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  • EN 15309:2007

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    Characterization of waste and soil - Determination of elemental composition by X-ray fluorescence

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    Published date:  09-05-2007

    Publisher:  Comite Europeen de Normalisation

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Safety remarks
    5 Principle
    6 Apparatus
    7 Reagents
    8 Interferences and sources of error
    9 Sample preparation
       9.1 General
       9.2 Drying and determination of dry mass
       9.3 Preparation of pressed pellet
       9.4 Preparation of fused beads
    10 Procedure
       10.1 Analytical measurement conditions
       10.2 Calibration
       10.3 Analysis of the samples
    11 Quality control
       11.1 Drift correction procedure
       11.2 Blank test
       11.3 Reference materials
    12 Calculation of the result
    13 Test report
    Annex A (informative) Semi-quantitative screening analysis
            of waste, sludge and soil samples
    Annex B (informative) Examples for operational steps of the
            sample preparation for soil and waste samples
    Annex C (informative) Suggested analytical lines, crystals
            and operating conditions
    Annex D (informative) List of reference materials applicable
            for XRF-analysis
    Annex E (informative) Validation
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This European Standard specifies the procedure for a quantitative determination of major and trace element concentrations in homogeneous solid waste, soil and soil-like material by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry or wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry using a calibration with matrix-matched standards.This European Standard is applicable for the following elements: Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Te, I, Cs, Ba, Ta, W, Hg, Tl, Pb, Bi, Th and U. Concentration levels between approximately 0,000 1 % and 100 % can be determined depending on the element and the instrument used.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CEN/TC 444
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Comite Europeen de Normalisation
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    S.R. CLC/TS 50625-3-4:2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-4: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - TEMPERATURE EXCHANGE EQUIPMENT
    DIN EN 16424 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SCREENING METHODS FOR THE ELEMENT COMPOSITION BY PORTABLE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE INSTRUMENTS
    I.S. EN ISO 13196:2015 SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT (ISO 13196:2013)
    12/30266953 DC : 0 BS EN 16424 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SCREENING METHOD FOR THE ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION BY PORTABLE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE INSTRUMENTS
    BS ISO 13196 : 2013 SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT
    DIN EN ISO 13196 E : 2015 SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT (ISO 13196:2013)
    11/30201947 DC : 0 BS ISO 13196 - SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT
    DIN EN 16424:2015-03 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SCREENING METHODS FOR THE ELEMENT COMPOSITION BY PORTABLE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE INSTRUMENTS
    UNI EN 16457 : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    S.R. CLC/TS 50574-2:2014 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR END-OF-LIFE HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES CONTAINING VOLATILE FLUOROCARBONS OR VOLATILE HYDROCARBONS - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION
    BS PD CLC/TS 50625-3-4 : 2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-4: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - TEMPERATURE EXCHANGE EQUIPMENT
    DIN EN 16457 E : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    BS PD ISO/TS 16996 : 2015 SOLID BIOFUELS - DETERMINATION OF ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION BY X-RAY FLUORESCENCE
    BS EN ISO 13196 : 2015 SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT
    CLC/TS 50574-2:2014 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR END-OF-LIFE HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES CONTAINING VOLATILE FLUOROCARBONS OR VOLATILE HYDROCARBONS - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION
    12/30263896 DC : 0 BS EN 16457 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    BS PD CLC/TS 50574-2 : 2014 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR END-OF-LIFE HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES CONTAINING VOLATILE FLUOROCARBONS OR VOLATILE HYDROCARBONS - PART 2: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION
    UNE-EN 16457:2014 Characterization of waste - Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme - Objectives, planning and report
    BS EN 16424:2014 (published 2015-11) Characterization of waste. Screening methods for the element composition by portable X-ray fluorescence instruments
    BS EN 16457:2014 (published 2014-03) Characterization of waste. Framework for the preparation and application of a testing programme. Objectives, planning and report
    BS PD CLC/TS 50625-3-3 : 2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-3: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - WEEE CONTAINING CRTS AND FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS
    CLC/TS 50625-3-3 : 2017 Collection, logistics & treatment requirements for WEEE - Part 3-3: Specification for de-pollution - WEEE containing CRTs and flat panel displays
    CLC/TS 50625-3-4 : 2017 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-4: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - TEMPERATURE EXCHANGE EQUIPMENT
    UNE-EN 16424:2015 Characterization of waste - Screening methods for the element composition by portable X-ray fluorescence instruments
    I.S. EN 16424:2014&LC:2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SCREENING METHODS FOR THE ELEMENT COMPOSITION BY PORTABLE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE INSTRUMENTS
    DIN EN 16457:2014-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    S.R. CEN/TR 16176:2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SCREENING METHODS FOR ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION BY X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY FOR ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    I.S. EN 16457:2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    CEI CLC/TS 50625-3-3 : 1ED 2018 COLLECTION, LOGISTICS & TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR WEEE - PART 3-3: SPECIFICATION FOR DE-POLLUTION - WEEE CONTAINING CRTS AND FLAT PANEL DISPLAY
    DIN EN ISO 13196:2015-11 SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT (ISO 13196:2013)
    ISO/TS 16996:2015 Solid biofuels Determination of elemental composition by X-ray fluorescence
    DIN EN 15002 E : 2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    17/30348303 DC : 0 BS EN 17087 - CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - ASSESSMENT OF RELEASE OF DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE FOR TESTING OF RELEASE AND ANALYSIS OF CONTENT
    UNE-EN 15002:2015 Characterization of waste - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
    10/30232771 DC : 0 PD CEN/TR 16130 - CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    BS EN 15002:2015 (published 2015-04) Characterization of waste. Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample
    13/30291099 DC : 0 BS EN 15002 - CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    ISO 13196:2013 Soil quality Screening soils for selected elements by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry using a handheld or portable instrument
    DIN EN 15002:2015-07 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    S.R. CEN/TR 16130:2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    I.S. EN 15002:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    CEN/TR 16130 : 2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    CEN/TR 16176 : 2011 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SCREENING METHODS FOR ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION BY X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY FOR ON-SITE VERIFICATION
    EN 15002:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    EN 16457 : 2014 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - FRAMEWORK FOR THE PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF A TESTING PROGRAMME - OBJECTIVES, PLANNING AND REPORT
    EN ISO 13196 : 2015 SOIL QUALITY - SCREENING SOILS FOR SELECTED ELEMENTS BY ENERGY-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETRY USING A HANDHELD OR PORTABLE INSTRUMENT (ISO 13196:2013)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
    ISO Guide 32:1997 Calibration in analytical chemistry and use of certified reference materials
    DIN 51418-2:2015-03 X-RAY SPECTROMETRY - X-RAY EMISSION AND X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS (XRF) - PART 2: DEFINITIONS AND BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR MEASUREMENTS, CALIBRATION AND EVALUATION OF RESULTS
    ISO 12980:2000 Carbonaceous materials used in the production of aluminium — Green coke and calcined coke for electrodes — Analysis using an X-ray fluorescence method
    DIN 51418-1:2008-08 X-RAY SPECTROMETRY - X-RAY EMISSION- AND X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS (XRF) - PART 1: DEFINITIONS AND BASIC PRINCIPLES
    ISO 12677:2011 Chemical analysis of refractory products by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) Fused cast-bead method
    ISO 11464:2006 Soil quality Pretreatment of samples for physico-chemical analysis
    ISO Guide 33:2015 Reference materials Good practice in using reference materials
    EN 14346:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - CALCULATION OF DRY MATTER BY DETERMINATION OF DRY RESIDUE OR WATER CONTENT
    CEN/TR 15018 : 2005 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - DIGESTION OF WASTE SAMPLES USING ALKALI-FUSION TECHNIQUES
    ISO 14869-2:2002 Soil quality Dissolution for the determination of total element content Part 2: Dissolution by alkaline fusion
    ISO 5725-2:1994 Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement methods and results Part 2: Basic method for the determination of repeatability and reproducibility of a standard measurement method
    EN 15002:2015 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF TEST PORTIONS FROM THE LABORATORY SAMPLE
    EN 13656 : 2002 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - MICROWAVE ASSISTED DIGESTION WITH HYDROFLUORIC (HF), NITRIC (HNO[3]), AND HYDROCHLORIC (HCL) ACID MIXTURE FOR SUBSEQUENT DETERMINATION OF ELEMENTS
    EN ISO 12677:2011 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF REFRACTORY PRODUCTS BY X-RAY FLUORESCENCE (XRF) - FUSED CAST-BEAD METHOD (ISO 12677:2011)
    EN 13657 : 2002 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - DIGESTION FOR SUBSEQUENT DETERMINATION OF AQUA REGIA SOLUBLE PORTION OF ELEMENTS
    ISO 9516-1:2003 Iron ores Determination of various elements by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry Part 1: Comprehensive procedure
    ISO Guide 34:2009 General requirements for the competence of reference material producers
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