• ASTM D 8006 : 2016

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    Standard Guide for Sampling and Analysis of Residential and Commercial Water Supply Wells in Areas of Exploration and Production (E&P) Operations

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  03-01-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 04.09, 2016 Specifies a methodology for obtaining representative groundwater samples from domestic or commercial water wells that are in proximity to oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) operations.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide presents a methodology for obtaining representative groundwater samples from domestic or commercial water wells that are in proximity to oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) operations. E&P operations include, but are not necessarily limited to, site preparation, drilling, completion, and well stimulation (including hydraulic fracturing), and production activities. The goal is to obtain representative groundwater samples from domestic or commercial water wells that can be used to identify the baseline groundwater quality and any subsequent changes that may be identified. While this guide focuses on baseline sampling in conjunction with oil and gas E&P activities, the principles and practices recommended are based on well-established methods that have been in use for many years in other industrial situations. This guide recommends sampling and analytical testing procedures that can identify various chemical species present including metals, dissolved gases (such as methane), hydrocarbons (and other organic compounds), as well as overall water quality.

    1.2This guide provides information on typical residential and commercial water supply well systems and guidance on developing and implementing a sampling program, including determining sampling locations, suggested purging techniques, selection of potential analyses and laboratory certifications, data management, and integrity. It also includes guidance on personal safety. The information included pertains to baseline sampling before beginning any activities that could present potential risks to local aquifers, periodic sampling during and after such work, and ongoing monitoring relating to known or potential groundwater constituents in the area. This guide does not address policy issues related to frequency or timing of sampling or sampling distances from the wellhead. In addition, it does not address reporting limits, sample preservation, holding times, laboratory quality control, regulatory action levels, or interpretation of analytical results.

    1.3These guidelines are not intended to replace or supersede regulatory requirements and technical methodology or guidance nor are these guidelines intended for inclusion by reference in regulations. Instances where this guide is in conflict with statutory or regulatory requirements, practitioners shall defer to the latter. These guidelines are intended to assist in developing sampling programs to meet project goals and objectives. However, site-specific conditions, regulatory requirements, site-specific health and safety issues, technical manuals and directives, and program data quality objectives should be evaluated and consulted along with the information contained in this guide for each individual site and sampling program.

    1.4This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project’s many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

    1.5Users are responsible for investigating and identifying all the legal and regulatory requirements that are applicable for the location where the sampling is being performed.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 8028 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Dissolved Gases Methane, Ethane, Ethylene, and Propane by Static Headspace Sampling and Flame Ionization Detection (GC/FID)
    ASTM D 1976 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 3648 : 2004 : R2011 Standard Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity
    ASTM D 1687 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 5980 : 1996 : R2004 Standard Guide for Selection and Documentation of Existing Wells for Use in Environmental Site Characterization and Monitoring
    ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
    ASTM D 1246 : 2016 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 1976 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 2972 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water
    ASTM D 1067 : 2006 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4658 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 5980 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Selection and Documentation of Existing Wells for Use in Environmental Site Characterization and Monitoring
    ASTM D 3082 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Boron In Water
    ASTM D 511 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water
    ASTM D 4191 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sodium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 4658 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 3082 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Boron in Water
    ASTM D 4192 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Potassium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1067 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 3859 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Selenium in Water
    ASTM D 512 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 1068 : 2005 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 7315 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode
    ASTM D 511 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water
    ASTM D 1687 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 4658 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 4191 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sodium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 858 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water
    ASTM D 3557 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 4192 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Potassium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 5907 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for Filterable Matter (Total Dissolved Solids) and Nonfilterable Matter (Total Suspended Solids) in Water
    ASTM D 1125 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 3859 : 1998 Standard Test Methods for Selenium in Water
    ASTM D 1976:2013-07 TEST METHOD FOR ELEMENTS IN WATER BY INDUCTIVELY-COUPLED ARGON PLASMA ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY
    ASTM D 858 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water
    ASTM D 2908 : 1991 : R2011 Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 3559 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 5907 : 1996 : REV A Standard Test Method for Filterable and Nonfilterable Matter in Water
    ASTM D 4658 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 3559 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 7315 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode
    ASTM D 3648 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity
    ASTM D 4382 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace
    ASTM D 3648 : 2014 Standard Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity
    ASTM D 1246 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 2972 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water
    ASTM D 5907 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Filterable Matter (Total Dissolved Solids) and Nonfilterable Matter (Total Suspended Solids) in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1687 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 3648 : 2003 Standard Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity
    ASTM D 1976 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 3648 : 2004 Standard Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity
    ASTM D 3557 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1687 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 4327 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 3223 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 2908 : 1991 : R2017 Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1976 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5673 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 2330 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Methylene Blue Active Substances
    ASTM D 3223 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 1246 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 3223 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 1068 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 516 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water
    ASTM D 1687 : 1992 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 2908 : 1991 : R2001 Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1687 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 3648 : 1995 Standard Practices for the Measurement of Radioactivity
    ASTM D 4191 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Sodium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 7315 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode
    ASTM D 2908 : 1974 : R1980 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1293 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 888 : 2012-05 TEST METHODS FOR DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN WATER
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 5980 : 2016 Standard Guide for Selection and Documentation of Existing Wells for Use in Environmental Site Characterization and Monitoring
    ASTM D 3223 : 1991 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 1068 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 4327 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 4658 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 3082 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Boron In Water
    ASTM D 3591 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining Logarithmic Viscosity Number of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) in Formulated Compounds
    ASTM D 1687 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water
    ASTM D 1125 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 3920 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Strontium in Water
    ASTM D 4192 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Potassium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 3920 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Strontium in Water
    ASTM D 3557 : 1990 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 5907 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Filterable and Nonfilterable Matter in Water
    ASTM D 7315 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode
    ASTM D 3859 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Selenium in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 5980 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection and Documentation of Existing Wells for Use in Environmental Site Characterization and Monitoring
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 3223 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 5980 : 1996 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection and Documentation of Existing Wells for Use in Environmental Site Characterization and Monitoring
    ASTM D 1246 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 2972 : 1997 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water
    ASTM D 1293 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 2330 : 1988 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Methylene Blue Active Substances
    ASTM D 1976 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 1246 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 3920 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Strontium in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1067 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 4658 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Sulfide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 2908 : 1991 : R2005 Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1293 : 2018 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 4327 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 3223 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4382 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace
    ASTM D 4327 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
    ASTM D 3559 : 2003 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 3920 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Strontium in Water
    ASTM D 3557 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1067 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 5907 : 2013-10 TEST METHODS FOR FILTERABLE MATTER (TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS) AND NONFILTERABLE MATTER (TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS) IN WATER
    ASTM D 4382 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace
    ASTM D 3557 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1125 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 511 : 1993 : R1998 Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water
    ASTM D 4192 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Potassium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 5673 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 4382 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace
    ASTM D 2330 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Methylene Blue Active Substances (Withdrawn 2011)
    ASTM D 1068 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 1067 : 1988 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 2972 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water
    ASTM D 7678 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Total Oil and Grease (TOG) and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in Water and Wastewater with Solvent Extraction using Mid-IR Laser Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 5907 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Filterable Matter (Total Dissolved Solids) and Nonfilterable Matter (Total Suspended Solids) in Water
    ASTM D 1068 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 1125 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 1976 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 4191 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Sodium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 5907 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Filterable and Nonfilterable Matter in Water
    ASTM D 888 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Test Methods for Dissolved Oxygen in Water
    ASTM D 7678 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Total Oil and Grease (TOG) and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in Water and Wastewater with Solvent Extraction using Mid-IR Laser Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 3557 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    CFR 40(PTS136-149) : JUL 2017 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
    ASTM D 3082 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Boron in Water
    ASTM D 5673 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry
    ASTM D 1068 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water
    ASTM D 1293 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 7678 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH) in Water and Wastewater with Solvent Extraction using Mid-IR Laser Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 3859 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Selenium in Water
    ASTM D 3223 : 2002 : R2007 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water
    ASTM D 1976 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 2972 : 1993 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water
    ASTM D 3082 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Boron in Water
    ASTM D 4191 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Sodium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 1125 : 1995 : R2009 Standard Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
    ASTM D 3559 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water
    ASTM D 1246 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water
    ASTM D 511 : 2014 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water
    ASTM D 4382 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace
    ASTM D 1067 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 1976 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    ASTM D 3557 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water
    ASTM D 1293 : 1984 : R1990 Standard Test Methods for pH of Water
    ASTM D 4192 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Potassium in Water by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 3920 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Test Method for Strontium in Water
    ASTM D 7315 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Turbidity Above 1 Turbidity Unit (TU) in Static Mode
    ASTM D 1067 : 1992 : R1996 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
    ASTM D 2972 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water
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