We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • NFPA 11 : 2016

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist.
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You need to be logged in to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please log in now or create an account to add.
    You already added this Product in the Watchlist.

    LOW-, MEDIUM-, AND HIGH-EXPANSION FOAM

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy

    Superseded date:  16-08-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2016

    Publisher:  National Fire Protection Association

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Chapter 1 - Administration
    Chapter 2 - Referenced Publications
    Chapter 3 - Definitions
    Chapter 4 - System Components and System Types
    Chapter 5 - Low-Expansion System Design
    Chapter 6 - Medium- and High-Expansion Systems
    Chapter 7 - Compressed Air Foam Systems
    Chapter 8 - Specifications and Plans
    Chapter 9 - Installation Requirements
    Chapter 10 - Low-Expansion Foam Systems for
                 Marine Applications
    Chapter 11 - Testing and Acceptance
    Chapter 12 - Maintenance
    Annex A - Explanatory Material
    Annex B - Storage Tank Protection Summary
    Annex C - Medium- and High-Expansion Foam
    Annex D - Tests for Foam Systems
    Annex E - Foam Environmental Issues
    Annex F - Test Method for Marine Fire-Fighting
              Foam Concentrates Protecting Hydrocarbon
              Hazards
    Annex G - Foam Concentrate Quality
    Annex H - Informational References
    Index

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Wraps up the design, installation, operation, testing, and maintenance of low-, medium-, and high-expansion and compressed air foam systems for fire protection.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note Supersedes and incorporates NFPA 11A. (05/2003) Supersedes WW H 171 (E). (08/2004) 2010 Edition is also available in Spanish Language, See NFPA 11 SPANISH. (10/2011)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher National Fire Protection Association
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    API 650 CHINESE : 2013 WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE
    NASA STD 8719.11 : 2008 SAFETY STANDARD FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    NFPA 417 : 1990 CONSTRUCTION AND PROTECTION OF AIRCRAFT LOADING WALKWAYS
    API 92U : 2008 : R2013 UNDERBALANCED DRILLING OPERATIONS
    API 92U : 2008 UNDERBALANCED DRILLING OPERATIONS
    NFPA 1405 : 2016 LAND-BASED FIRE DEPARTMENTS THAT RESPOND TO MARINE VESSEL FIRES
    12/30258579 DC : 0 BS 5908-1 - FIRE AND EXPLOSION PRECAUTIONS AT PREMISES HANDLING FLAMMABLE GASES, LIQUIDS AND DUSTS - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE AND EXPLOSION IN CHEMICAL PLANTS, CHEMICAL STORAGE AND SIMILAR PREMISES
    API 92U : 2008 : INC : ADD 1 : 2015 : R201300 UNDERBALANCED DRILLING OPERATIONS
    NFPA 473 : 2018 COMPETENCIES FOR EMS PERSONNEL RESPONDING TO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS/WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION INCIDENTS
    API RP 2030 : 2014 APPLICATION OF FIXED WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS FOR FIRE PROTECTION IN THE PETROLEUM AND PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
    NBR 7505-4 : 2003 STORAGE OF FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS - PART 4: FIRE PROTECTION
    WW H 171 : E HANGERS & SUPPORTS, PIPE (FOR DOD USE - ANSI/MSS-SP-58, ANSI/MSS-SP-69, NFPA 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 & 17
    NFPA 1031 : 2014 PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR FIRE INSPECTOR AND PLAN EXAMINER
    ASTM F 1994 : 1999 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Shipboard Fixed Foam Firefighting Systems
    ASTM F 1994 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Shipboard Fixed Foam Firefighting Systems
    ABS 0063 : 2018 COR 2018 RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING FACILITIES ON OFFSHORE INSTALLATIONS
    NFPA 1915 : 2000 FIRE APPARATUS PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
    NFPA 1145 : 2017 USE OF CLASS A FOAMS IN FIRE FIGHTING
    NFPA 409 : 2016 AIRCRAFT HANGARS
    NFPA 3 : 2018 COMMISSIONING OF FIRE PROTECTION AND LIFE SAFETY SYSTEMS
    NFPA 72D : 1986 INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND USE OF PROPRIETARY PROTECTIVE SIGNALING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 903 : 1996 FIRE REPORTING PROPERTY SURVEY GUIDE
    UFC 3-601-02 : 2010 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE: INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE OF FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    BS ISO TR 13387-7 : 1999 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING - PART 7: DETECTION, ACTIVATION AND SUPPRESSION
    ASTM F 1129 : 2001 Standard Guide for Using Aqueous Foams to Control the Vapor Hazard from Immiscible Volatile Liquids
    ASTM F 1129/F1129M : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Using Aqueous Foams to Control the Vapor Hazard from Immiscible Volatile Liquids
    NBR 15511 : 2008 LOW EXPANSION FOAM CONCENTRATES FOR FIREFIGHTING IN LIQUIDS COMBUSTIBLES
    NBR 7505 : 1995 ARMAZENAGEM DE PETROLEO, SEUS DERIVADOS LIQUIDOS E ALCOOL CARBURANTE
    NFPA 30B : 2015 CODE FOR THE MANUFACTURE AND STORAGE OF AEROSOL PRODUCTS
    NFPA 654 : 2017 PREVENTION OF FIRE AND DUST EXPLOSIONS FROM THE MANUFACTURING, PROCESSING, AND HANDLING OF COMBUSTIBLE PARTICULATE SOLIDS
    NFPA 121 : 2001 FIRE PROTECTION FOR SELF-PROPELLED AND MOBILE SURFACE MINING EQUIPMENT
    NFPA 25 : 2017 INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE OF WATER-BASED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    PIP VESTA002 : 2017 ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANK SPECIFICATION (SUPPLEMENT TO API STANDARD 650)
    NFPA 903M : 1986 FIRE REPORTING PROPERTY SURVEY MANUAL
    NFPA 1194 : 2018 RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARKS AND CAMPGROUNDS
    NFPA 1620 : 2015 PRE-INCIDENT PLANNING
    NFPA 123 : 1999 FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN UNDERGROUND BITUMINOUS COAL MINES
    NFPA 901 : 2016 CLASSIFICATIONS FOR INCIDENT REPORTING AND FIRE PROTECTION DATA
    NFPA 11C : 1995 MOBILE FOAM APPARATUS
    API 2021 : 2001 : R2015 MANAGEMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANK FIRES
    FM 5138 : 2011 PROPORTIONING TESTING
    API RP 2021 : 2001 MANAGEMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANK FIRES
    NFPA 3 & 4 HDBK : 2012 COMMISSIONING AND INTEGRATED SYSTEM TESTING HANDBOOK
    API 2021 : 2001 : R2006 MANAGEMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANK FIRES
    NFPA 1925 : 2018 MARINE FIRE-FIGHTING VESSELS
    NFPA 472 : 2018 COMPETENCE OF RESPONDERS TO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS/WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION INCIDENTS
    API RP 1627 : 1986 STORAGE AND HANDLING OF GASOLINE-METHANOL/COSOLVENT BLENDS AT DISTRIBUTION TERMINALS AND SERVICE STATIONS
    NFPA 471 SPANISH : 2002 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR RESPONDING TO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS
    NFPA 802 : 1993 NUCLEAR RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION REACTORS
    API 2021A : 1998 INTERIM STUDY - PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION OF FIRES IN LARGE ABOVEGROUND ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANKS
    NFPA HAZARDOUS MATERIALS RESPONSE HDBK : 2013 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS/WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION RESPONSE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 471 : 2002 RESPONDING TO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENTS
    NFPA 16A : 1994 INSTALLATION OF CLOSED HEAD FOAM WATER SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
    NFPA 664 : 2017 PREVENTION OF FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS IN WOOD PROCESSING AND WOODWORKING FACILITIES
    NFPA 71 : 1989 INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND USE OF SIGNALING SYSTEMS FOR CENTRAL STATION SERVICE
    NFPA 1072:2017 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS/WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE PERSONNEL PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
    CSA N393:13 (R2018) Fire protection for facilities that process, handle, or store nuclear substances
    IEEE 979:2012 GUIDE FOR SUBSTATION FIRE PROTECTION
    Z276-18 Liquefied natural gas (LNG) - Production, storage, and handling
    ASTM F 1994:1999 Standard Test Method for Shipboard Fixed Foam Firefighting Systems
    NFPA 124 : 1988 FIRE PROTECTION OF DIESEL FUEL AND DIESEL EQUIPMENT IN UNDERGROUND MINES
    NFPA 30 FRENCH : 1996 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    NFPA 81 : 1986 FUR STORAGE, FUMIGATION AND CLEANING
    NFPA 22 : 2018 WATER TANKS FOR PRIVATE FIRE PROTECTION
    NFPA 25 HANDBOOK : 2011 INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE OF WATER-BASED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS HANDBOOK
    API 2001 : 2012 FIRE PROTECTION IN REFINERIES
    NFPA 921 : 2017 GUIDE FOR FIRE AND EXPLOSION INVESTIGATIONS
    NFPA 1904 : 1991 AERIAL LADDER AND ELEVATING PLATFORM FIRE APPARATUS
    NFPA 1902 : 1991 INITIAL ATTACK FIRE APPARATUS
    NFPA 419 : 1992 MASTER PLANNING AIRPORT WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    API 1626 : 2010 STORING AND HANDLING ETHANOL AND GASOLINE-ETHANOL BLENDS AT DISTRIBUTION TERMINALS AND FILLING STATIONS
    API 2610:2005 DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND INSPECTION OF TERMINAL AND TANK FACILITIES
    API 2610 : 2005 : R2010 DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND INSPECTION OF TERMINAL AND TANK FACILITIES
    API 650 : 2013 WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    API 1626 REDLINE : 2010 STORING AND HANDLING ETHANOL AND GASOLINE-ETHANOL BLENDS AT DISTRIBUTION TERMINALS AND FILLING STATIONS
    NFPA 1 : 2018 FIRE CODE
    NFPA 1 HDBK : 2015 FIRE CODE HANDBOOK
    ISO 7076-5:2014 Fire protection Foam fire extinguishing systems Part 5: Fixed compressed air foam equipment
    API 650 : 2013+ADD 3 : 2018 WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE
    NFPA 59A : 2016 PRODUCTION, STORAGE, AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)
    NFPA 2 : 2016 HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES CODE
    NFPA 52 : 2016 VEHICULAR NATURAL GAS FUEL SYSTEMS CODE
    NFPA 301 : 2018 SAFETY TO LIFE FROM FIRE ON MERCHANT VESSELS
    NFPA 232 : 2017 PROTECTION OF RECORDS
    NFPA 403 : 2018 AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE-FIGHTING SERVICES AT AIRPORTS
    NFPA 120 : 2015 FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN COAL MINES
    NFPA 1906 : 2016 WILDLAND FIRE APPARATUS
    NFPA 801 : 2014 FIRE PROTECTION FOR FACILITIES HANDLING RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
    NFPA 412 : 2014 EVALUATING AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE-FIGHTING FOAM EQUIPMENT
    NFPA 91 : 2015 EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR AIR CONVEYING OF VAPORS, GASES, MISTS, AND PARTICULATE SOLIDS
    NFPA 820 : 2016 FIRE PROTECTION IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND COLLECTION FACILITIES
    NFPA 804 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ADVANCED LIGHT WATER REACTOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS
    NFPA 30 HDBK : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 72 HDBK : 2016 NATIONAL FIRE ALARM AND SIGNALING CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 909 : 2017 PROTECTION OF CULTURAL RESOURCE PROPERTIES - MUSEUMS, LIBRARIES, AND PLACES OF WORSHIP
    NFPA 37 : 2018 INSTALLATION AND USE OF STATIONARY COMBUSTION ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES
    NFPA 914 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION OF HISTORIC STRUCTURES
    NFPA 45 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR LABORATORIES USING CHEMICALS
    NFPA 13 HDBK : 2016 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS HANDBOOK
    NFPA 10 : 2018 PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    NFPA 18 : 2017 WETTING AGENTS
    NFPA 18A : 2017 WATER ADDITIVES FOR FIRE CONTROL AND VAPOR MITIGATION
    NFPA 122 : 2015 FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN METAL/NONMETAL MINING AND METAL MINERAL PROCESSING FACILITIES
    NFPA 35 : 2016 MANUFACTURE OF ORGANIC COATINGS
    NFPA 1901:2016 AUTOMOTIVE FIRE APPARATUS
    NFPA 418 : 2016 HELIPORTS
    NFPA 101 HDBK : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 851 : 2010 FIRE PROTECTION FOR HYDROELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS
    NFPA 502 : 2017 ROAD TUNNELS, BRIDGES, AND OTHER LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAYS
    NFPA 415 : 2016 AIRPORT TERMINAL BUILDINGS, FUELING RAMP DRAINAGE, AND LOADING WALKWAYS
    NFPA 87 : 2018 FLUID HEATERS
    NFPA 5000 : 2018 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND SAFETY CODE
    NFPA 34 : 2018 DIPPING, COATING, AND PRINTING PROCESSES USING FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
    NFPA 850 : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS AND HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT CONVERTER STATIONS
    NFPA 59 : 2018 UTILITY LP-GAS PLANT CODE
    NFPA 20 HDBK : 2016 STATIONARY FIRE PUMPS HANDBOOK
    NFPA 804 : 2020 FIRE PROTECTION FOR ADVANCED LIGHT WATER REACTOR ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS
    MSS SP 58 : 2009 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS - MATERIALS, DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, SELECTION, APPLICATION, AND INSTALLATION
    ICC IBC CODE AND COMMENTARY VOLUME 2 : 2015 IBC® Code and Commentary, Volume 2
    CSA N293 : 2012 : INC : UPD 1 : 2017 : R201700 FIRE PROTECTION FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    ICC 2012 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE : 2012 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE
    CSA N293 : 2012(R2018) FIRE PROTECTION FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    ICC IFC CODE & COMMENTARY VOLUME 1 & 2 : 2015 IFC® Code and Commentary
    CSA N293 : 2012 FIRE PROTECTION FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    ICC 2012 INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE : 2012 INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE
    N293-12 (R2017) Fire protection for nuclear power plants
    NASA-STD-8719.11B:2020 STANDARD FOR FIRE PROTECTION AND LIFE SAFETY
    NFPA 45 HDBK : 2015 FIRE PROTECTION FOR LABORATORIES USING CHEMICALS HANDBOOK
    NFPA 803 : 1998 FIRE PROTECTION FOR LIGHT WATER NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
    NFPA 1 : 2021 FIRE CODE

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FM 5138 : 2011 PROPORTIONING TESTING
    API 607 : 2016 FIRE TEST FOR QUARTER-TURN VALVES AND VALVES EQUIPPED WITH NONMETALLIC SEATS
    O F 555 : C FOAM LIQUID, FIRE EXTINGUISHING, MECHANICAL
    ASME B16.1 : 2015 Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: Classes 25, 125, and 250
    ASME B31.1 : 2016 POWER PIPING
    IMO IC100 : 2007 SUPP 2014 INTERNATIONAL CODE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT OF SHIPS CARRYING DANGEROUS CHEMICALS IN BULK (IBC CODE)
    ASTM D 1141 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for the Preparation of Substitute Ocean Water
    ASME PV CODE SET : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - COMPLETE SET
    NFPA 1901:2016 AUTOMOTIVE FIRE APPARATUS
    ASME B16.15 : 2013 CAST COPPER ALLOY THREADED FITTINGS: CLASSES 125 AND 250
    NFPA 1150 : 2017 FOAM CHEMICALS FOR FIRES IN CLASS A FUELS
    ASTM A 135 : 2005 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe
    NFPA 414 : 2017 AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE-FIGHTING VEHICLES
    IMO IF110 : 2014 SUPP 2016 SOLAS CONSOLIDATED EDITION
    ASME B16.4 : 2016 GRAY IRON THREADED FITTINGS: CLASSES 125 AND 250
    IEEE/ASTM SI 10 : 2010 METRIC PRACTICE
    NFPA 1961 : 2013 FIRE HOSE
    NFPA 24 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF PRIVATE FIRE SERVICE MAINS AND THEIR APPURTENANCES
    ASTM D 1331 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Surface and Interfacial Tension of Solutions of Paints, Solvents, Solutions of Surface-Active Agents, and Related Materials
    NFPA 15 : 2017 WATER SPRAY FIXED SYSTEMS FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    ASME B16.25 : 2012 BUTTWELDING ENDS
    NFPA 10 : 2018 PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    ISO 7-1:1994 Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads Part 1: Dimensions, tolerances and designation
    AWS B2.1 : 2005 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    UL 139 : 6 MEDIUM- AND HIGH-EXPANSION FOAM-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM EQUIPMENT AND CONCENTRATES
    NFPA 220 : 2018 TYPES OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
    ASME B16.9 : 2012 FACTORY-MADE WROUGHT BUTTWELDING FITTINGS
    NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
    NFPA 59A : 2016 PRODUCTION, STORAGE, AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)
    UL 162 : 7 Standard for Foam Equipment and Liquid Concentrates
    NFPA 72 : 2016 NATIONAL FIRE ALARM AND SIGNALING CODE
    ISO 9001:2015 Quality management systems Requirements
    NFPA 13 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
    ASME B16.5 : 2017 PIPE FLANGES AND FLANGED FITTINGS: NPS 1/2 THROUGH NPS 24 METRIC/INCH STANDARD
    ASTM B 43 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    ASME B16.24 : 2016 CAST COPPER ALLOY PIPE FLANGES, FLANGED FITTINGS, AND VALVES: CLASSES 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500, AND 2500
    ASME B16.11 : 2016 FORGED FITTINGS, SOCKET-WELDING AND THREADED
    ASME B16.3 : 2016 MALLEABLE IRON THREADED FITTINGS: CLASSES 150 AND 300
    API 650 : 2013 WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE
    NFPA 16 : 2015 INSTALLATION OF FOAM-WATER SPRINKLER AND FOAM-WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS
    ASME B1.20.1 : 2013(R2018) PIPE THREADS, GENERAL PURPOSE (INCH)
    NFPA 20 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF STATIONARY PUMPS FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective