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  • BS 8081(1989) : 1989 AMD 7268

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    CODE OF PRACTICE FOR GROUND ANCHORAGES

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  31-08-2015

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  23-11-2012

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Committees responsible
    Code of practice
    0 Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Definitions
    3 Symbols
    4 Responsibilities
    5 Site investigation
       5.1 General
       5.2 Initial desk and field study
       5.3 Ground investigation
       5.4 Field testing
       5.5 Laboratory testing
       5.6 Chemical testing
       5.7 Presentation of data
       5.8 Investigation during construction
       5.9 Health hazards and safety
    6 Design
       6.1 General
       6.2 Ground/grout interface
       6.3 Grout/tendon interface
       6.4 Encapsulations
       6.5 Free anchor length
    7 Materials and components
       7.1 Cementitious grouts
       7.2 Resinous grouts
       7.3 Tendon
       7.4 Anchor head
    8 Corrosion and corrosion protection
       8.1 Corrosion
       8.2 Corrosion protection
    9 Stressing equipment
       9.1 General
       9.2 Hydraulic jacks
       9.3 Load measurement
       9.4 Hydraulic pumping units
       9.5 Stressing equipment for rock bolts
    10 Construction
       10.1 General
       10.2 Drilling
       10.3 Tendon
       10.4 Grouting
       10.5 Anchor head
       10.6 Stressing
    11 Testing
       11.1 General
       11.2 Proving tests
       11.3 On-site suitability tests
       11.4 On-site acceptance tests
       11.5 Monitoring service behaviour of anchorages
    12 Maintenance
       12.1 Precautionary measures
       12.2 Remedial measures
       12.3 Replacement criteria during service
       12.4 Dismantling after service
       12.5 Records
    13 Legal aspects
       13.1 Statutory obligations
       13.2 Encroachments under neighbouring property
       13.3 Liability for pollution
       13.4 Statutory regulations
    Appendices
    A - Recommendations for further research
    B - Design method based on limit state principles
    C - Record sheets
    D - Overall stability
    E - Water testing and pregrouting
    F - Ground/grout interface
    G - Grout/tendon interface
    H - Tendon E valves
    J - Corrosion
    K - Corrosion protection
    L - Load cells
    M - Monitoring and testing
    N - Health and safety
    P - Bibliography
    Index
    Publications referred to

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides recommendations and guidance for soil and rock anchorage systems of the grouted or mechanical type and whilst emphasis is placed on the post-tensioned anchorages to reflect current trends and usage in the construction industry, many of the recommendations apply to passive anchorages.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CSB/22
    Development Note Supersedes BS DD81(1982). (09/2005) Reviewed and confirmed by BSI, January 2013. (12/2012)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS 6164(2011) : 2011 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY IN TUNNELING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
    BS 6349-1-3:2012 MARITIME WORKS - PART 1-3: GENERAL - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN
    14/30272166 DC : 0 BS EN 1997-1:2004/A1 - EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 1: GENERAL RULES
    BS 6100-2.2.1(1992) : 1992 GLOSSARY OF BUILDING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING TERMS - CIVIL ENGINEERING - SUBSTRUCTURES. EARTHWORKS. FOUNDATIONS. TUNNELS - EARTHWORKS
    06/30116678 DC : DRAFT JUN 2006 UK NATIONAL ANNEX TO EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - GENERAL RULES
    BS PAS 51(2004) : 2004 GUIDE TO INDUSTRY BEST PRACTICE FOR ORGANIZING OUTDOOR EVENTS
    BS 8002(2015) : 2015 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES
    11/30218915 DC : DRAFT JAN 2011 BS 6164 - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY IN TUNNELING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
    BIP 2205 : 2011 CONCISE EUROCODES: GEOTECHNICS: BS EN 1997: EUROCODES 7
    09/30093258 DC : DRAFT JUNE 2009 BS 8006-1 - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRENGTHENED/REINFORCED SOILS AND OTHER FILLS
    BS 8006-2(2011) : 2011 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRENGTHENED/REINFORCED SOILS - PART 2: SOIL NAIL DESIGN
    BS 8006(1995) : 1995 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRENGTHENED/REINFORCED SOILS AND OTHER FILLS
    12/30250709 DC : 0 BS 6349-1-3 - MARITIME WORKS - PART 1-3: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PLANNING, DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF STRUCTURES SET IN THE MARITIME ENVIRONMENT - GEOTECHNICS
    15/30301518 DC : 0 BS 8002 - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES
    11/30161659 DC : DRAFT JULY 2011 BS 8006-2 - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRENGTHENED/REINFORCED SOILS - PART 2: SOIL NAILING
    BS 8002:1994 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES
    BS 6164(2001) : 2001 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SAFETY IN TUNNELLING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
    BS 8006-1(2010) : 2010 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR STRENGTHENED/REINFORCED SOILS AND OTHER FILLS
    BS 6349-1(2000) : 2000 MARITIME STRUCTURES - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR GENERAL CRITERIA
    BS 8004(2015) : 2015 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FOUNDATIONS
    BS 6164:2011 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY IN TUNNELING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
    BS 8004:2015 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FOUNDATIONS
    BS 8002:2015 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURES
    BS 6164:2001 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SAFETY IN TUNNELLING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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    BS CP312-1(1973) : 1973 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PLASTICS PIPEWORK (THERMOPLASTICS MATERIAL) - GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND CHOICE OF MATERIAL
    BS 5493(1977) : 1977 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PROTECTIVE COATING OF IRON AND STEEL STRUCTURES AGAINST CORROSION
    BS 5400-3(2000) : 2000 STEEL, CONCRETE AND COMPOSITE BRIDGES - PART 3: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN OF STEEL BRIDGES
    BS 4027(1996) : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR SULFATE-RESISTING PORTLAND CEMENT
    BS 8004:1986 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FOUNDATIONS
    BS CP102(1973) : 1973 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AGAINST WATER FROM THE GROUND
    BS 1377(1975) : 1975 METHODS OF TEST FOR SOILS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING PURPOSES
    BS 1881-6(1971) : AMD 763 TESTING CONCRETE - ANALYSIS OF HARDENED CONCRETE
    IP 134 : 83(R1992) DETERMINATION OF FOREIGN PARTICULATE MATTER IN LUBRICATING GREASE - MICROSCOPIC COUNTING METHOD
    ASTM D 512 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water (Withdrawn 2021)
    BS 5298(1976) : LATEST METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF OXIDATION STABILITY OF LUBRICATING GREASES BY THE OXYGEN BOMB METHOD
    BS 4385(1980) : 1980 METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF WATER IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND BITUMINOUS MATERIALS (DISTILLATION METHOD)
    BS 5075-1(1982) : 1982 CONCRETE ADMIXTURES - PART 1: SPECIFICATION FOR ACCELERATING AND RETARDING WATER REDUCING ADMIXTURES
    BS 5930(1999) : 1999 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SITE INVESTIGATIONS
    BS 5400-2(2006) : 2006 STEEL, CONCRETE AND COMPOSITE BRIDGES - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR LOADS
    BS 4449(2005) : 2005 STEEL FOR THE REINFORCEMENT OF CONCRETE - WELDABLE REINFORCING STEEL - BAR, COIL AND DECOILED PRODUCT - SPECIFICATION
    ASTM G 21 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi
    BS 146(2002) : 2002 SPECIFICATION FOR BLASTFURNACE CEMENTS WITH STRENGTH PROPERTIES OUTSIDE THE SCOPE OF BS EN 197-1
    BS 4486(1980) : 1980 SPECIFICATION FOR HOT ROLLED AND HOT ROLLED AND PROCESSED HIGH TENSILE ALLOY STEEL BARS FOR THE PRESTRESSING OF CONCRETE
    BS 6437(1984) : 1984 SPECIFICATION FOR POLYETHYLENE PIPES (TYPE 50) IN METRIC DIAMETERS FOR GENERAL PURPOSES
    ASTM D 566 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease
    BS 1370(1979) : 1979 SPECIFICATION FOR LOW HEAT PORTLAND CEMENT
    BS 915(1947) : LATEST SPECIFICATION FOR HIGH ALUMINA CEMENT - METRIC UNITS
    BS 2000-132(1996) : 1996 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - PART 132: PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - LUBRICATING GREASE - DETERMINATION OF DROPPING POINT
    BS 2000-142(1993) : 1993 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF OXIDATION STABILITY OF LUBRICATING GREASE - OXYGEN BOMB METHOD
    BS 882(1992) : 1992 SPECIFICATION FOR AGGREGATES FROM NATURAL SOURCES FOR CONCRETE
    BS 5896(1980) : 1980 SPECIFICATION FOR HIGH TENSILE STEEL WIRE AND STRAND FOR THE PRESTRESSING OF CONCRETE
    BS 5400-6(1999) : 1999 STEEL, CONCRETE AND COMPOSITE BRIDGES - PART 6: SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP, STEEL
    BS 3148(1980) : 1980 METHODS OF TEST FOR WATER FOR MAKING CONCRETE (INCLUDING NOTES ON THE SUITABILITY OF THE WATER)
    BS 5075-2(1982) : 1982 CONCRETE ADMIXTURES - SPECIFICATION FOR AIR ENTRAINING ADMIXTURES
    BS 2000-50(1993) : 1993 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF CONE PENETRATION OF LUBRICATING GREASE
    BS 3892(1965) : LATEST PULVERIZED FUEL ASH
    ASTM D 972 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases and Oils
    BS 2000-1(1995) : 1995 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF ACIDITY, NEUTRALIZATION VALUE - COLOUR INDICATOR TITRATION METHOD
    BS 8110-1(1997) : 1997 STRUCTURAL USE OF CONCRETE - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    ASTM D 217 : 2017 : REDLINE TEST METHODS FOR CONE PENETRATION OF LUBRICATING GREASE
    BS 1047(1983) : 1983 SPECIFICATION FOR AIR COOLED BLASTFURNACE SLAG AGGREGATE FOR USE IN CONSTRUCTION
    BS CP1021(1973) : LATEST CODE OF PRACTICE FOR CATHODIC PROTECTION
    BS 12(1996) : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR PORTLAND CEMENT
    BS 6100-1.6(1985) : 1985 GLOSSARY OF BUILDING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING TERMS - GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS - PERSONS
    BS 5400-4(1990) : 1990 STEEL, CONCRETE AND COMPOSITE BRIDGES - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN OF CONCRETE BRIDGES
    DIN 4125-2 : 1976 SOIL AND ROCK ANCHORS; PERMANENTS SOIL ANCHORS, ANALYSIS STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND TESTING
    BS 6699(1992) : 1992 SPECIFICATION FOR GROUND GRANULATED BLAST FURNACE SLAG FOR USE WITH PORTLAND CEMENT
    BS 4246(1996) : 1996 SPECIFICATION FOR HIGH SLAG BLASTFURNACE CEMENT
    BS 1780(1985) : 1985 SPECIFICATION FOR BOURDON TUBE PRESSURE AND VACUUM GAUGES
    BS 2000-61(1999) : 1999 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF SULFUR - HIGH PRESSURE COMBUSTION METHOD
    BS PD6484(1979) : 1979 COMMENTARY ON CORROSION AT BIMETALLIC CONTACTS AND ITS ALLEVIATION
    DIN 4125-1 : 1988 SOIL AND ROCK ANCHORS; TEMPORARY SOIL ANCHORS, ANALYSIS, STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND TESTING
    BS 5400-7(1978) : 1978 STEEL, CONCRETE AND COMPOSITE BRIDGES - PART 7: SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP, CONCRETE, REINFORCEMENT AND PRESTRESSING TENDONS
    BS 3681-2(1973) : 1973 METHODS FOR SAMPLING AND TESTING OF LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE - METRIC UNITS
    ASTM D 570 : 1998 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics
    BS 6744(2001) : 2001 STAINLESS STEEL BARS FOR THE REINFORCEMENT OF AND USE IN CONCRETE - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    BS 4447(1973) : 1973 SPECIFICATION FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF PRESTRESSING ANCHORAGES FOR POST-TENSIONED CONSTRUCTION
    BS 4962(1989) : 1989 SPECIFICATION FOR PLASTIC PIPES AND FITTINGS FOR USE AS SUBSOIL FIELD DRAINS
    BS 6349-1(2000) : 2000 MARITIME STRUCTURES - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR GENERAL CRITERIA
    BS 5400-5(2005) : 2005 STEEL, CONCRETE AND COMPOSITE BRIDGES - PART 5: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN OF COMPOSITE BRIDGES
    ASTM D 746 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact
    BS 4708(1971) : LATEST METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF VISCOSITY OF TRANSPARENT AND OPAQUE LIQUIDS(KINEMATIC AND DYNAMIC VISCOSITIES)
    ASTM D 1693 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics
    BS 4461(1978) : AMD 4338 SPECIFICATION FOR COLD WORKED STEEL BARS FOR THE REINFORCEMENT OF CONCRETE
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