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  • PD CEN/TR 16376:2012 (published 2013-01)

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    Characterization of waste. Overall guidance document for characterization of waste from the extractive industries

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  31-01-2013

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Principles and procedures
    3 Waste categories, potential environmental impacts
      and related characterization methods
    4 Supporting information
    5 Characterization tools
    6 Evaluation and interpretation
    7 Documentation and reporting
    Annex A (informative) - Terms and definitions
    Annex B (informative) - Test methods - Geochemical
            analysis - Applicability of EN and ISO Standards
    Annex C (informative) - Physical and hydraulic properties
    Annex D (informative) - Leach tests
    Annex E (informative) - Mineralogical analysis
    Annex F (informative) - Sulfur speciation in waste from
            extractive industries
    Annex G (informative) - A/NRD processes and mineralogy
    Annex H (informative) - Hydrological and geochemical
            modelling
    Annex I (informative) - Field investigations of tailings
            management facilities and waste rock dumps
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides guidance and recommendations on the application of methods for the characterization of waste from extractive industries, i.e. wastes resulting from the prospecting, extraction, treatment and storage of mineral resources and the working of quarries.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Technical Report gives guidance and recommendations on the application of methods for the characterization of waste from extractive industries , i.e. wastes resulting from the prospecting, extraction, treatment and storage of mineral resources and the working of quarries. The document covers characterization methods for both physical and geochemical properties and also other significant aspects, from planning to interpretation and reporting. The main purpose of the document is to aid the extractive industry and regulatory agencies in the member states in understanding how to perform waste characterization for planned, active and closed extractive operations. The document includes a discussion on when and why characterization may be needed and on the contexts within which characterization data may need to be applied. However, it does not cover information on how to apply these characterization results, e.g. for dam design or closure planning. For guidance on how to use characterization results correctly for predictive modelling or design purposes references are made to other sources of information. The extractive industry covers many different sectors with very different waste categories and characterization may be carried out with many different objectives. For this reason, a guidance document on characterization cannot be prescriptive or provide generally applicable instructions on how waste characterization should be performed in each and every case.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EH/4
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Current

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    EN 15875:2011/AC:2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - STATIC TEST FOR DETERMINATION OF ACID POTENTIAL AND NEUTRALISATION POTENTIAL OF SULFIDIC WASTE
    NEN 7347 : 2006 LEACHING CHARACTERISTICS OF SOLIDS EARTHY AND STONY BUILDING AND WASTE MATERIALS - LEACHING TESTS - DETERMINATION OF THE LEACHING OF INORGANIC COMPONENTS FROM COMPACTED GRANULAR MATERIALS
    EN 12457-2 : 2002 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING - COMPLIANCE TEST FOR LEACHING OF GRANULAR WASTE MATERIALS AND SLUDGES - ONE STAGE BATCH TEST AT A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 10 L/KG FOR MATERIALS WITH PARTICLE SIZE BELOW 4 MM (WITHOUT OR WITH SIZE REDUCTION)
    CEN/TS 14429 : 2005 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TESTS - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
    CEN/TR 16365 : 2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - SAMPLING OF WASTE FROM EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
    BS 5930(1999) : 1999 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SITE INVESTIGATIONS
    CEN/TR 16363 : 2012 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - KINETIC TESTING FOR ASSESSING ACID GENERATION POTENTIAL OF SULFIDIC WASTE FROM EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
    EN ISO 12782-5 : 2012 SOIL QUALITY - PARAMETERS FOR GEOCHEMICAL MODELLING OF LEACHING AND SPECIATION OF CONSTITUENTS IN SOILS AND MATERIALS - PART 5: EXTRACTION OF HUMIC SUBSTANCES FROM AQUEOUS SAMPLES (ISO 12782-5:2012)
    PREN 16170 : DRAFT 2010 SLUDGE, TREATED BIOWASTE AND SOIL - DETERMINATION OF TRACE ELEMENTS BY INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA OPTICAL EMISSION SPECTROMETRY (ICP-OES)
    CEN/TS 15863 : 2012 CHARACTERISATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TEST FOR BASIC CHARACTERISATION - DYNAMIC MONOLITHIC LEACHING TEST WITH PERIODIC LEACHANT RENEWAL, UNDER FIXED TEST CONDITIONS
    EN 14735:2005/AC:2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - PREPARATION OF WASTE SAMPLES FOR ECOTOXICITY TESTS
    EN 13137 : 2001 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - DETERMINATION OF TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON (TOC) IN WASTE, SLUDGES AND SEDIMENTS
    CEN ISO/TS 21268-3 : 2009 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 3: UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST
    CEN/TS 14997 : 2006 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TESTS - INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH CONTINUOUS PH-CONTROL
    EN 14582:2016 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - HALOGEN AND SULFUR CONTENT - OXYGEN COMBUSTION IN CLOSED SYSTEMS AND DETERMINATION METHODS
    EN 12457-4 : 2002 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING - COMPLIANCE TEST FOR LEACHING OF GRANULAR WASTE MATERIALS AND SLUDGES - ONE STAGE BATCH TEST AT A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 10 L/KG FOR MATERIALS WITH PARTICLE SIZE BELOW 10 MM (WITHOUT OR WITH SIZE REDUCTION)
    EN 1744-3 : 2002 TESTS FOR CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES - PART 3: PREPARATION OF ELUATES BY LEACHING OF AGGREGATES
    PREN 16171 : DRAFT 2010 SLUDGE, TREATED BIOWASTE AND SOIL - DETERMINATION OF TRACE ELEMENTS USING INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY (ICP-MS)
    EN 13370 : 2003 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF AMMONIUM, AOX, CONDUCTIVITY, HG, PHENOL INDEX, TOC, EASILY LIBERATABLE CN[-], F[-]
    EN 1997-2:2007/AC:2010 EUROCODE 7 - GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 2: GROUND INVESTIGATION AND TESTING
    ISO 15178:2000 Soil quality Determination of total sulfur by dry combustion
    EN 12457-1 : 2002 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING - COMPLIANCE TEST FOR LEACHING OF GRANULAR WASTE MATERIALS AND SLUDGES - ONE STAGE BATCH TEST AT A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 2L/KG FOR MATERIALS WITH HIGH SOLID CONTENT AND WITH PARTICLE SIZE BELOW 4 MM (WITHOUT OR WITH SIZE REDUCTION)
    EN ISO 12782-1 : 2012 SOIL QUALITY - PARAMETERS FOR GEOCHEMICAL MODELLING OF LEACHING AND SPECIATION OF CONSTITUENTS IN SOILS AND MATERIALS - PART 1: EXTRACTION OF AMORPHOUS IRON OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES WITH ASCORBIC ACID (ISO 12782-1:2012)
    EN 12920:2006+A1:2008 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - METHODOLOGY FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE LEACHING BEHAVIOUR OF WASTE UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS
    EN 12457-3 : 2002 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING - COMPLIANCE TEST FOR LEACHING OF GRANULAR WASTE MATERIALS AND SLUDGES - TWO STAGE BATCH TEST AT A LIQUID TO SOLID RATIO OF 2 L/KG AND 8 L/KG FOR MATERIALS WITH HIGH SOLID CONTENT AND WITH PARTICLE SIZE BELOW 4 MM (WITHOUT OR WITH SIZE REDUCTION)
    EN 12506 : 2003 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - ANALYSIS OF ELUATES - DETERMINATION OF PH, AS, BA, CD, CL[-], CO, CR, CR (6), CU, MO, NI, NO[2][-], PB, TOTAL S, SO[4][2-], V AND ZN
    EN 1997-1:2004/A1:2013 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - PART 1: GENERAL RULES
    EN ISO 12782-2 : 2012 SOIL QUALITY - PARAMETERS FOR GEOCHEMICAL MODELLING OF LEACHING AND SPECIATION OF CONSTITUENTS IN SOILS AND MATERIALS - PART 2: EXTRACTION OF CRYSTALLINE IRON OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES WITH DITHIONITE (ISO 12782-2:2012)
    CEN ISO/TS 21268-4 : 2009 SOIL QUALITY - LEACHING PROCEDURES FOR SUBSEQUENT CHEMICAL AND ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTING OF SOIL AND SOIL MATERIALS - PART 4: INFLUENCE OF PH ON LEACHING WITH INITIAL ACID/BASE ADDITION
    EN ISO 12782-3 : 2012 SOIL QUALITY - PARAMETERS FOR GEOCHEMICAL MODELLING OF LEACHING AND SPECIATION OF CONSTITUENTS IN SOILS AND MATERIALS - PART 3: EXTRACTION OF ALUMINIUM OXIDES AND HYDROXIDES WITH AMMONIUM OXALATE/OXALIC ACID (ISO 12782-3:2012)
    CEN/TS 14405 : 2004 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - LEACHING BEHAVIOUR TESTS - UP-FLOW PERCOLATION TEST (UNDER SPECIFIED CONDITIONS)
    BS 6031(2009) : 2009 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR EARTHWORKS
    EN 15216 : 2007 CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE - DETERMINATION OF TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) IN WATER AND ELUATES
    EN ISO 12782-4 : 2012 SOIL QUALITY - PARAMETERS FOR GEOCHEMICAL MODELLING OF LEACHING AND SPECIATION OF CONSTITUENTS IN SOILS AND MATERIALS - PART 4: EXTRACTION OF HUMIC SUBSTANCES FROM SOLID SAMPLES (ISO 12782-4:2012)
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