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  • AWS B4.0 : 2016

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    STANDARD METHODS FOR MECHANICAL TESTING OF WELDS

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    Published date:  01-01-2016

    Publisher:  American Welding Society

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Personnel
    Foreword
    List of Tables
    List of Figures
    1. Scope
    2. Normative References
    3. Terms and Definitions
    4. Tension Tests
    5. Shear Tests
    6. Bend Tests
    7. Fracture and Notch Toughness Tests
    8. Hardness Tests
    9. Break Tests (Nick and Fillet Weld)
    10. Weldability Testing
    11. Process Specific Tests
    Annex A (Informative) - Bibliography
    Annex B (Informative) - Requesting an Official Interpretation
                            on an AWS Standard
    Annex C (Informative) - Recommended Practice for All-Weld-Metal
                            Tensile Testing of Narrow Groove Welds
    Annex D (Informative) - Recommended Practice for All-Weld-Metal
                            Tensile Testing of Narrow Groove Pipeline
                            Girth Welds
    List of AWS Documents of the Mechanical Testing of Welding

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Defines standard methods for mechanical testing of welds. Also explains the significance of each test, test apparatus, preparation of the test specimens, and the test procedure.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee B4
    Development Note Also available in Metric version; See AWS B4.0M. (09/2006) English and Spanish versions to 2007 edition are still available. (09/2016)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher American Welding Society
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AWS A5.4 : 92(R2000) STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING, SPECIFICATION FOR
    MIL E 23765/2 : E ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID OR ALLOYED CORED, LOW ALLOY STEEL
    AWS A5.28/A5.28M : 2005 : R2015 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND RODS FOR GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING
    MIL E 22200/9 : B ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL COVERED, LOW HYDROGEN OR IRON POWDER, LOW HYDROGEN, NICKEL MANGANESE CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM ALLOY STEEL FOR PRODUCING HY 130 WELDMENTS FOR AS WELDED APPLICATIONS
    CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2008 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    AWS A5.28/A5.28M : 2005 : INC : ERR 1 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND RODS FOR GAS SHIELDED ARC WELDING
    AWS EG3.0 : 1996 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 2 - ADVANCEDWELDER, GUIDE FOR THE
    AWS A5.2 : 92(R1997) SPECIFICATIONS FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL RODS FOR OXYFUEL GAS WELDING
    AWS D10.12M/D10.12 : 2000 GUIDE FOR WELDING MILD STEEL PIPE
    CSA W59.2 : 1991 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    MIL STD 248 : D WELDING AND BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    MIL E 22200/4 : D ELECTRODES, WELDING, COVERED, COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY
    AWS D14.9/D14.9M : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE WELDING OF HYDRAULIC CYLINDERS
    AWS D1.7/D1.7M : 2010 GUIDE FOR STRENGTHENING AND REPAIRING EXISTING STRUCTURES
    AWS D15.1/D15.1M : 2012 RAILROAD WELDING SPECIFICATION FOR CARS AND LOCOMOTIVES
    AWS D1.2/D1.2M : 2014 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - ALUMINUM
    AWS D14.1/D14.1M : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
    AWS D17.1 : 2001 SPECIFICATION FOR FUSION WELDING FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
    AWS B2.4 : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION FOR THERMOPLASTICS
    AWS B5.1 : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING INSPECTORS
    AWS D1.5M/D1.5 : 2015 BRIDGE WELDING CODE
    AWS DPW : 1999 THE DESIGN AND PLANNING MANUAL FOR COST-EFFECTIVE WELDING
    AWS A5.20/A5.20M : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    API TR 938-B : 2008 USE OF 9CR-1MO-V (GRADE 91) STEEL IN THE OIL REFINING INDUSTRY
    AWS WHC4.09 : 0 MATERIALS AND APPLICATION - PART 1 - WELDING HANDBOOK, 9TH EDITION, VOLUME 4 - CHAPTER 9: MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR WELDING
    AWS A5.5/A5.5M : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    AWS B2.1/B2.1M : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    MIL E 24355 : B ELECTRODES, WELDING, BARE, SOLID NICKEL MANGANESE CHROMIUM MOLYBDENUM ALLOY STEEL FOR PRODUCING HY 13O WELDMENTS FOR AS WELDED APPLICATIONS
    MIL E 23765 : B ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID AND ALLOYED CORED, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    AWS A5.34/A5.34M : 2013 SPECIFICATION FOR NICKEL-ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    AWS A5.35/A5.35M : 2015 SPECIFICATION FOR COVERED ELECTRODES FOR UNDERWATER WET SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    AWS A5.22/A5.22M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR STAINLESS STEEL FLUX CORED AND METAL CORED WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS
    AWS B5.5 : 2011 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDING EDUCATORS
    AWS D14.5 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
    AWS A9.1 : 1992 STANDARD GUIDE FOR DESCRIBING ARC WELDS IN COMPUTERIZED MATERIAL PROPERTY AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION DATABASES
    AWS A5.29 : 1998 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    ASME PV CODE 2C : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - MATERIALS - SPECIFICATIONS FOR WELDING RODS, ELECTRODES, AND FILLER METALS
    AWS D14.4/D14.4M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR THE DESIGN OF WELDED JOINTS IN MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
    NAVSEA T9074 BD GIB 010/0300 : 0 BASE MATERIALS FOR CRITICAL APPLICATIONS: REQUIREMENTS FOR LOW ALLOY STEEL PLATE, FORGINGS, CASTINGS, SHAPES, BARS, AND HEADS OF HY-80/100/130 AND HSLA-80/100
    MIL E 23765/1 : E ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, SOLID AND ALLOYED CORED, ORDINARY STRENGTH AND LOW ALLOY STEEL
    MIL STD 1688 : A FABRICATION, WELDING, AND INSPECTION OF HY-80/100 SUBMARINE APPLICATIONS
    AWS D10.6 : 1991 GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM PIPING AND TUBING, RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR
    CSA W59.2 : 1991 : R2013 WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    AWS D18.1 : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
    AWS A5.17/A5.17M : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
    MIL-STD-792F:2006 IDENTIFICATION MARKING REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL PURPOSE COMPONENTS
    AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    AWS D14.7/D14.7M : 2005 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR SURFACING AND RECONDITIONING OF INDUSTRIAL MILL ROLLS
    AWS B5.4 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDER TEST FACILITIES
    AWS C5.7 : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
    NASA MSFC SPEC 504 : 1990 WELDING, ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
    NASA MSFC SPEC 3679 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION - WELDING AEROSPACE HARDWARE
    NASA MSFC SPEC 560 : 1988 THE FUSION WELDING OF STEEL, CORROSION AND HEAT RESISTANT ALLOYS
    NASA STD 5006 : 2015 GENERAL FUSION WELDING REQUIREMENTS FOR AEROSPACE MATERIALS
    NASA PRC 0014 : 2012 PROCESS SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION STIR WELDING
    AWS A5.6/A5.6M : 2008 SPECIFICATION FOR COPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    MIL DTL 24403/1 : F ELECTRODES - WELDING, FLUX CORED, ORDINARY STRENGTH AND LOW ALLOY STEEL
    AWS A5.1M/A5.1 : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    MIL STD 2149 : A STANDARD PROCEDURES FOR EXPLOSION TESTING FERROUS AND NON FERROUS METALLIC MATERIALS AND WELDMENTS
    MIL DTL 22200/1 : H ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL COVERED, IRON-POWDER, LOW-HYDROGEN MEDIUM AND HIGH TENSILE STEEL, AS-WELDED OR STRESS-RELIEVED WELD APPLICATION
    MIL E 22200 : G ELECTRODES, WELDING, COVERED: GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    MIL E 22200/2 : D ELECTRODE, WELDING COVERED (AUSTENITIC CHROMIUM NICKEL STEEL, FOR CORROSIVE AND HIGH TEMPERATURE SERVICES)
    MIL E 22200/5 : C ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL COVERED, IRON-POWDER, LOW-HYDROGEN, LOW-ALLOY STEEL FOR HARDENING AND TEMPERING HEAT TREATMENT APPLICATIONS ONLY
    MIL DTL 70951 : A PALLET, FIELD ARTILLERY PROJECTILE
    MIL E 24403 : A ELECTRODES - WELDING, FLUX CORED, GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR
    MIL E 21562 : E ELECTRODES AND RODS - WELDING, BARE, NICKEL ALLOY
    AISC 341 : 2016 SEISMIC PROVISIONS FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL BUILDINGS
    AWS A5.1 : 91(R1999) SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    AWS A5.23/A5.23M : 2011 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
    AWS EG4.0 : 1996 GUIDE FOR THE TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PERSONNEL: LEVEL 3, EXPERT WELDER
    AWS D1.6 : 1999 ERRATA 1999 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - STAINLESS STEEL
    AWS D14.1 : 1997 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING INDUSTRIAL AND MILL CRANES AND OTHER MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
    AWS A5.3/A5.3M : 1999 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM-ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    AWS D14.5/D14.5M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF PRESSES AND PRESS COMPONENTS
    CSA W59.2 : 1991(R2008) WELDED ALUMINUM CONSTRUCTION
    MIL E 22200/11 : A ELECTRODES, WELDING, MINERAL-COVERED, IRON POWDER, LOW HYDROGEN, FOR PRODUCING HY-130 WELDMENTS TO BE HEAT-TREATED
    DOD STD 2185 : 0 REQUIREMENTS FOR REPAIR AND STRAIGHTENING OF BRONZE NAVAL SHIP PROPELLERS
    AWS D18.1/D18.1M : 2009 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL TUBE AND PIPE SYSTEMS IN SANITARY (HYGIENIC) APPLICATIONS
    AWS D1.9/D1.9M : 2015 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE - TITANIUM
    AWS A5.25 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES AND FLUXES FOR ELECTROSLAG WELDING
    AWS A5.26 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON AND LOW ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR ELECTROGAS WELDING
    AWS A5.4/A5.4M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING
    AWS A5.29/A5.29M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-ALLOY STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    AWS D3.6M : 2010 UNDERWATER WELDING CODE
    AWS C6.2/C6.2M : 2006 SPECIFICATION FOR FRICTION WELDING OF METALS
    AWS D3.9 : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR CLASSIFICATION OF WELD-THROUGH PAINT PRIMERS
    AWS D14.3 : 1994 WELDING EARTHMOVING AND CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT, SPECIFICATION FOR,
    AWS D10.6/D10.6M : 2000 RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING OF TITANIUM PIPING AND TUBING
    AWS A5.20 : 1995 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    AWS A5.20/A5.20M : 2005 : R2015 SPECIFICATION FOR CARBON STEEL ELECTRODES FOR FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
    AWS B2.3/B2.3M : 2012 SPECIFICATION FOR SOLDERING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    AWS A5.9 : 93(R1999) BARE STAINLESS STEEL WELDING ELECTRODES AND RODS, SPECIFICATION FOR
    AWS A5.3 : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOY ELECTRODES FOR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    API STD 1104:2013 WELDING OF PIPELINES AND RELATED FACILITIES
    AWS A2.4 : 2012 STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR WELDING, BRAZING, AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION
    ISO 15653:2010 Metallic materials Method of test for the determination of quasistatic fracture toughness of welds
    ASTM E 384 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials
    ASTM E 83 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems
    AWS A1.1 : 2016 METRIC PRACTICE GUIDE FOR THE WELDING INDUSTRY
    ASTM B 557 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products
    ASTM E 10 : 2017-05 TEST METHOD FOR BRINELL HARDNESS OF METALLIC MATERIALS
    ASTM E 110 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Rockwell and Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers
    AWS A4.3 : 1993 DETERMINATION OF THE DIFFUSIBLE HYDROGEN CONTENT OF MARTENSITIC, BAINITIC, AND FERRITIC STEEL WELD METAL PRODUCED BY ARC WELDING
    BS 7363:1990 METHOD FOR BEAD-ON-PLATE (BOP) TEST FOR WELDS
    AWS D10.12 : 1989 WELDING LOW CARBON STEEL PIPE, RECOMMENDED PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES FOR
    API 1107 : 1991 PIPELINE MAINTENANCE WELDING PRACTICES
    ASTM E 8 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
    AWS WHB.2.8 : 1991 WELDING PROCESSES, WELDING HANDBOOK, 8TH EDITION, VOL.2
    AWS A3.0M/A3.0 : 2010 STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING
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