is used to perform the examination, the nondestructive testing agency should meet the requirements of Specification E543.

    1.7Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.8Warning—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials.Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury or mercury containing products, or both, into your state or country may be prohibited by law.

    1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.10This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 07
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2905/E2905M : 2020 Standard Practice for Examination of Mill and Kiln Girth Gear Teeth—Electromagnetic Methods
    ASTM A 20/A20M : 2020 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels
    ASTM A 834 : 1995 : R2020 Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Iron Castings for General Industrial Use
    ASTM A 426/A426M : 2018 Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service
    ASTM E 45 : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel
    ASTM F 3125/F3125M : 2019 : EDT 2 Standard Specification for High Strength Structural Bolts and Assemblies, Steel and Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, Inch Dimensions 120 ksi and 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength, and Metric Dimensions 830 MPa and 1040 MPa Minimum Tensile Strength
    ASTM F 3043 : 2015 Standard Specification for “Twist Off” Type Tension Control Structural Bolt/Nut/Washer Assemblies, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 200 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
    ASTM A 952/A952M : 2002 : R2016 Standard Specification for Forged Grade 80 and Grade 100 Steel Lifting Components and Welded Attachment Links
    ASTM A 874/A874M : 1998 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Castings Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
    ASTM A 672/A672M : 2019 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Service at Moderate Temperatures
    ASTM A 352/A352M : 2021 Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
    ASTM A 960/A960M : 2020 Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Wrought Steel Piping Fittings
    ASTM F 3148 : 2017 : REV A Standard Specification for High Strength Structural Bolt Assemblies, Steel and Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 144ksi Minimum Tensile Strength, Inch Dimensions
    ASTM E 3022 : 2018 Standard Practice for Measurement of Emission Characteristics and Requirements for LED UV-A Lamps Used in Fluorescent Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Testing
    ASTM A 758/A758M : 2014 : R2019 Standard Specification for Wrought-Carbon Steel Butt-Welding Piping Fittings with Improved Notch Toughness
    ASTM F 519 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments
    ASTM B 851 : 2004 : R2020 Standard Specification for Automated Controlled Shot Peening of Metallic Articles Prior to Nickel, Autocatalytic Nickel, or Chromium Plating, or as Final Finish
    ASTM E 2297 : 2015 Standard Guide for Use of UV-A and Visible Light Sources and Meters used in the Liquid Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Methods
    ASTM F 3111 : 2016 Standard Specification for Heavy Hex Structural Bolt/Nut/Washer Assemblies, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 200 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
    ASTM A 354 : 2017 : EDT 2 Standard Specification for Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Bolts, Studs, and Other Externally Threaded Fasteners
    ASTM A 691/A691M : 2019 Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-Fusion-Welded for High-Pressure Service at High Temperatures
    ASTM A 487/A487M : 2021 Standard Specification for Steel Castings Suitable for Pressure Service
    ASTM A 957/A957M : 2021 Standard Specification for Investment Castings, Steel and Alloy, Common Requirements, for General Industrial Use
    ASTM A 781/A781M : 2021 Standard Specification for Castings, Steel and Alloy, Common Requirements, for General Industrial Use
    ASTM A 125 : 1996 : R2018 Standard Specification for Steel Springs, Helical, Heat-Treated
    ASTM A 275/A275M : 2018 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings
    ASTM A 985/A985M : 2021 Standard Specification for Steel Investment Castings General Requirements, for Pressure-Containing Parts
    ASTM A 356/A356M : 2021 Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Low Alloy, and Stainless Steel, Heavy-Walled for Steam Turbines
    ASTM F 541 : 2012 : R2020 Standard Specification for Alloy Steel Eyebolts
    ASTM A 1001 : 2018 Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Castings in Heavy Sections
    ASTM E 2256 : 2019 Standard Guide for Hydraulic Integrity of New, Repaired, or Reconstructed Aboveground Storage Tank Bottoms for Petroleum Service
    ASTM A 193/A193M : 2020 Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for High Temperature or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications
    ASTM A 703/A703M : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Steel Castings, General Requirements, for Pressure-Containing Parts
    ASTM E 3024/E3024M : 2019 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for General Industry
    ASTM E 1444/E1444M : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing
    ASTM A 333/A333M : 2018 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service and Other Applications with Required Notch Toughness
    ASTM A 961/A961M : 2020 Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Steel Flanges, Forged Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Piping Applications
    ASTM E 125 : 1963 : R2018 Standard Reference Photographs for Magnetic Particle Indications on Ferrous Castings
    ASTM A 903/A903M : 1999 : R2017 Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Surface Acceptance Standards, Magnetic Particle and Liquid Penetrant Inspection
    ASTM A 671/A671M : 2020 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures
    ASTM E 543 : 2015 Standard Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 1444/E1444M : 2022 : REV A Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for Aerospace
    ASTM E 543 : 2021 Standard Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
    ASTM E 3024/E3024M : 2022 : REV A Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for General Industry
    ASTM E 3024/E3024M : 2019 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for General Industry
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 3024/E3024M : 2022 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for General Industry
    ASTM E 543 : 2015 Standard Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
    ASTM E 3024/E3024M : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for General Industry
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV D Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1444/E1444M : 2021 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for Aerospace
    ASTM E 1316 : 2022 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM E 1444/E1444M : 2020 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for Aerospace
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
    ASTM D 445 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM E 1444/E1444M : 2022 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing for Aerospace
    ASTM E 1444/E1444M : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing
    ASTM D 445 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
    ASTM E 1316 : 2021 : REV C Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
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