• ASTM D 420 : 2018

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    Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  02-01-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 04.08, 2018 Defines to ASTM methods to perform site characterization for engineering, design, and construction purposes.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide refers to ASTM methods to perform site characterization for engineering, design, and construction purposes. The objective of the site characterization should be to identify and locate, both horizontally and vertically, significant soil and rock types and groundwater conditions present within a given site area and to establish the characteristics of the subsurface materials by sampling or in situ testing, or both.

    1.2Laboratory testing of soil, rock, and groundwater samples is specified by other ASTM standards not listed herein. Subsurface exploration for environmental purposes is also outside the scope of this guide.

    1.3Prior to commencement of the site characterization the site should be checked for potentially hazardous or otherwise contaminated materials or cultural/archeological conditions. If evidence of unknown potentially hazardous or otherwise contaminated materials or conditions are encountered in the course of the site characterization, work shall be interrupted until the circumstances have been evaluated and revised instructions issued.

    1.3.1In addition the location and nature of underground and overhead utilities should be identified to ensure that there is no impact to the proposed site characterization. Impacts may include but are not limited to interference with geophysical methods, damaging utilities, creating an unsafe work condition, and limiting accessibility for exploratory equipment.

    1.4The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Inch-pound units are provided in brackets for convenience.

    1.5This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word“ Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026.

    1.8The procedures used to specify how data are collected/recorded or calculated, in this standard are regarded as the industry standard. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that generally should be retained. The procedures used do not consider material variation, purpose for obtaining the data, special purpose studies, or any considerations for the user's objectives; and it is common practice to increase or reduce significant digits of reported data to be commensurate with these considerations. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.

    1.9This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4394 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using the Rigid Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 4700 : 1991 : R2006 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 5776 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 4840 : 1999 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Sample Chain-of-Custody Procedures
    ASTM D 6430 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Guide for Using the Gravity Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6914/D6914M : 2016 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 6391 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity Using Borehole Infiltration
    ASTM D 5079 : 2002 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples
    ASTM D 4394 : 1984 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using the Rigid Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 6431 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Direct Current Resistivity Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4555 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determining Deformability and Strength of Weak Rock by an In Situ Uniaxial Compressive Test (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 1586 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 3282 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 5195 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM E 177 : 1990 : REV A : R1996 Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
    ASTM D 4630 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Low-Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using the Constant Head Injection Test
    ASTM D 4840 : 1999 Standard Guide for Sampling Chain-of-Custody Procedures
    ASTM D 4879 : 2002 : R2006 Standard Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock
    ASTM D 5731 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications
    ASTM D 4554 : 2002 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities
    ASTM D 5776 : 2014 : REV A Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM E 177 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
    ASTM D 1586 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 4645 : 1987 : R1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of the In-Situ Stress in Rock Using the Hydraulic Fracturing Method
    ASTM D 5778 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Performing Electronic Friction Cone and Piezocone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 4729 : 2008 Standard Test Method for In Situ Stress and Modulus of Deformation Using Flatjack Method (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 1586 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 4452 : 1985 Standard Methods for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 4631 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storativity of Low Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using Pressure Pulse Technique
    ASTM D 1196/D1196M : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Nonrepetitive Static Plate Load Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components, for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 4553 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock
    ASTM D 1452/D1452M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings
    ASTM D 4623 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring MethodUSBM Borehole Deformation Gauge
    ASTM D 7046 : 2004 Standard Guide for Use of the Metal Detection Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4623 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method—Three Component Borehole Deformation Gauge
    ASTM D 7046 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Use of the Metal Detection Method for Subsurface Exploration
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R1994 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 6391 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity Limits of Porous Materials Using Two Stages of Infiltration from a Borehole
    ASTM D 4623 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method-USBM Borehole Deformation Gage
    ASTM D 4044/D4044M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers
    ASTM D 6169/D6169M : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Selection of Soil and Rock Sampling Devices Used With Drill Rigs for Environmental Investigations
    ASTM D 4971 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
    ASTM D 4050 : 2020 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Testing for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 4506 : 1990 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using a Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 4633 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Energy Measurement for Dynamic Penetrometers
    ASTM D 2488 : 1969 : R1975 Recommended Practice for Description Of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5088 : 2002 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Nonradioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM D 5778 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Electronic Friction Cone and Piezocone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 5731 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications
    ASTM D 4700 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 4971 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using the Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
    ASTM D 3404 : 1991 : R1998 Standard Guide for Measuring Matric Potential in the Vadose Zone Using Tensiometers
    ASTM D 3404 : 1991 : R2004 Standard Guide for Measuring Matric Potential in Vadose Zone Using Tensiometers
    ASTM D 2113 : 2014 Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Exploration
    ASTM D 4544 : 2012 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4553 : 2002 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock
    ASTM D 4403 : 2012 Standard Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock
    ASTM D 5776 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 4553 : 1990 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock
    ASTM D 5776 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 4506 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 4395 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Flexible Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 6429 : 1999 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 6391 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity Using Borehole Infiltration
    ASTM D 5195 : 1991 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below the Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 4506 : 2002 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using a Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 4971 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
    ASTM D 4645 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of the In-Situ Stress in Rock Using the Hydraulic Fracturing Method
    ASTM D 6026 : 2006 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4719 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Prebored Pressuremeter Testing in Soils
    ASTM D 3404 : 1991 : R2013 Standard Guide for Measuring Matric Potential in Vadose Zone Using Tensiometers
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM D 4631 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storativity of Low Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using Pressure Pulse Technique
    ASTM D 4971 : 2002 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using the Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
    ASTM D 6151/D6151M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 4554 : 2002 : R2006 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities
    ASTM D 5195 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 6432 : 2019 Standard Guide for Using the Surface Ground Penetrating Radar Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6429 : 1999 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods
    ASTM D 6391 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity Limits of Porous Materials Using Two Stages of Infiltration from a Borehole
    ASTM D 4394 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Rigid Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 4631 : 1995 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storativity of Low Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using Pressure Pulse Technique (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 3282 : 1993 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 6635 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Performing the Flat Plate Dilatometer
    ASTM D 4395 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using the Flexible Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 6286 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4971 : 1989 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using the Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
    ASTM D 5088 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 2113 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Exploration
    ASTM D 3282 : 1993 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 4555 : 1990 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Determining Deformability and Strength of Weak Rock by an In Situ Uniaxial Compressive Test
    ASTM D 1586 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 4544 : 1986 : R1996 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    ASTM C 119 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Dimension Stone
    ASTM D 4645 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determination of In-Situ Stress in Rock Using Hydraulic Fracturing Method (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 6032/D6032M : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining Rock Quality Designation (RQD) of Rock Core
    ASTM D 5093 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using a Double-Ring Infiltrometer with a Sealed-Inner Ring
    ASTM D 5777 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4050 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Test Method (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 4395 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Flexible Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 4630 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Low-Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using the Constant Head Injection Test
    ASTM D 5093 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer with Sealed-Inner Ring
    ASTM D 3385 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Infiltration Rate of Soils in Field Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5777 : 2000 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4544 : 1986 : R2008 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    ASTM D 4544 : 2020 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    IEEE/ASTM SI 10 : 2010 METRIC PRACTICE
    ASTM D 7128 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic-Reflection Method for Shallow Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5753 : 2005 Standard Guide for Planning and Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging
    ASTM D 3385 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Infiltration Rate of Soils in Field Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer
    ASTM D 5777 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4623 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method—Three Component Borehole Deformation Gauge
    ASTM D 6432 : 1999 Standard Guide for Using the Surface Ground Penetrating Radar Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4729 : 1987 : R1997 Standard Test Method for In Situ Stress and Modulus of Deformation Using the Flatjack Method
    ASTM D 5778 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Electronic Friction Cone and Piezocone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 4623 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method-USBM Borehole Deformation Gage
    ASTM D 5088 : 2020 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 3385 : 2009-03 TEST METHOD FOR INFILTRATION RATE OF SOILS IN FIELD USING DOUBLE-RING INFILTROMETER
    ASTM D 6429 : 1999 : R2006 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods
    ASTM D 3385 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Infiltration Rate of Soils in Field Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer
    ASTM D 6914/D6914M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 6635 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Performing the Flat Plate Dilatometer
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4452 : 1985 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Methods for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 4554 : 2012 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 4403 : 2020 Standard Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock
    ASTM D 1195/D1195M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Repetitive Static Plate Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 5088 : 1990 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Nonradioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM D 5079 : 1990 : R1996 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples
    ASTM D 4429 : 1993 Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Soils in Place (Withdrawn 2002)
    ASTM D 4544 : 1986 : R2002 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    ASTM D 6026 : 1999 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4630 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Low-Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using the Constant Head Injection Test
    ASTM D 5731 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock
    ASTM D 3213 : 2013 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM D 5731 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications
    ASTM D 6430 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Gravity Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 5126 : 1990 : R2004 Standard Guide for Comparison of Field Methods for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity in the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 5778 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Electronic Friction Cone and Piezocone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 3213 : 2019 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM D 4403 : 1984 : R2005 Standard Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock
    ASTM D 2488 : 2009 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 4050 : 1996 Standard Test Method (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2007 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3213 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM D 4879 : 2008 Standard Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4623 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method-USBM Borehole Deformation Gage
    ASTM D 4700 : 2015 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 4719 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Prebored Pressuremeter Testing in Soils (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 7015 : 2013 Standard Practices for Obtaining Intact Block (Cubical and Cylindrical) Samples of Soils
    ASTM D 4395 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Flexible Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 6635 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Performing the Flat Plate Dilatometer
    ASTM D 1196/D1196M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Nonrepetitive Static Plate Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 4544 : 2019 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    ASTM D 5079 : 2002 : R2006 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples
    ASTM D 3282 : 2015 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 4403 : 1984 : R1994 Standard Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock
    ASTM D 6169/D6169M : 2021 Standard Guide for Selection of Subsurface Soil and Rock Sampling Devices for Environmental and Geotechnical Investigations
    ASTM D 7400 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Downhole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 6026 : 1996 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4050 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Testing for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 5126 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Comparison of Field Methods for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity in Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 3213 : 2008 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Intact Marine Soil
    ASTM D 7015 : 2007 Standard Practices for Obtaining Intact Block (Cubical and Cylindrical) Samples of Soils
    ASTM D 2488 : 2000 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5776 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 2113 : 2006 Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation
    ASTM D 6432 : 2011 Standard Guide for Using the Surface Ground Penetrating Radar Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4554 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities
    ASTM D 6286 : 1998 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 2113 : 2008 Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation
    ASTM D 4633 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Energy Measurement for Dynamic Penetrometers
    ASTM D 4429 : 2004 Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Soils in Place
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 6169/D6169M : 2013 Standard Guide for Selection of Soil and Rock Sampling Devices Used With Drill Rigs for Environmental Investigations
    ASTM D 6431 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Guide for Using the Direct Current Resistivity Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6431 : 1999 : R2010 Standard Guide for Using the Direct Current Resistivity Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6282/D6282M : 2014 Standard Guide for Direct Push Soil Sampling for Environmental Site Characterizations
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4879 : 2002 Standard Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock
    ASTM D 2113 : 1999 Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Investigation
    ASTM D 4879 : 1989 : R1996 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock
    ASTM D 4506 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using a Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 4428/D4428M : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Crosshole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 5126 : 1990 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Comparison of Field Methods for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity in the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 6286 : 2012 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 5731 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock
    ASTM D 7015 : 2004 Standard Practices for Obtaining Undisturbed Block (Cubical and Cylindrical) Samples of Soils
    ASTM D 4555 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Determining Deformability and Strength of Weak Rock by an In Situ Uniaxial Compressive Test
    ASTM D 3213 : 2003 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Undisturbed Marine Soil
    ASTM D 3385 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Infiltration Rate of Soils in Field Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer
    ASTM D 4452 : 2006 Standard Practice for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 5092/D5092M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 5753 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Guide for Planning and Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging
    ASTM D 6026 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 5777 : 2000 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5776 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2016 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 4452 : 2014 Standard Practice for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 6430 : 1999 Standard Guide for Using the Gravity Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6635 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Performing the Flat Plate Dilatometer
    ASTM D 5093 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer with Sealed-Inner Ring
    ASTM D 6430 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Guide for Using the Gravity Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6432 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Using the Surface Ground Penetrating Radar Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5776 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 4394 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Rigid Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 5088 : 2015 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 6391 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity Using Borehole Infiltration
    ASTM D 4700 : 1991 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 4729 : 2004 Standard Test Method for In Situ Stress and Modulus of Deformation Using the Flatjack Method
    ASTM D 4050 : 2014 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Testing for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 4506 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of a Rock Mass Using the Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 5088 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 2487 : 2010 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 6286 : 2019 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling and Direct Push Methods for Geotechnical and Environmental Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 2487 : 2000 Standard Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 5079 : 2008 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Rock Core Samples (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 5731 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock
    ASTM D 5093 : 1990 : R1997 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using a Double-Ring Infiltrometer with a Sealed-Inner Ring
    ASTM D 4553 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 4553 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock
    ASTM D 4633 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Energy Measurement for Dynamic Penetrometers
    ASTM D 5753 : 2018 Standard Guide for Planning and Conducting Geotechnical Borehole Geophysical Logging
    ASTM D 4633 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Energy Measurement for Dynamic Penetrometers
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 7128 : 2005 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic-Reflection Method for Shallow Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6026 : 2021 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits and Data Records in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 6431 : 1999 Standard Guide for Using the Direct Current Resistivity Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5195 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 4429 : 2009 : REV A Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Soils in Place (Withdrawn 2018)
    ASTM D 3213 : 1991 : R1997 Standard Practices for Handling, Storing, and Preparing Soft Undisturbed Marine Soil
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4555 : 2001 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Determining Deformability and Strength of Weak Rock by an In Situ Uniaxial Compressive Test
    ASTM D 3550/D3550M : 2017 Standard Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 2487 : 2011 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 4971 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using Diametrically Loaded 76-mm (3-in.) Borehole Jack
    ASTM D 4452 : 1985 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 4394 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Rigid Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 7128 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic-Reflection Method for Shallow Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4220/D4220M : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples
    ASTM D 4452 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 1587/D1587M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Fine-Grained Soils for Geotechnical Purposes
    ASTM D 4554 : 1990 : R1995 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities
    ASTM D 4403 : 1984 : R2000 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Extensometers Used in Rock
    ASTM D 4719 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Prebored Pressuremeter Testing in Soils
    ASTM D 5195 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 4645 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of the In-Situ Stress in Rock Using the Hydraulic Fracturing Method
    ASTM D 5776 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
    ASTM D 7400 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Downhole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 4506 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 75/D75M : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Sampling Aggregates
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 4506 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 2488 : 2009 : REV A Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM C 119 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Dimension Stone
    ASTM D 7400 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Downhole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 5195 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 7046 : 2011 Standard Guide for Use of the Metal Detection Method for Subsurface Exploration (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 2488 : 2006 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 1195/D1195M : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Repetitive Static Plate Load Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components, for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 5753 : 1995 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Planning and Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging (Withdrawn 2005)
    ASTM D 5731 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications
    ASTM D 4429 : 2009 Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Soils in Place
    ASTM D 4050 : 1996 : R2008 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 2487 : 1969 : R1975 Standard Test Method for Classification Of Soils For Engineering Purposes
    ASTM D 3404 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Measuring Matric Potential in Vadose Zone Using Tensiometers
    ASTM D 3282 : 2009 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 4630 : 1996 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Low-Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using the Constant Head Injection Test (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 4633 : 1986 Test Method For Stress Wave Energy Measurment For Dynamic Penetrometer Testing Systems (Withdrawn 1995)
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 3404 : 2015 Standard Guide for Measuring Matric Potential in Vadose Zone Using Tensiometers
    ASTM D 5195 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below the Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 7400 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Downhole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 5093 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer with Sealed-Inner Ring
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