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  • BS EN 1097-6:2013 (published 2013-07)

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    Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates Determination of particle density and water absorption

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Withdrawn date:  14-03-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  31-07-2013

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    This European Standard specifies the reference methods used for type testing and in case of dispute, for the determination of particle density and water absorption of normal weight and lightweight aggregates. Other methods may be used for other purposes, such as factory production control, provided that an appropriate working relationship with the reference method has been established. For convenience, some of these other methods are also described in this standard. The reference methods for normal weight aggregates specified are: - a wire basket method for aggregate particles retained on the 31,5 mm sieve (Clause 7, except for railway ballast which uses Annex B); - a pyknometer method for aggregate particles passing the 31,5 mm test sieve and retained on the 4 mm test sieve (Clause 8); - a pyknometer method for aggregate particles passing the 4 mm test sieve and retained on the 0,063 mm test sieve (Clause 9). In Clauses 7, 8 and 9, three different particle density parameters (oven-dried particle density, saturated and surface dried particle density and apparent particle density) and water absorption are determined after a soaking period of 24 h. In Annex B, the oven-dried particle density parameter is determined after soaking in water to constant mass. The wire basket method may be used as an alternative to the pyknometer method for aggregate particles passing the 31, 5 mm test sieve and retained on the 4 mm test sieve. In case of dispute, the pyknometer method described in Clause 8 should be used as the reference method. NOTE 1 The wire basket method can also be used for single aggregate particles retained on the 63 mm sieve. NOTE 2 The pyknometer method described in Clause 8 can be used as an alternative for aggregates passing the 4 mm sieve but retained on the 2 mm sieve. The reference method for lightweight aggregates (Annex C) is a pyknometer method for aggregate particles passing the 31,5 mm test sieve and retained on the 4 mm test sieve. Three different particle density parameters and water absorption are determined after pre-drying and a soaking period of 24 h. Three other methods for normal weight aggregates can be used to determine the pre-dried particle density: - a wire basket method for aggregate particles passing the 63 mm test sieve and retained on the 31,5 mm test sieve (A.3); - a pyknometer method for aggregate particles passing the 31,5 mm test sieve and retained on the 0,063 mm test sieve (A.4); - a pyknometer method for aggregate particles passing the 31,5 mm test sieve, including the 0/0,063 mm size fraction (Annex G). NOTE 3 If water absorption is less than about 1,5 %, the apparent particle density can be assessed using the pre-dried particle density method as defined in Annex A. The quick method in Annex E can be used in factory production control to determine the apparent particle density of lightweight aggregates. Guidance on the significance and use of the various density and water absorption parameters is given in Annex H.

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    Committee B/502/6
    Development Note Supersedes 97/101023 DC. (04/2003) Supersedes 10/30218642 DC. (07/2013)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Withdrawn
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS PD6682-4(2003) : 2003 AGGREGATES - PART 4: LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE, MORTAR AND GROUT - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13055 -1
    13/30284071 DC : 0 BS 7533-102 - PAVEMENTS CONSTRUCTED WITH CLAY, NATURAL STONE OR CONCRETE PAVING UNITS - PART 102: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF PAVEMENTS USING MODULAR PAVING UNITS
    BS PD6682-2(2003) : 2003 AGGREGATES - PART 2: AGGREGATES FOR BITUMINOUS MIXTURES AND SURFACE TREATMENTS FOR ROADS, AIRFIELDS AND OTHER TRAFFICKED AREAS - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13043
    BS 8500-2(2002) : 2002 CONCRETE - COMPLEMENTARY BRITISH STANDARD TO BS EN 206-1 - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND CONCRETE
    14/30283621 DC : 0 PD 6691:2015 - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13108 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
    BS PD6691(2010) : 2010 GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13108 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
    BS PD6682-6(2009) : 2009 AGGREGATES - PART 6: AGGREGATES FOR UNBOUND AND HYDRAULICALLY BOUND MATERIALS FOR USE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING WORKS AND ROAD CONSTRUCTION - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13242
    14/30291598 DC : 0 BS 8500-2 - CONCRETE - COMPLEMENTARY BRITISH STANDARD TO BS EN 206 - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND CONCRETE
    PD 6691:2007 GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13108 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
    BS 598-104(2005) : 2005 SAMPLING AND EXAMINATION OF BITUMINOUS MIXTURES FOR ROADS AND OTHER PAVED AREAS - PART 104: METHODS OF TEST FOR THE DETERMINATION OF DENSITY AND COMPACTION
    BS 8500-2(2006) : 2006 CONCRETE - COMPLEMENTARY BRITISH STANDARD TO BS EN 206-1 - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND CONCRETE
    BS PD6682-6(2003) : 2003 AGGREGATES - PART 6: AGGREGATES FOR UNBOUND AND HYDRAULICALLY BOUND MATERIALS FOR USE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING WORKS AND ROAD CONSTRUCTION - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF OF BS EN 13242
    BS 7533-13(2009) : 2009 PAVEMENTS CONSTRUCTED WITH CLAY, NATURAL STONE OR CONCRETE PAVERS - PART 13: GUIDE FOR THE DESIGN OF PERMEABLE PAVEMENTS CONSTRUCTED WITH CONCRETE PAVING BLOCKS AND FLAGS, NATURAL STONE SLABS AND SETTS AND CLAY PAVERS
    12/30258714 DC : 0 BS 1881-125 - TESTING CONCRETE - PART 125: METHODS FOR MIXING AND SAMPLING FRESH CONCRETE IN THE LABORATORY
    BS PD6682-8(2004) : 2004 AGGREGATES - PART 8: AGGREGATES FOR RAILWAY BALLAST - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13450
    BS PD6682-5(2005) : 2005 AGGREGATES - PART 5: LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR BITUMINOUS MIXTURES AND SURFACE TREATMENTS AND FOR UNBOUND AND BOUND APPLICATIONS - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13055-2
    BS PD6682-9(2003) : 2003 AGGREGATES - PART 9: GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF EUROPEAN TEST METHOD STANDARDS
    BS 598-107(2004) : 2004 SAMPLING AND EXAMINATION OF BITUMINOUS MIXTURES FOR ROADS AND OTHER PAVED AREAS - PART 107: METHOD OF TEST FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF DESIGN SURFACE COURSE ROLLED ASPHALT
    BS 8500-2(2015) : 2015 CONCRETE - COMPLEMENTARY BRITISH STANDARD TO BS EN 206 - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND CONCRETE
    BS 594-1(2003) : 2003 HOT ROLLED ASPHALT FOR ROADS AND OTHER PAVED AREAS - PART 1: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND ASPHALT MIXTURES
    BS PD6682-1(2009) : 2009 AGGREGATES - PART 1: AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 12620
    BS PD6682-2(2009) : 2009 AGGREGATES - PART 2: AGGREGATES FOR BITUMINOUS MIXTURES AND SURFACE TREATMENTS FOR ROADS, AIRFIELDS AND OTHER TRAFFICKED AREAS - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13043
    BS PD6691(2015) : 2015 GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13108, BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
    BS 1881-125(2013) : 2013 TESTING CONCRETE - PART 125: METHODS FOR MIXING AND SAMPLING FRESH CONCRETE IN THE LABORATORY
    BS 8500-2:2002 CONCRETE - COMPLEMENTARY BRITISH STANDARD TO BS EN 206-1 - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND CONCRETE
    BS 8500-2(2006) : 2006 CONCRETE - COMPLEMENTARY BRITISH STANDARD TO BS EN 206-1 - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR CONSTITUENT MATERIALS AND CONCRETE
    PD 6691:2010 GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13108 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
    BS PD6691(2015) : 2015 GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF BS EN 13108, BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    EN 932-2 : 1999 TESTS FOR GENERAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 2: METHODS FOR REDUCING LABORATORY SAMPLES
    EN 932-3:1996/A1:2003 TESTS FOR GENERAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 3: PROCEDURE AND TERMINOLOGY FOR SIMPLIFIED PETROGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION
    EN 933-2 : 1995 TESTS FOR GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 2: DETERMINATION OF PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION - TEST SIEVES, NOMINAL SIZE OF APERTURES
    EN 932-5:2012/AC:2014 TESTS FOR GENERAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 5: COMMON EQUIPMENT AND CALIBRATION
    EN 932-1 : 1996 TESTS FOR GENERAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 1: METHODS FOR SAMPLING
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