• ASTM D 7100 : 2011

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Hydraulic Conductivity Compatibility Testing of Soils with Aqueous Solutions

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  03-09-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  11-01-2011

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1 This test method covers hydraulic conductivity compatibility testing of saturated soils in the laboratory with aqueous solutions that may alter hydraulic conductivity (for example, waste related liquids) using a flexible-wall permeameter. A hydraulic conductivity test is conducted until both hydraulic and chemical equilibrium are achieved such that potential interactions between the soil specimen being permeated and the aqueous solution are taken into consideration with respect to the measured hydraulic conductivity.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to soils with hydraulic conductivities less than approximately 1 × 10-8 m/s.

    1.3 In addition to hydraulic conductivity, intrinsic permeability can be determined for a soil if the density and viscosity of the aqueous solution are known or can be determined.

    1.4 This test method can be used for all specimen types, including undisturbed, reconstituted, remolded, compacted, etc. specimens.

    1.5 A specimen may be saturated and permeated using three methods. Method 1 is for saturation with water and permeation with aqueous solution. Method 2 is for saturation and permeation with aqueous solution. Method 3 is for saturation with water, initial permeation with water, and subsequent permeation with aqueous solution.

    1.6 The amount of flow through a specimen in response to a hydraulic gradient generated across the specimen is measured with respect to time. The amount and properties of influent and effluent liquids are monitored during the test.

    1.7 The hydraulic conductivity with an aqueous solution is determined using procedures similar to determination of hydraulic conductivity of saturated soils with water as described in Test Methods D5084. Several test procedures can be used, including the falling headwater-rising tailwater, the constant-head, the falling headwater-constant tailwater, or the constant rate-of-flow test procedures.

    1.8 UnitsThe standard units for the hydraulic conductivity values are the SI units. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are mathematical conversions which are provided for information purposes only and are not considered standard.

    1.8.1 Hydraulic conductivity has traditionally been expressed in cm/s in the U.S., even though the official SI unit for hydraulic conductivity is m/s.

    1.8.2 The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight), while the unit for mass is slugs.

    1.8.3 The slug unit of mass is almost never used in commercial practice; i.e., density, balances, etc. Therefore, the standard unit for mass in this standard is either kilogram (kg) or gram (g), or both. Also, the equivalent inch-pound unit (slug) is not given/presented in parentheses. However, the use of balances or scales recording pounds of mass (lbm) or recording density in lbm/ft3 shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this standard.

    1.9 This standard contains a Hazards section related to using hazardous liquids (Section 7).

    1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 6766 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hydraulic Properties of Geosynthetic Clay Liners Permeated with Potentially Incompatible Aqueous Solutions
    ASTM D 7243 : 2011 Standard Guide for Measuring the Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity of Paper Industry Sludges
    ASTM D 6766 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hydraulic Properties of Geosynthetic Clay Liners Permeated with Potentially Incompatible Aqueous Solutions

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2216 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 4700 : 1991 : R2006 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 4220 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples
    ASTM D 6517 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Guide for Field Preservation of Groundwater Samples
    ASTM D 5673 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3550 : 1984 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 6519 : 2002 Standard Practice for Sampling of Soil Using the Hydraulically Operated Stationary Piston Sampler
    ASTM D 4753 : 2002 Standard Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 : R2019 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 1557 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4972 : 1995 : REV A Standard Test Method for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 4753 : 2015 Standard Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
    ASTM D 2216 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 5790 : 1995 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5084 : 2016 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 6151 : 2008 Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 4691 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3740 : 2019 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6517 : 2018 Standard Guide for Field Preservation of Ground Water Samples
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4220 : 1995 : R2007 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples
    ASTM D 4448 : 1985 : REV A : R1992 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6001 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Water Sampling for Geoenvironmental Investigations
    ASTM D 6517 : 2000 Standard Guide for Field Preservation of Ground-Water Samples
    ASTM D 3740 : 2008 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 5084 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 1125 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 1498 : 2000 Standard Practice for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 6919 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dissolved Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations and Ammonium in Water and Wastewater by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 2435 : 2002 Standard Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils
    ASTM D 1587 : 2008 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes
    ASTM D 5673 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1498 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 4128 : 2018 Standard Guide for Identification and Quantitation of Organic Compounds in Water by Combined Gas Chromatography and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6026 : 2006 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4767 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 6001 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Water Sampling for Geoenvironmental Investigations
    ASTM D 5673 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5790 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5790 : 1995 : R2006 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3740 : 1999 : REV C Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4327 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 5673 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4128 : 2001 Standard Guide for Identification and Quantitation of Organic Compounds in Water by Combined Gas Chromatography and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4972 : 2013 Standard Test Method for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 4691 : 2002 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 4691 : 2011 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1429 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Water and Brine
    ASTM D 2435 : 1996 Standard Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils
    ASTM D 6517 : 2000 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Field Preservation of Groundwater Samples
    ASTM D 1587 : 2008 Standard Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes
    ASTM D 4753 : 1995 Standard Specification for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Scales for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 : R2013 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
    ASTM D 1293 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4691 : 2017 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 5790 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4327 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 5084 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 4696 : 1992 : R2008 Standard Guide for Pore-Liquid Sampling from the Vadose Zone (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 6026 : 1999 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3740 : 2011 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6151 : 1997 Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 5790 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Purgeable Organic Compounds in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6519 : 2015 Standard Practice for Sampling of Soil Using the Hydraulically Operated Stationary Piston Sampler
    ASTM D 1125 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 4972 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Test Method for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 5084 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 5673 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3740 : 2010 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4700 : 2015 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 4767 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 6519 : 2008 Standard Practice for Sampling of Soil Using the Hydraulically Operated Stationary Piston Sampler
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 : R2002 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
    ASTM D 6919 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dissolved Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations and Ammonium in Water and Wastewater by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 1293 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 3550 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 6026 : 1996 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 : REV A Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1557 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3(2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4753 : 2007 Standard Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing
    ASTM D 5673 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4128:2006 Standard Guide for Identification and Quantitation of Organic Compounds in Water by Combined Gas Chromatography and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 3740 : 2001 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1498 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 1293 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 6286 : 1998 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4327 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 1557 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3(2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4691 : 1996 Standard Practice for Measuring Elements in Water by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 : R2019 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
    ASTM D 4327 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 6286 : 2012 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 1429 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Water and Brine (Withdrawn 2022)
    ASTM D 2435 : 2004 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012 : REV A Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6519 : 2005 Standard Practice for Sampling of Soil Using the Hydraulically Operated Stationary Piston Sampler
    ASTM D 6519 : 2000 Standard Practice for Sampling of Soil Using the Hydraulically Operated Stationary Piston Sampler
    ASTM D 3740 : 2003 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1125 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 4700 : 1991 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Soil Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 5084 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 1498 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 2216 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 : R2007 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6001 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4972 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 1429 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Water and Brine
    ASTM D 5673 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4767 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 1293 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 2216 : 1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil
    ASTM D 4128 : 2006 : R2012 Standard Guide for Identification and Quantitation of Organic Compounds in Water by Combined Gas Chromatography and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 6001 : 2005 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 1429 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Water and Brine
    ASTM D 4972 : 2001 Standard Test Method for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 1557 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4972 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 1498 : 1993 Standard Practice for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
    ASTM D 1587 : 2000 Standard Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes
    ASTM D 4128 : 1994 Standard Practice for Identification and Quantitation of Organic Compounds in Water by Combined Gas Chromatography and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1125 : 1995 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 4696 : 2018 Standard Guide for Pore-Liquid Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 5084 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 1293 : 1984 : R1990 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 6919 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dissolved Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations and Ammonium in Water and Wastewater by Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 2435 : 2003 Standard Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils
    ASTM D 4696 : 1992 : R2000 Standard Guide for Pore-Liquid Sampling from the Vadose Zone
    ASTM D 3550 : 2001 Standard Practice for Thick Wall, Ring-Lined, Split Barrel, Drive Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 3977 : 1997 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Determining Sediment Concentration in Water Samples
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