• ASTM E 1527 : 2013

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist.
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You have already added this standard to your Watchlist.
    Visit My Watchlist to view the full list.

    Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  01-05-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  11-05-2013

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 11.05, 2013 Aims to define good commercial and customary practice in the United States of America for conducting an environmental site assessment of a parcel of commercial real estate with respect to the range of contaminants within the scope of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (42 U.S.C.#9601) and petroleum products.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1Purpose—The purpose of this practice is to define good commercial and customary practice in the United States of America for conducting an environmental site assessment2 of a parcel of commercial real estate with respect to the range of contaminants within the scope of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) (42 U.S.C. §9601) and petroleum products. As such, this practice is intended to permit a user to satisfy one of the requirements to qualify for the innocent landowner, contiguous property owner, or bona fide prospective purchaser limitations on CERCLA liability (hereinafter, the “landowner liability protections,” or “LLPs”): that is, the practice that constitutes all appropriate inquiries into the previous ownership and uses of the property consistent with good commercial and customary practice as defined at 42 U.S.C. §9601(35)(B). (See Appendix X1 for an outline of CERCLA’s liability and defense provisions.) Controlled substances are not included within the scope of this standard. Persons conducting an environmental site assessment as part of an EPA Brownfields Assessment and Characterization Grant awarded under CERCLA 42 U.S.C. §9604(k)(2)(B) must include controlled substances as defined in the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. §802) within the scope of the assessment investigations to the extent directed in the terms and conditions of the specific grant or cooperative agreement. Additionally, an evaluation of business environmental risk associated with a parcel of commercial real estate may necessitate investigation beyond that identified in this practice (see Sections 1.3 and 13).

    1.1.1Recognized Environmental Conditions—In defining a standard of good commercial and customary practice for conducting an environmental site assessment of a parcel of property, the goal of the processes established by this practice is to identify recognized environmental conditions. The term recognized environmental conditions means the presence or likely presence of any hazardous substances or petroleum products in, on, or at a property: (1) due to any release to the environment; (2) under conditions indicative of a release to the environment; or (3) under conditions that pose a material threat of a future release to the environment. De minimis conditions are not recognized environmental conditions.

    1.1.2Petroleum Products—Petroleum products are included within the scope of this practice because they are of concern with respect to many parcels of commercial real estate and current custom and usage is to include an inquiry into the presence of petroleum products when doing an environmental site assessment of commercial real estate. Inclusion of petroleum products within the scope of this practice is not based upon the applicability, if any, of CERCLA to petroleum products. (See X1.1.2.1 for discussion of petroleum exclusion to CERCLA liability.)

    1.1.3CERCLA Requirements Other Than Appropriate Inquiries—This practice does not address whether requirements in addition to all appropriate inquiries have been met in order to qualify for the LLPs (for example, the duties specified in 42 U.S.C. §9607(b)(3)(a) and (b) and cited in Appendix X1, including the continuing obligation not to impede the integrity and effectiveness of activity and use limitations (AULs), or the duty to take reasonable steps to prevent releases, or the duty to comply with legally required release reporting obligations).

    1.1.4Other Federal, State, and Local Environmental Laws—This practice does not address requirements of any state or local laws or of any federal laws other than the all appropriate inquiries provisions of the LLPs . Users are cautioned that federal, state, and local laws may impose environmental assessment obligations that are beyond the scope of this practice. Users should also be aware that there are likely to be other legal obligations with regard to hazardous substances or petroleum products discovered on the property that are not addressed in this practice and that may pose risks of civil and/or criminal sanctions for non-compliance.

    1.1.5Documentation—The scope of this practice includes research and reporting requirements that support the user’s ability to qualify for the LLPs. As such, sufficient documentation of all sources, records, and resources utilized in conducting the inquiry required by this practice must be provided in the written report (refer to 8.1.9 and 12.2).

    1.2Objectives—Objectives guiding the development of this practice are (1) to synthesize and put in writing good commercial and customary practice for environmental site assessments for commercial real estate, (2) to facilitate high quality, standardized environmental site assessments, (3) to provide a practical and reasonable standard practice for conducting all appropriate inquiries, and (4) to clarify an industry standard for all appropriate inquiries in an effort to guide legal interpretation of the LLPs.

    1.3Considerations Beyond Scope—The use of this practice is strictly limited to the scope set forth in this section. Section 13 of this practice identifies, for informational purposes, certain environmental conditions (not an all-inclusive list) that may exist on a property that are beyond the scope of this practice, but may warrant consideration by parties to a commercial real estate transaction. The need to include an investigation of any such conditions in the environmental professional’s scope of services should be evaluated based upon, among other factors, the nature of the property and the reasons for performing the assessment (for example, a more comprehensive evaluation of business environmental risk) and should be agreed upon between the user and environmental professional as additional services beyond the scope of this practice prior to initiation of the environmental site assessment process.

    1.4Organization of This Practice—This practice has thirteen sections and five appendixes. Section 1 is the Scope. Section 2 is Referenced Documents. Section 3, Terminology, has definitions of terms not unique to this practice, descriptions of terms unique to this practice, and acronyms. Section 4 is Significance and Use of this practice. Section 5 provides discussion regarding activity and use limitations. Section 6 describes User’s Responsibilities. Sections 7 – 12 are the main body of the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment, including evaluation and report preparation. Section 13 provides additional information regarding non-scope considerations (see 1.3). The appendixes are included for information and are not part of the procedures prescribed in this practice. Appendix X1 explains the liability and defense provisions of CERCLA that will assist the user in understanding the user’s responsibilities under CERCLA; it also contains other important information regarding CERCLA, the Brownfields Amendments , and this practice. Appendix X2 provides the definition of the environmental professional responsible for the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment, as required in the “All Appropriate Inquiries” Final Rule (40 C.F.R. Part 312). Appendix X3 provides an optional User Questionnaire to assist the user and the environmental professional in gathering information from the user that may be material to identifying recognized environmental conditions. Appendix X4 provides a recommended table of contents and report format for a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. Appendix X5 summarizes non-scope considerations that persons may want to assess.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project’s many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 50
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 : R2004 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM D 6008 : 1996 Standard Practice for Conducting Environmental Baseline Surveys
    CSA Z769 : 2000 : R2013 PHASE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
    BS ISO 26367-2 : 2017 GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSING THE ADVERSE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FIRE EFFLUENTS - PART 2: METHODOLOGY FOR COMPILING DATA ON ENVIRONMENTALLY SIGNIFICANT EMISSIONS FROM FIRES
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    CSA Z769 : 2000 : R2004 PHASE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
    ASTM E 3155 : 2019 Standard Guide for Assessing Mammal Health at Chemically Contaminated Terrestrial Sites Using Rodent Sperm Analysis
    ASTM D 5681 : 2018 Standard Terminology for Waste and Waste Management
    ASTM E 2727 : 2018 Standard Practice for Assessment of Rainwater Quality
    CSA Z769 : 2000 PHASE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
    ASTM E 2173 : 2016 Standard Guide for Disclosure of Environmental Liabilities
    ASTM E 2091 : 2017 Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    ASTM E 2137 : 2017 Standard Guide for Estimating Monetary Costs and Liabilities for Environmental Matters
    ASTM E 2600 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM E 1984 : 2003 Standard Guide for Process of Sustainable Brownfields Redevelopment (Withdrawn 2012)
    ASTM E 2247 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process for Forestland or Rural Property
    ASTM E 3026 : 2015 Standard Guide for Readily Observable Moisture Affected Materials and Conditions Conducive to Elevated Moisture in Commercial Buildings: Visual Moisture Assessment Process
    ASTM E 2137 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Estimating Monetary Costs and Liabilities for Environmental Matters
    ASTM E 2418 : 2006 Standard Guide for Readily Observable Mold and Conditions Conducive to Mold in Commercial Buildings: Baseline Survey Process (Withdrawn 2015)
    ASTM E 2790 : 2011 Standard Guide for Identifying and Complying With Continuing Obligations
    CSA Z768 : 2001 PHASE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
    ASTM E 2107 : 2006 : R2014 Standard Practice for Environmental Regulatory Compliance Audits
    ASTM E 2893 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Greener Cleanups
    ASTM E 1903 : 2011 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II Environmental Site Assessment Process
    ASTM E 2797 : 2015 Standard Practice for Building Energy Performance Assessment for a Building Involved in a Real Estate Transaction
    ASTM D 6235 : 2018 Standard Practice for Expedited Site Characterization of Vadose Zone and Groundwater Contamination at Hazardous Waste Contaminated Sites
    ASTM E 1528 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Limited Environmental Due Diligence: Transaction Screen Process
    ASTM E 2600 : 2015 Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM E 2247 : 2016 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process for Forestland or Rural Property
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM E 2081 : 2000 : R2015 Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action
    ASTM E 2308 : 2005 Standard Guide for Limited Asbestos Screens of Buildings (Withdrawn 2014)
    ASTM D 5681 : 2017-09 TERMINOLOGY FOR WASTE AND WASTE MANAGEMENT
    ASTM D 6235 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Practice for Expedited Site Characterization of Vadose Zone and Groundwater Contamination at Hazardous Waste Contaminated Sites
    ASTM D 5746 : 1998 : R2002 Standard Classification of Environmental Condition of Property Area Types for Defense Base Closure and Realignment Facilities
    ASTM E 2091 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    ASTM D 6008 : 1996 : R2014 Standard Practice for Conducting Environmental Baseline Surveys
    ASTM D 5746 : 1998 Standard Classification of Environmental Condition of Property Area Types for Defense Base Closure and Realignment Facilities
    ASTM E 2876 : 2013 Standard Guide for Integrating Sustainable Objectives into Cleanup
    ASTM E 2278 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Revegetation and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage
    ASTM E 1903 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II Environmental Site Assessment Process
    ASTM E 2107 : 2006 Standard Practice for Environmental Regulatory Compliance Audits
    ASTM PS 6 : 1994 Practice for Establishing Secured Creditor Exemption Under Cercla (Withdrawn 1997)
    ASTM E 2173 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Disclosure of Environmental Liabilities
    ASTM D 5746 : 1998 : R2016 Standard Classification of Environmental Condition of Property Area Types for Defense Base Closure and Realignment Facilities
    ASTM D 6235 : 2004 Standard Practice for Expedited Site Characterization of Vadose Zone and Ground Water Contamination at Hazardous Waste Contaminated Sites
    ASTM D 5730 : 2004 Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater (Withdrawn 2013)
    ASTM E 2727 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Assessment of Rainwater Quality
    ASTM PS 11 : 1995 Provisional Standard Practice for Environmental Regulatory Compliance Audits
    ASTM D 6008 : 1996 : R2005 Standard Practice for Conducting Environmental Baseline Surveys
    Z768-01 (R2016) Phase I Environmental Site Assessment
    ISO 26367-2:2017 Guidelines for assessing the adverse environmental impact of fire effluents Part 2: Methodology for compiling data on environmentally significant emissions from fires
    ASTM D 5746 : 1998 : R2010 Standard Classification of Environmental Condition of Property Area Types for Defense Base Closure and Realignment Facilities
    ASTM E 3033 : 2016 Standard Guide for Beneficial Use of Landfills and Chemically Impacted Sites
    ASTM E 2797 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Building Energy Performance Assessment for a Building Involved in a Real Estate Transaction
    ASTM D 5681 : 2020 Standard Terminology for Waste and Waste Management
    ASTM E 2107 : 2020 Standard Practice for Environmental Regulatory Compliance Audits
    ASTM E 2876 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Guide for Integrating Sustainable Objectives into Cleanup
    ASTM E 2278 : 2013 : R2019 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Revegetation and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage
    ASTM E 1903 : 2019 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II Environmental Site Assessment Process
    ASTM E 2790 : 2020 Standard Guide for Identifying and Complying With Continuing Obligations

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CFR 40(PTS300-399) : JUL 2017 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
    ASTM E 2600 : 2008 Standard Practice for Assessment of Vapor Intrusion into Structures on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM E 2091 : 2011 Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    ASTM E 2091 : 2017 Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    ASTM E 2091 : 2005 Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    ASTM E 2091 : 2019 Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    ASTM E 2600 : 2010 Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    CFR 29(PT1910.1000 TO END) : 0 LABOR - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
    ASTM E 2600 : 2015 Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM E 2091 : 2000 Standard Guide for Use of Activity and Use Limitations, Including Institutional and Engineering Controls
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective