• ASTM E 2277 : 2014(R2019)

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    Standard Guide for Design and Construction of Coal Ash Structural Fills

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  09-01-2019

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide covers procedures for the design and construction of engineered structural fills using coal combustion products (CCPs) including but not limited to fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag or other CCPs that can meet the requirements of an engineered fill as described herein. CCPs may be used alone or blended with soils or other suitable materials to achieve desired geotechnical properties.

    1.2This guide describes the unique design and construction considerations that may apply to engineered structural fills constructed of with CCPs that have been adequately characterized as being suitable for this beneficial use.

    1.3Beneficial utilization of CCPs consistent with this standard conserves land, natural resources, and

    1.4This guide applies only to CCPs produced primarily by the combustion of coal.

    1.5The testing, engineering, and construction practices for coal ash fills are similar to generally accepted practices for natural soil fills. Coal ash structural fills should be designed using generally accepted engineering practices. However, when CCPs are used in saturated conditions such as ponds or impoundments, the potential for liquefaction may need to be considered.

    1.6Laws and regulations governing the use of coal ash vary by state. The user of this guide has the responsibility to determine and comply with applicable requirements.

    1.7The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.8This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 50
    Document Type Guide
    Product Note THIS STANDARD ALSO REFERS TO ASTM C1600, 29 CFR Part 1910.1200
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 3183 : 2018 Standard Guide for Harvesting Coal Combustion Products Stored in Active and Inactive Storage Areas for Beneficial Use
    ASTM D 7762 : 2018 Standard Practice for Design of Stabilization of Soil and Soil-Like Materials with Self-Cementing Fly Ash

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4972 : 1995 : REV A Standard Test Method for pH of Soils
    ASTM D 1883 : 2021 Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
    ASTM D 1196/D1196M : 2012 : R2016 Standard Test Method for Nonrepetitive Static Plate Load Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components, for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 698 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4767 : 2011 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Undrained Triaxial Compression Test for Cohesive Soils
    ASTM C 595/C595M : 2021 Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 1883 : 2016 Standard Test Method for California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils
    ASTM D 5759 : 2012 : R2020 Standard Guide for Characterization of Coal Fly Ash and Clean Coal Combustion Fly Ash for Potential Uses
    ASTM D 4253 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 5239 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Characterizing Fly Ash for Use in Soil Stabilization (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM C 595/C595M : 2020 Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements
    ASTM E 2201 : 2013 : R2020 Standard Terminology for Coal Combustion Products
    ASTM D 653 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM C 150/C150M : 2021 Standard Specification for Portland Cement
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 1195/D1195M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Repetitive Static Plate Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 4429 : 1993 Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Soils in Place (Withdrawn 2002)
    ASTM C 618 : 2022 Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 3987 : 2012 Standard Practice for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water
    ASTM D 1196/D1196M : 2021 Standard Test Method for Nonrepetitive Static Plate Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 3877 : 1996 Standard Test Methods for One-Dimensional Expansion, Shrinkage, and Uplift Pressure of Soil-Lime Mixtures
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 7181 : 2011 Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils
    ASTM C 311 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Fly Ash or Natural Pozzolans for Use in Portland-Cement Concrete
    ASTM C 618 : 2019 Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete
    ASTM C 150/C150M : 2020 Standard Specification for Portland Cement
    ASTM D 1557 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM C 150/C150M : 2022 Standard Specification for Portland Cement
    ASTM D 7181 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils
    ASTM D 1195/D1195M : 2009 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Repetitive Static Plate Load Tests of Soils and Flexible Pavement Components, for Use in Evaluation and Design of Airport and Highway Pavements
    ASTM D 5759 : 2012 Standard Guide for Characterization of Coal Fly Ash and Clean Coal Combustion Fly Ash for Potential Uses
    ASTM D 4429 : 2009 Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Soils in Place
    ASTM E 2201 : 2013 Standard Terminology for Coal Combustion Products
    ASTM D 3987 : 2012 : R2020 Standard Practice for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
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