• ASTM F 1668 : 2016

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    Standard Guide for Construction Procedures for Buried Plastic Pipe

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  09-02-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This guide describes installation techniques and considerations for open-cut construction of buried pipe.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This guide describes installation techniques and considerations for open-cut construction of buried pipe. Although this guide was developed for plastic pipe, the concepts of providing the appropriate soil support, care in handling, correct joining techniques, proper soil compaction methods, and prevention of installation damage may apply to any pipe.

    1.1.1Plastic pipe refers to thermoplastic and fiberglass pipe.

    1.1.2Thermoplastic pipe refers to pipe fabricated from polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE), acrylonitrile-butadiene styrene (ABS), cross-linked polyethylene (PEX), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), or polypropylene (PP). A list of specifications for these products is given in Appendix X2.

    1.1.3Fiberglass pipe refers to a glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting-resin pipe. A list of ASTM specifications for these products is given in Appendix X2.

    Note 1:Appendix X2 cannot be considered inclusive because there may be unlisted, recently adopted ASTM specifications for new products that may be installed using this guide.

    Note 2:Only a few of the ASTM specifications listed in Appendix X2 include the associated fittings. While this guide applies to the installation of pipe, couplings, and fittings, no attempt was made to list all the possible fitting specifications that may be used in conjunction with the pipe specifications. Consult each specification or manufacturer for appropriate fitting standards.

    1.1.4For simplification, the term pipe will be used in this document to mean pipe sections, fittings, and couplings.

    1.2This guide contains general construction information applicable for plastic pipe and supplements the installation standards for the various types of pipe as described in Practices D2321, D2774, D3839, F690, and Guide F645.

    Note 3:This guide is not applicable for gas pipe applications as additional requirements may apply.

    1.3Flexible pipe, such as thermoplastic and fiberglass, are typically designed to rely on the stiffness of the soil surrounding the pipe for support. The contract documents should describe the requirements of an appropriate soil support system. The construction practices described in this guide can be instrumental in attaining the required soil stiffness.

    1.3.1A discussion of the interaction between a buried pipe and the surrounding soil and the importance of attaining proper soil support is in Appendix X1.

    1.3.2Following these guidelines will be helpful in preventing local deformations in the pipe.

    1.4This guide does not cover underwater installation, pipe that needs to be supported on piling, perforated pipe used for drainage, or gas pipelines.

    1.5Pipelines through areas described as “expansive soils,” “collapsing soils,” landfills or water-logged land (such as swamps) should be constructed using site-specific installation procedures and are not discussed in this guide.

    1.6This guide is not intended to cover all situations. Specific pipe characteristics, fluid transported, local site conditions, environmental concerns, or manufacturer's recommendations may require different guidelines.

    1.7The construction practices presented in this guide may be affected by the installation requirements of owners, specifying organizations, or regulatory agencies for pipelines crossing roads and highways, other pipelines or cables, or waterways such as streams, drainage channels, or floodways.

    1.8Culverts or pipe that are used as passages through water retaining embankments (for example, earth dams) may be constructed using the principles of this guide, if appropriate provisions are made to prevent water movement along the outside of the pipe (using impervious soils, cutoff collars, head walls, etc.).

    1.9The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units in parentheses are given for information only.

    Note 4:There is no similar or equivalent ISO standard covering the primary subject matter of this guide.

    1.10This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee F 17
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM F 2896 : 2011 : R2017 Standard Specification for Reinforced Polyethylene Composite Pipe For The Transport Of Oil And Gas And Hazardous Liquids
    ASTM F 412 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
    ASTM D 2774 : 2012 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM F 645 : 2018 : REV B Standard Guide for Selection, Design, and Installation of Thermoplastic Water- Pressure Piping Systems
    ASTM D 3839 : 2014 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM F 2720/F2720M : 2020 Standard Specification for Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyethylene (PE-GF) Spiral Wound Large Diameter Pipe
    ASTM D 2774 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM F 412 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 2216 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 1600 : 1999 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 4253 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 2321 : 2005 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 2774 : 2004 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 2321 : 2009 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 4564 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Sleeve Method
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 6938 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 2321 : 2014 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 6938 : 2010 Standard Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 4914 : 2008 Standard Test Methods for Density and Unit Weight of Soil and Rock in Place by the Sand Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 1557 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 2774 : 2021 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM C 94/C94M : 2020 Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
    ASTM D 2216 : 2010 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 3839 : 2014 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM F 412 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
    ASTM F 477 : 2014 Standard Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM C 94/C94M : 2021 : REV B Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
    ASTM D 698 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 2774 : 2021 : REV A Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM F 412 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
    ASTM D 4254 : 2000 : R2006 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 4653 : 1987 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorides in Leather
    ASTM D 1556 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Sand-Cone Method
    ASTM F 2620 : 2011 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM F 2620 : 2020 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 6938 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM F 913 : 2002 : R2021 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM D 4653 : 1987 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorides in Leather
    ASTM F 477 : 2002 Standard Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM D 1556 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Sand-Cone Method
    ASTM D 2488 : 1969 : R1975 Recommended Practice for Description Of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 6938 : 2017 : REV A Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM F 2620 : 2011 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 4254 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 2321 : 2018 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 4653 : 1987 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorides in Leather
    ASTM D 2774 : 2001 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM D 2321 : 2011 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM F 2620 : 2019 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 4653 : 1987 : R2015 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorides in Leather
    ASTM F 2620 : 2020 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 6938 : 2008 Standard Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 4253 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM D 4253 : 2016 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 4944 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester
    ASTM D 2321 : 2000 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 3839 : 2002 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of "Fiberglass" (Glass-FiberReinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM D 2774 : 1994 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM F 2620 : 2013 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 4653 : 1987 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorides in Leather
    ASTM D 1600 : 2007 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 4564 : 1993 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Sleeve Method
    ASTM D 1600 : 2013 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM C 94/C94M : 2021 : REV A Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
    ASTM F 2164 : 2018 Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure
    ASTM F 2164 : 2021 Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure
    ASTM F 1417 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Gravity Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM D 4254 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 1600 : 2014 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM F 1417 : 1992 : R1998 Standard Test Method for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Gravity Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM D 2774 : 2020 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM D 4253 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Test Methods for Maximum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
    ASTM D 1600 : 2008 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM F 1417 : 1992 : R2005 Standard Test Method for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Gravity Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM D 2321 : 2004 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM F 477 : 2014 : R2021 Standard Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM D 2774 : 2008 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM F 1417 : 2011 : REV A : R2019 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Non-pressure Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM F 913 : 1995 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM D 4564 : 2002 : REV A Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Sleeve Method
    ASTM D 2657 : 2007 : R2015 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 2167 : 1994 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method
    ASTM D 8 : 2022 Standard Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : R2021 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM F 690 : 1986 : R1994 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping Irrigation Systems
    ASTM D 4914 : 1999 Standard Test Methods for Density of Soil and Rock in Place by the Sand Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 2855 : 1996 : R2010 Standard Practice for Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 5030 : 1989 : R1994 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock in Place by the Water Replacement Method in a Test Pit (Withdrawn 2003)
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM F 402 : 2018 Standard Practice for Safe Handling of Solvent Cements, Primers, and Cleaners Used for Joining Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 1557 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 2321 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 2321 : 1974 Recommended Practice for Underground Installation Of Flexible Thermoplastic Sewer Pipe
    ASTM F 2164 : 2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure
    ASTM D 5030 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil and Rock in Place by the Water Replacement Method in a Test Pit
    ASTM D 2321 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM F 1417 : 2011 : REV A : R2015 Standard Practice for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Non-pressure Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM D 4254 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 6938 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 4564 : 2002 Standard Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Sleeve Method
    ASTM D 2488 : 2009 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM F 2620 : 2012 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 5080 : 2020 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Percent Compaction
    ASTM F 913 : 2002 : R2014 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM F 2620 : 2006 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 2855 : 2015 Standard Practice for the Two-Step (Primer and Solvent Cement) Method of Joining Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) or Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Pipe and Piping Components with Tapered Sockets
    ASTM D 2216 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 1557 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3(2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 1600 : 2018 Standard Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
    ASTM D 8 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements
    ASTM D 2657 : 2007 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 6938 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM C 94/C94M : 2021 Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
    ASTM F 2164 : 2013 Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure
    ASTM D 2488 : 2000 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 5080 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Percent Compaction
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 1557 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3(2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 6938 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 2855 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Practice for Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 8 : 2019 Standard Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements
    ASTM D 5080 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Percent Compaction
    ASTM D 3839 : 1994 : REV A Standard Practice for Underground Installation of "Fiberglass" (Glass-Fiber- Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM F 2620 : 2020 : REV A Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 2321 : 2008 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM F 645 : 1995 Standard Guide for Selection, Design, and Installation of Thermoplastic Water Pressure Piping Systems
    ASTM D 4944 : 2004 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester
    ASTM D 2657 : 2003 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 3839 : 2014 : R2019 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of “Fiberglass” (Glass-Fiber Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM D 2774 : 2012 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM D 2487 : 2010 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2216 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
    ASTM D 2487 : 2000 Standard Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2487 : 2006 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM D 2216 : 1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil
    ASTM D 4959 : 2007 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil By Direct Heating
    ASTM D 8 : 2020 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Materials for Roads and Pavements
    ASTM D 2487 : 2011 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM F 2620 : 2020 : REV A : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 2167 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method
    ASTM D 6938 : 2017 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM D 1557 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 4944 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester Method
    ASTM D 4959 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil By Direct Heating
    ASTM F 1417 : 2011 : REV A Standard Practice for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Non-pressure Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM D 2321 : 2020 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
    ASTM D 4254 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Test Methods for Minimum Index Density and Unit Weight of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
    ASTM D 3839 : 2002 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of "Fiberglass" (Glass-FiberReinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
    ASTM D 2774 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping
    ASTM D 5080 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Rapid Determination of Percent Compaction
    ASTM D 2855 : 1996 Standard Practice for Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM F 2164 : 2002 Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure
    ASTM D 2487 : 2017 Standard Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
    ASTM F 2164 : 2002 : R2007 Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure
    ASTM D 2488 : 2009 : REV A Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 4959 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Determination of Water Content of Soil By Direct Heating
    ASTM D 2488 : 2017 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedures)
    ASTM D 6938 : 2007 : REV B Standard Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
    ASTM F 2620 : 2009 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 2488 : 2006 Standard Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 4944 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester
    ASTM D 2487 : 1969 : R1975 Standard Test Method for Classification Of Soils For Engineering Purposes
    ASTM F 913 : 2001 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
    ASTM D 4564 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Sleeve Method (Withdrawn 2013)
    ASTM F 1417 : 2011 : REV A : R2019 Standard Practice for Installation Acceptance of Plastic Non-pressure Sewer Lines Using Low-Pressure Air
    ASTM D 698 : 2012 : EDT 2 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
    ASTM D 2167 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method
    ASTM D 2657 : 1997 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings
    ASTM D 3839 : 2008 Standard Guide for Underground Installation of Fiberglass (Glass-FiberReinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe
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