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  • BS CP118(1969) : 1969 AMD 1129

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    THE STRUCTURAL USE OF ALUMINIUM

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  31-03-1992

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  23-11-2012

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    1. GENERAL
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 Definitions and symbols
    2. MATERIALS
    2.1 Designation of material
    2.2 Selection of material
    2.3 Relevant standards
    2.4 Structural sections
    2.5 Tolerances
    3. LOADING
    3.1 General
    3.2 Dead load
    3.3 Live or imposed loads and impact effects
    3.4 Wind
    3.5 Temperature
    3.6 Other loads
    4. DESIGN
    4.1 General
    4.1.1 Factors affecting design
    4.1.2 Design requirements
    4.1.3 Permissible stresses
    4.1.4 Combined stresses
    4.1.5 Temperature limitations
    4.1.6 Thicknesses
    4.2 Ties
    4.2.1 Axially loaded ties
    4.2.2 Eccentrically loaded ties
    4.3 Struts
    4.3.1 Axially loaded struts
    4.3.2 Eccentrically loaded struts
    4.3.3 Torsional buckling
    4.3.4 Battened struts
    4.3.5 Laced struts
    4.3.6 Welded struts
    4.3.7 Maximum slenderness ratio
    4.4 Beams
    4.4.1 Beams in general: deflection
    4.4.2 Beams in general: section properties
    4.4.3 Beams in general: permissible stresses
    4.4.4 Beams in general: lateral buckling
    4.4.5 Beams in general, with end loads
    4.4.6 Built-up beams: construction details
    4.4.7 Built-up beams: permissible stresses
    4.5 Thin plates, webs and flanges
    4.5.1 Local buckling in compression
    4.5.2 Shear buckling
    4.5.3 Buckling due to bending, axial compression and
           shear
    4.6 Joints
    4.6.1 General
    4.6.2 Bolted and riveted joints
    4.6.3 Welded joints
    4.6.4 Glued joints
    4.6.5 Other joints
    4.7 Fatigue
    4.7.1 General
    4.7.2 Loads and stresses
    4.7.3 Permissible stresses
    4.7.4 Classification of structural members
    5. TESTING
    5.1 General
    5.2 Static acceptance test
    5.3 Fatigue acceptance test
    6. FABRICATION AND ERECTION
    6.1 General
    6.2 Bolting and riveting
    6.3 Welding
    6.4 Glued joints
    6.5 Inspection and safety
    7. PROTECTION
    7.1 Protection from environment
    7.2 Painting
    7.3 Metal spraying
    7.4 Metal-to-metal contact surfaces, and bolted and
           riveted joints
    7.5 Welded joints
    7.6 Glued joints
    7.7 Contact between aluminium and non-metallic
           materials
    7.8 Protection against fire
    APPENDICES
    A. Nomenclature of aluminium products
    B. Foreign equivalents of U.K. aluminium alloys
    C. Supplementary alloys
    D. Derivations of permissible stresses
    E. Deduction for holes in members
    F. Torsional properties of thin-walled open sections
    G. Torsional buckling
    H. Lateral buckling of beams
    J. Stresses in webs of built-up beams
    K. Local buckling of channels and I-sections
    L. Design of welded joints
    M. Edge preparations for welded joints
    N. Tabulated stresses for fatigue
    TABLES
    1. Properties of principal alloys
    2. Bolt and rivet materials
    3. Filler wire for inert-gas welding
    4. Permissible stresses for principal alloys
    5. Outstanding-leg deductions for single-bay ties
    6. Effective lengths of struts
    7. Values of lambda t for struts
    8. Values of C1 and C2 for webs
    9. Condition-of-restraint factor k1
    10. Bending-moment-shape factor k2
    11. Local buckling coefficient m
    12. Permissible stresses for bolts and rivets
    13. Hole clearances for bolts and rivets
    14. Permissible stresses for welded joints and
           reduced-strength zones
    15. Information for welding procedure
    16. Mechanical test requirements for butt-weld
           procedure and welder approval
    17. General protection of aluminium structures
    18. Protection at joints of aluminium to aluminium
    19. Protection at joints of aluminium to zinc or
           galvanized steel
    20. Protection at joints of aluminium to steel, cast
           iron or lead
    21. Protection at joints of aluminium to corrosion-
           resisting steel
    22. Foreign equivalents of U.K. aluminium alloys
    23. Properties of supplementary alloys
    24. Permissible stresses for supplementary alloys
    25. Specimen calculation of shear-centre position
           and warping factor
    26. Condition-of-restraint factor k1
    27. Bending-moment-shape factor k2
    28. Cross-section-shape factor k3
    29. Illustrations of welded joints
    30. Edge preparations for butt welds without backing
           bars
    31. Edge preparations for butt welds with temporary
           backing bars
    32. Recommended temporary-backing-bar dimensions
    33. Edge preparations for butt welds with permanent
           backing bars
    34. Edge preparations for corner welds without backing
           bars
    35. Edge preparations for corner welds with temporary
           backing bars
    36. Edge preparations for corner welds with permanent
           backing bars
    37. Edge preparations for lap and fillet welds
    38-46. Relationship of maximum stress, stress ratio and
           number of cycles for Class 1 to Class 9 members
    FIGURES
    1. Permissible compressive stresses in struts
    2. Permissible compressive stresses in beams and
           thin plates
    3. Values of kt for plain channels
    4. Values of kt for lipped channels
    5. Batten dimensions and spacing
    6. Permissible average shear stresses in unstiffened
           webs and thin plates
    7. Values of klat for I-sections and channels
    8. Values of klat for rectangular sections
    9. Optimum spacing of longitudinal stiffeners
    10. Permissible bending compressive stresses for webs
           in pure bending
    11. Buckling coefficient kb for combined bending and
           axial compression
    12. Limiting ratios of compressive and shear stresses
    13. Permissible average shear stresses in stiffened
           webs
    14. Maximum and minimum stresses, and stress cycle
    15.to 23. Curves relating maximum stress, stress ratio
           and number of cycles for Class 1 to Class 9 members
    24. Form of compression buckling diagrams
    25. Choice of lines for deduction of holes
    26. Constants for torsion factor for certain fillets
           and bulbs
    27. Notation for calculating shear-centre position and
           warping factor
    28. Shear-centre position and warping factor for
           certain thin-walled sections
    29. Values of the interaction coefficient k
    30. Values of m for plain channels
    31. Values of m for plain I-sections
    32. Values of m for lipped channels
    33. Values of m for lipped I-sections

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Describes the use of aluminium for all types of structure except those for which there are specific alternatives. It deals with principal alloys, supplementary alloys and other alloys. Covers materials, loading, design, testing, fabrication and erection, and protection. Includes several appendices, tables and figures.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee B/525/9
    Development Note Supersedes 67/20192 DC Inactive for new design. (09/2007)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS 6270-3(1991) : 1991 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR CLEANING AND SURFACE REPAIR OF BUILDINGS - METALS (CLEANING ONLY)
    BS 1139-2.2:1991 METAL SCAFFOLDING - COUPLERS - SPECIFICATION FOR STEEL AND ALUMINIUM COUPLERS, FITTINGS AND ACCESSORIES FOR USE IN TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING
    BS 7346-1(1990) : 1990 COMPONENTS FOR SMOKE AND HEAT CONTROL SYSTEMS - SPECIFICATION FOR NATURAL SMOKE AND HEAT EXHAUST VENTILATORS
    BS 1139-1.2(1990) : 1990 METAL SCAFFOLDING - TUBES - SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINIUM TUBE
    BS 5395-3(1985) : 1985 STAIRS, LADDERS AND WALKWAYS - PART 3: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN OF INDUSTRIAL TYPE STAIRS, PERMANENT LADDERS AND WALKWAYS
    BS 5395-2(1984) : 1984 STAIRS, LADDERS AND WALKWAYS - PART 2: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN OF HELICAL AND SPIRAL STAIRS
    BS 6767-1(1992) : 1992 TRANSPORTABLE ACCOMMODATION UNITS - RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    BS 6180(1982) : 1982 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PROTECTIVE BARRIERS IN AND ABOUT BUILDINGS
    BS 5531(1988) : 1988 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SAFETY IN ERECTING STRUCTURAL FRAMES
    BS 4008(1991) : 1991 SPECIFICATION FOR CATTLE GRIDS
    BS 5502-21(1990) : 1990 BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES FOR AGRICULTURE - PART 21: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SELECTION AND USE OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
    BS 6349-2(1988) : 1988 MARITIME STRUCTURES - DESIGN OF QUAY WALLS, JETTIES AND DOLPHINS
    BS 1161(1977) : 1977 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINIUM ALLOY SECTIONS FOR STRUCTURAL PURPOSES
    BS 873-7(1984) : 1984 ROAD TRAFFIC SIGNS AND INTERNALLY ILLUMINATED BOLLARDS - PART 7: SPECIFICATION FOR POSTS AND FITTINGS
    BS 5395-1(1977) : 1977 STAIRS, LADDERS AND WALKWAYS - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN OF STRAIGHT STAIRS
    BS 7777-2(1993) : 1993 FLAT-BOTTOMED, VERTICAL, CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS FOR LOW TEMPERATURE SERVICE - SPECIFICATION FOR THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SINGLE, DOUBLE AND FULL CONTAINMENT METAL TANKS FOR THE STORAGE OF LIQUEFIED GAS AT TEMPERATURES DOWN TO 165 DEGREE C
    DEFSTAN 02-154/1(2000) : 2000 DESIGN STANDARDS FOR SURFACE SHIP STRUCTURES
    EEMUA 105 : 2014 FACTORY STAIRWAYS, LADDERS AND HANDRAILS (INCLUDING ACCESS PLATFORMS AND RAMPS)
    BS 6349-2:1988 MARITIME STRUCTURES - DESIGN OF QUAY WALLS, JETTIES AND DOLPHINS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS 916(1953) : 1953 SPECIFICATION FOR BLACK BOLTS, SCREWS AND NUTS, HEXAGON AND SQUARE, WITH B.S.W. THREADS, AND PARTLY MACHINED BOLTS, SCREWS AND NUTS, HEXAGON AND SQUARE, WITH B.S.W. OR B.S.F. THREADS
    BS 1161(1951) : LATEST ALUMINIUM ALLOY SECTIONS FOR STRUCTURAL PURPOSES
    DTD 775 : A ADHESIVE SUITABLE FOR JOINING METALS
    BS 3987(1966) : LATEST
    BS 3989(1966) : AMD 1062 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINIUM STREET LIGHTING COLUMNS
    BS 4300-14(1973) : 1973 WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES (SUPPLEMENTARY SERIES) - 7020 PLATE, SHEET STRIP
    BS 3692(1967) : 1967 SPECIFICATION FOR ISO METRIC PRECISION HEXAGON BOLTS, SCREWS AND NUTS - METRIC UNITS
    BS 1473(1955) : LATEST WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS - RIVET, BOLT AND SCREW STOCK
    BS 3763(1964) : LATEST
    BS 153-3A(1954) : LATEST
    BS 3571-1(1962) : LATEST
    BS 1083(1965) : 1965 SPECIFICATION FOR PRECISION HEXAGON BOLTS, SCREWS AND NUTS (B.S.W. & B.S.F. THREADS)
    BS 4300-15(1973) : 1973 WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES (SUPPLEMENTARY SERIES) - 7020 BAR, EXTRUDED ROUND TUBE AND SECTIONS
    BS 1769(1951) : 1951 SPECIFICATION FOR UNIFIED BLACK HEXAGON BOLTS, SCREWS, NUTS - (UNC & UNF THREADS) - HEAVY SERIES
    BS 641(1951) : 1951 DIMENSIONS OF SMALL RIVETS FOR GENERAL PURPOSES
    BS 1474(1969) : LATEST WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES: BARS, EXTRUDED ROUND TUBES AND SECTIONS
    BS 3451(1973) : 1973 METHODS OF TESTING FUSION WELDS IN ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
    BS 1615(1961) : LATEST ANODIC OXIDATION COATINGS ON ALUMINIUM AND ITS ALLOYS
    BS CP231(1966) : LATEST PAINTING OF BUILDINGS
    BS 1472(1969) : LATEST WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS - FORGING STOCK AND FORGINGS
    BS 3019-1(1958) : LATEST TIG WELDING
    BS 2708(1956) : LATEST UNIFIED BLACK SQUARE AND HEXAGON BOLTS, SCREWS AND NUTS (UNC AND UNF THREADS) - NORMAL SERIES
    BS 2901-4(1970) : LATEST FILLER RODS AND WIRES FOR GAS-SHIELDED ARC WELDING
    BS 275(1927) : 1927 SPECIFICATION FOR DIMENSIONS OF RIVETS (1/2 INCH TO 13/4 INCH DIAMETER)
    ISO/R 209:1971 Composition of wrought products of aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical composition (per cent)
    BS 1974(1953) : 1953 SPECIFICATION FOR LARGE ALUMINIUM ALLOY RIVETS (1/2 IN. TO 1 IN. NOMINAL DIAMETERS)
    BS 3416(1975) : LATEST SPECIFICATION FOR BLACK BITUMEN COATING SOLUTIONS FOR COLD APPLICATION
    BS 1494-1(1964) : 1964 SPECIFICATION FOR FIXING ACCESSORIES FOR BUILDING PURPOSES - FIXINGS FOR SHEET, ROOF AND WALL COVERINGS
    BS 350-2(1962) : LATEST CONVERSION FACTORS AND TABLES - DETAILED CONVERSION TABLES
    BS 1475(1969) : LATEST WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS - WIRE
    BS 1500-3(1965) : LATEST
    BS 1490(1963) : LATEST ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOY INGOTS AND CASTINGS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES
    BS 1768(1963) : 1963 SPECIFICATION FOR UNIFIED PRECISION HEXAGON BOLTS, SCREWS, & NUTS (UNC & UNF THREADS) - NORMAL SERIES
    BS CP3:CH5-1(1967) : LATEST CODE OF BASIC DATA FOR THE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS - LOADING - DEAD AND IMPOSED LOADS
    BS 1471(1969) : LATEST WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS - DRAWN TUBE
    BS 350(2004) : 2004 CONVERSION FACTORS FOR UNITS
    BS 4300-1(1967) : 1967 WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES (SUPPLEMENTARY SERIES) - ALUMINIUM ALLOY LONGITUDINALLY WELDED TUBE
    BS 499-1(1967) : LATEST
    BS 648(1964) : 1964 SCHEDULE OF WEIGHTS OF BUILDING MATERIALS
    BS 499-2(1965) : LATEST
    BS 2569-1(1964) : 1964 SPECIFICATION FOR SPRAYED METAL COATINGS - PROTECTION OF IRON AND STEEL BY ALUMINIUM AND ZINC AGAINST ATMOSPHERIC CORROSION
    BS 729(1959) : LATEST
    BS 3660(1963) : LATEST
    BS 1470(1969) : LATEST WROUGHT ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES: PLATE, SHEET AND STRIP
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