• ASTM F 2902 : 2016 : EDT 1

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    Standard Guide for Assessment of Absorbable Polymeric Implants

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  12-01-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This guide describes general guidelines for the chemical, physical, mechanical, biocompatibility, and preclinical assessments of implantable synthetic polymeric absorbable devices. This guide also describes evaluation methods that are potentially useful and should be considered when assessing absorbable implants or implant components.

    1.2The described evaluations may assist a manufacturer in establishing the safety and effectiveness of an absorbable implant device. This listing of assessment methods may also be utilized to assist in establishing substantial equivalence to an existing commercially marketed device. However, these polymeric material-oriented guidelines do not necessarily reflect the total needs for any particular implant application (for example, orthopedic, cardiovascular, sutures, and dermal fillers), which may require additional and potentially essential application-specific evaluations.

    1.3This guide is intended to cover all forms of absorbable polymeric components and devices, including solid (for example, injection-molded) and porous (for example, fibrous) forms. This guide is also intended to cover devices fabricated from amorphous and/or semi-crystalline absorbable polymer systems.

    1.4This guide has been generated with principal emphasis on the evaluation of devices formed from synthetic polymers that degrade in vivo primarily through hydrolysis (for example, α-hydroxy-polyesters). Evaluation methods suggested herein may or may not be applicable to implants formed from materials that, upon implantation, are substantially degraded through other mechanisms (for example, enzymatically induced degradation).

    1.5This guide references and generally describes various means to assess absorbable materials, components, and devices. The user needs to refer to specific test methods for additional details. Additionally, some of the recommended test methods may require modification to address the properties of a particular device, construct, or application.

    1.6Adherence to all aspects of these guidelines is not mandatory, in that assessments and tests listed within this guide are not necessarily relevant for all absorbable implant systems and applications.

    1.7Absorbable polymers used as a matrix to control the in vivo release of bioactive agents (drugs, antimicrobials, and so forth) may be evaluated according to many of the methods described herein. However, additional test methods not covered by this guide will likely be needed to evaluate a bioactive agent’s composition, loading, release kinetics, safety, and efficacy.

    1.8Composites of absorbable polymers with ceramics and/or metals may be evaluated according to many of the methods described herein. However, additional test methods not covered by this guide will likely be needed to evaluate the composite’s other component(s).

    1.9The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.10This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.11This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee F 04
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM F 2313 : 2018 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide
    ASTM F 2502 : 2017 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Absorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM F 3142 : 2016 Standard Guide for Evaluation of in vitro Release of Biomolecules from Biomaterials Scaffolds for TEMPs
    ASTM F 3160 : 2016 Standard Guide for Metallurgical Characterization of Absorbable Metallic Materials for Medical Implants
    ASTM F 2579 : 2018 Standard Specification for Amorphous Poly(lactide) and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 2150 : 2013 Standard Guide for Characterization and Testing of Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 5225 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM D 2857 : 2016 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 3164 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesively Bonded Plastic Lap-Shear Sandwich Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
    ASTM F 2097 : 2010 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM D 4603 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM F 1980 : 2007 : R2011 Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Barrier Systems for Medical Devices
    ASTM F 1983 : 1999 : R2008 Standard Practice for Assessment of Compatibility of Absorbable/Resorbable Biomaterials for Implant Applications
    ASTM D 5225 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM D 5225 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM E 1441 : 2000 : R2005 Standard Guide for Computed Tomography (CT) Imaging
    ASTM D 1922 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 3420 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM F 2559 : 2006 Standard Guide for Writing a Specification for Sterilizable Peel Pouches
    ASTM F 1983 : 1999 : R2003 Standard Practice for Assessment of Compatibiltiy of Absorbable/Resorbable Biomaterials for Implant Applications
    ASTM D 3418 : 1982 : R1988 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Thermal Analysis
    ASTM E 2207 : 2015 : R2021 Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
    ASTM F 1249 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
    ASTM E 328 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Stress Relaxation for Materials and Structures
    ASTM D 3418 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM F 1980 : 2021 Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Barrier Systems and Medical Devices
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 3846 : 2002 Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Strength of Reinforced Plastics
    ASTM F 2450 : 2009 Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM D 3420 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film
    ASTM D 3418 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 3164 : 2003 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesively Bonded Plastic Lap-Shear Sandwich Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
    ASTM D 5296 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM E 1441 : 2019 Standard Guide for Computed Tomography (CT)
    ASTM D 3420 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film
    ASTM E 96/E96M : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
    ASTM D 5296 : 1997 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM E 2207 : 2002 Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
    ASTM D 1922 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM F 1249 : 1994 : REV B Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
    ASTM D 1922 : 2006 : REV A Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM F 2097 : 2014 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM D 1042 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions
    ASTM D 5748 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Protrusion Puncture Resistance of Stretch Wrap Film
    ASTM F 1980 : 2007 Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Barrier Systems for Medical Devices
    ASTM E 2207 : 2015 Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
    ASTM F 2313 : 2018 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide
    ASTM D 3420 : 2021 Standard Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film
    ASTM D 4404 : 1984 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry
    ASTM E 96/E96M : 2022 Standard Test Methods for Gravimetric Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate of Materials
    ASTM D 5748 : 1995 : R2012 Standard Test Method for Protrusion Puncture Resistance of Stretch Wrap Film
    ASTM D 3846 : 1994 Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Strength of Reinforced Plastics
    ASTM F 2097 : 2008 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM F 2579 : 2008 Standard Specification for Amorphous Poly(lactide) and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 1042 : 1993 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions
    ASTM E 1356 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM D 2990 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM D 3846 : 2008 Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Strength of Reinforced Plastics
    ASTM D 3418 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM F 2502 : 2017 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Absorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM D 5225 : 2017 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM F 1980 : 2016 Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Barrier Systems for Medical Devices
    ASTM D 3418 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM F 2791 : 2014 Standard Guide for Assessment of Surface Texture of Non-Porous Biomaterials in Two Dimensions
    ASTM F 2791 : 2015 Standard Guide for Assessment of Surface Texture of Non-Porous Biomaterials in Two Dimensions
    ASTM F 2097 : 2016 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM D 3079 : 1994 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Flexible Heat-Sealed Packages for Dry Products
    ASTM D 3079 : 1994 : R2003 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Flexible Heat-Sealed Packages for Dry Products
    ASTM D 3418 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2207 : 2008 : R2013 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
    ASTM F 2210 : 2002 : R2010 Standard Guide for Processing Cells, Tissues, and Organs for Use in Tissue Engineered Medical Products (Withdrawn 2015)
    ASTM F 1925 : 2017 Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 2990 : 2001 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM D 1922 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM D 4404 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry
    ASTM D 5225 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solution Viscosity of Polymers with a Differential Viscometer
    ASTM F 1925 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Virgin Poly(L-Lactic Acid) Resin for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 4603 : 2018 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 5296 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM D 1042 : 2001 : REV A Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions
    ASTM D 2857 : 1995 : R2007 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers (Withdrawn 2016)
    ASTM D 2857 : 1970 : R1977 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Polymers
    ASTM D 4603 : 1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM F 2313 : 2010 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide
    ASTM D 3164 : 2003 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesively Bonded Plastic Lap-Shear Sandwich Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
    ASTM F 1249 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
    ASTM F 2313 : 2008 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide
    ASTM F 2450 : 2004 Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM D 4404 : 1984 : R1998 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry
    ASTM E 96/E96M : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials
    ASTM D 2857 : 2022 Standard Practice for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers
    ASTM D 1042 : 2012 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Plastics Caused by Exposure to Heat and Moisture
    ASTM F 2210 : 2002 Standard Guide for Processing Cells, Tissues, and Organs for Use in Tissue Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM F 2502 : 2011 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Absorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM D 638 : 2014 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
    ASTM F 2097 : 2007 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Flexible Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM F 99 : 2007 : R2015 Standard Guide for Writing a Specification for Flexible Barrier Rollstock Materials
    ASTM D 2990 : 2009 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM E 1356 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 2207 : 2008 Standard Practice for Strain-Controlled Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing with Thin-Walled Tubular Specimens
    ASTM D 2990 : 1995 Standard Test Methods for Tensile, Compressive, and Flexural Creep and Creep-Rupture of Plastics
    ASTM D 3164 : 2003 Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesively Bonded Plastic Lap-Shear Sandwich Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
    ASTM F 1925 : 2022 Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 1922 : 2015 : R2020 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM D 5748 : 1995 : R2019 Standard Test Method for Protrusion Puncture Resistance of Stretch Wrap Film
    ASTM E 328 : 2013 Standard Test Methods for Stress Relaxation Tests for Materials and Structures
    ASTM E 1356 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 1570 : 2011 Standard Practice for Computed Tomographic (CT) Examination
    ASTM D 1042 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions
    ASTM D 1922 : 2003 : REV A Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM E 1441 : 2011 Standard Guide for Computed Tomography (CT) Imaging
    ASTM D 3418 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    ASTM E 467 : 2008 : R2014 Standard Practice for Verification of Constant Amplitude Dynamic Forces in an Axial Fatigue Testing System
    ASTM F 2450 : 2018 Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM F 99 : 2021 Standard Guide for Writing a Specification for Flexible Barrier Rollstock Materials
    ASTM D 5748 : 1995 : R2007 Standard Test Method for Protrusion Puncture Resistance of Stretch Wrap Film
    ASTM D 5296 : 2019 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages and Molecular Weight Distribution of Polystyrene by High Performance Size-Exclusion Chromatography
    ASTM F 2579 : 2010 Standard Specification for Amorphous Poly(lactide) and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 2791 : 2009 Standard Guide for Assessment of Surface Texture of Non-Porous Biomaterials in Two Dimensions
    ASTM E 1570 : 2000 : R2005 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Computed Tomographic (CT) Examination
    ASTM F 2313 : 2008 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70 % Glycolide
    ASTM F 99 : 1976 : R1993 Standard Practice for Preparation of Flexible Barrier Material Specifications
    ASTM F 2579 : 2006 Standard Specification for Amorphous Poly(lactide) and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 1980 : 1999 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Medical Device Packages
    ASTM F 1983 : 2014 Standard Practice for Assessment of Selected Tissue Effects of Absorbable Biomaterials for Implant Applications
    ASTM F 1925 : 2009 Standard Specification for Semi-Crystalline Poly(lactide) Polymer and Copolymer Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM F 2579 : 2018 Standard Specification for Amorphous Poly(lactide) and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Resins for Surgical Implants
    ASTM D 570 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics
    ASTM E 328 : 2021 Standard Test Methods for Stress Relaxation for Materials and Structures
    ASTM F 1249 : 1990 : R1995 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
    ASTM F 2502 : 2005 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Bioabsorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM F 2313 : 2003 Standard Specification for Virgin Poly(glycolide) and Poly(glycolide-co-lactide) Resins for Surgical Implants with Mole Fractions Greater Than or Equal to 70% Glycolide
    ASTM D 1922 : 2005 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM D 3420 : 1995 Standard Test Method for Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastic Film
    ASTM F 2502 : 2005 Standard Specification and Test Methods for Bioabsorbable Plates and Screws for Internal Fixation Implants
    ASTM E 1356 : 1998 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry or Differential Thermal Analysis
    ASTM D 1922 : 2000 : REV A Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM F 2097 : 2001 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM D 570 : 1998 : R2018 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics
    ASTM E 467 : 2021 Standard Practice for Verification of Constant Amplitude Dynamic Forces in an Axial Fatigue Testing System
    ASTM D 3079 : 1994 : R2009 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Flexible Heat-Sealed Packages for Dry Products (Withdrawn 2018)
    ASTM D 1922 : 2006 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM F 2450 : 2010 Standard Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue Engineered Medical Products
    ASTM F 1983 : 1999 Standard Practice for Assessment of Compatibiltiy of Absorbable/Resorbable Biomaterials for Implant Applications
    ASTM F 2097 : 2005 Standard Guide for Design and Evaluation of Primary Packaging for Medical Products
    ASTM F 1980 : 2002 Standard Guide for Accelerated Aging of Sterile Medical Device Packages
    ASTM D 1922 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
    ASTM F 1249 : 2001 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
    ASTM D 1042 : 2012 Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Changes of Plastics Caused by Exposure to Heat and Moisture
    ASTM D 3846 : 2008 : R2015 Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Strength of Reinforced Plastics
    ASTM F 1925 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Specification for Virgin Poly(L-Lactic Acid) Resin for Surgical Implants
    ASTM E 1441 : 2000 Standard Guide for Computed Tomography (CT) Imaging
    ASTM E 1570 : 2000 Standard Practice for Computed Tomographic (CT) Examination
    ASTM F 1249 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor
    ASTM D 638 : 2022 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
    ASTM D 4404 : 2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry
    ASTM D 4603 : 2003 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Inherent Viscosity of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) by Glass Capillary Viscometer
    ASTM D 5748 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Protrusion Puncture Resistance of Stretch Wrap Film
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