• AS 1894-1997

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    The storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic and refrigerated liquids (Reconfirmed 2021)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  11-05-1997

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Sets out requirements and recommendations for the storage and handling non-flammable cryogenic liquids at temperatures below minus 90 degrees Celsius and non-flammable refrigerated liquids at or below minus 15 degrees Celsius which are classified as Class 2.2 in the ADG Code. Special requirements for the storage and handling of liquefied oxygen, nitrous oxide, nitrogen, argon, helium and carbon dioxide are provided. The properties and hazards of these liquids, precautions for their handling and an outline of first aid procedures are discussed.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out requirements and recommendations for the storage and handling of non-flammable cryogenic liquids at temperatures below -90¦C and refrigerated liquids at or below -15¦C, of Class 2.2, in quantities of at least 50 L water capacity and 50 kPa (gauge) working pressure, up to and including 200 000 L water capacity. It also provides guidelines for temporary installations.Although carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide are not true cryogenic liquids, they are covered by this Standard. Refrigerant gases that have a halogenated hydrocarbon component are not intended to be covered by this Standard.NOTES: The properties of low-temperature liquefiable gases covered by this Standard are outlined in Appendix A.This Standard does not address the detailed design of vessels or equipment used for the production, transport and storage of cryogenic and refrigerated liquids, nor the precautions and equipment that might be necessary in large-scale production and processing plants.NOTES:1 Advice supplementary to that provided in this Standard might need to be sought from the supplier of the goods.2 A discussion of the hazards presented by cryogenic and refrigerated liquids is provided in Appendix B.The transport of cryogenic and refrigerated liquids is covered by the ADG Code. Requirements for road tankers for cryogenic liquids are addressed in AS 2809.6.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CH/9
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note Reconfirmed 05/02/2021.<br>This standard has been reconfirmed in Australia in 2021 and remains current in New Zealand.
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Amendment 1 to AS 1894-1997 see DR 98302 CP First published as AS 1894-1976.<br>Second edition 1997.<br>Reconfirmed 2021. Originated as AS 1894-1976. Second edition 1997. Incorporating: Amdt 1-1999

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1939-1990 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)
    AS 2444-1995 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location
    AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1851.8-1987 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic fire detection and alarm systems
    AS 3873-1995 Pressure equipment - Operation and maintenance
    AS 1674.2-2007 Safety in welding and allied processes Electrical (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 2865-1995 Safe working in a confined space
    AS 2809.6-2001 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for cryogenic liquids
    AS 4332-1995 The storage and handling of gases in cylinders
    AS 3873-2001 Pressure equipment - Operation and maintenance
    AS 2941-2002 Fixed fire protection installations - Pumpset systems
    AS/NZS 1020:1995 The control of undesirable static electricity
    AS 4041-2006 Pressure piping
    AS/NZS 1768:2007 Lightning protection
    AS 2809.6-1991 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for cryogenic liquids
    AS/NZS 2210.2:2000 Occupational protective footwear Requirements and test methods
    AS 1850-1981 Portable fire extinguishers - Classification, rating and fire testing
    AS 1768-1991 Lightning protection
    AS 1210-1997 Pressure vessels
    AS/NZS 1841.6:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for carbon dioxide type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2243.10-1993 Safety in laboratories - Storage of chemicals
    AS 1269-1989 Acoustics - Hearing conservation
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 1596:1997 Storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 4265-1995 Wheeled fire extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 4332-2004 The storage and handling of gases in cylinders
    AS 1289.5.1.1-1993 Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Soil compaction and density tests - Determination of the dry density/moisture content relation of a soil using standard compactive effort
    AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
    AS 3745-1995 Emergency control organization and procedures for buildings
    AS 2118.1-1995 Automatic fire sprinkler systems - Standard
    AS/NZS 1851.13:1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment Wheeled fire extinguishers
    AS/NZS 1850:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Classification, rating and performance testing
    AS/NZS 1841.5:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for powder type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 1221-1991 Fire hose reels
    AS 2243.2-1990 Safety in laboratories - Chemical aspects
    AS 1851.3-1985 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic fire sprinkler systems
    AS 3788-1990 Boilers and pressure vessels - In-service inspection
    AS/NZS 3788:2006 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection
    AS/NZS 1170.2:2002 Structural design actions Wind actions
    AS 4041-1998 Pressure piping
    AS 2441-1988 Installation of fire hose reels
    AS 1349-1986 Bourdon tube pressure and vacuum gauges (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1841.4-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Foam type
    AS 1841.6-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Carbon dioxide type
    AS 1680.2.0-1990 Interior lighting - Recommendations for specific tasks and interiors
    AS 1841.5-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Powder type
    AS/NZS 1221:1997 Fire hose reels (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 1841.2-1992 Portable fire extinguishers - Water type
    AS 2941-1995 Fixed fire protection installations - Pumpset systems
    AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 1851.2-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hose reels
    AS 2700-1996 Colour Standards for general purposes - Swatches
    AS 2896-1998 Medical gas systems - Installation and testing of non-flammable medical gas pipeline systems
    AS 1603.5-1996 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems - Manual call points
    AS 2444-2001 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2441-2005 Installation of fire hose reels (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1210-1989 Unfired Pressure Vessels (known as the SAA Unfired Pressure Vessels Code)
    AS 1851.3-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic fire sprinkler systems
    AS 1530.4-1990 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures - Fire-resistance tests of elements of building construction
    AS 1530.4-2005 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Fire-resistance test of elements of construction
    AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
    AS 2030 SUPP 1-1986 Foreign gas cylinder specifications
    AS 1668.2-1991 The use of mechanical ventilation and air-conditioning in buildings - Mechanical ventilation for acceptable indoor-air quality
    AS/NZS 1841.4:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for foam type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 1851.1-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets
    AS/NZS 2210.1:1994 Occupational protective footwear - Guide to selection, care and use
    AS/NZS 2210.2:1994 Occupational protective footwear Specification
    AS 2030.4-1985 The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for storage and transport of compressed gases Welded cylinders - Insulated
    AS 1674.2-1990 Safety in welding and allied processes - Electrical
    AS/NZS 2865:2001 Safe working in a confined space
    AS 2419.1-1994 Fire hydrant installations - System design, installation and commissioning
    AS 1170.4-2007 Structural design actions Earthquake actions in Australia (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1851.4-1992 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hydrant installations
    AS 1851.9-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Delivery lay flat fire hose
    AS 1289.5.1.1-2003 Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Soil compaction and density tests - Determination of the dry density/moisture content relation of a soil using standard compactive effort
    AS 3745-2002 Emergency control organization and procedures for buildings, structures and workplaces
    AS/NZS 1841.2:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for water type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 1170.2-1989 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) - Wind loads
    AS/NZS 1337:1992 Eye protectors for industrial applications
    AS 2118.1-2006 Automatic fire sprinkler systems General systems
    AS 1170.4-1993 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) - Earthquake loads
    AS 2419.1-2005 Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning
    AS 1670-1986 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems - System design, installation, and commissioning

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 2896-1991 Medical gas systems - Installation and testing of non-flammable medical gas pipeline systems
    AS 2896-1998 Medical gas systems - Installation and testing of non-flammable medical gas pipeline systems
    AS/NZS 2982:2010 Laboratory design and construction
    AS/NZS 2243.6:2010 Safety in laboratories Plant and equipment aspects
    AS 1470-1986 Health and safety at work - Principles and practices
    AS 3685-1998 Recommended procedures and principles of glow discharge mass spectrometry (GD-MS) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 3892-2001 Pressure equipment - Installation (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
    AS/NZS 2243.1:1997 Safety in laboratories - General
    AS 2030.4-1985 The verification, filling, inspection, testing and maintenance of cylinders for storage and transport of compressed gases Welded cylinders - Insulated
    AS 3961-2005 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
    AS/NZS 2885.5:2012 Pipelines - Gas and liquid petroleum - Field pressure testing
    AS 1216-2006 Class labels for dangerous goods
    SAA HB 9-1994 Occupational personal protection
    AS 3961:2017 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
    AS 2243.6-1990 Safety in laboratories - Mechanical aspects
    AS/NZS 2243.1:2005 Safety in laboratories Planning and operational aspects
    AS/NZS 1596:1997 Storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS/NZS 2243.2:1997 Safety in laboratories - Chemical aspects
    AS 2712-1993 Solar water heaters - Design and construction
    AS 4332-2004 The storage and handling of gases in cylinders
    AS/NZS 1596:2008 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 5034-2005 Installation and use of inert gases for beverage dispensing
    AS 2896-2011 Medical gas systems - Installation and testing of non-flammable medical gas pipeline systems
    AS 4774.2-2002 Work in compressed air and hyperbaric facilities - Hyperbaric oxygen facilities
    AS 3961-1991 Liquefied natural gas - Storage and handling
    AS 2211-1991 Laser safety
    AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
    AS/NZS 1596:2014 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 4332-1995 The storage and handling of gases in cylinders
    AS 3892-1995 Pressure equipment - Installation
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