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  • CEN/TR 15310-1 : 2006

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    CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 1: GUIDANCE ON SELECTION AND APPLICATION OF CRITERIA FOR SAMPLING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS

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    Published date:  22-11-2006

    Publisher:  Comite Europeen de Normalisation

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Terms and definitions
    3 Specify the objective of the Testing Programme
    4 Develop the technical goals from the objective
      4.1 General
      4.2 Define the population to be sampled
          4.2.1 General
          4.2.2 Overall population
          4.2.3 Population
          4.2.4 Sub-population
          4.2.5 Examples
      4.3 Assess variability
          4.3.1 General
          4.3.2 Spatial variability
          4.3.3 Temporal variability
          4.3.4 Random variability
      4.4 Select the sampling approach
          4.4.1 General
          4.4.2 Probabilistic
          4.4.3 Judgemental sampling
      4.5 Identify the scale
      4.6 Choose the required statistical parameter
      4.7 Choose the desired reliability
          4.7.1 General
          4.7.2 Precision and Confidence
          4.7.3 Errors in the Testing Programme
    5 Determine the Practical Instructions
      5.1 General
      5.2 Sampling pattern
          5.2.1 General
          5.2.2 Simple random sampling
          5.2.3 Stratified random sampling
          5.2.4 Systematic sampling
          5.2.5 Judgemental sampling
      5.3 Determine the increment and sample size (mass/volume)
          5.3.1 General
          5.3.2 Liquids
          5.3.3 Powders and
          5.3.4 Particulate/granular materials
      5.4 The use of composite versus individual samples
      5.5 Determine the required number of increments and samples
    6 Define the Sampling Plan
    Annex A The scale
        A.1 Scale
        A.2 Fundamental variability
    Annex B Statistical methods for characterising a population
        B.1 Terms and Definitions
        B.2 Probability distributions
        B.3 Statistical parameters
    Annex C Calculating the required numbers of increments and samples
        C.1 Notation
        C.2 Estimating a mean concentration
        C.3 Estimating a standard deviation
        C.4 Estimating a percentile
        C.5 Estimating a percentage compliance with a given limit
    Annex D Minimum increment and sample size (mass/volume)
        D.1 Estimation of increment and sample size
        D.2 Determination of the number of increments and/or samples
        D.3 Calculation of the actual increment and/or sample size
    Annex E Example sampling scenarios
        E.1 Sampling scenarios
        E.2 Example 1: Waste producer to carry out a basic
             characterisation on the concentration of Cr[6+] in a
             waste liquid during discharge to the on-site lagoon
        E.3 Example 2: Waste producer to undertake a regular
             compliance testing programme to check conformance
             with data obtained from the basic characterisation
        E.4 Example 3: Regulator to undertake an on-site
             verification of supernatant liquid in the hazardous
             waste lagoon
        E.5 Example 4: Waste producer to carry out a basic
             characterisation on the concentration of Cr[6+] in a
             waste liquid held in drum storage at the factory,
             for disposal purposes
        E.6 Example 5: Waste producer to carry out a compliance
             testing of the Cr[6+] concentration of waste liquid held
             in drums prior to disposal, against a permitted mean
             limit of 100 mg/l
        E.7 Example 6: Carrier or Disposal company to carry out
             an on-site verification of drums containing Cr-contaminated
             liquid sludge prior to treatment
        E.8 Example 7: Carrier or Disposal Company to carry out
             an on-site verification of the contents of tankers
             containing Cr6+ contaminated liquid sludge prior to
             treatment
        E.9 Example 8: Treatment plant operator applying basic
             characterisation to identify variability of Cr[6+]
             in a treated waste using a two-step leaching test
             at LS 2 and LS 8
        E.10 Example 9: Treatment plant operator to perform
             compliance testing to determine whether the treated
             hazardous waste complies with a limit determined on
             the basis of the basic characterisation, using a
             combined one-step leaching test at LS10
        E.11 Example 10: On-site verification
        E.12 Example 11: Compliance testing
        E.13 Example 12: On-site verification
        E.14 Example 13: On-site verification
        E.15 Example 14: Basic characterisation
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Describes the statistical principles of sampling, and provides a number of statistical tools to assist in the design of testing programmes for application to sampling under various conditions.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 444
    Document Type Technical Report
    Publisher Comite Europeen de Normalisation
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CLC/TS 50625-3-1 : 2015 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-1: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - GENERAL
    PD CEN/TR 15310-2:2006 (published 2006-12) Characterization of waste. Sampling of waste materials Guidance on sampling techniques
    PD CEN/TR 16220:2011 (published 2011-09) Construction products. Assessment of release of dangerous substances. Complement to sampling
    I.S. CEN TR 15310-2:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 2: GUIDANCE ON SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
    S.R. CLC/TS 50625-3-5:2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-5: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS
    ISO 18187:2016 Soil quality Contact test for solid samples using the dehydrogenase activity of Arthrobacter globiformis
    BS PD CLC/TS 50625-3-2 : 2016 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - LAMPS
    BS PD CLC/TS 50625-3-5 : 2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-5: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS
    I.S. EN ISO 11074:2015 SOIL QUALITY - VOCABULARY (ISO 11074:2015)
    PD CEN/TR 15310-4:2006 (published 2006-12) Characterization of waste. Sampling of waste materials Guidance on procedures for sample packaging, storage, preservation, transport and delivery
    BS EN ISO 11074:2015 Soil quality. Vocabulary
    UNI EN 16457 : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    16/30310185 DC : 0 BS ISO 18400-104 - SOIL QUALITY - SAMPLING - PART 104: STRATEGIES
    S.R. CLC/TS 50625-3-1:2015 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-1: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - GENERAL
    BS ISO 18187 : 2016 SOIL QUALITY - CONTACT TEST FOR SOLID SAMPLES USING THE DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY OF ARTHROBACTER GLOBIFORMIS
    DIN EN 16457 E : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    CLC/TS 50625-3-5 : 2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-5: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS
    12/30263896 DC : 0 BS EN 16457 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    UNE-EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste - Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme - Objectives, planning and report
    PD CEN/TR 16365:2012 (published 2013-01) Characterization of waste. Sampling of waste from extractive industries
    PD CEN/TR 15310-3:2006 (published 2006-12) Characterization of waste. Sampling of waste materials Guidance on procedures for sub-sampling in the field
    BS PD CLC/TS 50625-3-1 : 2015 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-1: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - GENERAL
    BS EN 16457:2014 (published 2014-03) Characterization of waste. Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme. Objectives, planning and report
    PD CEN/TR 15310-5:2006 (published 2006-12) Characterization of waste. Sampling of waste materials Guidance on the process of defining the sampling plan
    DD CEN/TS 14243 : 2010 MATERIALS PRODUCED FROM END OF LIFE TYRES - SPECIFICATION OF CATEGORIES BASED ON THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES
    DIN EN 16457:2014-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    I.S. EN ISO 18187:2018 SOIL QUALITY - CONTACT TEST FOR SOLID SAMPLES USING THE DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY OF ARTHROBACTER GLOBIFORMIS (ISO 18187:2016)
    S.R. CLC/TS 50625-3-2:2016 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-2: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - LAMPS
    EN ISO 18187 : 2018 SOIL QUALITY - CONTACT TEST FOR SOLID SAMPLES USING THE DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY OF ARTHROBACTER GLOBIFORMIS (ISO 18187:2016)
    S.R. CEN/TR 16220:2011 CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - COMPLEMENT TO SAMPLING
    S.R. CEN/TR 16110:2010 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO WASTE
    I.S. EN 16457:2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    UNE-CEN/TR 16110:2011 IN Characterization of waste - Guidance on the use of ecotoxicity tests applied to waste
    CLC/TS 50625-3-2 : 2016 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-2: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - LAMPS
    CEI CLC/TS 50625-3-2 : 1ED 2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-2: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - LAMPS
    I.S. CEN TR 15310-3:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 3: GUIDANCE ON PROCEDURES FOR SUB-SAMPLING IN THE FIELD
    S.R. CEN/TR 16365:2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE FROM EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
    BS EN ISO 18187 : 2018 SOIL QUALITY - CONTACT TEST FOR SOLID SAMPLES USING THE DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY OF ARTHROBACTER GLOBIFORMIS
    S.R. CEN TS 14243:2010 MATERIALS PRODUCED FROM END OF LIFE TYRES - SPECIFICATION OF CATEGORIES BASED ON THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES
    I.S. CEN TR 15310-4:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 4: GUIDANCE ON PROCEDURES FOR SAMPLE PACKAGING, STORAGE, PRESERVATION, TRANSPORT AND DELIVERY
    I.S. CEN TR 15310-5:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 5: GUIDANCE ON THE PROCESS OF DEFINING THE SAMPLING PLAN
    ISO 11074:2015 Soil quality — Vocabulary
    DIN EN 15002 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    17/30348303 DC : 0 BS EN 17087 - CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE FOR TESTING OF RELEASE AND ANALYSIS OF CONTENT
    UNE-EN 15002:2015 Characterization of waste - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
    10/30232771 DC : 0 PD CEN/TR 16130 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    BS EN 15002:2015 (published 2015-04) Characterization of waste. Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
    13/30291099 DC : 0 BS EN 15002 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    DIN EN 15002:2015-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    EN ISO 11074:2015 Soil quality - Vocabulary (ISO 11074:2015)
    UNE-CEN/TS 14243:2012 EX Materials produced from end of life tyres - Specification of categories based on their dimension(s) and impurities and methods for determining their dimension(s) and impurities
    S.R. CEN/TR 16130:2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    I.S. EN 15002:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    CEN/TR 15310-4 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 4: GUIDANCE ON PROCEDURES FOR SAMPLE PACKAGING, STORAGE, PRESERVATION, TRANSPORT AND DELIVERY
    CEN/TR 15310-3 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 3: GUIDANCE ON PROCEDURES FOR SUB-SAMPLING IN THE FIELD
    CEN/TR 16365 : 2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE FROM EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
    CEN/TS 14243 : 2010 MATERIALS PRODUCED FROM END OF LIFE TYRES - SPECIFICATION OF CATEGORIES BASED ON THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES
    CEN/TR 15310-5 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 5: GUIDANCE ON THE PROCESS OF DEFINING THE SAMPLING PLAN
    CEN/TR 15310-2 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 2: GUIDANCE ON SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
    CEN/TR 16220 : 2011 CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - COMPLEMENT TO SAMPLING
    CEN/TR 16110 : 2010 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF ECOTOXICITY TESTS APPLIED TO WASTE
    CEN/TR 16130 : 2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    EN 15002:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    EN 16457 : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    UNI CEN/TS 14243 : 2010 MATERIALS PRODUCED FROM END OF LIFE TYRES - SPECIFICATION OF CATEGORIES BASED ON THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THEIR DIMENSION(S) AND IMPURITIES

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CEN/TR 15310-2 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 2: GUIDANCE ON SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
    CEN/TR 15310-3 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 3: GUIDANCE ON PROCEDURES FOR SUB-SAMPLING IN THE FIELD
    EN 14899 : 2005 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A SAMPLING PLAN
    CEN/TR 15310-4 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 4: GUIDANCE ON PROCEDURES FOR SAMPLE PACKAGING, STORAGE, PRESERVATION, TRANSPORT AND DELIVERY
    CEN/TR 15310-5 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE MATERIALS - PART 5: GUIDANCE ON THE PROCESS OF DEFINING THE SAMPLING PLAN
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