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  • EN 13509 : 2003

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    CATHODIC PROTECTION MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES

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    Language(s): 

    Published date:  21-05-2003

    Publisher:  Comite Europeen de Normalisation

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms, definitions and symbols
      3.1 Terms and definitions
      3.2 Symbols
    4 Buried structure to electrolyte potential
      4.1 Electrical equipment
      4.2 Potential measurement
      4.3 Factors influencing the potential measurement
      4.4 Potential measurement techniques
          4.4.1 Measuring technique including IR drop (on potential
                measurement)
          4.4.2 Measuring techniques to determine IR free potentials
                (E[ir free])
    5 Immersed structure to electrolyte potential
      5.1 Electrical equipment
      5.2 Potential measurements
          5.2.1 Direct potential measurement methods
          5.2.2 Indirect potential measurement method
    6 Other measurements
      6.1 Current measurements (d.c.)
      6.2 Isolating joints
      6.3 Foreign structures
      6.4 Coating
    Annex A (informative) Table A.1 - Electrodes for Potential
            Measurements in Soil and/or Aqueous Media
    Annex B (informative) Current reduction technique
    Annex C (informative) Above ground surveys used to measure
            pipe to soil potential along a buried pipeline
    Annex D (informative) Above ground surveys used to assess
            the coating condition and to locate coating defects
    Annex E (informative) Special off potential measurements
            in stray currents areas
    Annex F (informative) Explanatory note on the use of the
            intensive measurement technique and the calculation
            of the IR free potential (E[IR free])
    Annex G (informative) Examples of typical coupons and external
            potential test probe for pipe
    Annex H (normative) Accuracy of potential measuring equipment
    Annex I (informative) Accuracy of current measurement
    Annex J (informative) Evaluation of the resistance of isolating
            joints
    Annex K (informative) Current injection test on isolating
            joints
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This European Standard deals with the cathodic protection against corrosion of buried or immersed metallic structures, detailing the measuring methods to be used for assessing the effectiveness of cathodic protection as well as the measurements and measures taken to monitor cathodic protection during operation.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 219
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Comite Europeen de Normalisation
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    14/30298608 DC : 0 BS EN 1918-5 - GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 5: FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE FACILITIES
    05/30135048 DC : DRAFT JUN 2005 EN 15257 - CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    BS EN ISO 12696:2016 Cathodic protection of steel in concrete
    12/30256971 DC : 0 BS EN 12473 - GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEA WATER
    BS ISO 18086 : 2015 CORROSION OF METALS AND ALLOYS - DETERMINATION OF AC CORROSION - PROTECTION CRITERIA
    BS EN 15280:2013 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES APPLICABLE TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    11/30249422 DC : 0 BS EN 15280 - EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES - APPLICATION TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    I.S. EN ISO 13174:2012 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF HARBOUR INSTALLATIONS (ISO 13174:2012)
    PREN ISO 12696 : DRAFT 2009 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF STEEL IN CONCRETE
    PREN 12817 : DRAFT 2017 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - INSPECTION AND REQUALIFICATION OF LPG PRESSURE VESSELS UP TO AND INCLUDING 13 M[3]
    PREN 16299 : DRAFT 2011 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    I.S. EN 16299:2013 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    UNI EN ISO 13174 : 2013 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF HARBOUR INSTALLATIONS
    ISO 15589-1:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries Cathodic protection of pipeline systems Part 1: On-land pipelines
    PREN 12473 : DRAFT 2012 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEA WATER
    DIN EN 12007-3:2015-07 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - PIPELINES FOR MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE UP TO AND INCLUDING 16 BAR - PART 3: SPECIFIC FUNTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STEEL
    ISO 13174:2012 Cathodic protection of harbour installations
    BS EN 1918-4:1998 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 4: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN ROCK CAVERNS
    EN 50162 : 2004 PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION BY STRAY CURRENT FROM DIRECT CURRENT SYSTEMS
    DIN EN 12501-1:2003-08 PROTECTION OF METALLIC MATERIALS AGAINST CORROSION - CORROSION LIKELIHOOD IN SOIL - PART 1: GENERAL
    EN ISO 12696:2016 (edition 2) Cathodic protection of steel in concrete (ISO 12696:2016)
    EN 12473:2014 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEAWATER
    05/30136201 DC : DRAFT JUL 2005 CEN TS 15280 - EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES - APPLICATION TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    BS EN 16299 : 2013 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    I.S. EN 15257:2006 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    11/30248021 DC : 0 AEROSPACE SERIES - COPPER ALLOY CUBE 1.9 - SOLUTION TREATED, COLD WORKED TO [1/2] HARD AND PRECIPITATION TREATED - BAR - 5 MM <= A OR D <= 190 MM - R[M] >= 1220 MPA
    BS ISO 15589-1 : 2015 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF PIPELINE SYSTEMS - PART 1: ON-LAND PIPELINES
    BS EN 16222:2012 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF SHIP HULLS
    11/30234723 DC : 0 BS EN 16299 - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    03/307038 DC : DRAFT AUG 2003 EN 50162 - PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION BY STRAY CURRENT FROM DIRECT CURRENT SYSTEMS
    I.S. EN 15112:2006 EXTERNAL CATHODIC PROTECTION OF WELL CASINGS
    I.S. EN 50162:2004 PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION BY STRAY CURRENT FROM DIRECT CURRENT SYSTEMS
    DIN EN 12473:2014-07 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEAWATER
    BS EN 1918-3:1998 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 3: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN SOLUTIONMINED SALT CAVERNS
    I.S. EN 1918-1:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 1: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN AQUIFERS
    I.S. EN 1918-3:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 3: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN SOLUTIONMINED SALT CAVERNS
    DIN EN 13636:2004-10 Cathodic protection of buried metallic tanks and related piping; German version EN 13636:2004
    I.S. EN 1918-2:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 2: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN OIL AND GAS FIELDS
    EN ISO 18086 : 2017 CORROSION OF METALS AND ALLOYS - DETERMINATION OF AC CORROSION - PROTECTION CRITERIA (ISO 18086:2015)
    I.S. EN 12473:2014 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEA WATER
    DIN EN 12473:2000-04 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEAWATER
    I.S. EN 12007-3:2015 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - PIPELINES FOR MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE UP TO AND INCLUDING 16 BAR - PART 3: SPECIFIC FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STEEL
    I.S. EN 1918-4:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 4: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN ROCK CAVERNS
    I.S. EN ISO 15589-1:2017 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF PIPELINE SYSTEMS - PART 1: ON-LAND PIPELINES (ISO 15589-1:2015)
    10/30234732 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 13174 - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF HARBOUR INSTALLATIONS
    DIN EN ISO 15257 E : 2017 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONS - BASIS FOR A CERTIFICATION SCHEME (ISO 15257:2017)
    DIN EN ISO 13174:2013-05 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF HARBOUR INSTALLATIONS (ISO 13174:2012)
    ISO 12473:2017 General principles of cathodic protection in seawater
    17/30319994 DC : 0 BS ISO 20313 - SHIPS AND MARINE TECHNOLOGY - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF SHIPS
    BS EN 15112:2006 External cathodic protection of well casing
    BS EN ISO 13174:2012 Cathodic protection of harbour installations
    15/30314907 DC : 0 BS ISO 12473 - GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEAWATER
    BS EN 50162:2004 PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION BY STRAY CURRENT FROM DIRECT CURRENT SYSTEMS
    PREN 1918-2 : DRAFT 2014 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 2: FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STORAGE IN OIL AND GAS FIELDS
    PREN 1918-5 : DRAFT 2014 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 5: FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE FACILITIES
    I.S. EN 16222:2012 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF SHIP HULLS
    PREN 12954 : DRAFT 2017 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION OF BURIED OR IMMERSED ONSHORE METALLIC STRUCTURES
    UNI EN 16299 : 2013 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    ISO 18086:2015 Corrosion of metals and alloys Determination of AC corrosion Protection criteria
    DIN EN 15257:2007-03 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    BS EN 1918-2:1998 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 2: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN OIL AND GAS FIELDS
    ISO 15257:2017 Cathodic protection — Competence levels of cathodic protection persons — Basis for a certification scheme
    EN ISO 15589-1 : 2017 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Cathodic protection of pipeline systems - Part 1: On-land pipelines (ISO 15589-1:2015, Corrected version 2020-11)
    EN 16299 : 2013 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    UNI EN 12473 : 2014 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEAWATER
    UNI EN 15257 : 2007 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    UNE-EN ISO 12696:2017 Cathodic protection of steel in concrete (ISO 12696:2016)
    UNI EN 16222 : 2012 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF SHIP HULLS
    DIN EN ISO 15257:2016-06 (Draft) CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONS - BASIS FOR A CERTIFICATION SCHEME (ISO 15257:2017)
    04/30126834 DC : DRAFT DEC 2004 EN 15112 - EXTERNAL CATHODIC PROTECTION OF WELL CASING
    UNI EN 15280 : 2014 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES APPLICABLE TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    14/30271613 DC : 0 BS ISO 15257 - CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONS - BASIS FOR CERTIFICATION SCHEME
    14/30298596 DC : 0 BS EN 1918-2 - GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 2: FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STORAGE IN OIL AND GAS FIELDS
    DIN EN 15280 E : 2013 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES APPLICABLE TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    ISO 20313:2018 Ships and marine technology — Cathodic protection of ships
    DD CEN/TS 15280:2006 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES - APPLICATION TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    UNE-EN 16299:2013 Cathodic protection of external surfaces of above ground storage tank bases in contact with soil or foundations
    I.S. EN 15280:2013 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES APPLICABLE TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    17/30346281 DC : 0 BS EN 12954 - GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION OF BURIED OR IMMERSED ONSHORE METALLIC STRUCTURES
    I.S. CEN TS 15280:2006 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES - APPLICATION TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    ISO 12696:2016 Cathodic protection of steel in concrete
    BS EN 1918-1:2016 Gas infrastructure. Underground gas storage Functional recommendations for storage in aquifers
    BS EN 12501-1:2003 PROTECTION OF METALLIC MATERIALS AGAINST CORROSION - CORROSION LIKELIHOOD IN SOIL - PART 1: GENERAL
    DIN EN 15257 E : 2007 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    BS EN 12007-3:2000 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - PIPELINES FOR MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE UP TO AND INCLUDING 16 BAR - PART 3: SPECIFIC FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STEEL
    BS EN 13636:2004 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF BURIED METALLIC TANKS AND RELATED PIPING
    UNE-EN 12007-3:2015 Gas infrastructure - Pipelines for maximum operating pressure up to and including 16 bar - Part 3: Specific functional requirements for steel
    EN 15112:2006 External cathodic protection of well casings
    EN 16222 : 2012 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF SHIP HULLS
    EN 1918-3:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 3: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN SOLUTIONMINED SALT CAVERNS
    EN 1918-2:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 2: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN OIL AND GAS FIELDS
    EN 1918-4:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 4: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN ROCK CAVERNS
    EN 15257 : 2006 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    EN ISO 15257 : 2017 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONS - BASIS FOR CERTIFICATION SCHEME (ISO 15257:2017)
    EN 13636 : 2004 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF BURIED METALLIC TANKS AND RELATED PIPING
    EN 1918-1:2016 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - UNDERGROUND GAS STORAGE - PART 1: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STORAGE IN AQUIFERS
    09/30185957 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 12696 - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF STEEL IN CONCRETE
    BS EN ISO 15257:2017 (published 2017-08) Cathodic protection. Competence levels of cathodic protection persons Basis for certification scheme
    DIN EN 15112 E : 2006 EXTERNAL CATHODIC PROTECTION OF WELL CASINGS
    DIN EN 15280:2013-12 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES APPLICABLE TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    PREN 12819 : DRAFT 2017 LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - INSPECTION AND REQUALIFICATION OF LPG PRESSURE VESSELS GREATER THAN 13 M[3]
    UNE-EN 16222:2013 Cathodic protection of ship hulls
    DIN EN ISO 12696:2016-07 (Draft) CATHODIC PROTECTION OF STEEL IN CONCRETE (ISO 12696:2016)
    CEI EN 50162 : 2005 PROTECTION AGAINST CORROSION BY STRAY CURRENT FROM DIRECT CURRENT SYSTEMS
    I.S. EN ISO 15257:2017 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONS - BASIS FOR CERTIFICATION SCHEME (ISO 15257:2017)
    I.S. EN ISO 18086:2017 CORROSION OF METALS AND ALLOYS - DETERMINATION OF AC CORROSION - PROTECTION CRITERIA (ISO 18086:2015)
    I.S. EN ISO 12696:2016 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF STEEL IN CONCRETE (ISO 12696:2016)
    BS EN ISO 15589-1:2017 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - CATHODIC PROTECTION OF PIPELINE SYSTEMS - PART 1: ON-LAND PIPELINES (ISO 15589-1:2015)
    17/30357288 DC : 0 BS EN 12817 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - INSPECTION AND REQUALIFICATION OF LPG PRESSURE VESSELS UP TO AND INCLUDING 13 M[3]
    17/30357291 DC : 0 BS EN 12819 - LPG EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES - INSPECTION AND REQUALIFICATION OF LPG PRESSURE VESSELS GREATER THAN 13 M[3]
    DIN EN 12501-1 E : 2003 PROTECTION OF METALLIC MATERIALS AGAINST CORROSION - CORROSION LIKELIHOOD IN SOIL - PART 1: GENERAL
    BS EN 15257:2006 CATHODIC PROTECTION - COMPETENCE LEVELS AND CERTIFICATION OF CATHODIC PROTECTION PERSONNEL
    BS EN 12473 : 2014 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATHODIC PROTECTION IN SEAWATER
    EN 12007-3:2015 GAS INFRASTRUCTURE - PIPELINES FOR MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE UP TO AND INCLUDING 16 BAR - PART 3: SPECIFIC FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR STEEL
    EN ISO 13174 : 2012 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF HARBOUR INSTALLATIONS (ISO 13174:2012)
    DIN EN 15112:2006-10 External cathodic protection of well casings
    CEN/TS 15280 : 2006 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES - APPLICATION TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    EN 12501-1 : 2003 PROTECTION OF METALLIC MATERIALS AGAINST CORROSION - CORROSION LIKELIHOOD IN SOIL - PART 1: GENERAL
    EN 15280 : 2013 EVALUATION OF A.C. CORROSION LIKELIHOOD OF BURIED PIPELINES APPLICABLE TO CATHODICALLY PROTECTED PIPELINES
    DIN EN 16299:2013-06 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF EXTERNAL SURFACES OF ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANK BASES IN CONTACT WITH SOIL OR FOUNDATIONS
    DIN EN 16222:2012-12 Cathodic protection of ship hulls

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    EN 12954 : 2001 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF BURIED OR IMMERSED METALLIC STRUCTURES - GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION FOR PIPELINES
    EN ISO 8044:2015 CORROSION OF METALS AND ALLOYS - BASIC TERMS AND DEFINITIONS (ISO 8044:2015)
    ISO 8044:2015 Corrosion of metals and alloys Basic terms and definitions
    EN 12696 : 2000 CATHODIC PROTECTION OF STEEL IN CONCRETE
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