• ASTM D 5338 : 2015 : REDLINE

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    Standard Test Method for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Plastic Materials Under Controlled Composting Conditions, Incorporating Thermophilic Temperatures

    Available format(s):  PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  06-01-2015

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 08.03, 2015 Describes the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation of plastic materials on exposure to a controlled-composting environment under laboratory conditions, at thermophilic temperatures.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method determines the degree and rate of aerobic biodegradation of plastic materials on exposure to a controlled-composting environment under laboratory conditions, at thermophilic temperatures. This test method is designed to yield reproducible and repeatable test results under controlled conditions that resemble composting conditions, where thermophilic temperatures are achieved. The test substances are exposed to an inoculum that is derived from compost from municipal solid waste. The aerobic composting takes place in an environment where temperature, aeration and humidity are closely monitored and controlled.

    Note 1:During composting, thermophilic temperatures are most readily achieved in large-scale, professionally-managed facilities. However, these temperatures may also be reached in smaller residential composting units, frequently referred to as “backyard” or “home” composting.

    1.2This test method is designed to yield a percentage of conversion of carbon in the sample to carbon dioxide. The rate of biodegradation is monitored as well.

    1.3This test method is designed to be applicable to all plastic materials, which are intended to be composted in facilities that achieve thermophilic temperatures.

    1.4The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 8.

    1.6This test method is equivalent to ISO 14855.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 20
    Document Type Redline
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    I.S. EN ISO 14021:2016 ENVIRONMENTAL LABELS AND DECLARATIONS - SELF-DECLARED ENVIRONMENTAL CLAIMS (TYPE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL LABELLING) (ISO 14021:2016)
    ASTM D 5975 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining the Stability of Compost by Measuring Oxygen Consumption
    ASTM D 6094 : 1997 : R2004 Standard Guide to Assess the Compostability of Environmentally Degradable Nonwoven Fabrics (Withdrawn 2008)
    CEN/TR 16208 : 2011 BIOBASED PRODUCTS - OVERVIEW OF STANDARDS
    11/30240161 DC : 0 BS ISO 18606 - PACKAGING AND THE ENVIRONMENT - ORGANIC RECYCLING
    06/30145847 DC : DRAFT FEB 2006 ISO 17088 - SPECIFICATIONS FOR COMPOSTABLE PLASTICS
    ASTM D 6094 : 1997 Standard Guide to Assess the Compostability of Environmentally Degradable Nonwoven Fabrics
    ASTM D 6340 : 1998 : R2007 Standard Test Methods for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Radiolabeled Plastic Materials in an Aqueous or Compost Environment (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 6954 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Exposing and Testing Plastics that Degrade in the Environment by a Combination of Oxidation and Biodegradation
    ASTM D 5951 : 1996 Standard Practice for Preparing Residual Solids Obtained After Biodegradability Standard Methods for Plastics in Solid Waste for Toxicity and Compost Quality Testing
    PD CEN/TR 16208:2011 (published 2011-05) Biobased products. Overview of standards
    ASTM D 6002 : 1996 Standard Guide for Assessing the Compostability of Environmentally Degradable Plastics
    CSA PLUS 14021 : 2008 ENVIRONMENTAL CLAIMS: A GUIDE FOR INDUSTRY AND ADVERTISERS
    ASTM D 6002 : 1996 : R2002 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Assessing the Compostability of Environmentally Degradable Plastics (Withdrawn 2011)
    S.R. CEN/TR 16208:2011 BIOBASED PRODUCTS - OVERVIEW OF STANDARDS
    EN ISO 14021:2016 ENVIRONMENTAL LABELS AND DECLARATIONS - SELF-DECLARED ENVIRONMENTAL CLAIMS (TYPE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL LABELLING) (ISO 14021:2016)
    ISO 14021:2016 Environmental labels and declarations Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling)
    UNE-EN ISO 14021:2017 Environmental labels and declarations - Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) (ISO 14021:2016)
    ISO 18606:2013 Packaging and the environment Organic recycling
    ASTM D 7444 : 2011 Standard Practice for Heat and Humidity Aging of Oxidatively Degradable Plastics
    BS EN ISO 14021:2016 Environmental labels and declarations. Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling)
    ASTM D 6340 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Determining Aerobic Biodegradation of Radiolabeled Plastic Materials in an Aqueous or Compost Environment
    ASTM D 5951 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Practice for Preparing Residual Solids Obtained After Biodegradability Standard Methods for Plastics in Solid Waste for Toxicity and Compost Quality Testing (Withdrawn 2011)
    ISO 17088:2012 Specifications for compostable plastics
    ASTM D 6868 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Labeling of End Items that Incorporate Plastics and Polymers as Coatings or Additives with Paper and Other Substrates Designed to be Aerobically Composted in Municipal or Industrial Facilities
    ASTM D 7081 : 2005 Standard Specification for Non-Floating Biodegradable Plastics in the Marine Environment (Withdrawn 2014)
    ASTM D 6003 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Weight Loss From Plastic Materials Exposed to Simulated Municipal Solid-Waste (MSW) Aerobic Compost Environment (Withdrawn 2005)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 618 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
    ISO 14855:1999 Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability and disintegration of plastic materials under controlled composting conditions Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxide
    ASTM E 260 : 1996 Standard Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 4332 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing
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