• AS 1940-2004

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  05-17-2018

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  01-01-2004

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides requirements and recommendations for the design, construction and operation of installations where flammable or combustible liquids are stored and handled. Separate sections provide requirements for minor storage, package storage, and storage of liquids in tanks, as well as, fire protection and emergency management. Requirements for the bulk storage of potable alcohols, and recommendations for blending plants, are provided in appendices.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out requirements and recommendations for the safe storage and handling of flammable liquids of dangerous goods Class 3, as classified in the UN Recommendations for the Transport of Dangerous Goods—Model Regulations and listed in the ADG Code. This Standard also provides requirements and recommendations for the storage and handling of combustible liquids, as defined in Clause 1.4.9.This Standard provides minimum acceptable safety requirements for storage facilities, operating procedures, emergency planning and fire protection. It provides technical guidance that may assist in the storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids in accordance with the risk management requirements of NOHSC:1015 and legislation which draws on that document.This Standard provides requirements for commonly used flammable and combustible liquids such as hydrocarbons and industrial solvents. Some flammable and combustible liquids have other physical and chemical properties that require additional precautions and design considerations. Examples of these are— (a)liquids that can polymerize;(b)liquids that require blanketing with inert gas;(c)liquids that are heated; and(d)liquids that are assigned a subsidiary risk.Any special precautions and considerations necessary for the safe storage and handling of such liquids are additional to the requirements and recommendations provided in this Standard.For the storage and handling of dangerous goods of another class but having a Class 3 subsidiary risk, this Standard is relevant to their flammability aspects.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee ME-017
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published as part of AS CB5-1942.Redated 1950.Second edition 1957.Third edition 1969.Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1940-1976.Second edition 1982.Third edition 1988.Fourth edition 1993.Fifth edition 2004. First published as part of AS CB5-1942. Redated 1950. Second edition 1957. Third edition 1969. Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1940-1976. Second edition 1982. Third edition 1988. Fourth edition 1993. Fifth edition 2004.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1851.6-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Management procedures for maintaining the fire and smoke control features of air-handling systems
    AS 1216-1995 Class labels for dangerous goods
    AS/NZS 2210.9:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for occupational footwear
    AS 2832.1-2004 Cathodic protection of metals - Pipes and cables
    AS 1726-1993 Geotechnical site investigations
    AS/NZS 2161.4:1999 Occupational protective gloves Protection against thermal risks (heat and fire) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 1715:1994 Selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective devices
    AS 2359.11-1995 Powered industrial trucks Fork-lift trucks - Hook-on type fork arms and fork carriers - Mounting dimensions
    AS/NZS 2161.8:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protection against ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination
    AS 4214-2002 Gaseous fire extinguishing systems
    AS 1670.6-1997 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning Smoke alarms
    AS 1692-1989 Tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
    AS 4100-1998 Steel structures (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2441-1988 Installation of fire hose reels
    AS/NZS 2161.9:2002 Occupational protective gloves Method of measurement and evaluation of the vibration transmissibility of gloves at the palm of the hand
    AS 2129-2000 Flanges for pipes, valves and fittings (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2683-2000 Hose and hose assemblies for distribution of petroleum and petroleum products (excepting LPG)
    AS 1530.4-2005 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Fire-resistance test of elements of construction
    AS/NZS 2865:2001 Safe working in a confined space
    AS/NZS 2210.4:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for protective footwear
    AS 1170.4-2007 Structural design actions Earthquake actions in Australia (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 2444-2001 Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2441-2005 Installation of fire hose reels (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 2106.3:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Flash/no flash test - Rapid equilibrium method
    AS 1851.7-1984 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire-resistant doorsets
    AS 1670.1-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning Fire
    AS 3846-1998 The handling and transport of dangerous cargoes in port areas
    AS 1170.4-1993 Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) - Earthquake loads
    AS 3600-2001 Concrete structures
    AS/NZS 2210.6:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional requirements and test methods
    AS 1288-2006 Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
    AS/NZS 2210.8:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for protective footwear
    AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2359.2-1985 Industrial trucks (known as the SAA Industrial Truck Code) - Operation
    AS/NZS 2106.5:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Flash/no flash test - Closed cup equilibrium method
    AS 2359.8-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Pallet stackers and high-lift platform trucks - Stability tests
    AS/NZS 2210.3:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for safety footwear
    AS 1530.1-1994 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Combustibility test for materials
    AS/NZS 2210.5:2000 Occupational protective footwear Specification for occupational footwear
    AS/NZS 1841.5:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for powder type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 1580.301.1-2005 Paints and related materials - Methods of test Non-volatile content by mass
    AS/NZS 1841.4:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Specific requirements for foam type extinguishers
    AS 2118.1-1999 Automatic fire sprinkler systems - General requirements
    AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
    AS/NZS 1841.4:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for foam type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2118.3-1997 Automatic fire sprinkler systems - Deluge
    AS/NZS 1841.5:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Specific requirements for powder type extinguishers
    AS/NZS 1801:1997 Occupational protective helmets
    AS/NZS 2106.6:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Determination of flash point - Closed cup equilibrium method
    AS/NZS 3500.1.2:1998 National plumbing and drainage Water supply - Acceptable solutions
    AS 2359.10-1995 Powered industrial trucks Fork-lift trucks - Hook-on type fork arms - Vocabulary
    AS 1851.9-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Delivery lay flat fire hose
    AS 2359.6-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Safety code
    AS 1851.8-1987 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic fire detection and alarm systems
    AS/NZS 4360:2004 Risk management
    AS/NZS 2381.1:2005 Electrical equipment for explosive gas atmospheres - Selection, installation and maintenance - General requirements
    AS/NZS 2430.3.3:2004 Classification of hazardous areas - Examples of area classification - Flammable liquids
    AS 1851.12-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Gaseous fire extinguishing systems
    AS 1851.14-1996 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Pumpset systems
    AS 2919-1987 Industrial clothing
    AS 3711.6-2000 Freight containers Tank containers (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1722.1-1975 Pipe threads of Whitworth form Sealing pipe threads (metric units)
    AS/NZS 2161.1:2000 Occupational protective gloves Selection, use and maintenance
    AS/NZS 1850:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Classification, rating and performance testing
    AS 2359.1-1995 Powered industrial trucks - General requirements
    AS 3765.1-1990 Clothing for protection against hazardous chemicals - Protection against general or specific chemicals
    AS 1851.11-1991 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Halon 1301 total flooding systems
    AS/NZS 2832.1:1998 Cathodic protection of metals - Pipes and cables
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 4265-1995 Wheeled fire extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS/NZS 1680.1:2006 Interior and workplace lighting General principles and recommendations
    AS 1074-1989 Steel tubes and tubulars for ordinary service (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 2359.4-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Reach and straddle fork-lift trucks - Stability tests
    AS 1915-1992 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Battery-operated vehicles (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 1670.2-1997 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning - Local fire
    AS/NZS 1716:2003 Respiratory protective devices
    AS/NZS 2210.2:2000 Occupational protective footwear Requirements and test methods
    AS/NZS 1337:1992 Eye protectors for industrial applications
    AS 3961-2005 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
    AS 1210-1997 Pressure vessels
    AS 2941-2002 Fixed fire protection installations - Pumpset systems
    AS/NZS 2161.7.1:1998 Occupational protective gloves Protection against cuts and stabs by hand knives - Chainmail gloves and arm guards (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1905.1-2005 Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls Fire-resistant doorsets
    AS/NZS 1905.1:1997 Components for the protection of openings in fire-resistant walls - Fire-resistant doorsets
    AS/NZS 1768(INT):2003 Lightning protection
    AS 1851.5-1981 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Automatic smoke/heat venting systems
    AS 3961-1991 Liquefied natural gas - Storage and handling
    AS 2359.9-1995 Powered industrial trucks High-lift rider trucks - Overhead guards - Specification and testing
    AS 2832.2-2003 Cathodic protection of metals Compact buried structures
    AS/NZS 1800:1998 Occupational protective helmets - Selection, care and use
    AS 4041-1998 Pressure piping
    AS 1530.4-1997 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures - Fire-resistance tests of elements of building construction
    AS 1580.301.1-1992 Paints and related materials - Methods of test - Non-volatile content by mass
    AS 1851.3-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment Automatic fire sprinkler systems
    AS/NZS 2106.4:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Determination of flash point - Rapid equilibrium method
    AS 2419.1-1994 Fire hydrant installations - System design, installation and commissioning
    AS 1851.10-1989 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Emergency warning and intercommunication systems
    AS 1722.2-1992 Pipe threads of Whitworth form Fastening pipe threads
    AS/NZS 2161.10.1:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms - Terminology and performance requirements
    AS 1851.4-1992 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hydrant installations
    AS 1674.2-2003 Safety in welding and allied processes - Electrical
    AS 2359.3-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Counterbalanced fork-lift trucks - Stability tests
    AS 2359.5-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Control symbols
    AS/NZS 1841.6:1997 Portable fire extinguishers - Specific requirements for carbon dioxide type extinguishers
    AS/NZS 1841.6:2007 Portable fire extinguishers Specific requirements for carbon dioxide type extinguishers (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 2243.10-1993 Safety in laboratories - Storage of chemicals
    AS 1680.1-1990 Interior lighting - General principles and recommendations
    AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 2700-1996 Colour Standards for general purposes - Swatches
    AS 1288-1994 Glass in buildings - Selection and installation
    AS 2359.12-1996 Powered industrial trucks Hazardous areas
    AS 1345-1995 Identification of the contents of pipes, conduits and ducts (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 1851.15-1997 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Local fire alarm systems
    AS 3846-2005 The handling and transport of dangerous cargoes in port areas
    AS/NZS 2161.2:1998 Occupational protective gloves General requirements
    AS/NZS 1221:1997 Fire hose reels (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS/NZS 2161.10.2:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms - Determination of resistance to penetration
    AS 1019-2000 Internal combustion engines - Spark emission control devices
    AS 2419.1-2005 Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning
    AS 2118.1-2006 Automatic fire sprinkler systems General systems
    AS 1216-2006 Class labels for dangerous goods
    AS/NZS 2161.5:1998 Occupational protective gloves Protection against cold
    AS/NZS 1020:1995 The control of undesirable static electricity
    AS/NZS 2210.7:2001 Occupational protective footwear Additional specifications for safety footwear
    AS/NZS 2161.3:1998 Occupational protective gloves Protection against mechanical risks
    AS 3765.2-1990 Clothing for protection against hazardous chemicals - Limited protection against specific chemicals
    AS/NZS 2106.1:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Abel closed cup method
    AS 1670.3-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning - Fire alarm monitoring
    AS/NZS 1768:2007 Lightning protection
    AS 1657-1992 Fixed platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders - Design, construction and installation
    AS 2359.7-1995 Powered industrial trucks - Terminology
    AS 2452.3-2005 Non-destructive testing - Determination of thickness - Use of ultrasonic testing
    AS 3664-1989 Road/rail tankers - Transfer connectors for flammable and combustible liquids
    AS 1851.2-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Fire hose reels
    AS/NZS 2161.10.3:2002 Occupational protective gloves Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms - Determination of resistance to permeation by chemicals
    AS/NZS 2906:2001 Fuel containers - Portable - plastic and metal
    AS/NZS 2381.1:1999 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Selection, installation and maintenance General requirements
    AS 1603.5-1996 Automatic fire detection and alarm systems - Manual call points
    AS/NZS 2106.0:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) - General
    AS/NZS 2106.2:1999 Methods for the determination of the flash point of flammable liquids (closed cup) Pensky-Martens closed cup method
    AS 1670.4-2004 Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning Sound systems and intercom systems for emergency purposes
    AS 1482-1985 Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres - Protection by ventilation - Type of protection v
    AS 2809.2-1999 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for flammable liquids
    AS 1692-2006 Steel tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
    AS 1851.1-1995 Maintenance of fire protection equipment - Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets
    AS/NZS 2210.1:1994 Occupational protective footwear - Guide to selection, care and use
    AS 1691-1985 Domestic oil-fired appliances - Installation
    AS 4041-2006 Pressure piping
    AS/NZS 3000:2000 Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
    AS 2452.3-1985 Non-destructive testing - Determination of thickness - Use of ultrasonic testing

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 4976-2008 The removal and disposal of underground petroleum storage tanks
    AS 2507-1998 The storage and handling of agricultural and veterinary chemicals
    AS/NZS 3833:2007 The storage and handling of mixed classes of dangerous goods, in packages and intermediate bulk containers
    AS 2118.3-2010 Automatic fire sprinkler systems Deluge systems
    AS/NZS 1596:2002 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS/NZS 4114.1:2003 Spray painting booths, designated spray painting areas and paint mixing rooms - Design, construction and testing
    AS/NZS 2311:2009 Guide to the painting of buildings
    AS/NZS 2982:2010 Laboratory design and construction
    AS 1470-1986 Health and safety at work - Principles and practices
    AS 2593-2004 Boilers - Safety management and supervision systems (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 3892-2001 Pressure equipment - Installation (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 5239-2011 Examination of ignitable liquids in fire debris
    AS 3664-1989 Road/rail tankers - Transfer connectors for flammable and combustible liquids
    AS/NZS 3010:2017 Electrical installations - Generating sets
    AS 4326-2008 The storage and handling of oxidizing agents
    AS/NZS 2243.10:2004 Safety in laboratories Storage of chemicals
    AS 3961-2005 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
    AS/NZS 2243.8:2014 Safety in laboratories Fume cupboards
    AS 5388.1-2012 Forensic analysis Recognition, recording, recovery, transport and storage of material
    AS 3641.1-1999 Recommended practice for atomic emission spectrometric analysis Principles and techniques
    AS 4125.1-2009 Sound laboratory practice in food and water microbiology laboratories - Premises, safety, sample management, regulatory compliance and record management
    AS 4971-2008 Inspection and integrity monitoring of large steel vertical petroleum storage tanks (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 1200:2000 Pressure equipment
    AS 4722-2009 Passenger ropeways and passenger conveyors
    AS 1216-2006 Class labels for dangerous goods
    AS 2577.2-1992 Australian fire incident reporting system - Classification and coding
    AS 2865-2009 Confined spaces
    AS 2400.5-2005 Packaging Temporary corrosion protection
    AS 1692-2006 Steel tanks for flammable and combustible liquids
    AS/NZS 2243.8:2006 Safety in laboratories - Fume cupboards
    AS/NZS 60079.10.1:2009 Explosive atmospheres Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres (IEC 60079-10-1, Ed.1.0(2008) MOD)
    AS 1485-1983 Safety and health in workrooms of educational establishments
    AS 2809.5-2001 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods Tankers for bitumen-based products
    SAA HB 9-1994 Occupational personal protection
    AS 2809.2-1999 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for flammable liquids
    AS 4873.1-2005 Recommended practice for inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) - Principles and techniques
    AS 4041-2006 Pressure piping
    AS 2134.1-1999 Recommended practice for chemical analysis by atomic absorption spectrometry Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2359.2-1985 Industrial trucks (known as the SAA Industrial Truck Code) - Operation
    AS 4326-1995 The storage and handling of oxidizing agents
    AS/NZS 2022:2003 Anhydrous ammonia - Storage and handling
    AS 3961:2017 The storage and handling of liquefied natural gas
    AS 4979-2008 Flammable and combustible liquids - Precautions against electrostatic ignition during tank vehicle loading
    AS 2067-2008 Substations and high voltage installations exceeding 1 kV a.c.
    AS 2809.4-2001 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Tankers for toxic and corrosive cargoes
    AS/NZS 2243.1:2005 Safety in laboratories Planning and operational aspects
    AS/NZS 4509.1:2009 Stand-alone power systems Safety and installation
    AS/NZS 2865:2001 Safe working in a confined space
    AS 2809.2-2008 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods - Road tank vehicles for flammable liquids
    AS/NZS 3010:2005 Electrical installations - Generating sets
    AS 3533.2-2009 Amusement rides and devices Operation and maintenance
    AS/NZS 2843.1:2006 Timber preservation plants Timber preservation plant site design (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 3920.1-1993 Assurance of product quality - Pressure equipment manufacture
    AS/NZS 5026:2012 The storage and handling of Class 4 dangerous goods
    AS/NZS 3788:2006 Pressure equipment - In-service inspection
    AS 1853-1983 Automatic oil and gas burners - Mechanical draught
    AS/NZS 1596:2008 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS 1691-1985 Domestic oil-fired appliances - Installation
    AS 2067:2016 Substations and high voltage installations exceeding 1 kV a.c.
    HB 13-2007 Electrical equipment for hazardous areas
    AS 2577.1-1992 Australian fire incident reporting system - Description and implementation
    AS 1674.1-1997 Safety in welding and allied processes Fire precautions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2601-2001 The demolition of structures
    AS 2809.4:2017 Road tank vehicles for dangerous goods Tankers for toxic and corrosive cargoes
    AS 1375-2013 Industrial fuel-fired appliances
    AS/NZS 2243.2:2006 Safety in laboratories Chemical aspects
    AS/NZS 2843.2:2006 Timber preservation plants Treatment area operation (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 2484.2-1991 Fire - Glossary of terms Fire protection and firefighting equipment
    AS/NZS 4081:2001 The storage and handling of liquid and liquefied polyfunctional isocyanates (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 4897-2008 The design, installation and operation of underground petroleum storage systems
    AS/NZS 1596:2014 The storage and handling of LP Gas
    AS/NZS 1020:1995 The control of undesirable static electricity
    HB 46-1993 Guide to residential fire safety
    AS 2419.1-2005 Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning
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