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  • SAE MS 1000 : 2013

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS - CLASSIFICATION

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  03-09-2018

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2013

    Publisher:  SAE International

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    1. SCOPE
    2. REFERENCES
    3. PROPERTIES AND TESTS
    4. NOTES

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Gives a overview of lubricants and symbols for the purpose of assisting the user in the identification of the appropriate product and relevant SAE specification.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Document Type Standard
    Publisher SAE International
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    SAE MS 1010 : 2012 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE T TURBINE OILS - SPECIFICATION
    MS 1007 : 2012 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE G SLIDEWAY LUBRICANTS - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1001 : 2017 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE A LUBRICANT FOR GENERAL PURPOSE AND TOTAL LOSS SYSTEMS - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1005 : 2017 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE HF FIRE-RESISTANT HYDRAULIC FLUIDS - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1003 : 2018 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE D COMPRESSOR OILS - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1003-2 : 2004 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE D COMPRESSOR OILS - SPECIFICATION - ADDENDUM
    SAE MS 1006 : 2018 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE F LUBRICANT FOR SPINDLE BEARINGS, AND ASSOCIATED CLUTCHES - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1002 : 2017 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE C (GEARS) SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1009 : 2012 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE P PNEUMATIC TOOL OILS - SPECIFICATION
    MS 1011 : 2013(s2018) LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS AND RELATED PRODUCTS - TYPE X (GREASES) - SPECIFICATION

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 3016:1994 Petroleum products Determination of pour point
    ISO 3685:1993 Tool-life testing with single-point turning tools
    SAE MS 1003 : 2012 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE D COMPRESSOR OILS - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1008 : 2007 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE M (METAL REMOVAL FLUIDS) - SPECIFICATION
    DIN 51794:2003-05 TESTING OF MINERAL OIL HYDROCARBONS - DETERMINATION OF IGNITION TEMPERATURE
    DIN 51811:2013-11 (Draft) TESTING OF LUBRICANTS - TESTING OF CORROSIVENESS TO COPPER OF GREASES - COPPER STRIP TARNISH TEST
    IP 294 : 2015 DETERMINATION OF SHEAR STABILITY OF POLYMER-CONTAINING OILS - DIESEL INJECTOR RIG METHOD
    ISO 2977:1997 Petroleum products and hydrocarbon solvents Determination of aniline point and mixed aniline point
    VDMA 24314 : 1981 HYDRAULICS IN FLUID TECHNOLOGY; CONVERSION OF GASES; GUIDELINES
    DIN 51808:2015-11 (Draft) TESTING OF LUBRICANTS - DETERMINATION OF OXIDATION STABILITY OF GREASES - OXYGEN METHOD
    ASTM D 892 : 2013-07 TEST METHOD FOR FOAMING CHARACTERISTICS OF LUBRICATING OILS
    DIN 38405-5:1985-01 GERMAN STANDARD METHODS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WATER, WASTE WATER AND SLUDGE; ANIONS (GROUP D); DETERMINATION OF SULFATE IONS (D 5)
    DIN 51369:2013-05 TESTING OF COOLING LUBRICANTS - DETERMINATION OF THE PH VALUE OF WATER-MIXED COOLING LUBRICANTS
    IP 134 : 83(R1992) DETERMINATION OF FOREIGN PARTICULATE MATTER IN LUBRICATING GREASE - MICROSCOPIC COUNTING METHOD
    SAE MS 1010 : 2012 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE T TURBINE OILS - SPECIFICATION
    SAE MS 1002 : 2010 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE C (GEARS) SPECIFICATION
    BS 4385(1980) : 1980 METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF WATER IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND BITUMINOUS MATERIALS (DISTILLATION METHOD)
    DIN 51566:1983-12 (Draft) TESTING OF LUBRICANTS; DETERMINATION OF FOAMING CHARACTERISTICS
    DIN 38406-3:2002-03 GERMAN STANDARD METHODS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WATER, WASTE WATER AND SLUDGE - CATIONS (GROUP E) - PART 3: DETERMINATION OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM, COMPLEXOMETRIC METHOD (E 3)
    ISO 5169:1977 Machine tools Presentation of lubrication instructions
    ASTM D 4951 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of Additive Elements in Lubricating Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2422 : 1997 Standard Classification of Industrial Fluid Lubricants by Viscosity System
    ISO 3675:1998 Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products Laboratory determination of density Hydrometer method
    ISO 8681:1986 Petroleum products and lubricants Method of classification Definition of classes
    ASTM D 665 : 2014-11 TEST METHOD FOR RUST-PREVENTING CHARACTERISTICS OF INHIBITED MINERAL OIL IN THE PRESENCE OF WATER
    ISO 4263:1986 Petroleum products Inhibited mineral oils Determination of oxidation characteristics
    DIN 38405-9:2011-09 German standard methods for examination of water, waste water and sludge - Anions (group D) - Part 9: Spectrometric determination of nitrate (D 9)
    ISO 12922:2012 Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) Family H (Hydraulic systems) Specifications for hydraulic fluids in categories HFAE, HFAS, HFB, HFC, HFDR and HFDU
    ASTM D 2877 : 1970 Methods of Test for Measuring Frictional Properties of Slideway Lubricants (Withdrawn 1974)
    DIN 51569:1978-12 TESTING OF MINERAL OILS, LIQUID FUELS AND RELATED LIQUIDS; MEASUREMENT OF VISCOSITY USING THE VOGEL-OSSAG VISCOMETER; TEMPERATURE RANGE: -55 TO APPROXIMATELY + 10-DEG C
    ASTM D 2882 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Indicating the Wear Characteristics of Petroleum and Non-Petroleum Hydraulic Fluids in Constant Volume Vane Pump (Withdrawn 2003)
    ASTM D 566 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease
    ISO/TR 3498:1986 Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) — Recommendations for the choice of lubricants for machine tools
    ASTM D 808 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (High Pressure Decomposition Device Method)
    DIN 51807-2:1990-03 TESTING OF LUBRICANTS; TEST ON THE BEHAVIOUR OF GREASES IN THE PRESENCE OF WATER; DYNAMIC TESTS
    ISO 7120:1987 Petroleum products and lubricants — Petroleum oils and other fluids — Determination of rust-preventing characteristics in the presence of water
    ISO 6614:1994 Petroleum products Determination of water separability of petroleum oils and synthetic fluids
    ASTM D 129 : 2013-08 TEST METHOD FOR SULFUR IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS (GENERAL HIGH PRESSURE DECOMPOSITION DEVICE METHOD)
    IP 334 : 2015 DETERMINATION OF LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY OF LUBRICANTS - FZG GEAR MACHINE METHOD
    DIN 53538-2:1981-09 STANDARD REFERENCE ELASTOMERS; ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE RUBBER (NBR) WITH LOW ACRYLONITRILE CONTENT FOR CHARACTERIZING TEST LIQUIDS AND GREASES BASES ON MINERAL OIL
    IP 132 : 96(R2004) PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - LUBRICATING GREASE - DETERMINATION OF DROPPING POINT
    IP 281 : 80(R1988) DETERMINATION OF ANTI WEAR PROPERTIES OF HYDRAULIC FLUIDS - VANE PUMP METHOD
    ISO 6247:1998 Petroleum products — Determination of foaming characteristics of lubricating oils
    DIN 51817:2014-08 TESTING OF LUBRICANTS - DETERMINATION OF OIL SEPARATION FROM GREASES UNDER STATIC CONDITIONS
    ASTM D 4290 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining the Leakage Tendencies of Automotive Wheel Bearing Grease Under Accelerated Conditions
    ASTM D 942 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Lubricating Greases by the Oxygen Pressure Vessel Method
    ISO 2137:2007 Petroleum products and lubricants Determination of cone penetration of lubricating greases and petrolatum
    DIN 51802:2013-12 (Draft) TESTING OF LUBRICANTS - TESTING OF THE RUST-PREVENTION PROPERTIES OF GREASES - SKF-EMCOR-METHOD
    IP 166 : 77(R1992) DETERMINATION OF LOAD-CARRYING CAPACITY OF LUBRICANTS - IAE GEAR MACHINE METHOD
    ISO 2160:1998 Petroleum products Corrosiveness to copper Copper strip test
    MS 1011 : 2013(s2018) LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS AND RELATED PRODUCTS - TYPE X (GREASES) - SPECIFICATION
    ISO 9120:1997 Petroleum and related products Determination of air-release properties of steam turbine and other oils Impinger method
    SAE MS 1001 : 2010 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE A LUBRICANT FOR GENERAL PURPOSE AND TOTAL LOSS SYSTEMS - SPECIFICATION
    ISO 3771:2011 Petroleum products — Determination of base number — Perchloric acid potentiometric titration method
    SAE MS 1005 : 2010 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE HF FIRE-RESISTANT HYDRAULIC FLUIDS - SPECIFICATION
    BS 2000-226(2002) : 2002 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - CALCULATION OF VISCOSITY INDEX FROM KINEMATIC VISCOSITY
    ASTM D 2896 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration
    DIN 51575:2016-06 TESTING OF MINERAL OILS - DETERMINATION OF SULFATED ASH
    DIN 51389-2:1982-04 DETERMINATION OF LUBRICANTS; MECHANICAL TESTING OF HYDRAULIC FLUIDS IN THE VANE-CELL-PUMP; METHOD A FOR ANHYDROUS HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
    ISO 5388:1981 Stationary air compressors Safety rules and code of practice
    DIN 51813:2016-03 Testing of lubricants - Determination of the content of foreign solid matters in lubricating greases - Particle sizes above 25 ?m
    SAE MS 1004 : 2010 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE H (HYDRAULIC FLUIDS) - SPECIFICATION
    ISO 11500:2008 Hydraulic fluid power — Determination of the particulate contamination level of a liquid sample by automatic particle counting using the light-extinction principle
    ISO 6072:2011 Rubber Compatibility between hydraulic fluids and standard elastomeric materials
    DIN 51805:1974-08 TESTING OF LUBRICANTS; DETERMINATION OF FLOW PRESSURE OF LUBRICATING GREASES, KESTERNICH METHOD
    DIN 51787:1978-07 TESTING OF MINERAL OIL HYDROCARBONS; DETERMINATION OF ANILINE POINT AND MIXED ANILINE POINT OF DARK MINERAL OIL HYDROCARBONS
    IP 263 : 1970 DETERMINATION OF STABILITY OF WATER MIX METAL WORKING FLUIDS
    DIN 51561:1978-12 TESTING OF MINERAL OILS, LIQUID FUELS AND RELATED LIQUIDS; MEASUREMENT OF VISCOSITY USING THE VOGEL-OSSAG VISCOMETER; TEMPERATURE RANGE: APPROXIMATELY 10 TO 150-DEG C
    ISO 4404:1998 Petroleum and related products Determination of the corrosion resistance of water-containing fire-resistant fluids for hydraulic systems
    ISO 3733:1999 Petroleum products and bituminous materials — Determination of water — Distillation method
    DIN 38404-5:2009-07 GERMAN STANDARD METHODS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WATER, WASTE WATER AND SLUDGE - PHYSICAL AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS (GROUP C) - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF PH VALUE (C 5)
    ASTM D 5182 : 1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Scuffing Load Capacity of Oils (FZG Visual Method)
    ASTM D 217 : 2017 : REDLINE TEST METHODS FOR CONE PENETRATION OF LUBRICATING GREASE
    ISO 6245:2001 Petroleum products Determination of ash
    DIN 51759-1:1988-01 TESTING OF LIQUID MINERAL OIL PRODUCTS; METHOD OF TEST FOR COPPER CORROSION; COPPER STRIP TEST
    ASTM D 4048 : 2017-01 TEST METHOD FOR DETECTION OF COPPER CORROSION FROM LUBRICATING GREASE
    ASTM D 91 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Precipitation Number of Lubricating Oils
    IP 278 : 1972(R1988) DETERMINATION OF SEAL COMPATIBILITY INDEX OF PETROLEUM OILS
    ISO 4259:2006 Petroleum products Determination and application of precision data in relation to methods of test
    AGMA 9005 : E INDUSTRIAL GEAR LUBRICATION
    ISO 6293-2:1998 Petroleum products Determination of saponification number Part 2: Potentiometric titration method
    ASTM D 2068 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining Filter Blocking Tendency
    DIN 51381:1988-12 TESTING OF LUBRICATING OILS, GOVERNOR OILS & HYDRAULIC FLUIDS; DETERMINATION OF AIR RELEASE PROPERTIES
    BS 4450:1976 DETERMINATION OF ASH FROM PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
    DIN 51354-2:1990-04 TESTING OF LUBRICANTS; FZG GEAR TEST RIG; METHOD A/8.3/90 FOR LUBRICATING OILS
    DIN 51350-5:2015-03 TESTING OF LUBRICANTS - TESTING IN THE FOUR-BALL TESTER - PART 5: DETERMINATION OF WEARING CHARACTERISTICS FOR CONSISTENT LUBRICANTS
    ASTM D 2595 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases Over Wide-Temperature Range
    DIN 53505:2000-08 TESTING OF RUBBER - SHORE A AND SHORE D HARDNESS TEST
    NFT 60 187 : 1991 AQUEOUS MACHINING FLUIDS - EMULSIFYING AND SOLUBILIZING SUITABILITY AND STABILITY AT REST
    ASTM D 3705 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Misting Properties of Lubricating Fluids
    DIN 51348:1990-12 TESTING OF FIRE RESISTANT GOVERNOR FLUIDS; DETERMINATION OF HYDROLYTIC STABILITY
    IP 136 SECTION 1 : 1998 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF SAPONIFICATION NUMBER - PART 1: COLOUR-INDICATOR TITRATION METHOD
    IP 284 : 2004 METHODS OF TEST FOR PETROLEUM AND ITS PRODUCTS - PART 284: DETERMINATION OF UNSAPONIFIABLE AND SAPONIFIABLE MATTER IN OILS FATS AND WAXES
    ISO 3696:1987 Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods
    DIN 51775:1978-07 TESTING OF MINERAL OIL HYDROCARBONS; DETERMINATION OF ANILINE POINT & MIXED ANILINE POINT OF BRIGHT MINERAL OIL HYDROCARBONS
    SAE MS 1007 : 2001 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE G SLIDEWAY LUBRICANTS - SPECIFICATION
    EN 7 : 1974 DETERMINATION OF ASH FROM PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
    ASTM D 2711 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Demulsibility Characteristics of Lubricating Oils
    ISO 471:1995 Rubber Temperatures, humidities and times for conditioning and testing
    ISO 11158:2009 Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) Family H (hydraulic systems) Specifications for categories HH, HL, HM, HV and HG
    IP 157 : 2015 DETERMINATION OF THE OXIDATION STABILITY OF INHIBITED MINERAL OILS (THE TOST TEST)
    ISO 2049:1996 Petroleum products Determination of colour (ASTM scale)
    BS 4056(1966) : LATEST METHOD OF TEST FOR IGNITION TEMPERATURE OF GASES AND VAPOURS
    ISO 2909:2002 Petroleum products Calculation of viscosity index from kinematic viscosity
    IP 326 : 2015 DETERMINATION OF EXTREME PRESSURE PROPERTIES OF GREASE - TIMKEN METHOD
    ASTM D 3427 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Air Release Properties of Hydrocarbon Based Oils
    BS 4459(1978) : 1978 METHOD FOR CALCULATING VISCOSITY INDEX OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS AND LUBRICANTS FROM KINEMATIC VISCOSITY
    DIN 51350-4:2015-03 TESTING OF LUBRICANTS - TESTING IN THE FOUR-BALL TESTER - PART 4: DETERMINATION OF WELDING LOAD OF CONSISTENT LUBRICANTS
    ASTM E 659 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Chemicals
    ASTM D 128 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Lubricating Grease
    ASTM D 2622 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    ISO 6743-0:1981 Lubricants, industrial oils and related products (class L) — Classification — Part 0: General
    VDMA 24317 : 2005 FLUIDTECHNIK - SCHWERENTFLAMMBARE DRUCKFLUESSIGKEITEN - TECHNISCHE MINDESTANFORDERUNGEN
    IP 71 SECTION 1 : 1997 PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - TRANSPARENT AND OPAQUE LIQUIDS - DETERMINATION OF KINEMATIC VISCOSITY AND CALCULATION OF DYNAMIC VISCOSITY
    SAE MS 1009 : 2012 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE P PNEUMATIC TOOL OILS - SPECIFICATION
    ISO 2176:1995 Petroleum products Lubricating grease Determination of dropping point
    ASTM D 471 : 2016-02 TEST METHOD FOR RUBBER PROPERTY - EFFECT OF LIQUIDS
    NFT 60 183 : 1994 XP LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS AND RELATED PRODUCTS FOR SLIDEWAYS OF MACHINE-TOOLS - ANTI-STICK SLIP LUBRICATING ABILITY
    ISO 6293-1:1996 Petroleum products — Determination of saponification number — Part 1: Colour-indicator titration method
    ASTM D 1479 : 1964 : R1978 Method of Test for Emulsion Stability of Soluble Cutting Oils (Withdrawn 1987)
    ISO 3448:1992 Industrial liquid lubricants — ISO viscosity classification
    DIN 38405-1:1985-12 GERMAN STANDARD METHODS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WATER, WASTE WATER AND SLUDGE; ANIONS (GROUP D); DETERMINATION OF CHLORIDE IONS (D 1)
    SAE MS 1006 : 2011 LUBRICANTS, INDUSTRIAL OILS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS TYPE F LUBRICANT FOR SPINDLE BEARINGS, AND ASSOCIATED CLUTCHES - SPECIFICATION
    IP 135 : 2015 DETERMINATION OF RUST-PREVENTING CHARACTERISTICS OF STEAM-TURBINE OIL IN THE PRESENCE OF WATER
    ASTM D 943 : 2017-08 TEST METHOD FOR OXIDATION CHARACTERISTICS OF INHIBITED MINERAL OILS
    ASTM D 1744 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent (Withdrawn 2016)
    ISO 4407:2002 Hydraulic fluid power — Fluid contamination — Determination of particulate contamination by the counting method using an optical microscope
    ISO 7745:2010 Hydraulic fluid power Fire-resistant (FR) fluids Requirements and guidelines for use
    ISO 868:2003 Plastics and ebonite Determination of indentation hardness by means of a durometer (Shore hardness)
    ISO 1817:2015 Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic Determination of the effect of liquids
    DIN 38406-1:1983-05 GERMAN STANDARD METHODS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WATER, WASTE WATER AND SLUDGE; CATIONS (GROUP E); DETERMINATION OF IRON (E 1)
    ASTM D 2265 : 2015-05 TEST METHOD FOR DROPPING POINT OF LUBRICATING GREASE OVER WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE
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