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  • ASTM E 84 : 2019 : REV B

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  04-03-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-07-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This fire-test–response standard for the comparative surface burning behavior of building materials is applicable to exposed surfaces such as walls and ceilings.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This fire-test–response standard for the comparative surface burning behavior of building materials is applicable to exposed surfaces such as walls and ceilings. The test is conducted with the specimen in the ceiling position with the surface to be evaluated exposed face down to the ignition source. The material, product, or assembly shall be capable of being mounted in the test position during the test. Thus, the specimen shall either be self-supporting by its own structural quality, held in place by added supports along the test surface, or secured from the back side.

    1.2Test Method E84 is a 10-min fire-test response method. The following standards address testing of materials in accordance with test methods that are applications or variations of the test method or apparatus used for Test Method E84:

    1.2.1Materials required by the user to meet an extended 30-min duration tunnel test shall be tested in accordance with Test Method E2768.

    1.2.2Wires and cables for use in air-handling spaces shall be tested in accordance with NFPA 262.

    1.2.3Pneumatic tubing for control systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 1820.

    1.2.4Combustible sprinkler piping shall be tested in accordance with UL 1887.

    1.2.5Optical fiber and communications raceways for use in air handling spaces shall be tested in accordance with UL 2024.

    1.3The purpose of this test method is to determine the relative burning behavior of the material by observing the flame spread along the specimen. Flame spread and smoke developed index are reported. However, there is not necessarily a relationship between these two measurements.

    1.4The use of supporting materials on the underside of the test specimen has the ability to lower the flame spread index from those which might be obtained if the specimen could be tested without such support. These test results do not necessarily relate to indices obtained by testing materials without such support.

    1.5Testing of materials that melt, drip, or delaminate to such a degree that the continuity of the flame front is destroyed, results in low flame spread indices that do not relate directly to indices obtained by testing materials that remain in place.

    1.6The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.7The text of this standard references notes and footnotes that provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

    1.8This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire-hazard or fire-risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.10Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.

    1.11This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 05
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM C 1288 : 1999 : R2004 Standard Specification for Discrete Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM E 2579 : 2011 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2573 : 2012 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2579 : 2019 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1288 : 2014 Standard Specification for Discrete Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM E 2231 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4444 : 1992 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Use and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    ASTM D 4442 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM E 2404 : 2012 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2599 : 2009 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation Materials and Radiant Barrier Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2768 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test)
    ASTM E 2579 : 2007 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1186 : 1991 Standard Specification for Flat Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM E 2573 : 2007 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4442 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM E 2231 : 2014 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2009 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Vinyl Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4444 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    ASTM E 2404 : 2006 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Paper or Vinyl Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2573 : 2007 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1288 : 1999 Standard Specification for Discrete Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM E 2231 : 2019 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2015 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) Wall or Ceiling Coverings, and of Facings and Wood Veneers Intended to be Applied on Site Over a Wood Substrate, to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2690 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2579 : 2015 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4444 : 1992 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Use and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    ASTM D 4444 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    ASTM C 1288 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Specification for Discrete Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM E 2231 : 2007 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4442 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 4444 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters
    ASTM C 1288 : 1999 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Discrete Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM E 2231 : 2002 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2688 : 2010 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2013 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2005 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Paper or Vinyl Wall Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2599 : 2015 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2579 : 2013 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2599 : 2016 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2008 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Vinyl Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2573 : 2019 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2231 : 2009 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2231 : 2007 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2573 : 2017 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2690 : 2010 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) Wall or Ceiling Coverings, and of Facings and Wood Veneers Intended to be Applied on Site Over a Wood Substrate, to Assess Surface Burning Charact
    ASTM E 2988 : 2015 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Flexible Fibrous Glass Insulation for Metal Buildings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2231 : 2018 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2010 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Vinyl Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2599 : 2010 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) and Wood Wall or Ceiling Coverings, Facings and Veneers, to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1186 : 2002 Standard Specification for Flat Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM E 2599 : 2011 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2404 : 2017 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) and Wood Wall or Ceiling Coverings, Facings and Veneers, to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2688 : 2018 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1288 : 2017 Standard Specification for Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM E 2690 : 2010 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1186 : 2008 : R2012 Standard Specification for Flat Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM C 1186 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Flat Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM E 2768 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test)
    ASTM E 2688 : 2016 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 298 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Assay of Organic Peroxides
    ASTM E 2690 : 2017 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2988 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Flexible Fibrous Glass Insulation for Metal Buildings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2690 : 2017 : REV B Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2690 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2599 : 2018 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1186 : 2008 : R2016 Standard Specification for Flat Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM E 2231 : 2015 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1186 : 2007 Standard Specification for Flat Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM E 2404 : 2007 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Vinyl Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM E 2599 : 2009 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation Materials and Radiant Barrier Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM C 1186 : 2008 Standard Specification for Flat Fiber-Cement Sheets
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM E 2579 : 2012 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4442 : 1984 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM E 2404 : 2007 : REV A Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Vinyl Wall or Ceiling Coverings to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
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