• ASTM E 2994 : 2016

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry and Glow Discharge Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  01-21-2022

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  05-12-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CONTAINED IN VOL. 03.05, 2016 Specifies the analysis of titanium and its alloys by spark atomic emission spectrometry (Spark-AES) and glow discharge atomic emission spectrometry (GD-AES).

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method describes the analysis of titanium and its alloys by spark atomic emission spectrometry (Spark-AES) and glow discharge atomic emission spectrometry (GD-AES). The titanium specimen to be analyzed may be in the form of a disk, casting, foil, sheet, plate, extrusion or some other wrought form or shape. The elements and ranges covered in the scope by spark-AES of this method are listed below.

    Element

    Tested Mass Fraction Range (%)

    Aluminum

    0.008 to 7.0

    Chromium

    0.006 to 0.1

    Copper

    0.014 to 0.1

    Iron

    0.043 to 0.3

    Manganese

    0.005 to 0.1

    Molybdenum

    0.014 to 0.1

    Nickel

    0.006 to 0.1

    Silicon

    0.018 to 0.1

    Tin

    0.02 to 0.1

    Vanadium

    0.015 to 5.0

    Zirconium

    0.013 to 0.1

    1.1.1The elements oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, niobium, boron, yttrium, palladium, and ruthenium, were included in the ILS but the data did not contain the required six laboratories. Precision tables were provided for informational use only.

    1.2The elements and ranges covered in the scope by GD-AES of this method are listed below.

    Element

    Tested Mass Fraction Range (%)

    Aluminum

    0.02 to 7.0

    Chromium

    0.006 to 0.1

    Copper

    0.028 to 0.1

    Iron

    0.09 to 0.3

    Molybdenum

    0.016 to 0.1

    Nickel

    0.006 to 0.1

    Silicon

    0.018 to 0.1

    Tin

    0.022 to 0.1

    Vanadium

    0.054 to 5.0

    Zirconium

    0.026 to 0.1

    1.3The mass fractions given in the above scope tables are the ranges validated through the interlaboratory study. However, it is known that the techniques used in this standard allow the useable range to be extended higher or lower based on individual instrument and laboratory capabilities, and the spectral characteristics of the specific element wavelength being used. Laboratories must provide sufficient evidence of method validation when extending the analytical range as described in Guide E2857 Validating Analytical Methods.

    1.4This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazard statements are given in Section 9.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee E 01
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM B 1009 : 2018 Standard Specification for Titanium Alloy Bars for Near Surface Mounts in Civil Structures
    SAE AMS 4954 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, WELDING WIRE 6AL - 4V
    SAE AMS 4970 : 2016 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS 7AL - 4MO SOLUTION AND PRECIPITATION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 6950 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS, FORGINGS, AND FORGING STOCK 4AL - 2.5V - 1.5 FE SINGLE HEARTH MELTED, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4909 : 2016 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 5AL - 2.5SN, EXTRA LOW INTERSTITIAL ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4916L : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 8AL - 1MO - 1V DUPLEX ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4939C : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 3AL - 8V - 6CR - 4MO - 4ZR, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 4951 : 2017 TITANIUM WELDING WIRE COMMERCIALLY PURE ENVIRONMENT CONTROLLED PACKAGING
    SAE AMS 4992 : 2014 CASTING, STRUCTURAL INVESTMENT, TITANIUM ALLOY 6AL - 4V HOT ISOSTATICALLY PRESSED
    SAE AMS 6953 : 2018 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, 6AL - 4SN - 3NB - 0.5MO - 0.3SI, DUPLEX ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4928W : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, RINGS, AND DRAWN SHAPES, 6AL - 4V, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4905 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, DAMAGE-TOLERANT GRADE PLATE, 6AL - 4V, BETA ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6951 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET 5AL - 4V - 0.75MO - 0.5FE ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4963 : 2016 TITANIUM ALLOY, BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, AND RINGS, 6.0AL - 4.0V, ANNEALED, HEAT TREATABLE, MODIFIED STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 4967 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY, BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, AND RINGS 6.0AL - 4.0V ANNEALED, HEAT TREATABLE
    SAE AMS 4978 : 2018 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, AND RINGS, 6AL - 6V - 2SN, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 6952 : 2018 TITANIUM ALLOY, FORGINGS, 5.8AL - 4.0SN - 3.5ZR - 2.8MO - 0.7NB - 0.35SI - 0.06C, SOLUTION AND PRECIPITATION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 4971L : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, AND RINGS, 6AL - 6V - 2SN, ANNEALED, HEAT TREATABLE
    SAE AMS 2380 : 2017 APPROVAL AND CONTROL OF PREMIUM-QUALITY TITANIUM ALLOYS
    SAE AMS 4981 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS, WIRE, AND FORGINGS, 6.0AL - 2.0SN - 4.0ZR - 6.0MO, SOLUTION AND PRECIPITATION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 4991 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY CASTINGS, INVESTMENT 6AL - 4V HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSED, ANNEAL OPTIONAL
    SAE AMS 4915 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 8AL - 1V - 1MO SINGLE ANNEALED
    SAE AMS4933F : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY EXTRUSIONS AND FLASH WELDED RINGS 8AL - 1MO - 1V SOLUTION HEAT TREATED AND STABILIZED
    SAE AMS 4976 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, FORGINGS, 6.0AL - 2.0SN - 4.0ZR - 2.0MO - 08SI, SOLUTION AND PRECIPITATION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS4958E : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS AND RODS, 3AL - 8V - 6CR - 4MO - 4ZR, CONSUMABLE ELECTRODE MELTED, SOLUTION HEAT TREATED AND CENTERLESS GROUND OR PEELED AND POLISHED
    SAE AMS 4917 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 13.5V - 11CR - 3.0AL - SOLUTION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 2368 : 2017 SAMPLING AND TESTING OF WROUGHT TITANIUM RAW MATERIAL EXCEPT FORGINGS AND FORGING STOCK
    SAE AMS 6931 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY BARS, FORGINGS AND FORGING STOCK, 6.0AL - 4.0V, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 2249 : 2017 CHEMICAL CHECK ANALYSIS LIMITS, TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOYS
    SAE AMS 4942 : 2018 TITANIUM TUBING, SEAMLESS, ANNEALED, 40.0 KSI (275 MPA) YIELD STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 4945 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY TUBING, SEAMLESS, HYDRAULIC 3AL - 2.5V, CONTROLLED CONTRACTILE STRAIN RATIO COLD WORKED, STRESS RELIEVED
    SAE AMS 4941 G : 2017 TITANIUM TUBING, WELDED, 40 KSI (276 MPA) YIELD STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 4993F : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, BLENDED POWDER COMPACTS, SINTERED, 6AL - 4V
    SAE AMS 4935 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY EXTRUSIONS AND FLASH WELDED RINGS, 6AL - 4V, ANNEALED, BETA PROCESSED
    SAE AMS 4975 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, BARS, WIRE, AND RINGS, 6.0AL - 2.0SN - 4.0ZR - 2.0MO - 0.08SI, SOLUTION AND PRECIPITATION HEAT TREATED
    SAE AMS 6946 : 2014 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE 4AL - 2.5V - 1.5FE, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4959 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY WIRE 13.5V - 11CR - 3AL SPRING TEMPER
    SAE AMS 4966 : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, FORGINGS, 5AL - 2.5SN, ANNEALED, 110 KSI (758 MPA) YIELD STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 4911 : 2018 TITANIUM ALLOY, SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE, 6AL - 4 V, ANNEALED
    SAE AMS 4940 : 2017 TITANIUM SHEET, STRIP, AND PLATE COMMERCIALLY PURE ANNEALED, 25.0 KSI (172 MPA) YIELD STRENGTH
    SAE AMS 4979J : 2017 TITANIUM ALLOY, BARS, WIRE, FORGINGS, AND RINGS, 6AL - 6V - 2SN, SOLUTION AND PRECIPITATION HEAT TREATED
    ASTM B 348/B348M : 2021 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Bars and Billets
    ASTM F 620 : 2020 Standard Specification for Titanium Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants in the Alpha Plus Beta Condition
    ASTM B 863 : 2019 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Wire
    ASTM F 1472 : 2020 : REV A Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-6Aluminum-4Vanadium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56400)
    ASTM F 2989 : 2021 Standard Specification for Metal Injection Molded Unalloyed Titanium Components for Surgical Implant Applications
    ASTM B 861 : 2019 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Seamless Pipe
    ASTM B 862 : 2019 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Welded Pipe
    ASTM B 1009 : 2020 Standard Specification for Titanium Alloy Bars for Near Surface Mounts in Civil Structures
    ASTM F 1108 : 2021 Standard Specification for Titanium-6Aluminum-4Vanadium Alloy Castings for Surgical Implants (UNS R56406)
    ASTM B 381 : 2021 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Forgings
    ASTM F 3046 : 2021 Standard Specification for Wrought Titanium-3Aluminum-2.5Vanadium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56320)

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 177 : 1990 : REV A : R1996 Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
    ASTM E 177 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
    ASTM E 135 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 1329 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis
    ASTM E 691 : 2020 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 1507 : 1998 : R2003 Standard Guide for Describing and Specifying the Spectrometer of an Optical Emission Direct-Reading Instrument (Withdrawn 2003)
    ASTM E 691 : 2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 1601 : 2019 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 1601 : 1998 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 2972 : 2015 Standard Guide for Production, Testing, and Value Assignment of In-House Reference Materials for Metals, Ores, and Other Related Materials
    ASTM E 1601 : 2010 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 1329 : 2010 Standard Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM E 1329 : 2000 Standard Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis
    ASTM E 1601 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 305 : 2013 Standard Practice for Establishing and Controlling Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analytical Curves
    ASTM E 691 : 2009 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 135 : 2002 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 305 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Establishing and Controlling Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analytical Curves
    ASTM E 1601 : 2012 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    ASTM E 2857 : 2011 : R2021 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Validating Analytical Methods
    ASTM E 691 : 2021 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
    ASTM E 2857 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Guide for Validating Analytical Methods
    ASTM E2972 : 2015(2019) Standard Guide for Production, Testing, and Value Assignment of In-House Reference Materials for Metals, Ores, and Other Related Materials
    ASTM E 135 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 135 : 2003 : REV C Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ASTM E 305 : 2021 Standard Practice for Establishing and Controlling Spark Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analytical Curves
    ASTM E 2857 : 2011 Standard Guide for Validating Analytical Methods
    ASTM E 1507 : 1998 Standard Guide for Describing and Specifying the Spectrometer of an Optical Emission Direct-Reading Instrument
    ASTM E 135 : 2020 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 Uncertainty of measurement Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM:1995)
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