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  • ISO 13571:2012

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    Life-threatening components of fire Guidelines for the estimation of time to compromised tenability in fires

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  French, English

    Published date:  12-09-2012

    Publisher:  International Organization for Standardization

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 13571:2012 is one of many tools available for use in fire safety engineering. It is intended to be used in conjunction with models for analysis of the initiation and development of fire, fire spread, smoke formation and movement, chemical species generation, transport and decay, and people movement, as well as fire detection and suppression. ISO 13571:2012 is to be used only within this context.

    ISO 13571:2012 is intended to address the consequences of human exposure to the life-threatening components of fire. The time-dependent concentrations of fire effluents and the thermal environment of a fire are determined by the rate of fire growth, the yields of the various fire gases produced from the involved fuels, the decay characteristics of those fire gases and the ventilation pattern. Once these are determined, the methodology presented in ISO 13571:2012 can be used for the estimation of the time at which individuals can be expected to experience compromised tenability.

    With care, this guidance can also be applied to estimation of the time limit for rescuing people who are immobile due to injury, medical condition, etc.

    ISO 13571:2012 establishes procedures to evaluate the life-threatening components of fire hazard analysis in terms of the status of exposed human subjects at discrete time intervals. It makes possible the estimation of the time at which occupants can experience compromised tenability. It enables estimation of a compromised tenability endpoint for each of the fire effluent components, with the most important endpoint being the earliest to occur.

    Although the concept of compromised tenability is consistent with the definition of incapacitation (see ISO 13943), the latter term is not used in ISO 13571:2012 due to its potentially broad interpretation to include many effects, including collapse and unconsciousness, that are not addressed. ISO 13571:2012 focuses specifically on compromised tenability as influenced by both physiological and behavioural responses resulting from exposure to a fire's life-threatening components.

    The life-threatening components addressed include fire-effluent toxicity, heat, and visual obscuration due to smoke. In cases where the effluent composition is available, the toxic gas model is to be used for assessment of fire-effluent toxicity. For those cases where the effluent composition is unknown, an additional mass-loss model using generic toxic potency values is provided.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee ISO/TC 92/SC 3
    Development Note Supersedes ISO TS 13571. (06/2007) Supersedes ISO/DIS 13571. (09/2012)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher International Organization for Standardization
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS EN ISO 25762:2012 Plastics. Guidance on the assessment of the fire characteristics and fire performance of fibre-reinforced polymer composites
    16/30336629 DC : 0 BS 8492 - TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABLING - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FIRE PERFORMANCE AND PROTECTION
    BS ISO 19706 : 2011 GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE FIRE THREAT TO PEOPLE
    BS ISO 26367-2:2017 Guidelines for assessing the adverse environmental impact of fire effluents Methodology for compiling data on environmentally significant emissions from fires
    13/30292037 DC : 0 BS ISO 14934-4 - FIRE TESTS - CALIBRATION OF HEAT FLUX METERS - PART 4: GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF HEAT FLUX METERS IN FIRE TESTS
    BS EN 60695-7-1 : 2010 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    16/30284262 DC : 0 BS ISO 26367-2 - GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE ADVERSE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FIRE EFFLUENTS - PART 2: METHODOLOGY FOR COMPILING DATA ON ENVIRONMENTALLY SIGNIFICANT EMISSIONS FROM FIRES
    DIN EN ISO 25762:2012-04 Plastics - Guidance on the assessment of the fire characteristics and fire performance of fibre-reinforced polymer composites (ISO 25762:2009)
    10/30198657 DC : 0 BS EN 60695-7-1 - FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    BS 8492(2009) : 2009 TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABLING - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FIRE PERFORMANCE AND PROTECTION
    ISO 19706:2011 Guidelines for assessing the fire threat to people
    18/30369843 DC : DRAFT APR 2018 BS ISO 11907-1 - PLASTICS - SMOKE GENERATION - DETERMINATION OF THE CORROSIVITY OF FIRE EFFLUENTS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND APPLICABILITY
    BS EN 60695-7-3 : 2011 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-3: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - USE AND INTERPRETATION OF TEST RESULTS
    16/30342722 DC : 0 BS ISO 19703 - GENERATION AND ANALYSIS OF TOXIC GASES IN FIRE - CALCULATION OF SPECIES YIELDS, EQUIVALENCE RATIOS AND COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY IN EXPERIMENTAL FIRES
    BS EN 60695-1-11:2015 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 1-11: GUIDANCE FOR ASSESSING THE FIRE HAZARD OF ELECTROTECHNICAL PRODUCTS - FIRE HAZARD ASSESSMENT
    13/30281097 DC : 0 BS EN 60695-1-11 ED 2.0 - FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 1-11: GUIDANCE FOR ASSESSING THE FIRE HAZARD OF ELECTROTECHNICAL PRODUCTS - FIRE HAZARD ASSESSMENT
    16/30287218 DC : 0 BS ISO 19021 - TEST METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF GAS CONCENTRATIONS IN ISO 5659-2 USING FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
    09/30206172 DC : 0 BS EN 60695-7-3 ED.1 - FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-3: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - USE AND INTERPRETATION OF TEST RESULTS
    15/30318694 DC : 0 BS ISO 12828-2 - VALIDATION METHODS FOR FIRE GAS ANALYSES - PART 2: VALIDATION OF QUANTIFICATION METHOD
    PREN 50290-2-20 : DRAFT 2016 COMMUNICATION CABLES - PART 2-20: COMMON DESIGN RULES AND CONSTRUCTION - GENERAL
    BS ISO 13344:2015 ESTIMATION OF THE LETHAL TOXIC POTENCY OF FIRE EFFLUENTS
    VDI 6019-2 : 2009 ENGINEERING METHODS FOR THE DIMENSIONING OF SYSTEMS FOR THE REMOVAL OF SMOKE FROM BUILDINGS - ENGINEERING METHODS
    BS 8492(2016) : 2016 TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABLING - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FIRE PERFORMANCE AND PROTECTION
    BS ISO 14934-4 : 2014 FIRE TESTS - CALIBRATION AND USE OF HEAT FLUX METERS - PART 4: GUIDANCE ON THE USE OF HEAT FLUX METERS IN FIRE TESTS
    ISO/TR 13387-4:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 4: Initiation and development of fire and generation of fire effluents
    ISO/TR 13387-8:1999 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING - PART 8: LIFE SAFETY - OCCUPANT BEHAVIOUR, LOCATION AND CONDITION
    NF EN 60695-7-1 : 2011 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    PD ISO/TS 19700:2016 Controlled equivalence ratio method for the determination of hazardous components of fire effluents. Steady-state tube furnace
    BS ISO 12828-1:2011 Validation method for fire gas analysis Limits of detection and quantification
    BS EN 50290-2-20:2016 COMMUNICATION CABLES - PART 2-20: COMMON DESIGN RULES AND CONSTRUCTION - GENERAL
    UNE-EN 60695-1-11:2016 Fire hazard testing - Part 1-11: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Fire hazard assessment
    BS PD ISO/TS 13447 : 2013 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING - GUIDANCE FOR USE OF FIRE ZONE MODELS
    UNE-EN 60695-7-1:2011 Fire hazard testing -- Part 7-1: Toxicity of fire effluent - General guidance
    PD ISO/TS 29761:2015 (published 2015-12) Fire safety engineering. Selection of design occupant behavioural scenarios
    16/30336759 DC : 0 BS EN 50290-2-20 - COMMUNICATION CABLES - PART 2-20: COMMON DESIGN RULES AND CONSTRUCTION - GENERAL
    BS ISO 25762 : 2009 PLASTICS - GUIDANCE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE FIRE CHARACTERISTICS AND FIRE PERFORMANCE OF FIBRE-REINFORCED POLYMER COMPOSITES
    BS EN 60695-7-2:2011 (published 2011-11) Fire hazard testing Toxicity of fire effluent. Summary and relevance of test methods
    PD ISO/TR 16576:2017 Fire safety engineering. Examples of fire safety objectives, functional requirements and safety criteria
    BS ISO 29903 : 2012 GUIDANCE FOR COMPARISON OF TOXIC GAS DATA BETWEEN DIFFERENT PHYSICAL FIRE MODELS AND SCALES
    ISO 12828-1:2011 Validation method for fire gas analysis Part 1: Limits of detection and quantification
    09/30205350 DC : 0 BS EN 60695-7-2 ED.1 - FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-2: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - SUMMARY AND RELEVANCE OF TEST METHODS
    UNE-EN 50290-2-20:2017 Communication cables - Part 2-20: Common design rules and construction - General
    ISO/TS 19021:2018 Test method for determination of gas concentrations in ISO 5659-2 using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
    ISO/TR 16738:2009 Fire-safety engineering Technical information on methods for evaluating behaviour and movement of people
    ISO/TR 16576:2017 Fire safety engineering Examples of fire safety objectives, functional requirements and safety criteria
    I.S. EN ISO 25762:2012 PLASTICS - GUIDANCE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE FIRE CHARACTERISTICS AND FIRE PERFORMANCE OF FIBRE-REINFORCED POLYMER COMPOSITES (ISO 25762:2009)
    ISO/TS 29761:2015 Fire safety engineering Selection of design occupant behavioural scenarios
    ISO 13344:2015 Estimation of the lethal toxic potency of fire effluents
    ISO 26367-2:2017 Guidelines for assessing the adverse environmental impact of fire effluents — Part 2: Methodology for compiling data on environmentally significant emissions from fires
    ISO 19703:2010 Generation and analysis of toxic gases in fire Calculation of species yields, equivalence ratios and combustion efficiency in experimental fires
    UNI EN ISO 25762 : 2012 PLASTICS - GUIDANCE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE FIRE CHARACTERISTICS AND FIRE PERFORMANCE OF FIBRE-REINFORCED POLYMER COMPOSITES
    UNE-EN 60695-7-3:2012 Fire hazard testing - Part 7-3: Toxicity of fire effluent - Use and interpretation of test results
    ISO/TS 19700:2016 Controlled equivalence ratio method for the determination of hazardous components of fire effluents Steady-state tube furnace
    ISO 16312-1:2016 Guidance for assessing the validity of physical fire models for obtaining fire effluent toxicity data for fire hazard and risk assessment Part 1: Criteria
    CEI EN 60695-7-1 : 2013 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    I.S. EN 60695-7-3:2011 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-3: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - USE AND INTERPRETATION OF TEST RESULTS (IEC 60695-7-3:2011)
    I.S. EN 60695-7-2:2011 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-2: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - SUMMARY AND RELEVANCE OF TEST METHODS (IEC 60695-7-2:2011)
    17/30304297 DC : 0 BS EN 17084 - RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIRE PROTECTION IN RAILWAY VEHICLES - TOXICITY TEST OF MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS
    BS ISO 26367-1:2011 GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE ADVERSE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FIRE EFFLUENTS - PART 1: GENERAL
    ISO 12828-2:2016 Validation method for fire gas analysis Part 2: Intralaboratory validation of quantification methods
    CEI EN 60695-7-3 : 2013 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-3: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - USE AND INTERPRETATION OF TEST RESULTS
    ISO 19702:2015 Guidance for sampling and analysis of toxic gases and vapours in fire effluents using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy
    ISO 29904:2013 Fire chemistry Generation and measurement of aerosols
    ISO/TR 13571-2:2016 Life-threatening components of fire Part 2: Methodology and examples of tenability assessment
    ISO/TS 13447:2013 Fire safety engineering Guidance for use of fire zone models
    I.S. EN 60695-1-11:2015 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 1-11: GUIDANCE FOR ASSESSING THE FIRE HAZARD OF ELECTROTECHNICAL PRODUCTS - FIRE HAZARD ASSESSMENT
    ISO 29903:2012 Guidance for comparison of toxic gas data between different physical fire models and scales
    ISO 26367-1:2011 Guidelines for assessing the adverse environmental impact of fire effluents Part 1: General
    ISO 14934-4:2014 Fire tests Calibration and use of heat flux meters Part 4: Guidance on the use of heat flux meters in fire tests
    ISO 15928-4:2017 Houses — Description of performance — Part 4: Fire safety
    I.S. EN 60695-7-1:2010 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENTS - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    I.S. EN 50290-2-20:2016 COMMUNICATION CABLES - PART 2-20: COMMON DESIGN RULES AND CONSTRUCTION - GENERAL
    NFPA 130 : 2017 FIXED GUIDEWAY TRANSIT AND PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEMS
    BS PD IEC TR 62222 : 2012 FIRE PERFORMANCE OF COMMUNICATION CABLES INSTALLED IN BUILDINGS
    IEC 60695-7-2:2011 Fire hazard testing - Part 7-2: Toxicity of fire effluent - Summary and relevance of test methods
    IEC 60695-7-1:2010 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    IEC TS 60695-7-3:2004 Fire hazard testing - Part 7-3: Toxicity of fire effluent - Use and interpretation of test results
    IEC 60695-1-11:2014 Fire hazard testing - Part 1-11: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Fire hazard assessment
    IEC TR 62222:2012 Fire performance of communication cables installed in buildings
    UNE-EN 60695-7-2:2012 Fire hazard testing - Part 7-2: Toxicity of fire effluent - Summary and relevance of test methods
    ISO 25762:2009 Plastics Guidance on the assessment of the fire characteristics and fire performance of fibre-reinforced polymer composites
    EN 60695-7-2 : 2011 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-2: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - SUMMARY AND RELEVANCE OF TEST METHODS (IEC 60695-7-2:2011)
    EN 60695-7-3 : 2011 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-3: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENT - USE AND INTERPRETATION OF TEST RESULTS (IEC 60695-7-3:2011)
    EN 60695-1-11:2015 Fire hazard testing - Part 1-11: Guidance for assessing the fire hazard of electrotechnical products - Fire hazard assessment
    EN 50290-2-20:2016 Communication cables - Part 2-20: Common design rules and construction - General
    EN 60695-7-1:2010 FIRE HAZARD TESTING - PART 7-1: TOXICITY OF FIRE EFFLUENTS - GENERAL GUIDANCE
    EN ISO 25762 : 2012 PLASTICS - GUIDANCE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE FIRE CHARACTERISTICS AND FIRE PERFORMANCE OF FIBRE-REINFORCED POLYMER COMPOSITES (ISO 25762:2009)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 13344:2015 Estimation of the lethal toxic potency of fire effluents
    ISO/TR 13387-1:1999 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING - PART 1: APPLICATION OF FIRE PERFORMANCE CONCEPTS TO DESIGN OBJECTIVES
    ISO/TR 13387-3:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 3: Assessment and verification of mathematical fire models
    ISO 13943:2017 Fire safety Vocabulary
    ISO/TR 13387-8:1999 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING - PART 8: LIFE SAFETY - OCCUPANT BEHAVIOUR, LOCATION AND CONDITION
    ISO/TR 13387-7:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 7: Detection, activation and suppression
    ISO 19702:2015 Guidance for sampling and analysis of toxic gases and vapours in fire effluents using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy
    ISO/TR 13387-4:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 4: Initiation and development of fire and generation of fire effluents
    ISO/TR 16738:2009 Fire-safety engineering Technical information on methods for evaluating behaviour and movement of people
    ISO/TR 13387-2:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 2: Design fire scenarios and design fires
    ISO/TR 13387-6:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 6: Structural response and fire spread beyond the enclosure of origin
    ISO 19706:2011 Guidelines for assessing the fire threat to people
    ISO 19701:2013 Methods for sampling and analysis of fire effluents
    ISO/TR 13387-5:1999 Fire safety engineering Part 5: Movement of fire effluents
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