• NFPA 54 HDBK : 2018

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    NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE HANDBOOK

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    Published date:  01-01-2018

    Publisher:  National Fire Protection Association

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Preface
    History of the National Fuel Gas Code
    About the Contributors
    About the Editor
    NFPA 54 Summary of Technical Changes: 2018
    PART ONE - NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code,
               2018 Edition, with Commentary
    1 Administration
    2 Referenced Publications
    3 Definitions
    4 General
    5 Gas Piping System Design, Materials, and
       Components
    6 Pipe Sizing
    7 Gas Piping Installation
    8 Inspection, Testing, and Purging
    9 Appliance, Equipment, and Accessory Installation
    10 Installation of Specific Appliances
    11 Procedures to Be Followed to Place Appliance in
       Operation
    12 Venting of Appliances
    13 Sizing of Category I Venting Systems
    Annexes
    ANNEX A - Explanatory Material
    ANNEX B - Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping
    ANNEX C - Suggested Method of Checking for
              Leakage
    ANNEX D - Suggested Emergency Procedure for
              Gas Leaks
    ANNEX E - Flow of Gas Through Fixed Orifices
    ANNEX F - Sizing of Venting Systems Serving
              Appliances Equipped with Draft Hoods,
              Category I Appliances, and Appliances
              Listed for Use with Type B Vents
    ANNEX G - Recommended Procedure for Safety
              Inspection of an Existing Appliance
              Installation
    ANNEX H - Indoor Combustion Air Calculation
              Examples
    ANNEX I - Example of Combination of Indoor
              and Outdoor Combustion and
              Ventilation Opening Design
    ANNEX J - Enforcement
    ANNEX K - Informational References
    PART TWO - Supplements
    SUPPLEMENT 1 - Development of Revised
                   Venting Guidelines
    SUPPLEMENT 2 - Fuel Gas Odorization
    SUPPLEMENT 3 - Calculation Worksheets
    SUPPLEMENT 4 - Clearance Distance for
                   Gas Appliance Sidewall Venting
    SUPPLEMENT 5 - Purging
    SUPPLEMENT 6 - Corrugated Stainless Steel
                   Tubing (CSST)
    Index
    Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides detail technical NFPA 54 rules and fuel gas safety concepts for answer questions from employees and owners; and verify fuel gas piping, appliance, and venting jobs are in compliance.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note This handbook is also included in NFPA 54 SET. (05/2003)
    Document Type Handbook
    Publisher National Fire Protection Association
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NFPA 921 : 2017 GUIDE FOR FIRE AND EXPLOSION INVESTIGATIONS
    NFPA 58 HDBK : 2017 LP-GAS CODE HANDBOOK
    NFPA 58 : 2017 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS CODE

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CSA 6.16 : 2015 CONNECTORS FOR MOVEABLE GAS APPLIANCES
    CSA NGV1 : 2017 COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE (NGV) FUELING CONNECTION DEVICES
    ANSI Z83.21 : 2016 COMMERCIAL DISHWASHERS
    AWS B2.2/B2.2M : 2010 SPECIFICATION FOR BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    ANSI Z83.4-2017/CSA 3.7-2017 Non-recirculating direct gas-fired heating and forced ventilation appliances for commercial and industrial application
    ANSI Z21.84 : 2012 MANUALLY LIGHTED, NATURAL GAS, DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN SOLID-FUEL BURNING APPLIANCES
    UL 103 : 2011 FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEYS FOR RESIDENTIAL TYPE AND BUILDING HEATING APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.75 : 2016 CONNECTORS FOR OUTDOOR GAS APPLIANCES AND MANUFACTURED HOMES
    ANSI NGV2 : 2016 COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONTAINERS
    API STD 1104:2013 WELDING OF PIPELINES AND RELATED FACILITIES
    ASTM A 254/A254M : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Copper-Brazed Steel Tubing
    CSA 6.24 : 2015 GAS CONVENIENCE OUTLETS AND OPTIONAL ENCLOSURES
    ANSI Z21.21 : 2015 AUTOMATIC VALVES FOR GAS APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.10.1 : 2014 GAS WATER HEATERS, VOLUME 1, STORAGE WATER HEATERS WITH INPUT RATINGS OF 75,000 BTU PER HOUR OR LESS
    CSA 2.6 : 2016 GAS UNIT HEATERS, GAS PACKAGED HEATERS, GAS UTILITY HEATERS, AND GAS-FIRED DUCT FURNACES
    ANSI Z21.58 : 2015 OUTDOOR COOKING GAS APPLIANCES
    CSA C22.2 No. 60730-2-5 : 2014 AUTOMATIC ELECTRICAL CONTROLS FOR HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR USE - PART 2-5: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS FOR AUTOMATIC ELECTRICAL BURNER CONTROL SYSTEMS
    CSA 4.9 : 2014 GAS-FIRED LOW PRESSURE STEAM AND HOT WATER BOILERS
    ANSI Z21.13 : 2014 GAS-FIRED LOW PRESSURE STEAM AND HOT WATER BOILERS
    ANSI NGV1 : 2017 COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE (NGV) FUELING CONNECTION DEVICES
    NFPA 31 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF OIL-BURNING EQUIPMENT
    ASME B16.1 : 2015 Gray Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: Classes 25, 125, and 250
    NFPA 58 : 2017 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS CODE
    MSS SP 6 : 2017 STANDARD FINISHES FOR CONTACT FACES OF PIPE FLANGES AND CONNECTING-END FLANGES OF VALVES AND FITTINGS
    UL 2561 : 2 1400 DEGREE FAHRENHEIT FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEYS
    NFPA 96 : 2017 VENTILATION CONTROL AND FIRE PROTECTION OF COMMERCIAL COOKING OPERATIONS
    ANSI Z21.11.2 : 2013 GAS-FIRED ROOM HEATERS, VOLUME II, UNVENTED ROOM HEATERS
    ASME B31.1 : 2016 POWER PIPING
    NFPA 30A : 2018 MOTOR FUEL DISPENSING FACILITIES AND REPAIR GARAGES
    NFPA 61 : 2017 PREVENTION OF FIRES AND DUST EXPLOSIONS IN AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD PROCESSING FACILITIES
    ANSI Z21.69 : 2015 CONNECTORS FOR MOVEABLE GAS APPLIANCES
    NFPA 853 : 2010 INSTALLATION OF STATIONARY FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS
    NFPA 780 : 2017 INSTALLATION OF LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    ANSI Z21.22 : 2015 RELIEF VALVES FOR HOT WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
    CSA 6.5 : 2015 AUTOMATIC VALVES FOR GAS APPLIANCES
    CSA 4.7 : 2014 GAS-FIRED POOL HEATERS
    ANSI Z21.40.1 : 1996 GAS-FIRED, HEAT ACTIVATED AIR CONDITIONING AND HEAT PUMP APPLIANCES
    API 520-1 : 2014 SIZING, SELECTION, AND INSTALLATION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES - PART 1: SIZING AND SELECTION
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    CSA 2.33 : 2016 VENTED GAS FIREPLACE HEATERS
    CSA 4.3 : 2014 GAS-FIRED WATER HEATERS, VOLUME 3, STORAGE WATER HEATERS WITH INPUT RATINGS ABOVE 75,000 BTU PER HOUR, CIRCULATING AND INSTANTANEOUS
    CSA 6.22 : 2011 LINE PRESSURE REGULATORS
    ANSI NGV3.1 : 2014 FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS POWERED VEHICLES
    ANSI Z21.5.2 : 2016 GAS CLOTHES DRYERS, VOLUME 2, TYPE 2 CLOTHES DRYERS
    ANSI Z83.18 : 2015 RECIRCULATING DIRECT GAS-FIRED HEATING AND FORCED VENTILATION APPLIANCES FOR COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    ASME B16.21 : 2016 NONMETALLIC FLAT GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES
    NFPA 90A : 2018 INSTALLATION OF AIR-CONDITIONING AND VENTILATING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 501 : 2017 MANUFACTURED HOUSING
    NFPA 5000 : 2018 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND SAFETY CODE
    CSA 12.3 : 2014 FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS POWERED VEHICLES
    CSA 4.4 : 2015 RELIEF VALVES FOR HOT WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
    UL 378 : 4 DRAFT EQUIPMENT
    NFPA 88A : 2015 PARKING STRUCTURES
    NFPA 90B : 2018 INSTALLATION OF WARM AIR HEATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 501A : 2017 FIRE SAFETY CRITERIA FOR MANUFACTURED HOME INSTALLATIONS, SITES, AND COMMUNITIES
    CSA 7.1 : 2016 GAS CLOTHES DRYERS, VOLUME 1, TYPE 1 CLOTHES DRYERS
    ANSI Z21.90 : 2015 GAS CONVENIENCE OUTLETS AND OPTIONAL ENCLOSURES
    ASHRAE HDBK FUNDAMENTALS : 2013 ASHRAE HANDBOOK - FUNDAMENTALS
    CSA 6.27 : 2016 CONNECTORS FOR OUTDOOR GAS APPLIANCES AND MANUFACTURED HOMES
    ASTM A 254 : 1997 Standard Specification for Copper-Brazed Steel Tubing
    ANSI Z83.20 : 2016 GAS-FIRED TUBULAR AND LOW-INTENSITY INFRARED HEATERS
    ANSI Z21.50 : 2016 VENTED DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCES
    UL 651 : 8 SCHEDULE 40, 80, TYPE EB AND A RIGID PVC CONDUIT AND FITTINGS
    CSA/ANSI Z21.42:13 (R2018) Gas-fired illuminating appliances
    CSA 2.22 : 2016 VENTED DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.61 : 1983 GAS-FIRED TOILETS
    UL 181 : 2011 FACTORY-MADE AIR DUCTS AND AIR CONNECTORS
    ANSI Z21.86-2016/CSA 2.32-2016 VENTED GAS-FIRED SPACE HEATING APPLIANCES
    ASTM D 2385 : 1981 : R1990 Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide and Mercaptan Sulfur in Natural Gas (Cadmium Sulfate-Iodometric Titration Method) (Withdrawn 1995)
    NFPA 560 : 2007 STORAGE, HANDLING, AND USE OF ETHYLENE OXIDE FOR STERILIZATION AND FUMIGATION
    CSA 6.10 : 2015 CONNECTORS FOR GAS APPLIANCES
    UL 959 : 9 MEDIUM HEAT APPLIANCE FACTORY-BUILT CHIMNEYS
    NFPA 68 : 2013 EXPLOSION PROTECTION BY DEFLAGRATION VENTING
    ASTM D 2513 : 2017-01 SPECIFICATION FOR POLYETHYLENE (PE) GAS PRESSURE PIPE, TUBING, AND FITTINGS
    ANSI/CSA FC 1:2014 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES - PART 3-100: STATIONARY FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS - SAFETY
    NFPA 55 : 2016 COMPRESSED GASES AND CRYOGENIC FLUIDS CODE
    ANSI Z21.47 : 2016 GAS-FIRED CENTRAL FURNACES
    NFPA 86 : 2015 OVENS AND FURNACES
    ASTM B 88 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube
    CSA 4.1 : 2014 GAS WATER HEATERS, VOLUME 1, STORAGE WATER HEATERS WITH INPUT RATINGS OF 75,000 BTU PER HOUR OR LESS
    UL 441 : 2016 GAS VENTS
    ASME B16.20 : 2012 METALLIC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES
    AWS B2.1/B2.1M : 2014 SPECIFICATION FOR WELDING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION
    NFPA 52 : 2016 VEHICULAR NATURAL GAS FUEL SYSTEMS CODE
    NFPA 1192 : 2018 RECREATIONAL VEHICLES
    ANSI Z21.88 : 2016 VENTED GAS FIREPLACE HEATERS
    NFPA 51B : 2014 FIRE PREVENTION DURING WELDING, CUTTING, AND OTHER HOT WORK
    NFPA 59 : 2018 UTILITY LP-GAS PLANT CODE
    ANSI Z21.19-2014/CSA 1.4-2014 REFRIGERATORS USING GAS FUEL
    NFPA 99 : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE
    NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
    CSA 6.9 : 2014 QUICK DISCONNECT DEVICES FOR USE WITH GAS FUEL APPLIANCES
    ASTM F 2509 : 2015-12 SPECIFICATION FOR FIELD-ASSEMBLED ANODELESS RISER KITS FOR USE ON OUTSIDE DIAMETER CONTROLLED POLYETHYLENE GAS DISTRIBUTION PIPE AND TUBING
    NFPA 56 : 2017 FIRE AND EXPLOSION PREVENTION DURING CLEANING AND PURGING OF FLAMMABLE GAS PIPING SYSTEMS
    NFPA 59A : 2016 PRODUCTION, STORAGE, AND HANDLING OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)
    ASME B16.42 : 2016 DUCTILE IRON PIPE FLANGES AND FLANGED FITTINGS - CLASSES 150 AND 300
    UL 1738 : 3 VENTING SYSTEMS FOR GAS-BURNING APPLIANCES, CATEGORIES 2, 3, AND 4
    ANSI Z21.93 : 2013 EXCESS FLOW VALVES FOR NATURAL AND PROPANE GAS WITH PRESSURES UP TO 5 PSIG
    NACE SP 01 69 : 2013 CONTROL OF EXTERNAL CORROSION ON UNDERGROUND OR SUBMERGED METALLIC PIPING SYSTEMS
    ASME B16.47 : 2017 LARGE DIAMETER STEEL FLANGES: NPS 26 THROUGH NPS 60 METRIC/INCH STANDARD
    CSA 2.26 : 2012 DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN SOLID-FUEL BURNING FIREPLACES
    NFPA 51 : 2018 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF OXYGEN-FUEL GAS SYSTEMS FOR WELDING, CUTTING, AND ALLIED PROCESSES
    ASME B31.3:2016 PROCESS PIPING
    CSA 8.4 : 2014 GAS HOSE CONNECTORS FOR PORTABLE OUTDOOR GAS-FIRED APPLIANCES
    UL 2158A : 3 CLOTHES DRYER TRANSITION DUCT
    NFPA 409 : 2016 AIRCRAFT HANGARS
    ANSI Z83.4-2017/CSA 3.7-2017 NON-RECIRCULATING DIRECT GAS-FIRED HEATING AND FORCED VENTILATION APPLIANCES FOR COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION
    ANSI Z21.54 : 2014 GAS HOSE CONNECTORS FOR PORTABLE OUTDOOR GAS-FIRED APPLIANCES
    CSA 1.8 : 2016 GAS FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT
    ASME B16.5 : 2017 PIPE FLANGES AND FLANGED FITTINGS: NPS 1/2 THROUGH NPS 24 METRIC/INCH STANDARD
    ANSI Z21.91 : 2007 VENTLESS FIREBOX ENCLOSURES FOR GAS-FIRED UNVENTED DECORATIVE ROOM HEATERS
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    ANSI Z21.56 : 2014 GAS-FIRED POOL HEATERS
    ANSI Z21.60 : 2012 DECORATIVE GAS APPLIANCES FOR INSTALLATION IN SOLID-FUEL BURNING FIREPLACES
    CSA NGV 5.1 : 2016 RESIDENTIAL FUELING APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.41 : 2014 QUICK DISCONNECT DEVICES FOR USE WITH GAS FUEL APPLIANCES
    CFR 49(PTS178-199) : OCT 2017 TRANSPORTATION
    UL 641 : 8 Standard for Type L Low-Temperature Venting Systems
    CSA C22.2 No. 168 : 2016 COMMERCIAL DISHWASHERS
    ASME B16.24 : 2016 CAST COPPER ALLOY PIPE FLANGES, FLANGED FITTINGS, AND VALVES: CLASSES 150, 300, 600, 900, 1500, AND 2500
    ANSI Z83.20-2016/CSA 2.34-2016 Gas-fired tubular and low-intensity infrared heaters
    CSA 6.26 : 2016 FUEL GAS PIPING SYSTEMS USING CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING
    ASTM B 241/B241M : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube
    ANSI Z21.86-2016/CSA 2.32-2016 Vented gas-fired space heating appliances
    ANSI Z83.11 : 2016 GAS FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT
    NFPA 82 : 2014 INCINERATORS AND WASTE AND LINEN HANDLING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT
    NFPA 37 : 2018 INSTALLATION AND USE OF STATIONARY COMBUSTION ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES
    ANSI Z21.1 : 2016 HOUSEHOLD COOKING GAS APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.19 : 2014 REFRIGERATORS USING GAS FUEL
    ASME B31.2 : 1968 PIPING - FUEL GAS PIPING
    UL 263 : 2011 FIRE TESTS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS
    CSA 1.6 : 2015 OUTDOOR COOKING GAS APPLIANCES
    UL 1777 : 5 CHIMNEY LINERS
    SAE J 533 : 2017 FLARES FOR TUBING
    ASME B1.20.1 : 2013(R2018) PIPE THREADS, GENERAL PURPOSE (INCH)
    UL 467 : 2013 GROUNDING AND BONDING EQUIPMENT
    ASME B36.10M : 2015 WELDED AND SEAMLESS WROUGHT STEEL PIPE
    NFPA 211 : 2016 CHIMNEYS, FIREPLACES, VENTS, AND SOLID FUEL-BURNING APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.5.1 : 2016 GAS CLOTHES DRYERS, VOLUME 1, TYPE 1 CLOTHES DRYERS
    ANSI Z21.24 : 2015 CONNECTORS FOR GAS APPLIANCES
    ANSI Z21.66 : 2015 AUTOMATIC DAMPER DEVICES FOR USE WITH GAS-FIRED APPLIANCES
    GPTC Z380.1 : 2015 ADD 8 2017 GUIDE FOR GAS TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION PIPING SYSTEMS
    CSA 1.1 : 2016 HOUSEHOLD COOKING GAS APPLIANCES
    API 520-2 : 2015 SIZING, SELECTION, AND INSTALLATION OF PRESSURE-RELIEVING DEVICES - PART 2: INSTALLATION
    CSA 2.3 : 2016 GAS-FIRED CENTRAL FURNACES
    NFPA 20 : 2016 INSTALLATION OF STATIONARY PUMPS FOR FIRE PROTECTION
    NFPA 2 : 2016 HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGIES CODE
    ANSI Z21.5.2-2016/CSA 7.2:2016 GAS CLOTHES DRYERS, VOLUME 2, TYPE 2 CLOTHES DRYERS
    ANSI LC 1 : 2016 FUEL GAS PIPING SYSTEMS USING CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING
    MSS SP 58 : 2009 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS - MATERIALS, DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, SELECTION, APPLICATION, AND INSTALLATION
    ANSI Z21.12 : 1990 DRAFT HOODS
    ANSI Z83.8 : 2016 GAS UNIT HEATERS, GAS PACKAGED HEATERS, GAS UTILITY HEATERS, AND GAS-FIRED DUCT FURNACES
    CSA 6.30 : 2013 EXCESS FLOW VALVES FOR NATURAL AND PROPANE GAS WITH PRESSURES UP TO 5 PSIG
    ASHRAE HDBK HVAC SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT : 2012 ASHRAE HANDBOOK - HVAC SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT
    CGA 6.14 : 2015 AUTOMATIC DAMPER DEVICES FOR USE WITH GAS-FIRED APPLIANCES
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