• ASTM D 4753 : 2015

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    Standard Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  05-01-2015

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This guide provides minimum requirements for general-purpose scales, balances, and standard masses used in testing soil, rock, and related construction materials.

    1.2This guide provides guidance for evaluating, selecting, and specifying general purpose scales, balances, and standard masses used in testing soil, rock, and related construction materials.

    1.3The accuracy requirements for balances and scales are specified in terms of the combined effect of all sources of error contributing to overall balance performance. The measurement of specific sources of error and consideration of details pertaining to balance construction has been intentionally avoided.

    1.4This guide does not include requirements for balances and scales having accuracies greater than those generally required in testing soil, rock, and related construction materials or for research programs or specialized testing requirements.

    1.5This guide does not apply to nongraduated balances.

    1.6This guide does not address the methods used to verify or quantify specific parameters dealing with balances and scales. For a description of tests used in evaluating balance performance, see NIST Handbook 44.

    1.7This guide is not intended to be used as a specification for the purchase of balances and scales.

    Note 1:The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), formerly the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), and the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) publish standards or practices that specify construction requirements as well as performance guides for balances. ASTM, OIML, and NIST publish construction standards and tolerances for standard masses.

    Note 2:The terms “mass” and “determine the mass of” are used in this standard instead of the more commonly used terms “weight” and “weigh” to comply with standard metric practice. In addition, the term “standard mass(es)” is used instead of standard “standard weight(s)” when referring to a piece of material of known specified mass used to compare or measure the mass of other masses.

    1.8This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

    1.9This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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    Committee D 18
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4643 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil and Rock by Microwave Oven Heating
    ASTM D 2937 : 2017 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM D 4612 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Calculating Thermal Diffusivity of Rock and Soil
    ASTM D 8199 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining the Specific Strength of Hydraulically Applied Fiber Matrix Products for Erosion Control
    ASTM D 7986 : 2017 : REV A Standard Practice for Preparing Specimens of Hydraulic Erosion Control Products for Index Property Testing
    ASTM D 3744/D3744M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Aggregate Durability Index
    ASTM D 3080/D3080M : 2011 Standard Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soils Under Consolidated Drained Conditions (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 3042 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Insoluble Residue in Carbonate Aggregates
    ASTM D 1632 : 2017 Standard Practice for Making and Curing Soil-Cement Compression and Flexure Test Specimens in the Laboratory
    ASTM D 5856 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Porous Material Using a Rigid-Wall, Compaction-Mold Permeameter
    ASTM D 1556/D1556M : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by Sand-Cone Method
    ASTM D 6128 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Bulk Solids Using the Jenike Shear Tester
    ASTM D 6780/D6780M : 2012 Standard Test Method for Water Content and Density of Soil In situ by Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR)
    ASTM D 7626 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Organic Treat Loading of Organophilic Clay
    ASTM D 1883 : 2016 Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
    ASTM D 7481 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Determining Loose and Tapped Bulk Densities of Powders using a Graduated Cylinder
    ASTM D 7367 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Holding Capacity of Fiber Mulches for Hydraulic Planting
    ASTM D 7503 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Exchange Complex and Cation Exchange Capacity of Inorganic Fine-Grained Soils
    ASTM D 7263 : 2009 : R2018 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density (Unit Weight) of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 6307 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Asphalt Content of Asphalt Mixture by Ignition Method
    ASTM D 5312/D5312M : 2012 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Freezing and Thawing Conditions
    ASTM D 5313/D5313M : 2012 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Wetting and Drying Conditions
    ASTM D 5779/D5779M : 2014 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Rapid Specific Gravity of Rock and Manmade Materials for Erosion Control
    ASTM D 6857/D6857M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Asphalt Mixtures Using Automatic Vacuum Sealing Method
    ASTM D 6539 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Permeability of Unsaturated Porous Materials by Flowing Air (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 6704 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Determining the Workability of Asphalt Cold Mix Patching Material
    ASTM D 7262 : 2010 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Estimating the Permanganate Natural Oxidant Demand of Soil and Aquifer Solids
    ASTM D 5334 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Thermal Conductivity of Soil and Soft Rock by Thermal Needle Probe Procedure
    ASTM D 7047 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Swell Volume of Plantago Insularis (Ovata, Psyllium)
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 2850 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Compression Test on Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 4944 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester
    ASTM D 7196 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Raveling Test of Cold-Mixed Emulsified Asphalt Samples
    ASTM D 1633 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Compressive Strength of Molded Soil-Cement Cylinders
    ASTM D 5890 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Swell Index of Clay Mineral Component of Geosynthetic Clay Liners
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 5268 : 2013 Standard Specification for Topsoil Used for Landscaping Purposes
    ASTM D 7100 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Compatibility Testing of Soils with Aqueous Solutions
    ASTM D 2435/D2435M : 2011 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
    ASTM D 4015 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Modulus and Damping of Soils by Fixed-Base Resonant Column Devices
    ASTM D 560/D560M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Freezing and Thawing Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
    ASTM D 5240/D5240M : 2012 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Using Sodium Sulfate or Magnesium Sulfate
    ASTM D 5298 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Soil Potential (Suction) Using Filter Paper
    ASTM D 6752/D6752M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Asphalt Mixtures Using Automatic Vacuum Sealing Method
    ASTM D 6390 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Draindown Characteristics in Uncompacted Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 4511 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity of Essentially Saturated Peat
    ASTM D 6773 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Bulk Solids Using Schulze Ring Shear Tester
    ASTM D 4644 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Slake Durability of Shales and Other Similar Weak Rocks
    ASTM D 4373 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Carbonate Content of Soils
    ASTM D 4914/D4914M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Density of Soil and Rock in Place by the Sand Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 558 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Moisture-Density (Unit Weight) Relations of Soil-Cement Mixtures
    ASTM D 5030/D5030M : 2013 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Density of Soil and Rock in Place by the Water Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 7181 : 2011 Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils
    ASTM D 4829 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Expansion Index of Soils
    ASTM D 7928 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM D 5550 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Gas Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2977 : 2014 Standard Practice for Particle Size Range of Peat Materials for Horticultural Purposes
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 1754/D1754M : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Effects of Heat and Air on Asphaltic Materials (Thin-Film Oven Test)
    ASTM D 4254 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 8106 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Oil Sorption Capacity of Organophilic Clay
    ASTM D 546 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Mineral Filler for Asphalt Paving Mixtures
    ASTM D 1140 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Amount of Material Finer than 75-μm (No. 200) Sieve in Soils by Washing
    ASTM D 1561/D1561M : 2013 Standard Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 6276 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Using pH to Estimate the Soil-Lime Proportion Requirement for Soil Stabilization
    ASTM D 854 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer
    ASTM D 4972 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 4186/D4186M : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Saturated Cohesive Soils Using Controlled-Strain Loading
    ASTM D 4647/D4647M : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Identification and Classification of Dispersive Clay Soils by the Pinhole Test
    ASTM D 1074 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 586 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Ash and Organic Matter Content of Degradable Erosion Control Products
    ASTM D 5982 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Determining Cement Content of Fresh Soil-Cement (Heat of Neutralization Method)
    ASTM D 4959 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil By Direct Heating
    ASTM D 7172 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determining the Relative Density (Specific Gravity) and Absorption of Fine Aggregates Using Infrared (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 4318 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
    ASTM D 6627/D6627M : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of a Volatile Distillate Fraction of Cold Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 2167 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method
    ASTM D 7063/D7063M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Effective Porosity and Effective Air Voids of Compacted Asphalt Mixture Samples
    ASTM D 2974 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM D 6925 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Preparation and Determination of the Relative Density of Asphalt Mix Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor
    ASTM D 6473 : 2015 Standard Test Method For Specific Gravity And Absorption of Rock For Erosion Control
    ASTM D 425 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Centrifuge Moisture Equivalent of Soils
    ASTM D 8151 : 2019 Standard Practice for Obtaining Rainfall Runoff from Unvegetated Rolled and Hydraulic Erosion Control Products (RECPs and HECPs) for Acute Ecotoxicity Testing
    ASTM D 6683 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Bulk Density Values of Powders and Other Bulk Solids as Function of Compressive Stress
    ASTM D 6913/D6913M : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASTM D 7560 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fiber Length Percentages in Hydraulic Erosion Control Products (HECPs)
    ASTM D 6521 : 2019 Standard Practice for Accelerated Aging of Asphalt Binder Using a Pressurized Aging Vessel (PAV)
    ASTM D 4546 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Swell or Collapse of Soils
    ASTM D 2973 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Peat Materials
    ASTM D 806 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Cement Content of Hardened Soil-Cement Mixtures
    ASTM D 6836 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Determination of the Soil Water Characteristic Curve for Desorption Using Hanging Column, Pressure Extractor, Chilled Mirror Hygrometer, or Centrifuge
    ASTM D 7760 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Materials Derived from Scrap Tires Using a Rigid Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 2980 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Saturated Density, Moisture-Holding Capacity, and Porosity of Saturated Peat Materials
    ASTM D 2041/D2041M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 2726/D2726M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Non-Absorptive Compacted Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 1188 : 2007 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of Compacted Bituminous Mixtures Using Coated Samples
    ASTM D 3155 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Lime Content of Uncured Soil-Lime Mixtures (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 5887/D5887M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Index Flux Through Saturated Geosynthetic Clay Liner Specimens Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 7370/D7370M : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Relative Density and Absorption of Fine, Coarse and Blended Aggregate Using Combined Vacuum Saturation and Rapid Submersion
    ASTM D 2172/D2172M : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Quantitative Extraction of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures
    ASTM D 5084 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 6766 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hydraulic Properties of Geosynthetic Clay Liners Permeated with Potentially Incompatible Aqueous Solutions
    ASTM D 4943 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Shrinkage Factors of Cohesive Soils by the Water Submersion Method
    ASTM D 559/D559M : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Wetting and Drying Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
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