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  • Z276-18

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) - Production, storage, and handling

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  01-01-2022

    Language(s):  English, French

    Published date:  01-01-2018

    Publisher:  Canadian Standards Association

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Preface
    0 Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Reference publications
    3 Definitions
    4 General requirements
    5 Plant site provisions
    6 Process equipment
    7 Stationary LNG storage tank systems and pressurized
       containers
    8 Vaporization facilities
    9 Piping systems and components
    10 Instrumentation and electrical services
    11 Transfer of LNG and refrigerants
    12 Fire protection, safety, and security
    13 Operation, maintenance, and personnel training
    14 Risk assessment for LNG plants
    Annex A (informative) - Seismic design of LNG plants
    Annex B (normative) - Essential requirements and
            minimum standards for the design, installation,
            and safe operation of small liquefied natural
            gas (LNG) facilities
    Annex C (informative) - Commentary on CSA Z276
    Annex D (informative) - LNG vehicle fuelling stations

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Pertains to the: a) design; b) location; c) construction; d) operation; and e) maintenance of facilities for the liquefaction of natural gas and facilities for the storage, vaporization, transfer, handling, and truck transport of LNG. It also contains requirements for the training of personnel.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Preface This is the eleventh edition of CSA Z276, Liquefied natural gas (LNG) Production, storage, and handling. It supersedes the previous editions published in 2015, 2011, 2007, 2001, 1994, 1989, 1981, 1978, 1973, and 1972. This Standard contains basic reference data relating to design, supplemented by specific requirements, where necessary, to establish a uniform interpretation of the design requirements. The main differences from the previous edition are the a) reordering and rewriting of Clauses 4 and 5; b) addition of Clause 14; and c) expansion of Annex B for small facilities. CSA Group would like to acknowledge the financial contributions of industry partners in the development of Annex B. The Technical Committee on Liquefied Natural Gas would like to acknowledge the efforts of the Annex B Task Force to significantly expand the requirements for small facilities. This Standard has been developed in compliance with Standards Council of Canada requirements for National Standards of Canada. It has been published as a National Standard of Canada by CSA Group. Scope 1.1 This Standard applies to the a) design; b) location; c) construction; d) operation; and e) maintenance of facilities for the liquefaction of natural gas and facilities for the storage, vaporization, transfer, handling, and truck transport of LNG. It also contains requirements for the training of personnel. 1.2 1.2.1 For facilities that load or unload LNG from a marine vessel, this Standard contains requirements for the interconnecting piping between the loading/unloading arm flange and the storage tank(s), and other piping and appurtenances on the pier or jetty itself. 1.2.2 Guidelines for LNG vehicle fuelling stations used for fleet and public LNG vehicle fuel dispensing operations are given in Annex D. (See the definition of "Fuelling station" in Clause D.2.) 1.2.3 The requirements for small LNG facilities are given in Annex B. (See the definition of "Small facility" in Clause 3.) 1.2.4 The requirements for mobile and portable LNG equipment used on a temporary or permanent basis are covered in Annex B. 1.3 This Standard does not apply to the following: a) frozen ground containers; b) floating LNG facilities; c) the transportation of refrigerants by any means; d) the transportation of LNG by railcar or marine vessel; e) the transportation of LNG or regasified LNG by pipeline beyond the facility boundary, except as specified in Clause 1.2.1; and f) facilities designed for the use of LNG as a fuel for railroad locomotives, or marine vessels. 1.4 All references to pressure throughout this Standard refer to gauge pressures unless otherwise specified. 1.5 All pipe sizes refer to nominal pipe sizes (NPS). 1.6 The values given in SI units are the units of record for the purposes of this Standard. The values given in parentheses are for information and comparison only. 1.7 In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (nonmandatory) to define their application.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note An Express Document 'CSA EXP276.1-2015' exists for 2015 version of standard, Stock No.: 2423993. (11/2015)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Canadian Standards Association
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NFPA 22 : 2013 WATER TANKS FOR PRIVATE FIRE PROTECTION
    NFPA 2001 : 2015 CLEAN AGENT FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 750 : 2015 WATER MIST FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    API 607 : 2016 FIRE TEST FOR QUARTER-TURN VALVES AND VALVES EQUIPPED WITH NONMETALLIC SEATS
    ACI 350 : 2006 CODE REQUIREMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CONCRETE STRUCTURES AND COMMENTARY
    NFPA 25 : 2017 INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE OF WATER-BASED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    NFPA 1962 : 2013 CARE, USE, INSPECTION, SERVICE TESTING, AND REPLACEMENT OF FIRE HOSE, COUPLINGS, NOZZLES, AND FIRE HOSE APPLIANCES
    NFPA 58 : 2017 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS CODE
    C22.1-15 Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (23rd Edition), Safety Standard for Electrical Installations
    EN 14620-2 : 2006 DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF SITE BUILT, VERTICAL, CYLINDRICAL, FLATBOTTOMED STEEL TANKS FOR THE STORAGE OF REFRIGERATED, LIQUEFIED GASES WITH OPERATING TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 0 DEGREE C AND -165 DEGREE C - PART 2: METALLIC COMPONENTS
    NFPA 780 : 2017 INSTALLATION OF LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    ISO 9712:2012 Non-destructive testing Qualification and certification of NDT personnel
    CSA B51 : 2014 BOILER, PRESSURE VESSEL, AND PRESSURE PIPING CODE
    NFPA 1963 : 2014 FIRE HOSE CONNECTIONS
    NFPA 1901:2016 AUTOMOTIVE FIRE APPARATUS
    CSA S16 : 2014 DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES
    CGSB-24.3 : 1992 IDENTIFICATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    CSA B108 : 2014 COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS FUELLING STATIONS INSTALLATION CODE
    API 620 : 2013 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF LARGE, WELDED, LOW-PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS
    NFPA 17 : 2017 DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 69 : 2014 EXPLOSION PREVENTION SYSTEMS
    CAN/CSA-Z662-15 Oil and gas pipeline systems
    NFPA 255 : 2006 TEST OF SURFACE BURNING CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDING MATERIALS
    API 2003 : 2015 PROTECTION AGAINST IGNITIONS ARISING OUT OF STATIC, LIGHTNING, AND STRAY CURRENTS
    ASME A13.1 : 2015 SCHEME FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 496 : 2017 PURGED AND PRESSURIZED ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
    ASME PV CODE 9 : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - WELDING, BRAZING, AND FUSING QUALIFICATIONS - QUALIFICATION STANDARD FOR WELDING, BRAZING, AND FUSING PROCEDURES; WELDERS; BRAZERS; AND WELDING, BRAZING, AND FUSING OPERATORS
    ULC S102 : 7ED 2010 STANDARD METHOD OF TEST FOR SURFACE BURNING CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDING MATERIALS AND ASSEMBLIES
    NFPA 1961 : 2013 FIRE HOSE
    NFPA 24 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF PRIVATE FIRE SERVICE MAINS AND THEIR APPURTENANCES
    B620-14 (R2019) Highway tanks and TC portable tanks for the transportation of dangerous goods
    EN 14620-5:2006 Design and manufacture of site built, vertical, cylindrical, flat-bottomed steel tanks for the storage of refrigerated, liquefied gases with operating temperatures between 0 °C and -165 °C - Part 5: Testing, drying, purging and cool-down
    Z245.15-17 Steel valves
    UL 723 : 2010 TEST FOR SURFACE BURNING CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDING MATERIALS
    NFPA 15 : 2017 WATER SPRAY FIXED SYSTEMS FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    ASME PV CODE 1 : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF POWER BOILERS
    NFPA 10 : 2018 PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    NFPA 274 : 2013 TEST METHOD TO EVALUATE FIRE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF PIPE INSULATION
    NFPA 68 : 2013 EXPLOSION PROTECTION BY DEFLAGRATION VENTING
    NFPA 14 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF STANDPIPE AND HOSE SYSTEMS
    A23.3-14 Design of concrete structures
    CAN/CSA-Z767-17 Process safety management
    ASME PV CODE 8 DIV 1 : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS DIVISION 1
    CSA Z246.1 : 2017 SECURITY MANAGEMENT FOR PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY SYSTEMS
    API 625 : 2010 TANK SYSTEMS FOR REFRIGERATED LIQUEFIED GAS STORAGE
    NFPA 59 : 2018 UTILITY LP-GAS PLANT CODE
    NFPA 11 : 2016 LOW-, MEDIUM-, AND HIGH-EXPANSION FOAM
    B622-14 (R2019) Selection and use of highway tanks, TC portable tanks, and ton containers for the transportation of dangerous goods, Class 2
    W178.2-14 Certification of welding inspectors
    CSA B625 : 2013 PORTABLE TANKS FOR THE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS
    ASME PV CODE 2D CUSTOMARY : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - MATERIALS - PROPERTIES (CUSTOMARY)
    NFPA 12 : 2015 CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
    ACI 376 : 2011 CODE REQUIREMENTS FOR DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES FOR THE CONTAINMENT OF REFRIGERATED LIQUEFIED GASES AND COMMENTARY
    NFPA 600 : 2015 INDUSTRIAL FIRE BRIGADES
    NFPA 56 : 2017 FIRE AND EXPLOSION PREVENTION DURING CLEANING AND PURGING OF FLAMMABLE GAS PIPING SYSTEMS
    NACE SP 01 69 : 2013 CONTROL OF EXTERNAL CORROSION ON UNDERGROUND OR SUBMERGED METALLIC PIPING SYSTEMS
    CSA Z246.2 : 2014R(2014) EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE FOR PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY SYSTEMS
    ASME PV CODE 8 DIV 2 : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF PRESSURE VESSELS DIVISION 2- ALTERNATIVE RULES
    ASME B31.3:2016 PROCESS PIPING
    ASME B31.8 : 2016 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
    CGA S 1.2 : 2009 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE STANDARDS - PART 2: PORTABLE CONTAINERS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
    ASME PV CODE 2D METRIC : 2017 BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE - MATERIALS - PROPERTIES (METRIC)
    NFPA 72 : 2016 NATIONAL FIRE ALARM AND SIGNALING CODE
    NFPA 13 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
    API 6D :2015 SPECIFICATION FOR PIPELINE AND PIPING VALVES
    NFPA 1221 : 2016 INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND USE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS
    CSA ISO 9001 : 2016 QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS - REQUIREMENTS
    EN 14620-4 : 2006 DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF SITE BUILT, VERTICAL, CYLINDRICAL, FLATBOTTOMED STEEL TANKS FOR THE STORAGE OF REFRIGERATED, LIQUEFIED GASES WITH OPERATING TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 0 DEGREE C AND -165 DEGREE C - PART 4: INSULATION COMPONENTS
    ASME B31.5 : 2016 REFRIGERATION PIPING AND HEAT TRANSFER COMPONENTS
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    NFPA 77 : 2014 STATIC ELECTRICITY
    CGSB 48.9712 : 2014 NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING - QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF PERSONNEL
    NFPA 37 : 2018 INSTALLATION AND USE OF STATIONARY COMBUSTION ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES
    NFPA 16 : 2015 INSTALLATION OF FOAM-WATER SPRINKLER AND FOAM-WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS
    CSA A23.1 A23.2 : 2014 CONCRETE MATERIALS AND METHODS OF CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION/TEST METHODS AND STANDARD PRACTICES FOR CONCRETE
    ULC S114 : 1ED 2005 STANDARD METHOD OF TEST FOR DETERMINATION OF NON-COMBUSTIBILITY IN BUILDING MATERIALS
    EN 14620-3 : 2006 DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF SITE BUILT, VERTICAL, CYLINDRICAL, FLATBOTTOMED STEEL TANKS FOR THE STORAGE OF REFRIGERATED, LIQUEFIED GASES WITH OPERATING TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 0 DEGREE C AND -165 DEGREE C - PART 3: CONCRETE COMPONENTS
    CSA Z1006 : 2016 MANAGEMENT OF WORK IN CONFINED SPACES
    NFPA 12A : 2015 HALON 1301 FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS
    CGA S 1.3 : 2008 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE STANDARDS - PART 3: STATIONARY STORAGE CONTAINERS FOR COMPRESSED GASES
    EN 14620-1 : 2006 DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF SITE BUILT, VERTICAL, CYLINDRICAL, FLATBOTTOMED STEEL TANKS FOR THE STORAGE OF REFRIGERATED, LIQUEFIED GASES WITH OPERATING TEMPERATURES BETWEEN 0 DEGREE C AND -165 DEGREE C - PART 1: GENERAL
    NFPA 20 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF STATIONARY PUMPS FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    W178.1-14 Certification of welding inspection organizations
    ISA TR84.00.07 : 2010 GUIDANCE ON THE EVALUATION OF FIRE AND GAS SYSTEM EFFECTIVENESS
    NFPA 11A : 1999 MEDIUM- AND HIGH-EXPANSION FOAM SYSTEMS
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