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  • ISO 3838:2004

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    Crude petroleum and liquid or solid petroleum products Determination of density or relative density Capillary-stoppered pyknometer and graduated bicapillary pyknometer methods

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  English, French, Russian

    Published date:  30-04-2004

    Publisher:  International Organization for Standardization

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 3838:2004 specifies methods for the determination of the density or relative density of crude petroleum and of petroleum products handled as liquids.

    The capillary-stoppered pyknometer method is also for use with solids and this method may also be used for coal tar products, including road tars, creosote and tar pitches, or for mixtures of these with petroleum products. This method is not suitable for the determination of the density or relative density of highly volatile liquids having Reid vapour pressures greater than 50 kPa according to ISO 3007 or having an initial boiling point below 40 degrees Celsius.

    The graduated bicapillary pyknometer method is recommended for the accurate determination of the density or relative density of all except the more viscous products, and is particularly useful when only small amounts of samples are available. The method is restricted to liquids having Reid vapour pressures of 130 kPa or less according to ISO 3007 and having kinematic viscosities less than 50 mm2/s (50 centistokes (cSt)) at the test temperature.

    Special precautions are specified for the determination of the density or relative density of highly volatile liquids.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note Supersedes ISO/DIS 3838 (05/2004)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher International Organization for Standardization
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS EN 16761-1:2015 Automotive fuels. Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography Method using single column technique
    BS 7391(1990) : 1990 METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF ANILINE POINT AND MIXED ANILINE POINT OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND HYDROCARBON SOLVENTS
    DIN EN 16761-1 E : 2016 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 1: METHOD USING SINGLE COLUMN TECHNIQUE
    03/108481 DC : DRAFT MAY 2003 ISO 11223 - PETROLEUM AND LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DIRECT STATIC MEASUREMENTS - MEASUREMENT OF CONTENT OF VERTICAL STORAGE TANKS BY HYDROSTATIC TANK GAUGING
    12/30264358 DC : 0 BS EN 1601 - LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - UNLEADED PETROL - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    13/30278711 DC : 0 BS EN 13108-4 - BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS - PART 4: HOT ROLLED ASPHALT
    03/314396 DC : 0 ISO 20139 - RUBBER COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS - PROCESS OILS - METHODS OF TEST AND CLASSIFICATION
    00/106660 DC : DRAFT OCT 2000 PREN 13924 - BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - SPECIFICATIONS FOR HARD PAVING GRADE BITUMENS
    ISO 17558:2006 Steel wire ropes Socketing procedures Molten metal and resin socketing
    I.S. EN 12177:1998 LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - UNLEADED PETROL - DETERMINATION OF BENZENE CONTENT BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY
    17/30360941 DC : 0 BS EN 12697-5 - BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    UNE-EN 16245-2:2014 Fibre-reinforced plastic composites - Declaration of raw material characteristics - Part 2: Specific requirements for resin, curing systems, additives and modifiers
    DIN EN 1601:2017-10 LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT IN UNLEADED PETROL - METHOD BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    BS 2000-220(1998) : 1998 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND LUBRICANTS - DETERMINATION OF RUST-PREVENTION CHARACTERISTICS OF LUBRICATING GREASES
    DIN EN 12697-5 E : 2010 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    11/30239977 DC : 0 BS EN 16245-2 - FIBRE-REINFORCED PLASTIC COMPOSITES - DECLARATION OF RAW MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS - PART 2: ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR RESINS, CURING SYSTEMS, ADDITIVES AND MODIFIERS
    DIN EN 16761-1:2016-02 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 1: METHOD USING SINGLE COLUMN TECHNIQUE
    DIN EN 16245-2:2013-08 Fibre-reinforced plastic composites - Declaration of raw material characteristics - Part 2: Specific requirements for resin, curing systems, additives and modifiers
    BS 2000-365(1996) : 1996 METHOD OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - CRUDE PETROLEUM AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF DENSITY - OSCILLATING U-TUBE METHOD
    I.S. EN 13108-4:2016 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS - PART 4: HOT ROLLED ASPHALT
    ISO/TR 19441:2018 Petroleum products Density versus temperature relationships of current fuels, biofuels and biofuel components
    UNI EN 12697-5 : 2010 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    EN 1431:2018 Bitumen and bituminous binders - Determination of residual binder and oil distillate from bitumen emulsions by distillation
    DIN EN 1601:2016-06 (Draft) LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT IN UNLEADED PETROL - METHOD BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    UNE-EN 1601:2018 Liquid petroleum products - Determination of organic oxygenate compounds and total organically bound oxygen content in unleaded petrol - Method by gas chromatography (O-FID)
    BS EN 15326 : 2007 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    ISO 12185:1996 Crude petroleum and petroleum products Determination of density Oscillating U-tube method
    I.S. EN 15326:2007 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    I.S. EN 13411-4:2011 TERMINATIONS FOR STEEL WIRE ROPES - SAFETY - PART 4: METAL AND RESIN SOCKETING
    I.S. EN 13808:2013 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING CATIONIC BITUMINOUS EMULSIONS
    UNI EN 13411-4 : 2011 TERMINATIONS FOR STEEL WIRE ROPES - SAFETY - PART 4: METAL AND RESIN SOCKETING
    BS 391:1987 SPECIFICATION FOR TUNG OIL FOR PAINTS AND VARNISHES
    BS ISO 6073:1997 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - PREDICTION OF THE BULK MODULI OF PETROLEUM FLUIDS USED IN HYDRAULIC FLUID POWER SYSTEMS
    I.S. EN 1431:2018 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - DETERMINATION OF RESIDUAL BINDER AND OIL DISTILLATE FROM BITUMEN EMULSIONS BY DISTILLATION
    17/30335356 DC : DRAFT MAY 2017 BS ISO 28641 - RUBBER COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS - ORGANIC CHEMICALS - GENERAL TEST METHODS
    16/30339201 DC : 0 BS EN 1601 - LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT IN UNLEADED PETROL - METHOD BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    BS EN 16761-2:2015 Automotive fuels. Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography Method using heart cut technique
    DIN EN 16761-2 E : 2016 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 2: METHOD USING HEART CUT TECHNIQUE
    PREN 13108-4 : DRAFT 2013 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS - PART 4: HOT ROLLED ASPHALT
    UNE-EN 16761-1:2016 Automotive fuels - Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography - Part 1: Method using single column technique
    I.S. EN 16761-2:2015 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 2: METHOD USING HEART CUT TECHNIQUE
    I.S. EN 16245-2:2013 FIBRE-REINFORCED PLASTIC COMPOSITES - DECLARATION OF RAW MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS - PART 2: SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR RESIN, CURING SYSTEMS, ADDITIVES AND MODIFIERS
    I.S. EN 16761-1:2015 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 1: METHOD USING SINGLE COLUMN TECHNIQUE
    UNE-EN 13411-4:2011 Terminations for steel wire ropes - Safety - Part 4: Metal and resin socketing
    EN 12177:1998/AC:2000 LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - UNLEADED PETROL - DETERMINATION OF BENZENE CONTENT BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY
    DIN EN 13411-4 E : 2011 TERMINATIONS FOR STEEL WIRE ROPES - SAFETY - PART 4: METAL AND RESIN SOCKETING
    DIN EN 13808:2013-07 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING CATIONIC BITUMINOUS EMULSIONS
    DIN EN 15326:2009-08 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    EN 12697-5:2009/AC:2012 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    EN 13108-4:2016/AC:2017 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS - PART 4: HOT ROLLED ASPHALT
    EN 14260:2003 Derivatives from coal pyrolysis - Coal tar and pitch based binders and related products : road tars - Characteristics and test methods
    EN 13808:2013 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING CATIONIC BITUMINOUS EMULSIONS
    EN 16245-2:2013 Fibre-reinforced plastic composites - Declaration of raw material characteristics - Part 2: Specific requirements for resin, curing systems, additives and modifiers
    BS 3690-3:1990 Bitumens for building and civil engineering Specification for mixtures of bitumen with pitch, tar and Trinidad lake asphalt
    UNI EN ISO 15212-1 : 2000 OSCILLATION-TYPE DENSITY METERS - LABORATORY INSTRUMENTS
    UNI EN 13808 : 2013 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING CATIONIC BITUMINOUS EMULSIONS
    UNI EN 16245-2 : 2013 FIBRE-REINFORCED PLASTIC COMPOSITES - DECLARATION OF RAW MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS - PART 2: SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR RESIN, CURING SYSTEMS, ADDITIVES AND MODIFIERS
    ONORM EN 13411-4 : 2011 TERMINATIONS FOR STEEL WIRE ROPES - SAFETY - PART 4: METAL AND RESIN SOCKETING
    UNI EN 15326 : 2009 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    16/30334728 DC : 0 BS EN 1431 - BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - DETERMINATION OF RESIDUAL BINDER AND OIL DISTILLATE FROM BITUMEN EMULSIONS BY DISTILLATION
    NFPA T2.13.7 : 1997 : R2014 HYDRAULIC FLUID POWER - PETROLEUM FLUIDS - PREDICTION OF BULK MODULI
    NFPA T2.13.7 : 1997 : R2009 HYDRAULIC FLUID POWER - PETROLEUM FLUIDS - PREDICTION OF BULK MODULI
    NFPA T2.13.7 : 1997 : R2005 HYDRAULIC FLUID POWER - PETROLEUM FLUIDS - PREDICTION OF BULK MODULI
    DIN EN 12697-5:2010-04 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    BS EN 16245-2:2013 Fibre-reinforced plastic composites. Declaration of raw material characteristics Specific requirements for resin, curing systems, additives and modifiers
    ISO 11223:2004 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products Direct static measurements Measurement of content of vertical storage tanks by hydrostatic tank gauging
    04/30117724 DC : DRAFT AUG 2004 EN 14023 - BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK SPECIFICATION FOR POLYMER MODIFIED BITUMENS
    ISO 6073:1997 Petroleum products Prediction of the bulk moduli of petroleum fluids used in hydraulic power systems
    BS EN 12697-5:2009 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    ISO 2977:1997 Petroleum products and hydrocarbon solvents Determination of aniline point and mixed aniline point
    ISO/TR 19686-2:2018 Petroleum products Equivalency of test method determining the same property Part 2: Density of petroleum products
    PREN 1601 : DRAFT 2016 LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT IN UNLEADED PETROL - METHOD BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    BS 2000-408(2014) : 2014 COR 2014 LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - UNLEADED PETROL - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    BS 2000-549(2007) : 2007 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    I.S. CWA 15375:2005 SEPARATORS FOR MARINE RESIDUAL FUEL - PERFORMANCE TESTING USING SPECIFIC TEST OIL
    BS EN ISO 12185:1996 Methods of test for petroleum and its products. Crude petroleum and petroleum products. Determination of density. Oscillating U-tube method
    ISO 15212-1:1998 Oscillation-type density meters Part 1: Laboratory instruments
    BS EN 13411-4:2011 Terminations for steel wire ropes. Safety Metal and resin socketing
    BS EN 13808:2013 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING CATIONIC BITUMINOUS EMULSIONS
    BS EN 14261:2003 Derivatives from coal pyrolysis. Coal tar and pitch based binders and related products. Refractory binders. Characteristics and test methods
    UNE-EN 13808:2013 Bitumen and bituminous binders - Framework for specifying cationic bituminous emulsions
    DIN EN 15326 E : 2009 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    EN 1601:2017 Liquid petroleum products - Determination of organic oxygenate compounds and total organically bound oxygen content in unleaded petrol - Method by gas chromatography (O-FID)
    EN 14261:2003 Derivatives from coal pyrolysis - Coal tar and pitch based binders and related products : refractory binders - Characteristics and test methods
    EN ISO 12185:1996 Crude petroleum and petroleum products - Determination of density - Oscillating U-tube method (ISO 12185:1996)
    ANSI B93.63M : 1984 HYDRAULIC FLUID POWER - PETROLEUM FLUIDS - PREDICTION OF BULK MODULI,
    EN 16761-1:2015 Automotive fuels - Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography - Part 1: Method using single column technique
    EN 15326:2007+A1:2009 Bitumen and bituminous binders - Measurement of density and specific gravity - Capillary-stoppered pyknometer method
    EN 16761-2 : 2015 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 2: METHOD USING HEART CUT TECHNIQUE
    EN ISO 15212-1:1999/AC:2009 OSCILLATION-TYPE DENSITY METERS - PART 1: LABORATORY INSTRUMENTS
    NF ISO 28641 : 2010 RUBBER COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS - ORGANIC CHEMICALS - GENERAL TEST METHODS
    11/30250578 DC : 0 BS EN 13808 - BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - FRAMEWORK FOR SPECIFYING CATIONIC BITUMINOUS EMULSIONS
    BS 2000-2(1994) : 1994 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND HYDROCARBON SOLVENTS - DETERMINATION OF ANILINE POINT AND MIXED ANILINE POINT
    I.S. EN 1601:2017 LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC OXYGENATE COMPOUNDS AND TOTAL ORGANICALLY BOUND OXYGEN CONTENT IN UNLEADED PETROL - METHOD BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY (O-FID)
    DIN EN 16761-2:2016-02 AUTOMOTIVE FUELS - DETERMINATION OF METHANOL IN AUTOMOTIVE ETHANOL (E85) FUEL BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY - PART 2: METHOD USING HEART CUT TECHNIQUE
    BS ISO 28641:2010 RUBBER COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS - ORGANIC CHEMICALS - GENERAL TEST METHODS
    ISO 11007:1997 Petroleum products and lubricants Determination of rust-prevention characteristics of lubricating greases
    I.S. EN 12697-5:2009 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - TEST METHODS FOR HOT MIX ASPHALT - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF THE MAXIMUM DENSITY
    UNE-EN 16761-2:2016 Automotive fuels - Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography - Part 2: Method using heart cut technique
    ISO 11223-1:1995 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products Direct static measurements Contents of vertical storage tanks Part 1: Mass measurement by hydrostatic tank gauging
    IP 549 : 2009 BITUMEN AND BITUMINOUS BINDERS - MEASUREMENT OF DENSITY AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY - CAPILLARY-STOPPERED PYKNOMETER METHOD
    ISO 28641:2010 Rubber compounding ingredients Organic chemicals General test methods
    BS EN 14260:2003 Derivatives from coal pyrolysis. Coal tar and pitch based binders and related products. Road tars. Characteristics and test methods
    BS EN 13108-4:2016 BITUMINOUS MIXTURES - MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS - PART 4: HOT ROLLED ASPHALT
    BS EN 13132:2000 Methods of test for petroleum and its products. Liquid petroleum products. Unleaded petrol. Determination of organic oxygenate compounds and total organically bound oxygen content by gas chromatography using column switching
    BS EN 12177:2000 Methods of test for petroleum and its products. Liquid petroleum products. Unleaded petroleum. Determination of benzene content by gas chromatography
    BS EN 1601:2017 Liquid petroleum products. Determination of organic oxygenate compounds and total organically bound oxygen content in unleaded petrol. Method by gas chromatography (O-FID)
    BS EN ISO 15212-1:1999 OSCILLATION-TYPE DENSITY METERS - PART 1: LABORATORY INSTRUMENTS
    DIN EN 13411-4:2011-06 Terminations for steel wire ropes - Safety - Part 4: Metal and resin socketing
    EN 13411-4:2011 Terminations for steel wire ropes - Safety - Part 4: Metal and resin socketing

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 3007:1999 Petroleum products and crude petroleum — Determination of vapour pressure — Reid method
    ISO 653:1980 Long solid-stem thermometers for precision use
    ISO 91-2:1991 Petroleum measurement tables Part 2: Tables based on a reference temperature of 20 degrees C
    ISO 5024:1999 Petroleum liquids and liquefied petroleum gases Measurement Standard reference conditions
    ISO 91-1:1992 Petroleum measurement tables Part 1: Tables based on reference temperatures of 15 degrees C and 60 degrees F
    ISO 3507:1999 Laboratory glassware — Pyknometers
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