• AS 2193-1978

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist.
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You have already added this standard to your Watchlist.
    Visit My Watchlist to view the full list.

    Methods for calibration and grading of force-measuring systems of testing machines

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  06-30-2017

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-1978

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 2193-1978 METHODS FOR THE CALIBRATION AND GRADING OF FORCE-MEASURING SYSTEMS OF TESTING MACHINES
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - FOREWORD
    8 - SECTION 1. SCOPE, APPLICATION AND DEFINITIONS
    8 - 1.1 SCOPE.
    8 - 1.2 APPLICATION.
    8 - 1.3 DEFINITIONS.
    8 - 1.3.1 Terms Relating to Testing Machines.
    10 - 1.3.2 Terms Relating to Calibrating Devices.
    11 - 1.4 PRINCIPLE OF CALIBRATION OF THE FORCE-MEASURING SYSTEMS OF TESTING MACHINES.
    12 - SECTION 2. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE GRADING OF TESTING MACHINES
    12 - 2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION.
    12 - 2.2 REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADING.
    12 - 2.3 ASSESSMENT OF CALIBRATION.
    12 - 2.4 ASSIGNMENT OF A GRADE.
    14 - SECTION 3. CALIBRATION OF FORCE-MEASURING SYSTEMS OF TESTING MACHINES
    14 - 3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION.
    14 - 3.2 METHODS OF FORCE CALIBRATION.
    14 - 3.2.1 General.
    14 - 3.2.2 Calibration by Weights.
    15 - 3.2.3 Calibration by Calibrating Levers.
    15 - 3.2.4 Calibration by Elastic Calibrating Devices.
    16 - 3.3 FORCE-CALIBRATION PROCEDURE.
    16 - 3.3.1 General.
    16 - 3. 3.2 Calibration Range.
    16 - 3.3.3 Preliminary Inspection.
    16 - 3.3.4 Setting Up.
    17 - 3.3.5 Application of Forces.
    18 - 3.3.6 Number of Readings.
    19 - 3.4 ASSESSMENT OF RESULTS OF FORCE CALIBRATION.
    19 - 3.4.1 Corrections to Readings.
    19 - 3.4.2 Assessment of Readability of Indicated Force.
    19 - 3.4.3 Assessment of Repeatability of Indicated Force.
    19 - 3.4.4 Assessment of Accuracy of Indicated Force.
    20 - 3.5 GRADING OF FORCE SCALE.
    20 - 3.5.1 General.
    20 - 3.5.2 Single Range Machines.
    20 - 3.5.3 Multirange Machines.
    20 - 3.5.4 Machines Which Indicate at Discrete Values of Force.
    20 - 3.6 RECORD OF TEST RESULTS.
    20 - 3.7 REPORT OF CALIBRATION.
    21 - 3.8 TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN CALIBRATIONS.
    22 - 3.9 CORRECTIONS FOR ELASTIC CALIBRATING DEVICES.
    22 - 3.9.1 Correction for Variation of No-load Reading.
    22 - 3.9.2 Correction for Temperature.
    24 - SECTION 4. CALIBRATING DEVICES
    24 - 4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION.
    24 - 4.2 WEIGHTS.
    24 - 4.2.1 General Requirements for Weights.
    24 - 4.2.2 Requirements for Grading of Weights.
    24 - 4. 2.3 Calibration of Weights.
    24 - 4.2.4 Assignment of Grade.
    25 - 4.3 CALIBRATING LEVERS.
    25 - 4.3.1 General.
    25 - 4.3.2 General Requirements for Calibrating Levers.
    25 - 4.3.3 Requirements for Grading of Calibrating Levers.
    25 - 4.3.4 Calibration of Calibrating Levers.
    26 - 4.3.5 Assessment of Results.
    26 - 4.3.6 Assignment of Grades.
    26 - 4.4 ELASTIC CALIBRATING DEVICES.
    26 - 4.4.1 General.
    26 - 4.4.2 General Requirements for Elastic Calibrating Devices.
    26 - 4.4.3 Requirements for Grading of Elastic Calibrating Devices.
    28 - 4.4.4 Calibration of Elastic Calibrating Device.
    29 - 4.4.5 Assessment of Results of Calibration for Increasing Forces.
    30 - 4.4.6 Assessment of Results of Calibration for Decreasing Forces.
    30 - 4.4.7 Assignment of Grades.
    31 - 4.5 RECORD OF TEST RESULTS.
    31 - 4.6 REPORT OF CALIBRATION.
    32 - 4.7 TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN CALIBRATIONS.
    33 - APPENDIX A - INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED WITH THE ENQUIRY OR ORDER
    34 - APPENDIX B - EXPLANATORY NOTES FOR THE CALIBRATION OF MULTIRANGE TESTING MACHINES
    36 - APPENDIX C - NOTES ON THE RESPONSE OF THE FORCE-MEASURING SYSTEM OF TESTING MACHINES
    37 - APPENDIX D - VALUES OF ACCELERATION DUE TO GRAVITY AT SELECTED LOCALITIES IN AUSTRALIA

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Covers static calibration of force-measuring systems. It includes grading requirements and procedures for calibration of machines using calibrating devices. Methods of force calibration using weights, calibrating levers and elastic proving devices are described. Details are specified for the assessment of readability, repeatability, and accuracy of indicated force, the assignment of a grade or grades, and the issue of a report. Notes on the calibration of multirange machines and on the response of the force-measuring system of testing machines, and values of acceleration due to gravity at selected localities in Australia are given in appendices.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This standard specifies requirements for the static calibration of the force-measuring systems of testing machines used for measuring the strength and other properties of materials, components, products and assemblies.The standard deals with the following:Terms, definitions and principle of calibration (Section 1). Grading requirements (Section 2).Procedures for the calibration of force-measuring systems (Section 3). Calibrating devices (Section 4).NOTES:1. Extensometers used in conjunction with tension and compression testing machines are dealt with in AS 1545, Methods for the Calibration and Grading of Extensometers.2. Supplementary information necessary for the calibration is given in Appendix A.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee MT-006
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 02015

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 4671:2001 Steel reinforcing materials
    AS 3700 SUPP 4-1992 Masonry in buildings (known as the SAA Masonry Code) - Extracts from AS 3700 - Masonry construction requirements (Supplement to AS 3700-1988)
    AS/NZS 3560.1:2000 Electric cables - Cross-linked polyethylene insulated - Aerial bundled - For working voltages up to and including 0.6/1(1.2) kV Aluminium conductors (Reconfirmed 2021)
    AS 1141.52-1995 Methods for sampling and testing aggregates - Unconfined cohesion of compacted pavement materials
    AS 4065-1992 Concrete poles for overhead lines and street lighting
    AS 1380.1-1998 Fibre-rope slings - Product specification
    AS/NZS 2908.1:2000 Cellulose-cement products Corrugated sheets (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 4139-1993 Fibre-reinforced concrete pipes and fittings
    AS 2076-1996 Wire-rope grips for non-lifting applications
    AS 2498.4-1993 Methods of testing rigid cellular plastics Determination of cross-breaking strength (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS/NZS 4266.6:1995 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of internal bond strength
    AS 1049-1996 Telecommunication cables - Insulation, sheath and jacket
    AS 2740-2001 Wedge-type sockets
    AS/NZS 4380:2001 Motor vehicles - Cargo restraint systems - Transport webbing and components
    AS 3700 SUPP 5-1992 Masonry in buildings (known as the SAA Masonry Code) - Extracts from AS 3700 - Masonry housing requirements (Supplement to AS 3700-1988)
    AS/NZS 4456.4:1997 Masonry units and segmental pavers - Methods of test - Determining compressive strength of masonry units
    AS/NZS 1891.3:1997 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices - Fall-arrest devices
    AS 3706.13-2000 Geotextiles - Methods of test Determination of durability - Resistance to certain microbiological agents
    AS 2319-2001 Rigging screws and turnbuckles
    AS 3822(INT)-1998 Test methods for bare overhead conductors
    AS 1438.1-1998 Wire-coil flat slings Product specification
    AS 1649-1998 Timber - Methods of test for mechanical fasteners and connectors - Basic working loads and characteristic strengths
    AS 1741-1991 Vitrified clay pipes and fittings with flexible joints - Sewer quality (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 3600-2001 Concrete structures
    AS 4046.3-1992 Methods of testing roof tiles - Determination of transverse strength
    AS 1353.1-1997 Flat synthetic-webbing slings Product specification (Reconfirmed 2014)
    AS 1094-1993 Medical equipment - Single-use syringes (sterile) for general medical use
    AS/NZS 4266.9:1995 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of thickness stability and glue bond quality
    AS 1138-1992 Thimbles for wire rope
    AS/NZS 4488.1:1997 Industrial rope access systems Specifications (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS/NZS 1635.5.1:1995 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape - Breaking strength
    AS 2089-1993 Sheave blocks for lifting purposes
    AS 1635.3.5-1995 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape Adhesion strength after water immersion
    AS 1774.3-1992 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of cold modulus of rupture
    AS/NZS 4275.2:1995 Methods of testing underground marking tape Tear resistance
    AS 3706.3-2000 Geotextiles - Methods of test Determination of tearing strength - Trapezoidal method
    AS 4748-2001 Acoustic emission testing of fibreglass-insulated booms on elevating work platforms
    AS/NZS 2869:1998 Tampons - Menstrual
    AS 1646-1992 Elastomeric seals for waterworks purposes
    AS 1635.4.1-1993 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape Stability of tape other than cellulose tape - Accelerated ageing
    AS 2891.2.2-1995 Methods of sampling and testing asphalt - Sample preparation - Compaction of asphalt test specimens using a gyratory compactor
    AS 3700 SUPP 3-1992 Masonry in buildings (known as the SAA Masonry Code) - Extracts from AS 3700 - Masonry materials requirements (Supplement to AS 3700-1988)
    AS/NZS 4287:1995 Child carrier seats for pedal bicycles - Safety requirements
    AS 1289.6.1.3-1998 Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Soil strength and consolidation tests - Determination of the California Bearing Ratio of a soil - Standard field-in-place method
    AS 4011-1995 Examination and procedural gloves for general medical and dental use
    AS 1012.10-2000 Methods of testing concrete Determination of indirect tensile strength of concrete cylinders ('Brazil' or splitting test) (Reconfirmed 2014)
    AS 4133.0-1993 Methods of testing rocks for engineering purposes General requirements and list of methods
    AS 4131(INT)-1993 PE pipe compounds
    AS 4133.4.2-1993 Methods of testing rocks for engineering purposes Rock strength tests - Determination of uniaxial compressive strength
    AS 4179-1994 Single use (sterile) rubber surgical gloves
    AS 1077-1992 Single-use syringes (sterile) for the injection of 100 units per millilitre insulin (U-100)
    AS 1289.6.8.1-1995 Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Soil strength and consolidation tests - Determination of the resilient modulus and permanent deformation of granular unbound pavement materials
    AS/NZS 4266.10:1995 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of glue bond durability (boil test)
    AS/NZS 4396:1999 Connectors - Insulation piercing - For 0.6/1 kV aerial bundled cables
    AS/NZS 2111.16:1996 Textile floor covering - Tests and measurements Determination of bond strength between backing components
    AS 2062-1997 Non-destructive testing - Penetrant testing of products and components
    AS/NZS 4266.7:1995 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of surface soundness
    AS 3700-1998 Masonry structures
    AS 2329-1999 Mastic adhesives for fixing wallboards
    AS 4143.2-1993 Methods of test for fibre ropes Knotability and knot breaking force
    AS 1141.51-1996 Methods for sampling and testing aggregates - Unconfined compressive strength of compacted materials
    AS/NZS 4380:1996 Cargo restraint systems - Webbing load restraint systems
    AS/NZS 4765(INT):2000 Modified PVC (PVC-M) pipes for pressure applications
    AS 3991.2-1992 Methods of testing flat cellulose-cement sheets - Determination of flexural strength - Modulus of rupture
    AS/NZS 2350.11:2001 Methods of testing portland, blended and masonry cements Compressive strength
    AS/NZS 4456.15:1997 Masonry units and segmental pavers - Methods of test - Determining lateral modulus of rupture
    AS/NZS 4345:2001 Motor vehicles - Cargo restraint systems - Transport fibre rope
    AS 2498.3-1993 Methods of testing rigid cellular plastics Determination of compressive stress (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 3706.4-2001 Geotextiles - Methods of test Determination of burst strength - California bearing ratio (CBR) - Plunger method
    AS 2908.1-1992 Cellulose-cement products Corrugated sheets
    AS 2776-1998 Pressure-sensitive adhesive label stock - Plastic
    AS/NZS 2869:1995 Tampons - Menstrual
    AS 3822-2002 Test methods for bare overhead conductors
    AS/NZS 4131:1997 Polyethylene (PE) compounds for pressure pipes and fittings
    AS 3706.12-2001 Geotextiles - Methods of test Determination of durability - Resistance to degradation by hydrocarbons or chemical reagents
    AS/NZS 4266.13:1995 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of screw holding strength
    AS 2435-1992 Elastomeric hose for railway air brakes
    AS/NZS 2269:1994 Plywood - Structural
    AS/NZS 1891.1:1995 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Safety belts and harnesses
    AS 1900-2002 Flotation aids for water familiarization and swimming tuition
    AS 4497.1-1997 Roundslings - Synthetic fibre - Product specification
    AS 3700-2001 Masonry structures
    AS 2891.12.1-1995 Methods of sampling and testing asphalt - Determination of the permanent compressive strain characteristics of asphalt - Dynamic creep test
    AS 3996-1992 Metal access covers, road grates and frames
    AS/NZS 2588:1998 Gypsum plasterboard (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1012.9-1999 Methods of testing concrete Determination of the compressive strength of concrete specimens
    AS 1085.15-1995 Railway permanent way material - Part 15: Aluminothermic rail welding
    AS 1635.3.1-1993 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape - Adhesion strength
    AS/NZS 1635.6.1:1995 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape - Elongation
    AS 1649-2001 Timber - Methods of test for mechanical fasteners and connectors - Basic working loads and characteristic strengths
    AS/NZS 1635.7.1:1995 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape - Unwind force
    AS 1815-1991 Metallic materials - Rockwell hardness test
    AS 4011-1992 Examination gloves for general medical and dental use
    AS/NZS 4266.5:1995 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of bending strength (MOR) and stiffness (MOE)
    AS 1141.22-1996 Methods for sampling and testing aggregates - Wet/dry strength variation
    AS 1774.1-1991 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of cold compressive strength
    AS 2282.7-1999 Methods for testing flexible cellular polyurethane Determination of tear resistance
    AS 1817-1991 Metallic materials - Vickers hardness test
    AS 2025-1991 Metallic materials - Rockwell superficial hardness test - N and T scales
    AS/NZS 4344:1995 Cargo restraint systems - Transport chain and components
    AS 2891.13.1-1995 Methods of sampling and testing asphalt - Determination of the resilient modulus of asphalt - Indirect tensile method
    AS 3637.3-1997 Underground mining - Winding suspension equipment Rope cappings
    AS 2317-1998 Collared eyebolts
    AS/NZS 4344:2001 Motor vehicles - Cargo restraint systems - Transport chain and components
    AS/NZS 2699.2:2000 Built-in components for masonry construction Connectors and accessories
    AS 1666.1-1995 Wire-rope slings - Product specification
    AS 1289.6.1.1-1998 Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Soil strength and consolidation tests - Determination of the California Bearing Ratio of a soil - Standard laboratory method for a remoulded specimen
    AS 1635.3.6-1993 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape Adhesion strength to own backing
    AS 1646.2-2000 Elastomeric seals for waterworks purposes Material requirements for pipe joint seals used in water and wastewater applications - Specifies by prescription formulation
    AS/NZS 2111.15:1996 Textile floor coverings - Tests and measurements Determination of tuft withdrawal force
    AS/NZS 4131:2001 Polyethylene (PE) compounds for pressure pipes and fittings
    AS/NZS 1891.2:2001 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Horizontal lifeline and rail systems
    AS/NZS 4456.5:1997 Masonry units and segmental pavers - Methods of test - Determining breaking load of segmental paving units
    AS 2321-2001 Short-link chain for lifting purposes
    AS 4143.1-1993 Methods of test for fibre ropes Dimensions, linear density, breaking force and elongation
    AS 2111.16-1991 Methods of test for textile floor coverings - Determination of bond strength between backing components of a textile floor covering
    AS/NZS 4327:1995 Metal-banded flexible couplings for low-pressure applications (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 4177.4-1994 Caravan and light trailer towing components - Safety chains up to 3500 kg capacity
    AS 1753-1990 Webbing for restraining devices for occupants of motor vehicles
    AS/NZS 2699.1:2000 Built-in components for masonry construction Wall ties
    AS 2666-1996 Pressure-sensitive adhesive label stock - Paper
    AS 1289.6.1.2-1998 Methods of testing soils for engineering purposes Soil strength and consolidation tests - Determination of the California Bearing Ratio of a soil - Standard laboratory method for an undisturbed specimen
    AS/NZS 1891.2(INT):1998 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices - Horizontal lifeline and rail systems
    AS 1774.1-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of cold compressive strength (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS 3706.2-2000 Geotextiles - Methods of test Determination of tensile properties - Wide-strip method
    AS 1012.11-2000 Methods of testing concrete Determination of the modulus of rupture (Reconfirmed 2014)
    AS 1635.3.3-1995 Methods of test for pressure-sensitive adhesive tape Quickstick
    AS 4133.4.3-1993 Methods of testing rocks for engineering purposes Rock strength tests - Determination of deformability of rock materials in uniaxial compression
    AS/NZS 2208:1996 Safety glazing materials in buildings
    AS/NZS 4396(INT):1996 Connectors - Insulation piercing - For 0.6/1 kV aerial bundled cables
    AS 1141.21-1997 Methods for sampling and testing aggregates Aggregate crushing value (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1816-1990 Metallic materials - Brinell hardness test
    AS 1774.3-2000 Refractories and refractory materials - Physical test methods Determination of cold modulus of rupture
    AS/NZS 4257.9:1995 Plastic roof and wall cladding materials - Methods of test Determination of transverse bending stiffness
    AS 2741-2002 Shackles
    AS/NZS 2350.11:1997 Methods of testing portland and blended cements Compressive strength of portland and blended cements
    AS/NZS 4266.32:1996 Reconstituted wood-based panels - Methods of test - Determination of veneer bond strength
    AS/NZS 2210.2:1994 Occupational protective footwear Specification
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective