• ASTM D 653 : 2021

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  09-22-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  02-02-2021

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1These definitions apply to many terms found in the Terminology section of standards of ASTM Committee D18.

    1.2This terminology standard defines terms related to soil, rock, and contained fluids found in the various sections of standards under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D18.

    1.3Definitions of terms relating to frozen soils are contained in Terminology D7099.

    1.4This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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    Committee D 18
    Document Type Reference Material
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6393/D6393M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Bulk Solids Characterization by Carr Indices
    ASTM E 2531 : 2006 : R2020 Standard Guide for Development of Conceptual Site Models and Remediation Strategies for Light Nonaqueous-Phase Liquids Released to the Subsurface
    ASTM D 4373 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Carbonate Content of Soils
    ASTM E 2856 : 2013 : R2021 Standard Guide for Estimation of LNAPL Transmissivity
    ASTM D 4535 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Thermal Expansion of Rock Using Dilatometer
    ASTM D 4491/D4491M : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity
    ASTM D 7780 : 2020 Standard Practice for Minimum Geospatial Data for Representing Coal Mining Features
    ASTM D 7560 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fiber Length Percentages in Hydraulic Erosion Control Products (HECPs)
    ASTM D 6103/D6103M : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Flow Consistency of Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM)
    ASTM D 7830/D7830M : 2014 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for In-Place Density (Unit Weight) and Water Content of Soil Using an Electromagnetic Soil Density Gauge
    ASTM D 6758 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Measuring Stiffness and Apparent Modulus of Soil and Soil-Aggregate In-Place by Electro-Mechanical Method
    ASTM D 6938 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 7014 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Installation of Double-Twisted Wire Mesh Gabions and Revet Mattresses
    ASTM D 4748 : 2010 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Determining the Thickness of Bound Pavement Layers Using Short-Pulse Radar
    ASTM E 1676 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Guide for Conducting Laboratory Soil Toxicity or Bioaccumulation Tests with the Lumbricid Earthworm Eisenia Fetida and the Enchytraeid Potworm Enchytraeus albidus
    ASTM D 7928 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM D 8281/D8281M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining the Presence of Expanding Clays in Rock for Erosion Control Using Ethylene Glycol
    ASTM D 4992 : 2014 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Rock to be Used for Erosion Control
    ASTM D 5220/D5220M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Water Mass per Unit Volume of Soil and Rock In-Place by the Neutron Depth Probe Method
    ASTM D 6572 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Determining Dispersive Characteristics of Clayey Soils by the Crumb Test
    ASTM D 4186/D4186M : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Saturated Cohesive Soils Using Controlled-Strain Loading
    ASTM F 1953 : 2010 : R2018 Standard Guide for Construction and Maintenance of Grass Tennis Courts
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 6230 : 2021 : EDT 1 Standard Practices for Monitoring Earth or Structural Movement Using Inclinometers
    ASTM D 7759/D7759M : 2021 Standard Guide for Nuclear Surface Moisture and Density Gauge Calibration
    ASTM D 5321/D5321M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Determining the Shear Strength of Soil-Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic-Geosynthetic Interfaces by Direct Shear
    ASTM D 7762 : 2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Design of Stabilization of Soil and Soil-Like Materials with Self-Cementing Fly Ash
    ASTM D 7702/D7702M : 2014 : R2021 Standard Guide for Considerations When Evaluating Direct Shear Results Involving Geosynthetics
    ASTM D 4546 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Swell or Collapse of Soils
    ASTM D 5030/D5030M : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Density of In-Place Soil and Rock Materials by the Water Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 5313/D5313M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Wetting and Drying Conditions
    ASTM D 7698 : 2021 Standard Test Method for In-Place Estimation of Density and Water Content of Soil and Aggregate by Correlation with Complex Impedance Method
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 5195 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 6026 : 2021 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits and Data Records in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4753 : 2015 Standard Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
    ASTM D 559/D559M : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Wetting and Drying Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
    ASTM D 5490 : 1993 : R2014 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Comparing Groundwater Flow Model Simulations to Site-Specific Information
    ASTM D 1634 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Soil-Cement Using Portions of Beams Broken in Flexure (Modified Cube Method)
    ASTM D 7262 : 2010 : R2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Estimating the Permanganate Natural Oxidant Demand of Soil and Aquifer Solids
    ASTM D 4829 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Expansion Index of Soils
    ASTM D 5334 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Determination of Thermal Conductivity of Soil and Soft Rock by Thermal Needle Probe Procedure
    ASTM D 4525 : 2013 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Permeability of Rocks by Flowing Air (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5311/D5311M : 2013 Standard Test Method for Load Controlled Cyclic Triaxial Strength of Soil (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5855/D5855M : 2020 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Confined Nonleaky or Leaky Aquifer by Constant Drawdown Method in Flowing Well
    ASTM D 4944 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester
    ASTM D 5744 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Weathering of Solid Materials Using a Humidity Cell
    ASTM D 6727/D6727M : 2016 Standard Guide for Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging—Neutron
    ASTM E 2838 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Thiodiglycol on Wipes by Solvent Extraction Followed by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 6475 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring Mass per Unit Area of Erosion Control Blankets
    ASTM D 6452 : 2018 Standard Guide for Purging Methods for Wells Used for Ground Water Quality Investigations
    ASTM D 5980 : 2016 Standard Guide for Selection and Documentation of Existing Wells for Use in Environmental Site Characterization and Monitoring
    ASTM D 2944 : 2014 Standard Practice of Sampling Processed Peat Materials
    ASTM D 4015 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Modulus and Damping of Soils by Fixed-Base Resonant Column Devices
    ASTM D 4554 : 2012 Standard Test Method for In Situ Determination of Direct Shear Strength of Rock Discontinuities (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM F 480 : 2014 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Well Casing Pipe and Couplings Made in Standard Dimension Ratios (SDR), SCH 40 and SCH 80
    ASTM D 1143/D1143M : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundation Elements Under Static Axial Compressive Load
    ASTM D 6639 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Frequency Domain Electromagnetic Method for Subsurface Site Characterizations
    ASTM D 6726 : 2015 Standard Guide for Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging—Electromagnetic Induction
    ASTM D 560/D560M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Freezing and Thawing Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
    ASTM D 5298 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Soil Potential (Suction) Using Filter Paper
    ASTM D 1635/D1635M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Soil-Cement Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading
    ASTM D 6024/D6024M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Ball Drop on Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM) to Determine Suitability for Load Application
    ASTM D 5872/D5872M : 2018 Standard Guide for Use of Casing Advancement Drilling Methods for Geoenvironmental Exploration and Installation of Subsurface Water Quality Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 6773 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Bulk Solids Using Schulze Ring Shear Tester
    ASTM D 6914/D6914M : 2016 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 5126 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Comparison of Field Methods for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity in Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 6430 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Gravity Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM E 2787 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Thiodiglycol in Soil Using Pressurized Fluid Extraction Followed by Single Reaction Monitoring Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)
    ASTM D 5239 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Characterizing Fly Ash for Use in Soil Stabilization (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 4648/D4648M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Miniature Vane Shear Test for SaturatedFine-Grained Clayey Soil
    ASTM D 5978/D5978M : 2016 Standard Guide for Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 2936 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Direct Tensile Strength of Intact Rock Core Specimens
    ASTM D 5092/D5092M : 2016 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6001/D6001M : 2020 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 5887/D5887M : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Index Flux Through Saturated Geosynthetic Clay Liner Specimens Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 6103/D6103M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Flow Consistency of Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM)
    ASTM D 2977 : 2014 Standard Practice for Particle Size Range of Peat Materials for Horticultural Purposes
    ASTM D 6724/D6724M : 2016 Standard Guide for Installation of Direct Push Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 4633 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Energy Measurement for Dynamic Penetrometers
    ASTM D 5607 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Performing Laboratory Direct Shear Strength Tests of Rock Specimens Under Constant Normal Force
    ASTM D 4520 : 2018 Standard Practice for Determining Water Injectivity Through the Use of On-Site Floods
    ASTM D 6234 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Shake Extraction of Mining Waste by the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure
    ASTM D 5881 : 2020 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedures) Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Critically Damped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 4972 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 6141 : 2018 Standard Guide for Screening Clay Portion and Index Flux of Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL) for Chemical Compatibility to Liquids
    ASTM D 5141 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Filtering Efficiency and Flow Rate of the Filtration Component of a Sediment Retention Device
    ASTM D 1241 : 2015 Standard Specification for Materials for Soil-Aggregate Subbase, Base, and Surface Courses
    ASTM D 5923 : 2018 Standard Guide for Selection of Kriging Methods in Geostatistical Site Investigations
    ASTM D 2167 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method
    ASTM D 5971/D5971M : 2016 Standard Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Controlled Low-Strength Material
    ASTM D 4044/D4044M : 2015 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers
    ASTM D 4631 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Transmissivity and Storativity of Low Permeability Rocks by In Situ Measurements Using Pressure Pulse Technique
    ASTM D 586 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Ash and Organic Matter Content of Degradable Erosion Control Products
    ASTM D 7663 : 2012 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Active Soil Gas Sampling in the Vadose Zone for Vapor Intrusion Evaluations
    ASTM D 6635 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Performing the Flat Plate Dilatometer
    ASTM D 6941 : 2019 Standard Practice for Measuring Fluidization Segregation Tendencies of Powders
    ASTM D 6461/D6461M : 2018 Standard Specifications for Silt Fence Materials
    ASTM D 7764 : 2020 Standard Practice for Pre-Installation Acceptance Testing of Vibrating Wire Piezometers
    ASTM D 5777 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4643 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil and Rock by Microwave Oven Heating
    ASTM D 7277 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Performance Testing of Articulating Concrete Block (ACB) Revetment Systems for Hydraulic Stability in Open Channel Flow
    ASTM D 2937 : 2017 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
    ASTM D 7949 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Thermal Integrity Profiling of Concrete Deep Foundations
    ASTM D 6780/D6780M : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Water Content and Density of Soil In situ by Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR)
    ASTM D 6030 : 2015 Standard Guide for Selection of Methods for Assessing Groundwater or Aquifer Sensitivity and Vulnerability
    ASTM D 4435 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rock Bolt Anchor Pull Test (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 2978 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Volume of Processed Peat Materials
    ASTM E 2060 : 2006 : R2014 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products for Solidification/Stabilization of Inorganic Wastes
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 6825 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Placement of Riprap Revetments
    ASTM D 6913/D6913M : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Soils Using Sieve Analysis
    ASTM D 6033 : 2016 Standard Guide for Describing the Functionality of a Groundwater Modeling Code
    ASTM D 5608 : 2016 Standard Practices for Decontamination of Sampling and Non Sample Contacting Equipment Used at Low Level Radioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM D 5874 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Determination of the Impact Value (IV) of a Soil
    ASTM D 5080 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Percent Compaction
    ASTM D 8169/D8169M : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundations Under Bi-Directional Static Axial Compressive Load
    ASTM D 420 : 2018 Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 8198 : 2018 Standard Specification for Hydraulically Applied 100 % Wood Fiber Mulches
    ASTM D 3839 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM D 3550/D3550M : 2017 Standard Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 6938 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 6027/D6027M : 2015 Standard Practice for Calibrating Linear Displacement Transducers for Geotechnical Purposes
    ASTM D 6169/D6169M : 2013 Standard Guide for Selection of Soil and Rock Sampling Devices Used With Drill Rigs for Environmental Investigations
    ASTM D 5084 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 7702/D7702M : 2014 Standard Guide for Considerations When Evaluating Direct Shear Results Involving Geosynthetics
    ASTM D 4106 : 2020 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity and Storage Coefficient of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by the Theis Nonequilibrium Method
    ASTM D 4511 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity of Essentially Saturated Peat
    ASTM D 6235 : 2018 Standard Practice for Expedited Site Characterization of Vadose Zone and Groundwater Contamination at Hazardous Waste Contaminated Sites
    ASTM D 5610 : 1994 : R2014 Standard Guide for Defining Initial Conditions in Groundwater Flow Modeling
    ASTM D 8053 : 2018 Standard Guide for Data Management and Reporting Associated with Oil and Gas Development Involving Hydraulic Fracturing
    ASTM D 7367 : 2019 : EDT 2 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Holding Capacity of Fiber Mulches for Hydraulic Planting
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM C 1127/C1127M : 2015 Standard Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with an Integral Wearing Surface
    ASTM D 2321 : 2020 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 4221 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Dispersive Characteristics of Clay Soil by Double Hydrometer
    ASTM D 8152 : 2018 Standard Practice for Measuring Field Infiltration Rate and Calculating Field Hydraulic Conductivity Using the Modified Philip Dunne Infiltrometer Test
    ASTM D 6771 : 2018 Standard Practice for Low-Flow Purging and Sampling for Wells and Devices Used for Ground-Water Quality Investigations
    ASTM D 1587/D1587M : 2015 Standard Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Fine-Grained Soils for Geotechnical Purposes
    ASTM D 2850 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Compression Test on Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 6432 : 2019 Standard Guide for Using the Surface Ground Penetrating Radar Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 8107 : 2018 Standard Practice for Determining Sediment Pond Skimmer Flow Rate
    ASTM D 4945 : 2017 Standard Test Method for High-Strain Dynamic Testing of Deep Foundations
    ASTM D 8359 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining the In Situ Rock Deformation Modulus and Other Associated Rock Properties Using a Flexible Volumetric Dilatometer
    ASTM D 6684 : 2018 Standard Specification for Materials and Manufacture of Articulating Concrete Block (ACB) Systems
    ASTM D 5220 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Water Mass per Unit Volume of Soil and Rock In-Place by the Neutron Depth Probe Method
    ASTM D 5737/D5737M : 2019 Standard Guide for Methods for Measuring Well Discharge
    ASTM D 5143 : 2006 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosive in Soil by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    ASTM D 5858 : 1996 : R2020 Standard Guide for Calculating In Situ Equivalent Elastic Moduli of Pavement Materials Using Layered Elastic Theory
    ASTM D 7608 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Torsional Ring Shear Test to Measure Drained Fully Softened Shear Strength and Stress Dependent Strength Envelope of Fine-Grained Soils
    ASTM D 6230 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Monitoring Ground Movement Using Probe-Type Inclinometers
    ASTM D 7263 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Density and Unit Weight of Soil Specimens
    ASTM D 5719 : 2013 Standard Guide for Simulation of Subsurface Airflow Using Groundwater Flow Modeling Codes (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5611 : 1994 : R2016 Standard Guide for Conducting a Sensitivity Analysis for a Groundwater Flow Model Application
    ASTM D 6151/D6151M : 2015 Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 6725/D6725M : 2016 Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
    ASTM D 8106 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Oil Sorption Capacity of Organophilic Clay
    ASTM D 7300 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Strength Properties of Frozen Soil at a Constant Rate of Strain
    ASTM E 2243 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Re-contouring and Highwall Reclamation
    ASTM D 7242/D7242M : 2006 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Field Pneumatic Slug (Instantaneous Change in Head) Tests to Determine Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers with Direct Push Groundwater Samplers (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7014 : 2018 Standard Practice for Installation of Double-Twisted Wire Mesh Gabions and Revet Mattresses
    ASTM D 8326 : 2021 Standard Practice for Measurement of the Kinetic Energy of Simulated Rainfall
    ASTM D 6088 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Practice for Installation of Geocomposite Pavement Drains
    ASTM D 7503 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Exchange Complex and Cation Exchange Capacity of Inorganic Fine-Grained Soils
    ASTM D 6092 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Specifying Standard Sizes of Stone for Erosion Control
    ASTM D 3740 : 2019 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2016 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5521/D5521M : 2018 Standard Guide for Development of Groundwater Monitoring Wells in Granular Aquifers
    ASTM D 5875/D5875M : 2018 Standard Guide for Use of Cable-Tool Drilling and Sampling Methods for Geoenvironmental Exploration and Installation of Subsurface Water Quality Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 5850 : 2020 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity, Storage Coefficient, and Anisotropy Ratio from a Network of Partially Penetrating Wells
    ASTM D 7299 : 2020 Standard Practice for Verifying Performance of a Vertical Inclinometer Probe
    ASTM D 7499/D7499M : 2009 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Measuring Geosynthetic-Soil Resilient Interface Shear Stiffness
    ASTM D 6467 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Torsional Ring Shear Test to Determine Drained Residual Shear Strength of Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 4543 : 2019 Standard Practices for Preparing Rock Core as Cylindrical Test Specimens and Verifying Conformance to Dimensional and Shape Tolerances
    ASTM D 4535 : 2013 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Thermal Expansion of Rock Using Dilatometer
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 5268 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Topsoil Used for Landscaping and Construction Purposes
    ASTM D 4612 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Calculating Thermal Diffusivity of Rock and Soil
    ASTM D 5255 : 2015 Standard Practice for Certification of Personnel Engaged in the Testing of Soil and Rock
    ASTM D 5434 : 2012 Standard Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 2166/D2166M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil
    ASTM D 5335 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of Rock Using Bonded Electric Resistance Strain Gauges
    ASTM D 7015/D7015M : 2018 Standard Practices for Obtaining Intact Block (Cubical and Cylindrical) Samples of Soils
    ASTM D 5195 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock In-Place at Depths Below Surface by Nuclear Methods
    ASTM D 7045 : 2017 Standard Guide for Optimization of Groundwater Monitoring Constituents for Detection Monitoring Programs for Waste Disposal Facilities
    ASTM D 4544 : 2020 Standard Practice for Estimating Peat Deposit Thickness
    ASTM D 4992 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Rock to be Used for Erosion Control
    ASTM D 6429 : 2020 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods
    ASTM D 1556/D1556M : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by Sand-Cone Method
    ASTM D 3551 : 2017 Standard Practice for Laboratory Preparation of Soil-Lime Mixtures Using Mechanical Mixer
    ASTM D 2573/D2573M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Field Vane Shear Test in Saturated Fine-Grained Soils
    ASTM D 1883 : 2016 Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
    ASTM D 2974 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Water (Moisture) Content, Ash Content, and Organic Material of Peat and Other Organic Soils
    ASTM D 425 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Centrifuge Moisture Equivalent of Soils
    ASTM D 8006 : 2016 Standard Guide for Sampling and Analysis of Residential and Commercial Water Supply Wells in Areas of Exploration and Production (E&P) Operations
    ASTM D 5715 : 2014 Standard Practice for Estimating the Degree of Humification of Peat and Other Organic Soils (Visual/Manual Method)
    ASTM F 2536 : 2017 Standard Guide for Installing Plastic DWV Piping Suspended from On-Grade Slabs
    ASTM D 4506 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Radial Jacking Test
    ASTM D 7762 : 2018 Standard Practice for Design of Stabilization of Soil and Soil-Like Materials with Self-Cementing Fly Ash
    ASTM E 2277 : 2014(R2019) Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Coal Ash Structural Fills
    ASTM D 7760 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Materials Derived from Scrap Tires Using a Rigid Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 5878 : 2019 Standard Guides for Using Rock-Mass Classification Systems for Engineering Purposes
    ASTM D 806 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Cement Content of Hardened Soil-Cement Mixtures
    ASTM D 7858 : 2013 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Bisphenol A in Soil, Sludge, and Biosolids by Pressurized Fluid Extraction and Analyzed by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6517 : 2018 Standard Guide for Field Preservation of Ground Water Samples
    ASTM D 5567 : 1994 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Ratio (HCR) Testing of Soil/Geotextile Systems
    ASTM D 7128 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic-Reflection Method for Shallow Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5312/D5312M : 2012 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Freezing and Thawing Conditions
    ASTM D 7272 : 2006 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Determining the Integrity of Seams Used in Joining Geomembranes by Premanufactured Taped Methods
    ASTM D 7243 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Guide for Measuring the Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity of Paper Industry Sludges
    ASTM D 5472/D5472M : 2020 Standard Practice for Determining Specific Capacity and Estimating Transmissivity at the Control Well
    ASTM D 5233 : 1992 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Single Batch Extraction Method for Wastes
    ASTM D 8232 : 2018 Standard Test Procedures for Measuring the Inclination of Deep Foundations
    ASTM D 5779/D5779M : 2014 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Rapid Specific Gravity of Rock and Manmade Materials for Erosion Control
    ASTM D 7698 : 2020 Standard Test Method for In-Place Estimation of Density and Water Content of Soil and Aggregate by Correlation with Complex Impedance Method
    ASTM D 4553 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Creep Characteristics of Rock
    ASTM D 8249 : 2019 Standard Practice for Use of Rotary Kiln Produced Porous Ceramic as a Mineral Amendment in Topsoil Used for Landscaping and Related Purposes
    ASTM D 6910/D6910M : 2019 Standard Test Method for Marsh Funnel Viscosity of Construction Slurries
    ASTM D 5088 : 2020 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 4186/D4186M : 2020 Standard Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Saturated Cohesive Soils Using Controlled-Strain Loading
    ASTM F 2747 : 2019 Standard Guide for Construction of Sand-based Rootzones for Golf Putting Greens and Tees
    ASTM D 1997 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of the Fiber Content of Peat and Organic Soils by Dry Mass
    ASTM D 8038 : 2016 Standard Practice for Reclamation of Recycled Aggregate Base (RAB) Material
    ASTM D 7012 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Compressive Strength and Elastic Moduli of Intact Rock Core Specimens under Varying States of Stress and Temperatures
    ASTM D 7481 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Determining Loose and Tapped Bulk Densities of Powders using a Graduated Cylinder
    ASTM D 6393 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Bulk Solids Characterization by Carr Indices
    ASTM D 7048 : 2016 Standard Guide for Applying Statistical Methods for Assessment and Corrective Action Environmental Monitoring Programs
    ASTM D 6459 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Determination of Rolled Erosion Control Product (RECP) Performance in Protecting Hillslopes from Rainfall-Induced Erosion
    ASTM D 5519 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Particle Size Analysis of Natural and Man-Made Riprap Materials
    ASTM D 5284 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Acidic Extraction Fluid
    ASTM D 4394 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining In Situ Modulus of Deformation of Rock Mass Using Rigid Plate Loading Method
    ASTM D 7099 : 2004 : R2018 Standard Terminology Relating to Frozen Soil and Rock
    ASTM D 4050 : 2020 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Withdrawal and Injection Well Testing for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 5981/D5981M : 2018 Standard Guide for Calibrating a Groundwater Flow Model Application
    ASTM D 5299/D5299M : 2018 Standard Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
    ASTM D 6572 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Determining Dispersive Characteristics of Clayey Soils by the Crumb Test
    ASTM D 4719 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Prebored Pressuremeter Testing in Soils
    ASTM D 7322/D7322M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Erosion Control Product (ECP) Ability to Encourage Seed Germination and Plant Growth Under Bench-Scale Conditions
    ASTM D 6170 : 2017 Standard Guide for Selecting a Groundwater Modeling Code
    ASTM D 4542 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Pore Water Extraction and Determination of the Soluble Salt Content of Soils by Refractometer
    ASTM D 6634/D6634M : 2014 Standard Guide for the Selection of Purging and Sampling Devices for Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 8215 : 2020 Standard Practice for Statistical Modeling of Uncertainty in Assessment of In-place Coal Resources
    ASTM D 6102 : 2020 Standard Guide for Installation of Geosynthetic Clay Liners
    ASTM D 6564/D6564M : 2017 Standard Guide for Field Filtration of Groundwater Samples
    ASTM D 4647/D4647M : 2013:R2020 Standard Test Methods for Identification and Classification of Dispersive Clay Soils by the Pinhole Test
    ASTM D 5716/D5716M : 2020 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Rate of Well Discharge by Circular Orifice Weir
    ASTM D 4404 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry
    ASTM D 7338 : 2014 Standard Guide for Assessment Of Fungal Growth in Buildings
    ASTM D 8064 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Elemental Analysis of Soil and Solid Waste by Monochromatic Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using Multiple Monochromatic Excitation Beams
    ASTM D 6312 : 2017 Standard Guide for Developing Appropriate Statistical Approaches for Groundwater Detection Monitoring Programs at Waste Disposal Facilities
    ASTM D 4373 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Carbonate Content of Soils
    ASTM D 7626 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Organic Treat Loading of Organophilic Clay
    ASTM D 8081 : 2017 Standard Guide for Theory and Principles for Obtaining Reliable and Accurate Bulk Solids Flow Data Using a Direct Shear Cell
    ASTM D 7928 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Distribution (Gradation) of Fine-Grained Soils Using the Sedimentation (Hydrometer) Analysis
    ASTM E 3183 : 2019 Standard Guide for Harvesting Coal Combustion Products Stored in Active and Inactive Storage Areas for Beneficial Use
    ASTM D 5550 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Gas Pycnometer
    ASTM D 5879/D5879M : 2018 Standard Practice for Surface Site Characterization for On-Site Septic Systems
    ASTM D 4254 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 5121 : 2015 Standard Practice for Preparation of Rock Slabs for Durability Testing
    ASTM D 2113 : 2014 Standard Practice for Rock Core Drilling and Sampling of Rock for Site Exploration
    ASTM D 4436 : 2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Rock Bolt Long-Term Load Retention Test (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 7070 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Creep of Rock Core Under Constant Stress and Temperature
    ASTM D 8167/D8167M : 2018 : REV A Standard Test Method for In-Place Bulk Density of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by a Low-Activity Nuclear Method (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 6067/D6067M : 2017 Standard Practice for Using the Electronic Piezocone Penetrometer Tests for Environmental Site Characterization and Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity
    ASTM D 4428/D4428M : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Crosshole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 854 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM D 7765 : 2018 : REV A Standard Practice for Use of Foundry Sand in Structural Fill and Embankments
    ASTM D 4959 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil By Direct Heating
    ASTM D 2844/D2844M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Resistance R-Value and Expansion Pressure of Compacted Soils
    ASTM D 5313/D5313M : 2012 : R2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Durability of Rock for Erosion Control Under Wetting and Drying Conditions
    ASTM D 5979 : 1996 : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Conceptualization and Characterization of Groundwater Systems
    ASTM D 7880/D7880M : 2013 Standard Test Method for Determining Flow Rate of Water and Suspended Solids Retention from a Closed Geosynthetic Bag (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5493 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Permittivity of Geotextiles Under Load
    ASTM D 5783 : 2018 Standard Guide for Use of Direct Rotary Drilling with Water-Based Drilling Fluid for Geoenvironmental Exploration and the Installation of Subsurface Water-Quality Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 4729 : 2019 Standard Test Method for In Situ Stress and Modulus of Deformation Using the Flat Jack Method
    ASTM E 2856 : 2013 Standard Guide for Estimation of LNAPL Transmissivity
    ASTM D 7759/D7759M : 2014 Standard Guide for Nuclear Surface Moisture and Density Gauge Calibration
    ASTM D 5785/D5785M : 2020 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Underdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Test)
    ASTM D 6431 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Direct Current Resistivity Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 5876/D5876M : 2017 Standard Guide for Use of Direct Rotary Wireline Casing Advancement Drilling Methods for Geoenvironmental Exploration and Installation of Subsurface Water-Quality Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 4623 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of In Situ Stress in Rock Mass by Overcoring Method—Three Component Borehole Deformation Gauge
    ASTM F 2107 : 2008 : R2020 Standard Guide for Construction and Maintenance of Skinned Areas on Baseball and Softball Fields
    ASTM D 6036 : 1996 : R2014 Standard Guide for Displaying the Results of Chemical Analyses of Groundwater for Major Ions and Trace Elements—Use of Maps
    ASTM D 6023 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Density (Unit Weight), Yield, Cement Content, and Air Content (Gravimetric) of Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM)
    ASTM D 5731 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications
    ASTM D 6128 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Shear Testing of Bulk Solids Using the Jenike Shear Tester
    ASTM D 8151 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Obtaining Rainfall Runoff from Unvegetated Rolled and Hydraulic Erosion Control Products (RECPs and HECPs) for Acute Ecotoxicity Testing
    ASTM D 3689/D3689M : 2007 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundations Under Static Axial Tensile Load
    ASTM D 6683 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Measuring Bulk Density Values of Powders and Other Bulk Solids as Function of Compressive Stress
    ASTM D 5787 : 2020 Standard Practice for Monitoring Well Protection At or Near Land Surface
    ASTM D 7069 : 2004 : R2015 Standard Guide for Field Quality Assurance in a Groundwater Sampling Event
    ASTM D 4220/D4220M : 2014 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples
    ASTM F 1668 : 2016 Standard Guide for Construction Procedures for Buried Plastic Pipe
    ASTM D 4700 : 2015 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 4546 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Swell or Collapse of Soils
    ASTM D 2973 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Peat Materials
    ASTM F 1759 : 1997 : R2018 Standard Practice for Design of High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Manholes for Subsurface Applications
    ASTM D 4427 : 2018 Standard Classification of Peat Samples by Laboratory Testing
    ASTM D 6836 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Determination of the Soil Water Characteristic Curve for Desorption Using Hanging Column, Pressure Extractor, Chilled Mirror Hygrometer, or Centrifuge
    ASTM D 7400/D7400M : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Downhole Seismic Testing
    ASTM D 2980 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Saturated Density, Moisture-Holding Capacity, and Porosity of Saturated Peat Materials
    ASTM D 6032/D6032M : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determining Rock Quality Designation (RQD) of Rock Core
    ASTM D 8037/D8037M : 2016 Standard Practice for Direct Push Hydraulic Logging for Profiling Variations of Permeability in Soils
    ASTM E 2866 : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Diisopropyl Methylphosphonate, Ethyl Methylphosphonic Acid, Isopropyl Methylphosphonic Acid, Methylphosphonic Acid and Pinacolyl Methylphosphonic Acid in Soil by Pressurized Fluid Extraction and Analyzed by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4452 : 2014 Standard Practice for X-Ray Radiography of Soil Samples
    ASTM D 7208 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Temporary Ditch Check Performance in Protecting Earthen Channels from Stormwater-Induced Erosion
    ASTM D 7830/D7830M : 2014 Standard Test Method for In-Place Density (Unit Weight) and Water Content of Soil Using an Electromagnetic Soil Density Gauge
    ASTM D 6274 : 2018 Standard Guide for Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging - Gamma
    ASTM D 1452/D1452M : 2016 Standard Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings
    ASTM D 1586/D1586M : 2018 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 6243/D6243M : 2020 Standard Test Method for Determining the Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liner by the Direct Shear Method
    ASTM D 4223/D4223M : 2020 Standard Practices for Preparation of Test Specimens of Asphalt-Stabilized Soils
    ASTM D 5924 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Selection of Simulation Approaches in Geostatistical Site Investigations
    ASTM E 2278 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Revegetation and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage
    ASTM D 3441 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Cone Penetration Testing of Soils
    ASTM D 4914/D4914M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Density of Soil and Rock in Place by the Sand Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 1632 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Making and Curing Soil-Cement Compression and Flexure Test Specimens in the Laboratory
    ASTM D 5093 : 2015 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Infiltration Rate Using Double-Ring Infiltrometer with Sealed-Inner Ring
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 6539 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Permeability of Unsaturated Porous Materials by Flowing Air (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 5202/D5202M : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Triaxial Compression Creep Strength of Chemically Grouted Soils
    ASTM D 5780 : 2018