• AS/NZS 2927:2001

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    The storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  12-20-2019

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  01-01-2001

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 2927:2001 THE STORAGE AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED CHLORINE GAS
    4 - PREFACE
    6 - CONTENTS
    8 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    8 - 1.1 SCOPE
    8 - 1.2 APPLICATION
    8 - 1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    9 - 1.4 NEW DESIGNS AND INNOVATIONS
    9 - 1.5 DEFINITIONS
    9 - 1.5.1 Authorized
    9 - 1.5.2 Canister respirator (filtration type escape respirator)
    9 - 1.5.3 Chlorinator
    9 - 1.5.4 Chlorine
    9 - 1.5.5 Container
    9 - 1.5.6 Cylinder
    9 - 1.5.7 Dedicated store
    9 - 1.5.8 Drum
    9 - 1.5.9 Exposure standard
    10 - 1.5.10 Fire-resistance level (FRL)/ fire resistance rating (FRR)
    10 - 1.5.11 Informative appendix
    10 - 1.5.12 Installation
    10 - 1.5.13 Material safety data sheet (MSDS)
    10 - 1.5.14 May
    10 - 1.5.15 Nominal effective life (of SCBA)
    10 - 1.5.16 Non-combustible
    10 - 1.5.17 Normative appendix
    11 - 1.5.18 Opening (in a wall)
    11 - 1.5.19 Piping
    11 - 1.5.20 Placard
    11 - 1.5.21 Protected places
    11 - 1.5.22 Public place
    11 - 1.5.23 Regulatory authority
    11 - 1.5.24 Restricted area
    11 - 1.5.25 Road tank vehicle
    12 - 1.5.26 Secured area
    12 - 1.5.27 Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
    12 - 1.5.28 Separation
    12 - 1.5.29 Shall
    12 - 1.5.30 Should
    12 - 1.5.31 Tank
    12 - 1.5.32 Vaporiser
    12 - 1.5.33 Vapour barrier
    12 - 1.6 CLASSIFICATION OF CHLORINE
    12 - 1.7 MARKING AND LABELLING OF CONTAINERS
    12 - 1.8 SECURITY OF INSTALLATIONS
    13 - SECTION 2 MINOR STORAGE
    13 - 2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    13 - 2.2 CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION AS MINOR STORAGE
    13 - 2.3 REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO MINOR STORAGE
    13 - 2.3.1 General
    14 - 2.4 OUTDOOR MINOR STORAGE
    14 - 2.5 INDOOR MINOR STORAGE
    14 - 2.6 FIRST AID
    15 - SECTION 3 LOCATION, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF CHLORINE INSTALLATIONS
    15 - 3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    15 - 3.2 APPLICATION
    15 - 3.3 LOCATION, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF CHLORINE INSTALLATIONS
    15 - 3.3.1 Location of chlorine installations
    16 - 3.3.2 Design and construction of chlorine installations
    17 - 3.4 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR OUTDOOR INSTALLATIONS
    17 - 3.4.1 General
    17 - 3.4.2 Security of outdoor installations
    18 - 3.5 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR INDOOR INSTALLATIONS
    18 - 3.5.1 General
    18 - 3.5.2 Doors for personnel
    18 - 3.5.3 Ventilation for indoor installations
    19 - 3.5.4 Ventilation of chlorination rooms
    20 - SECTION 4 STORAGE AND HANDLING EQUIPMENT FOR CHLORINE
    20 - 4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    20 - 4.2 CONTAINERS
    20 - 4.2.1 Cylinders
    20 - 4.2.2 Drums and tanks
    20 - 4.3 CHLORINATORS
    20 - 4.3.1 Materials of construction
    20 - 4.3.2 Location
    20 - 4.3.3 Pressure relief
    21 - 4.4 VAPORISERS (EVAPORATORS)
    21 - 4.4.1 Operating principle
    21 - 4.4.2 Design of vaporisers
    22 - 4.4.3 Vaporiser controls and indicators
    23 - 4.4.4 Installing the vaporiser
    23 - 4.5 PIPING SYSTEMS
    23 - 4.5.1 General
    23 - 4.5.2 Testing
    24 - 4.5.3 Reduction of liquefaction hazard
    24 - 4.5.4 Materials of construction
    24 - 4.5.5 Piping gradients
    24 - 4.5.6 Fixed and underground piping systems
    25 - 4.5.7 Flexible pipelines and hoses
    26 - 4.6 VALVES
    26 - 4.6.1 General
    26 - 4.6.2 Globe valves
    26 - 4.6.3 Ball valves
    26 - 4.6.4 Vacuum-operated valves
    26 - 4.6.5 Gas valves under vacuum
    26 - 4.7 JOINTS AND FITTINGS
    26 - 4.7.1 Joints
    27 - 4.7.2 Fittings
    27 - 4.7.3 Pressure gauges and switches
    27 - 4.8 PLANT SAFETY EQUIPMENT
    27 - 4.8.1 Leak detectors
    27 - 4.8.2 Vapour dispersal equipment
    28 - 4.8.3 Sprinkler systems
    28 - 4.8.4 Caustic soda venting systems
    28 - 4.8.5 Wind direction indicators
    28 - 4.8.6 Air scrubbers
    29 - 4.8.7 Automatic devices for shutting off container valves
    30 - SECTION 5 OPERATIONAL AND PERSONNEL SAFETY
    30 - 5.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    30 - 5.2 OPERATION OF THE INSTALLATION
    30 - 5.2.1 Authorized personnel
    30 - 5.2.2 Operating instructions
    30 - 5.3 MEDICAL EXAMINATION
    30 - 5.4 PERSONNEL TRAINING
    30 - 5.4.1 Job knowledge
    30 - 5.4.2 Training
    31 - 5.5 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
    31 - 5.5.1 Control of entry
    31 - 5.5.2 Clear access
    31 - 5.5.3 Lighting
    31 - 5.5.4 Checking of safety equipment
    32 - 5.5.5 Safety information
    32 - 5.6 TRANSFER OPERATIONS
    32 - 5.7 MOVEMENT OF CONTAINERS
    32 - 5.7.1 Cylinders
    32 - 5.7.2 Drums
    32 - 5.8 CONNECTING AND MANIFOLDING CONTAINERS
    32 - 5.8.1 Connecting of containers
    32 - 5.8.2 Making and breaking connections
    33 - 5.8.3 Manifolding of containers
    33 - 5.8.4 Withdrawal of chlorine from a container
    33 - 5.9 INSPECTION OF PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
    34 - 5.10 SAFETY PROCEDURES FOR CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE WORK
    34 - 5.10.1 General
    34 - 5.10.2 Routine work
    34 - 5.10.3 Work permits
    34 - 5.10.4 Hot work
    34 - 5.10.5 Work inside a confined space
    34 - 5.10.6 Preparation of work site and plant
    35 - 5.10.7 Completion of work and commissioning
    35 - 5.11 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
    35 - 5.11.1 General
    35 - 5.11.2 Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
    36 - 5.11.3 Protective clothing
    36 - 5.11.4 Care, inspection and maintenance of personal protective equipment
    36 - 5.12 FIRST AID
    36 - 5.12.1 First aid station
    36 - 5.12.2 Safety shower and eyewash facilities
    37 - SECTION 6 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
    37 - 6.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    37 - 6.2 PLANNING FOR EMERGENCIES
    37 - 6.2.1 Considerations in designing premises
    37 - 6.2.2 Emergency plan
    38 - 6.3 MANIFEST
    39 - 6.4 PLACARDING
    39 - 6.4.1 Placarding of stores
    39 - 6.4.2 Safety information board
    39 - 6.5 MANAGEMENT OF LEAKS
    40 - SECTION 7 FIRE PROTECTION
    40 - 7.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    40 - 7.2 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    40 - 7.3 FIRE PROTECTION MEASURES
    40 - 7.3.1 General
    40 - 7.3.2 Fire protection systems
    41 - 7.3.3 Design
    41 - 7.3.4 Heat protection
    41 - 7.3.5 Compatibility
    41 - 7.3.6 Location
    41 - 7.3.7 Weather protection
    42 - 7.4 WATER SUPPLY AND FIRE WATER RETENTION
    42 - 7.5 FIRE PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS
    42 - 7.6 ACTION IN THE EVENT OF FIRE
    43 - SECTION 8 DISPOSA L OF CHLORINE CONTAINERS AND CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT
    44 - APPENDIX A - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA FOR CHLORINE
    50 - APPENDIX B - HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH THE STORAGE AND HANDLING OF CHLORINE
    50 - B1 GENERAL
    50 - B2 TOXICITY
    50 - B3 FLAMMABILITY
    50 - B4 DENSITY
    50 - B5 CORROSIVE ACTION ON METALS
    50 - B6 REACTIVITY TO COMBUSTIBLES AND LUBRICANTS
    50 - B7 THERMAL EXPANSION
    51 - APPENDIX C - REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    55 - APPENDIX D - SAFETY SIGNS AND EMERGENCY INFORMATION PLACARD FOR CHLORINE INSTALLATIONS
    57 - APPENDIX E - MATERIALS SUITABLE FOR USE WITH CHLORINE
    57 - E1 GENERAL
    58 - E2 BIBLIOGRAPHY
    59 - APPENDIX F - EXPANSION CHAMBER
    61 - APPENDIX G - RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE USE OF FOG NOZZLES AND SPRINKLERS
    61 - G1 FOG NOZZLES
    61 - G2 SPRINKLERS
    62 - APPENDIX H - CAUSTIC SODA VENTING SYSTEM
    63 - APPENDIX I - PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES
    63 - I1 SCOPE
    63 - I2 PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
    63 - I3 CONCENTRATION EFFECTS OF CHLORINE GAS
    64 - I4 PLAN OF ACTION FOR FIRST AID
    64 - I5 MEDICAL TREATMENT
    64 - I5.1 General
    64 - I5.2 Inhalation
    64 - I5.3 Eye irritation
    64 - I5.4 Skin contact
    65 - APPENDIX J - EMERGENCY PROCEDURES FOR LEAKS, SPILLS AND FIRE
    65 - J1 GAS LEAKS
    65 - J1.1 Evacuation
    65 - J1.2 Action by trained, equipped personnel
    66 - J2 LIQUID LEAKS AND SPILLS
    66 - J2.1 Essential requirements
    66 - J2.2 Action to be taken
    66 - J3 FIRE
    66 - J3.1 Dangers from fire
    66 - J3.2 Steps to be taken
    67 - APPENDIX K - BIBLIOGRAPHY OF DOCUMENTS PROVIDING GUIDELINES ON THE PREPARATION OF EMERGENCY PLANS
    68 - APPENDIX L - INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED TO EMERGENCY SERVICES
    69 - APPENDIX M - FIRE PROTECTION
    69 - M1 GENERAL
    69 - M2 FIXED SYSTEMS
    69 - M2.1 Fixed fire protection and detection systems
    69 - M2.2 Fire alarm systems
    69 - M3 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
    69 - M3.1 General
    70 - M3.2 Special risks
    70 - M3.3 Maintenance
    70 - M3.4 Limitations
    70 - M4 HOSE REELS
    70 - M4.1 General
    71 - M4.2 Maintenance
    71 - M5 FIRE HYDRANTS
    71 - M5.1 General
    71 - M5.2 Maintenance
    71 - M6 MONITORS
    72 - M7 SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides requirements and recommendations for the safe storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas, in cylinders, drums and bulk, as well as requirements for ancillary equipment.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out requirements and recommendations for the safe storage and handling of liquefied chlorine gas. It also provides requirements and recommendations for vaporisers, chlorinators and other parts of systems in which chlorine is reticulated and distributed.NOTES: 1 Physical and chemical data for chlorine is provided in Appendix A.2 The hazardous properties of chlorine are discussed in Appendix B.For the purposes of this Standard, quantities are expressed in kilograms (kg).

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CH-009
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published as AS 2927-1987.
    Jointly revised and designated as AS/NZS 2927:2001. First published as AS 2927-1987. Jointly revised and designated as AS/NZS 2927:2001.

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