• ASTM D 4223/D4223M : 2012

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Practice for Preparation of Test Specimens of Asphalt-Stabilized Soils

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-12-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  02-16-2012

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 04.08, 2017 Defines the selection and proportioning of soils and emulsified or cutback asphalts and the fabrication of 100 mm [4-in.] diameter by 65 mm [2.5-in.] high test specimens.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This practice covers the selection and proportioning of soils and emulsified or cutback asphalts and the fabrication of 100-mm [4-in.] diameter by 65-mm [2.5-in.] high test specimens.

    1.2 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026.

    1.3 UnitsThe values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units [presented in brackets] are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3.1 The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight) while the unit for mass is slugs. The rationalized slug unit is not given, unless dynamic (F=ma) calculations are involved.

    1.3.2 It is common practice in the engineering/construction profession to concurrently use pounds to represent both a unit of mass (lbm) and of force (lbf). This implicitly combines two separate systems of units; that is, the absolute system and the gravitational system. It is scientifically undesirable to combine the use of two separate sets of inch-pound units within a single standard. As stated, this standard includes the gravitational system of inch-pound units and does not use/present the slug unit for mass. However, the use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording in lbm/ft3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard.

    1.4 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word Standard in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ^REFERENCE:

    ASTM Standards:

    C117 Test Method for Materials Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing

    C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates

    D8 Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements

    D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D977 Specification for Emulsified Asphalt

    D1074 Test Method for Compressive Strength of Bituminous Mixtures

    D1188 Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Coated Samples

    D1559 Test Method for Resistance to Plastic Flow of Bituminous Mixtures Using Marshall Apparatus (Withdrawn)

    D1560 Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus

    D1561 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor

    D2026 Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Slow-Curing Type)

    D2027 Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Medium-Curing Type)

    D2028 Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Rapid-Curing Type)

    D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass

    D2397 Specification for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt

    D2419 Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate

    D2726 Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D4123 Test Method for Indirect Tension Test for Resilient Modulus of Bituminous Mixtures (Withdrawn)

    D4318 Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Development Note Supersedes ASTM D 4223. (02/2012)
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2216 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 75 : 2003 Standard Practice for Sampling Aggregates
    ASTM D 2726 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 2027 : 1997 Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Medium-Curing Type)
    ASTM D 2216 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4318 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 2726 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 1560 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 3740 : 2019 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 3740 : 2008 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 2726 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012-06 PRACTICE FOR MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR AGENCIES ENGAGED IN TESTING AND/OR INSPECTION OF SOIL AND ROCK AS USED IN ENGINEERING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
    ASTM D 1074 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 1188 : 2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Coated Samples
    ASTM D 6026 : 2006 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 1561 : 1992 : R2005 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor
    ASTM D 1074 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 4318 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 1074 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 3740 : 1999 : REV C Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4318 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 1188 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Coated Samples
    ASTM D 1074 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 1188 : 2007 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Coated Samples
    ASTM D 2026 : 1997 : R2010 Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Slow-Curing Type)
    ASTM D 2397 : 2012 Standard Specification for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt
    ASTM D 2726 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 2026 : 1997 Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Slow-Curing Type)
    ASTM D 1188 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Paraffin-Coated Specimens
    ASTM D 1560 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 6026 : 1999 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4123 : 1982 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Indirect Tension Test for Resilient Modulus of Bituminous Mixtures (Withdrawn 2003)
    ASTM D 3740 : 2011 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1560 : 1992 : R2000 Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 2726 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 1560 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3740 : 2010 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 2419 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 4318 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 6026 : 1996 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM C 136 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates
    ASTM D 2028 : 1997 Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Rapid-Curing Type)
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 : REV A Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 2026 : 1997 : R2004 Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Slow-Curing Type)
    ASTM D 2397 : 2002 Standard Specification for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt
    ASTM D 2419 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate
    ASTM D 1559 : 1989 Test Method for Resistance of Plastic Flow of Bituminous Mixtures Using Marshall Apparatus (Withdrawn 1998)
    ASTM D 3740 : 2001 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1188 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Paraffin-Coated Specimens
    ASTM D 2419 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate
    ASTM D 1560 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Asphalt Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 2726 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 4318 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 1188 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Paraffin-Coated Specimens
    ASTM D 1560 : 2009 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 1560 : 1992 : R2005 Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012 : REV A Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM C 117 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Materials Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing
    ASTM D 1561 : 1992 : R2000 Standard Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor
    ASTM D 4318 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 3740 : 2003 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 2726 : 2005 : REV A Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 1074 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Bituminous Mixtures
    ASTM D 2216 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 2397 : 2005 Standard Specification for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt
    ASTM D 2216 : 1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 2397 : 1998 Standard Specification for Cationic Emulsified Asphalt
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 2419 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate
    ASTM D 1561 : 1992 : R2005 Standard Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1560 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Resistance to Deformation and Cohesion of Asphalt Mixtures by Means of Hveem Apparatus
    ASTM D 2419 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Sand Equivalent Value of Soils and Fine Aggregate
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 2726 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures
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