• API 581 : 2016

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    RISK-BASED INSPECTION METHODOLOGY

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-04-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  04-01-2016

    Publisher:  American Petroleum Institute

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    PART 1 - INSPECTION PLANNING METHODOLOGY
    1 SCOPE
    2 REFERENCES
    3 DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS
    4 BASIC CONCEPTS
    5 PRESSURE VESSELS AND PIPING
    6 ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE TANKS
    7 PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES
    8 HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE BUNDLES
    PART 2 - PROBABILITY OF FAILURE METHODOLOGY
    1 SCOPE
    2 REFERENCES
    3 PROBABILITY OF FAILURE METHODOLOGY
    4 THINNING DAMAGE FACTOR
    5 COMPONENT LINING DAMAGE FACTOR
    6 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - CAUSTIC CRACKING
    7 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - AMINE CRACKING
    8 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - SULFIDE STRESS CRACKING
    9 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - HIC/SOHIC-H[2]S
    10 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR ALKALINE CARBONATE STRESS
       CORROSION CRACKING
    11 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - POLYTHIONIC ACID STRESS
       CORROSION CRACKING
    12 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - CHLORIDE STRESS CORROSION CRACKING
    13 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - HYDROGEN STRESS CRACKING-HF
    14 SCC DAMAGE FACTOR - HIC/SOHIC-HF
    15 EXTERNAL CORROSION DAMAGE FACTOR - FERRITIC COMPONENT
    16 CORROSION UNDER INSULATION DAMAGE FACTOR - FERRITIC
       COMPONENT
    17 EXTERNAL CHLORIDE STRESS CORROSION CRACKING DAMAGE
       FACTOR - AUSTENITIC COMPONENT
    18 EXTERNAL CHLORIDE STRESS CORROSION CRACKING UNDER
       INSULATION DAMAGE FACTOR - AUSTENITIC COMPONENT
    19 HIGH TEMPERAURE HYDROGEN ATTACK DAMAGE FACTOR
    20 BRITTLE FRACTURE DAMAGE FACTOR
    21 LOW ALLOY STEEL EMBRITTLEMENT DAMAGE FACTOR
    22 885 DEGREES F EMBRITTLEMENT DAMAGE FACTOR
    23 SIGMA PHASE EMBRITTLEMENT DAMAGE FACTOR
    24 PIPING MECHANICAL FATIGUE DAMAGE FACTOR
    PART 2 - ANNEX A
    PART 2 - ANNEX B
    PART 2 - ANNEX C
    PART 3 - CONSEQUENCE OF FAILURE METHODOLOGY
    1 SCOPE
    2 REFERENCES
    3 GENERAL
    4 CONSEQUENCE OF FAILURE - LEVEL 1
    5 CONSEQUENCE OF FAILURE - LEVEL 2
    6 CONSEQUENCE OF FAILURE - ATMOSPHERIC STORAGE
       TANKS
    PART 3 - ANNEX A

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Gives quantitative procedures to establish an inspection program using risk-based methods for pressurized fixed equipment including pressure vessel, piping, tankage, pressure relief devices (PRDs), and heat exchanger tube bundles.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note NEW CHILD ADD 2 2020 IS NOW ADDED.
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note NEW CHILD ADD 1 2019 IS NOW ADDED. NEW CHILD ADD 2 2020 IS NOW ADDED.
    Publisher American Petroleum Institute
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    API 574 REDLINE : 2009 INSPECTION PRACTICES FOR PIPING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    API 578 REDLINE : 2010 MATERIAL VERIFICATION PROGRAM FOR NEW AND EXISTING ALLOY PIPING SYSTEMS
    NACE 34108 : 0 REVIEW AND SURVEY OF ALKALINE CARBONATE STRESS CORROSION CRACKING IN REFINERY SOUR WATERS
    16/30337806 DC : 0 BS EN 16991 - RISK BASED INSPECTION FRAMEWORK (RBIF)
    API 571 FRENCH : 2003 MECANISMES D'ENDOMMAGEMENT AFFECTANT LES EQUIPEMENTS STATIQUES DANS L'INDUSTRIE DU RAFFINAGE
    06/30109242 DC : DRAFT SEP 2006 ISO 20815 - PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PRODUCTION ASSURANCE AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT
    API 571 : 2011 DAMAGE MECHANISMS AFFECTING FIXED EQUIPMENT IN THE REFINING INDUSTRY
    ASME FFS 1 : 2007 FITNESS-FOR-SERVICE
    API RP 1175 : 2015 PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION - PROGRAM MANAGEMENT
    API 570 : 2016 PIPING INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
    NACE 8X194 : 2006 MATERIALS AND FABRICATION PRACTICES FOR NEW PRESSURE VESSELS USED IN WET H[2]S REFINERY SERVICE
    API 9100B : 1998 GUIDANCE DOCUMENT FOR MODEL EHS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
    API 576 REDLINE : 2009 INSPECTION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES
    API 570 REDLINE : 2009 PIPING INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
    API 571 GERMAN : 2009 SCHADENSMECHANISMEN UND DEREN EINFLUSS AUF STATISCHE AUSRUESTUNGSTEILE IN DER RAFFINERIEINDUSTRIE
    NACE 21410 : 2015 SELECTION OF PIPELINE FLOW AND INTERNAL CORROSION MODELS
    NACE RP 02 96 : 2004 GUIDELINES FOR DETECTION, REPAIR, AND MITIGATION OF CRACKING OF EXISTING PETROLEUM REFINERY PRESSURE VESSELS IN WET H[2]S ENVIRONMENTS
    API 1160 : 2013 MANAGING SYSTEM INTEGRITY FOR HAZARDOUS LIQUID PIPELINES
    API 510 : 2014 PRESSURE VESSEL INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION
    API 580 : 2016 RISK-BASED INSPECTION
    NACE SP 02 94 : 2006 DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND INSPECTION OF STORAGE TANK SYSTEMS FOR CONCENTRATED FRESH AND PROCESS SULFURIC ACID AND OLEUM AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURES
    DIN SPEC 91087 : 2016 WELL INTEGRITY - PART 2: WELL INTEGRITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL PHASE (ISO/TS 16530-2:2014)
    DIN CEN ISO/TS 16530-2;DIN SPEC 91087:2016-05 WELL INTEGRITY - PART 2: WELL INTEGRITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL PHASE (ISO/TS 16530-2:2014)
    UNI/TS 11325-1 : 2009 PRESSURE EQUIPMENT - PUTTING INTO SERVICE AND USE OF PRESSURE EQUIPMENT AND ASSEMBLIES - PART 1: ASSESSMENT OF INTEGRITY AND EFFICIENCY OF IN-SERVICE PIPELINES FOR THE PURPOSES OF PERIODIC REQUALIFICATION
    17/30337986 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 20815 - PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PRODUCTION ASSURANCE AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT
    BS PD CEN ISO/TS 16530-2 : 2015 WELL INTEGRITY - PART 2: WELL INTEGRITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL PHASE
    API 751 : 2013 SAFE OPERATION OF HYDROFLUORIC ACID ALKYLATION UNITS
    API 576 : 2017 INSPECTION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES
    EEMUA 188 : 2009 GUIDE FOR ESTABLISHING OPERATING PERIODS OF SAFETY VALVES
    API 584 : 2014 INTEGRITY OPERATING WINDOWS
    BS EN ISO 20815 : 2010 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PRODUCTION ASSURANCE AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT
    UNI 10616 : 2012 MAJOR HAZARD PROCESS PLANTS - SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS - GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF UNI 10617
    ASME PTB 2 : 2009 GUIDE TO LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT OF PRESSURE EQUIPMENT INTEGRITY
    API 574 : 2016 INSPECTION PRACTICES FOR PIPING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    API 574 CHINESE : 2009 INSPECTION PRACTICES FOR PIPING SYSTEM COMPONENTS
    API 353 : 2006 MANAGING SYSTEMS INTEGRITY OF TERMINAL AND TANK FACILITIES - MANAGING THE RISK OF LIQUID PETROLEUM RELEASES
    API 576 CHINESE : 2009 INSPECTION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES
    API 970 : 2017 CORROSION CONTROL DOCUMENTS
    API 580 REDLINE : 2009 RISK-BASED INSPECTION
    API 585 : 2014 PRESSURE EQUIPMENT INTEGRITY INCIDENT INVESTIGATION
    API 510 CHINESE : 2014 PRESSURE VESSEL INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION
    API 570 CHINESE : 2009 PIPING INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
    API 571 REDLINE : 2011 DAMAGE MECHANISMS AFFECTING FIXED EQUIPMENT IN THE REFINING INDUSTRY
    API 572 : 2016 INSPECTION PRACTICES FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
    API 660 : 2015 SHELL-AND-TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS
    UNI/TS 11325-8 : 2013 PRESSURE EQUIPMENT - PUTTING INTO SERVICE AND USE OF PRESSURE EQUIPMENT AND ASSEMBLIES - PART 8: PLANNING OF PRESSURE EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE BY MEANS OF TECHNIQUES BASED ON RISK ASSESSMENT (RBI)
    I.S. EN 16991:2018 RISK-BASED INSPECTION FRAMEWORK
    UNI EN ISO 20815 : 2010 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PRODUCTION ASSURANCE AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT
    API 579-1 : 2016 FITNESS-FOR-SERVICE
    S.R. CEN ISO/TS 16530-2:2015 WELL INTEGRITY - PART 2: WELL INTEGRITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL PHASE (ISO/TS 16530-2:2014)
    API 939-C : 2009 GUIDELINES FOR AVOIDING SULFIDATION (SULFIDIC) CORROSION FAILURES IN OIL REFINERIES
    ISO 20815:2008 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries Production assurance and reliability management
    API RP 1175 & COMPANION GUIDE BUNDLE : 1ED 2017 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION - PROGRAM MANAGEMENT, AND COMPANION GUIDE BUNDLE
    I.S. EN ISO 20815:2010 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PRODUCTION ASSURANCE AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT
    ASME PTB 1 : 2014 ASME SECTION 8 - DIVISION 2 CRITERIA AND COMMENTARY
    NACE 34103 : 2014 OVERVIEW OF SULFIDATION (SULFIDIC) CORROSION IN PETROLEUM REFINING HYDROPROCESSING UNITS
    API 583 : 2014 CORROSION UNDER INSULATION AND FIREPROOFING
    API 575 CHINESE : 2014 INSPECTION PRACTICES FOR ATMOSPHERIC AND LOW-PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS
    EI GUIDE. DESIGN & OPER. HEAT EXCHANGERS : 2015-12 GUIDELINES FOR THE SAFE DESIGN AND OPERATION OF SHELL AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS TO WITHSTAND THE IMPACT OF TUBE FAILURE
    S.R. CWA 15740:2008 RISK-BASED INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES FOR EUROPEAN INDUSTRY (RIMAP)
    EN 16991 : 2018 RISK-BASED INSPECTION FRAMEWORK
    EN ISO 20815 : 2010 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - PRODUCTION ASSURANCE AND RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT
    API 575 : 2014 INSPECTION PRACTICES FOR ATMOSPHERIC AND LOW-PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS
    NASA-STD-8719.17C:2017 NASA REQUIREMENTS FOR GROUND-BASED PRESSURE VESSELS AND PRESSURIZED SYSTEMS (PVS)
    CEN ISO/TS 16530-2 : 2015 WELL INTEGRITY - PART 2: WELL INTEGRITY FOR THE OPERATIONAL PHASE (ISO/TS 16530-2:2014)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NACE 8X194 : 2006 MATERIALS AND FABRICATION PRACTICES FOR NEW PRESSURE VESSELS USED IN WET H[2]S REFINERY SERVICE
    NACE SP 01 70 : 2012 PROTECTION OF AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEELS AND OTHER AUSTENITIC ALLOYS FROM POLYTHIONIC ACID STRESS CORROSION CRACKING DURING A SHUTDOWN OF REFINERY EQUIPMENT
    API 520-1 : 2014 SIZING, SELECTION, AND INSTALLATION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES - PART 1: SIZING AND SELECTION
    API 576 : 2017 INSPECTION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES
    API 939-A : 1994 RESEARCH REPORT ON CHARACTERIZATION AND MONITORING OF CRACKING IN WET H[2]S SERVICE
    API 653 : 2014 TANK INSPECTION, REPAIR, ALTERATION, AND RECONSTRUCTION
    API 510 : 2014 PRESSURE VESSEL INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION
    API 583 : 2014 CORROSION UNDER INSULATION AND FIREPROOFING
    API 580 : 2016 RISK-BASED INSPECTION
    NACE 8X294 : 2003 REVIEW OF PUBLISHED LITERATURE ON WET H[2]S CRACKING OF STEELS THROUGH 1989
    API 521 : 2014 PRESSURE-RELIEVING AND DEPRESSURING SYSTEMS
    API 939-C : 2009 GUIDELINES FOR AVOIDING SULFIDATION (SULFIDIC) CORROSION FAILURES IN OIL REFINERIES
    NACE RP 04 72 : 2005 METHODS AND CONTROLS TO PREVENT IN-SERVICE ENVIRONMENTAL CRACKING OF CARBON STEEL WELDMENTS IN CORROSIVE PETROLEUM REFINING ENVIRONMENTS
    API 571 : 2011 DAMAGE MECHANISMS AFFECTING FIXED EQUIPMENT IN THE REFINING INDUSTRY
    API 943 : LATEST HIGH TEMPERATURE CRUDE OIL CORROSIVITY STUDIES
    NACE RP 02 96 : 2004 GUIDELINES FOR DETECTION, REPAIR, AND MITIGATION OF CRACKING OF EXISTING PETROLEUM REFINERY PRESSURE VESSELS IN WET H[2]S ENVIRONMENTS
    API 570 : 2016 PIPING INSPECTION CODE: IN-SERVICE INSPECTION, RATING, REPAIR, AND ALTERATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
    API 579-1 : 2016 FITNESS-FOR-SERVICE
    NACE 5A171 : 2007 MATERIALS FOR STORING AND HANDLING COMMERCIAL GRADES OF AQUEOUS HYDROFLUORIC ACID AND ANHYDROUS HYDROGEN FLUORIDE
    NACE 34108 : 0 REVIEW AND SURVEY OF ALKALINE CARBONATE STRESS CORROSION CRACKING IN REFINERY SOUR WATERS
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