• ASTM E 2993 : 2016

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    Standard Guide for Evaluating Potential Hazard as a Result of Methane in the Vadose Zone

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  03-15-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 11.05, 2016 Defines a consistent basis for assessing site methane in the vadose zone, evaluating hazard and risk, determining the appropriate response, and identifying the urgency of the response.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide provides a consistent basis for assessing site methane in the vadose zone, evaluating hazard and risk, determining the appropriate response, and identifying the urgency of the response.

    1.2Purpose—This guide covers techniques for evaluating potential hazards associated with methane present in the vadose zone beneath or near existing or proposed buildings or other structures (for example, potential fires or explosions within the buildings or structures), when such hazards are suspected to be present based on due diligence or other site evaluations (see 6.1.1).

    1.3Objectives—This guide: (1) provides a practical and reasonable industry standard for evaluating, prioritizing, and addressing potential methane hazards and (2) raises awareness of the key variables needed to properly evaluate such hazards.

    1.4This guide offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This guide cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This guide is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service should be judged, nor should this guide be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title means only that the guide has been approved through the ASTM International consensus process.

    1.5Not addressed by this guide are:

    1.5.1Requirements or guidance or both with respect to methane sampling or evaluation in federal, state, or local regulations. Users are cautioned that federal, state, and local guidance may impose specific requirements that differ from those of this guide;

    1.5.2Safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use;

    1.5.3Emergency response situations such as sudden ruptures of gas lines or pipelines;

    1.5.4Methane entry into an enclosure from other than vadose zone soils (for example, methane evolved from well water brought into an enclosure; methane generated directly within the enclosure; methane from leaking natural gas lines or appliances within the enclosure, etc.);

    1.5.5Methane entry into an enclosure situated atop or immediately adjacent to a municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill;

    1.5.6Potential hazards from other gases and vapors that may also be present in the subsurface such as hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, and/or volatile organic compounds (VOCs);

    1.5.7Anoxic conditions in enclosed spaces;

    1.5.8The forensic determination of methane source; or

    1.5.9Potential consequences of fires or explosions in enclosed spaces or other issues related to safety engineering design of structures or systems to address fires or explosions.

    1.6Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.6.1Exception—Values in inch/pound units are provided for reference.

    1.7This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 50
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2216 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 1946 : 1990 : R2015 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM F 1815 : 2011 Standard Test Methods for Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity, Water Retention, Porosity, and Bulk Density of Athletic Field Rootzones
    ASTM D 6725 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
    ASTM D 7663 : 2011 Standard Practice for Active Soil Gas Sampling in the Vadose Zone for Vapor Intrusion Evaluations
    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 2216 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 7663 : 2012 Standard Practice for Active Soil Gas Sampling in the Vadose Zone for Vapor Intrusion Evaluations
    ASTM E 2600 : 2008 Standard Practice for Assessment of Vapor Intrusion into Structures on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM D 1356 : 2015 Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 5088 : 2002 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Nonradioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM D 7663 : 2012 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Active Soil Gas Sampling in the Vadose Zone for Vapor Intrusion Evaluations
    ASTM D 1356 : 2017 Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 5088 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 1946 : 1990 : R2006 Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1356 : 2015 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 1946 : 1982 Standard Method for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM F 1815 : 2006 Standard Test Methods for Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity, Water Retention, Porosity, and Bulk Density of Putting Green and Sports Turf Root Zones
    ASTM D 5088 : 2020 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 1356 : 2014 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM F 1815 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Saturated Hydraulic Conducitivity, Water Retention, Porosity, Particle Density, and Bulk Density of Putting Green and Sports Turf Root Zones (Withdrawn 2006)
    ASTM D 5088 : 1990 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Nonradioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM E 2600 : 2010 Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM D 6725 : 2004 Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 1356 : 2015 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    CFR 29(PT1910.1000 TO END) : 0 LABOR - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
    ASTM D 1356 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM E 2600 : 2015 Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 1946 : 1977 Standard Method for Analysis Of Reformed Gas By Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 1946 : 1990 : R2000 Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1946 : 1990 : R2019 Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 1356 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 1356 : 2000 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 6725 : 2001 Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers
    ASTM D 5088 : 2015 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 5088 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 2487 : 2010 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 1356 : 2014 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM E 2600 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Vapor Encroachment Screening on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions
    ASTM D 1356 : 2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 2216 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 2487 : 2000 Standard Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2216 : 1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil
    ASTM D 2487 : 2011 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 1356 : 2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 1946 : 1990 : R2011 Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography
    ASTM D 2487 : 1969 : R1975 Standard Test Method for Classification Of Soils For Engineering Purposes
    ASTM D 653 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM F 1815 : 2011 : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity, Water Retention, Porosity, and Bulk Density of Athletic Field Rootzones
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