• SAE J 2578 : 2014

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    RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR GENERAL FUEL CELL VEHICLE SAFETY

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  08-26-2014

    Publisher:  SAE International

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1. SCOPE
    2. REFERENCES
    3. DEFINITIONS
    4. TECHNICAL SYSTEMS SAFETY GUIDELINES
    5. OPERATION
    6. EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    7. MAINTENANCE
    8. NOTES
    APPENDIX A - POST-CRASH CRITERIA FOR COMPRESSED
                 HYDROGEN SYSTEMS
    APPENDIX B - GUIDANCE FOR CONDUCTING HIGH VOLTAGE TESTS
    APPENDIX C - GUIDANCE FOR CONDUCTING DISCHARGE EVALUATIONS
                 INTO SPACES SURROUNDING VEHICLES
    APPENDIX D - GUIDANCE FOR CONDUCTING LOCAL EXHAUST
                 FLAMMABILITY AND TOXICITY EVALUATIONS
                 OF VEHICLE DISCHARGES
    APPENDIX E - GUIDANCE FOR THE PACKAGING OF HYDROGEN SYSTEMS
                 INCLUDING PRDS, SHIELDS, AND FLOW BARRIERS
    APPENDIX F - TEST METHOD FOR DRIVE-AWAY PROTECTION

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides requirements relating to the safe integration of the fuel cell system, the hydrogen fuel storage and handling systems (as defined and specified in SAE J2579) and high voltage electrical systems into the overall Fuel Cell Vehicle.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Document Type Revision
    Publisher SAE International
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS ISO 23273-1 : 2006 FUEL CELL ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS - PART 1: VEHICLE FUNCTIONAL SAFETY
    BS ISO 13063 : 2012 ELECTRICALLY PROPELLED MOPEDS AND MOTORCYCLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS
    17/30343003 DC : 0 BS ISO 6469-2 - ELECTRICALLY PROPELLED ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS ELEMENT - PART 2: VEHICLE OPERATIONAL SAFETY
    CSA HGV 3.1 : 2013 FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR COMPRESSED HYDROGEN GAS POWERED VEHICLES
    BS ISO 23273-2 : 2006 FUEL CELL ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS - PART 2: PROTECTION AGAINST HYDROGEN HAZARDS FOR VEHICLES FUELLED WITH COMPRESSED HYDROGEN
    17/30293100 DC : 0 BS ISO 19882 - GASEOUS HYDROGEN - THERMALLY ACTIVATED PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES FOR COMPRESSED HYDROGEN VEHICLE FUEL CONTAINERS
    05/30134522 DC : DRAFT JUN 2005 ISO 23273-1 - FUEL CELL ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS - PART 1: VEHICLE FUNCTIONAL SAFETY
    CNG FUEL INSPECTOR RESOURCE PACKAGE : 2013 CONSISTS OF ANSI NGV 1-2006/CSA NGV 1-2006, COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE (NGV) FUELING CONNECTION DEVICES; ANSI PRD 1-2013, PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES FOR NATURAL GAS VEHICLE (NGV) FUEL CONTAINERS; ANSI NGV 2-2007, COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONTAINERS; ANSI NGV 2A-2012, ADDENDA 1 TO ANSI NGV 2-2007, COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONTAINERS AND ANSI NGV 2B-2012
    08/30183031 DC : DRAFT MAY 2008 BS ISO 6469-2 - ELECTRIC ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS - PART 2: VEHICLE OPERATIONAL SAFETY MEANS AND PROTECTION AGAINST FAILURES
    BS ISO 23273 : 2013 FUEL CELL ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS - PROTECTION AGAINST HYDROGEN HAZARDS FOR VEHICLES FUELLED WITH COMPRESSED HYDROGEN
    05/30134525 DC : DRAFT JUN 2005 ISO 23273-2 - FUEL CELL ROAD VEHICLES - SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS - PART 2: PROTECTION AGAINST HYDROGEN HAZARDS FOR VEHICLES FUELLED WITH COMPRESSED HYDROGEN
    SAE J 2990/1 : 2016 GASEOUS HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL VEHICLE FIRST AND SECOND RESPONDER RECOMMENDED PRACTICE
    ISO 23273-2:2006 Fuel cell road vehicles Safety specifications Part 2: Protection against hydrogen hazards for vehicles fuelled with compressed hydrogen
    SAE J 1766 : 2014 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRIC, FUEL CELL AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CRASH INTEGRITY TESTING
    BS ISO 6469-2:2018 (published 2018-01) Electrically propelled road vehicles. Safety specifications Vehicle operational safety
    SAE J 2601 : 2016 FUELING PROTOCOLS FOR LIGHT DUTY GASEOUS HYDROGEN SURFACE VEHICLES
    ISO 6469-2:2018 Electrically propelled road vehicles Safety specifications Part 2: Vehicle operational safety
    SAE J 2799 : 2014 HYDROGEN SURFACE VEHICLE TO STATION COMMUNICATIONS HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
    SAE J 2600 : 2015 Compressed Hydrogen Surface Vehicle Fueling Connection Devices
    SAE J 2990/2 : 2015 HYBRID AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE SAFETY SYSTEMS INFORMATION REPORT
    ANSI HGV 2 : 2014 COMPRESSED HYDROGEN GAS VEHICLE FUEL CONTAINERS
    SAE J 2594 : 2016 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE TO DESIGN FOR RECYCLING PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE (PEM) FUEL CELL SYSTEMS
    ANSI HPRD 1 : 2013(R 2018) THERMALLY ACTIVATED PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES FOR COMPRESSED HYDROGEN VEHICLE FUEL CONTAINERS
    ISO 23273:2013 Fuel cell road vehicles Safety specifications Protection against hydrogen hazards for vehicles fuelled with compressed hydrogen
    SAE J 2579 : 2013 STANDARD FOR FUEL SYSTEMS IN FUEL CELL AND OTHER HYDROGEN VEHICLES
    ANSI HGV 3.1 : 2015 FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR COMPRESSED HYDROGEN GAS POWERED VEHICLES
    SAE J 2601/2 : 2014 FUELING PROTOCOL FOR GASEOUS HYDROGEN POWERED HEAVY DUTY VEHICLES
    CSA NGV 6.1 : 2016 COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) FUEL STORAGE AND DELIVERY SYSTEMS FOR ROAD VEHICLES
    NFPA 921 : 2017 GUIDE FOR FIRE AND EXPLOSION INVESTIGATIONS
    SAE J 2880 : 2014 RECOMMENDED GREEN RACING PROTOCOLS
    ISO 13063:2012 Electrically propelled mopeds and motorcycles Safety specifications
    ISO 23273-1:2006 Fuel cell road vehicles Safety specifications Part 1: Vehicle functional safety
    SAE J 2601-3 : 2013 FUELING PROTOCOL FOR GASEOUS HYDROGEN POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CISPR 12:2007+AMD1:2009 CSV Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers
    IEC 60079-1:2014 RLV Explosive atmospheres - Part 1: Equipment protection by flameproof enclosures "d"
    IEC 60079-10:2002 Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 10: Classification of hazardous areas
    SAE J 1773 : 2014 SAE ELECTRIC VEHICLE INDUCTIVELY COUPLED CHARGING
    ISO 11452-3:2016 Road vehicles Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 3: Transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell
    ISO 6469-2:2009 Electrically propelled road vehicles Safety specifications Part 2: Vehicle operational safety means and protection against failures
    ISO 26262-6:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 6: Product development at the software level
    SAE J 1766 : 2014 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRIC, FUEL CELL AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CRASH INTEGRITY TESTING
    SAE J 551/5 : 2012 PERFORMANCE LEVELS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF MAGNETIC AND ELECTRIC FIELD STRENGTH FROM ELECTRIC VEHICLES, 150 KHZ TO 30 MHZ
    ISO 26262-5:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 5: Product development at the hardware level
    IEEE C62.41 : 1991 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE ON SURGE VOLTAGES IN LOW-VOLTAGE AC POWER CIRCUITS
    ISO 23273:2013 Fuel cell road vehicles Safety specifications Protection against hydrogen hazards for vehicles fuelled with compressed hydrogen
    ISO 26262-1:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 1: Vocabulary
    IEC 60417-1:2002 Graphical symbols for use on equipment - Part 1: Overview and application
    IEC 60079-20 : 1.0 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR EXPLOSIVE GAS ATMOSPHERES - PART 20 - DATA FOR FLAMMABLE GASES AND VAPOURS, RELATING TO THE USE OF ELECTRICAL APPARATUS
    IEC 60950:1999 Safety of information technology equipment
    SAE J 551/13 : 2003 VEHICLE ELECTROMAGNETIC IMMUNITY - BULK CURRENT INJECTION
    SAE J 1718 : 1997 MEASUREMENT OF HYDROGEN GAS EMISSION FROM BATTERY-POWERED PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS DURING BATTERY CHARGING
    IEC 60079-19:2010+AMD1:2015 CSV Explosive atmospheres - Part 19: Equipment repair, overhaul and reclamation
    IEC 60079-17:2013 Explosive atmospheres - Part 17: Electrical installations inspection and maintenance
    SAE J 551/1 : 2015 PERFORMANCE LEVELS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY OF VEHICLES, BOATS (UP TO 15 M), AND MACHINES (16.6 HZ TO 18 GHZ)
    ISO 11452-4:2011 Road vehicles Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 4: Harness excitation methods
    SAE J 1113/13 : 2015 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE FOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS - PART 13: IMMUNITY TO ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE
    ISO 11451-3:2015 Road vehicles Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 3: On-board transmitter simulation
    UL 2202 : 2 ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EV) CHARGING SYSTEM EQUIPMENT
    ANSI FC 1 : 2012 STATIONARY FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEC 60079-18:2014 RLV Explosive atmospheres - Part 18: Equipment protection by encapsulation m
    SAE J 1113/12 : 2006 ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE BY CONDUCTION AND COUPLING - CAPACITIVE AND INDUCTIVE COUPLING VIA LINES OTHER THAN SUPPLY LINES
    SAE J 1752/2 : 2016 MEASUREMENT OF RADIATED EMISSIONS FROM INTEGRATED CIRCUITS - SURFACE SCAN METHOD (LOOP PROBE METHOD) 10 MHZ TO 3 GHZ
    SAE J 1673 : 2012 HIGH VOLTAGE AUTOMOTIVE WIRING ASSEMBLY DESIGN
    IEC 60079-10-1:2015 Explosive atmospheres - Part 10-1: Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres
    SAE J 1113/21 : 2013 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE FOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS - PART 21: IMMUNITY TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS, 30 MHZ TO 18 GHZ, ABSORBER-LINED CHAMBER
    SAE J1113/4 : 2014 IMMUNITY TO RADIATED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS - BULK CURRENT INJECTION (BCI) METHOD
    NFPA 704 : 2017 STANDARD SYSTEM FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE HAZARDS OF MATERIALS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
    IEC 60079-20-1:2010 Explosive atmospheres - Part 20-1: Material characteristics for gas and vapour classification - Test methods and data
    SAE J 1113/11 : 2012 IMMUNITY TO CONDUCTED TRANSIENTS ON POWER LEADS
    ISO 6469-1:2009 Electrically propelled road vehicles Safety specifications Part 1: On-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS)
    NFPA 496 : 2017 PURGED AND PRESSURIZED ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
    IEC 60079-1-1:2002 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR EXPLOSIVE GAS ATMOSPHERES - PART 1-1: FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES "D" - METHOD OF TEST FOR ASCERTAINMENT OF MAXIMUM EXPERIMENTAL SAFE GAP
    IEC TR 60079-16:1990 Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Part 16: Artificial ventilation for the protection of analyser(s) houses
    IEC 60079-5:2015 RLV Explosive atmospheres - Part 5: Equipment protection by powder filling "q"
    ISO 20653:2013 Road vehicles Degrees of protection (IP code) Protection of electrical equipment against foreign objects, water and access
    SAE J 551/2 : 1994 TEST LIMITS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF RADIO DISTURBANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF VEHICLES, MOTORBOATS, AND SPARK-IGNITED ENGINE-DRIVEN DEVICES
    SAE J 1113/42 : 2010 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY - COMPONENT TEST PROCEDURE - PART 42: CONDUCTED TRANSIENT EMISSIONS
    CISPR 22:2008 Information technology equipment - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement
    SAE J 1113/41 : 2006 LIMITS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF RADIO DISTURBANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPONENTS AND MODULES FOR THE PROTECTION OF RECEIVERS IN BOARD VEHICLES
    CISPR 25:2016 Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines - Radio disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers
    SAE J 1115 : 1976 GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPING AND REVISING SAE NOMENCLATURE AND DEFINITIONS
    SAE J 1645 : 2011 FUEL SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS - ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE MITIGATION
    IEC 60079-11:2011 Explosive atmospheres - Part 11: Equipment protection by intrinsic safety "i"
    ISO 26262-9:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 9: Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL)-oriented and safety-oriented analyses
    SAE J 1113/25 : 1999 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE FOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS - IMMUNITY TO RADIATED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS, 10 KHZ TO 500 MNZ - TRI-PLATE LINE METHOD
    IEC 60079-3:1990 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR EXPLOSIVE GAS ATMOSPHERES - SPARK TEST APPARATUS FOR INTRINSICALLY-SAFE CIRCUITS
    SAE J 1772 : 2016 SAE ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND PLUG IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONDUCTIVE CHARGE COUPLER
    SAE J 1739 : 2009 POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS IN DESIGN (DESIGN FMEA), POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS IN MANUFACTURING AND ASSEMBLY PROCESSES (PROCESS FMEA)
    SAE J 551/12 : 1996 VEHICLE ELECTROMAGNETIC IMMUNITY - ON-BOARD TRANSMITTER SIMULATION
    UL 1998 : 3 SOFTWARE IN PROGRAMMABLE COMPONENTS
    SAE J 1812 : 2013(S2018) FUNCTION PERFORMANCE STATUS CLASSIFICATION FOR EMC IMMUNITY TESTING
    SAE J 1113/26 : 2014 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE FOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS - IMMUNITY TO AC POWER LINE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    CSA C108.4 : 2006 VEHICLES, BOATS, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE DRIVEN DEVICES - RADIO DISTURBANCE CHARACTERISTICS - LIMITS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT FOR THE PROTECTION OF RECEIVERS EXCEPT THOSE INSTALLED IN THE VEHICLE/BOAT/DEVICE ITSELF OR IN ADJACENT VEHICLES/BOATS/DEVICES
    IEC 60417-2:1998 Graphical symbols for use on equipment - Part 2: Symbol originals
    ISO 11452-2:2004 Road vehicles Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 2: Absorber-lined shielded enclosure
    ISO 11452-1:2015 Road vehicles Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 1: General principles and terminology
    IEC 60079-6:2015 Explosive atmospheres - Part 6: Equipment protection by liquid immersion "o"
    IEC 60079-0:2011 Explosive atmospheres - Part 0: Equipment - General requirements
    ISO 26262-2:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 2: Management of functional safety
    IEC 60079-14:2013 Explosive atmospheres - Part 14: Electrical installations design, selection and erection
    SAE J 2579 : 2013 STANDARD FOR FUEL SYSTEMS IN FUEL CELL AND OTHER HYDROGEN VEHICLES
    SAE J 1113/24 : 2006 IMMUNITY TO RADIATED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; 10 KHZ TO 200 MHZ - CRAWFORD TEM CELL AND 10 KHZ TO 5 GHZ - WIDEBAND TEM CELLL
    SAE J 2799 : 2014 HYDROGEN SURFACE VEHICLE TO STATION COMMUNICATIONS HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
    SAE J 1654 : 2016 UNSHIELDED HIGH VOLTAGE PRIMARY CABLE
    SAE J 2464 : 2009 ELECTRIC AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE RECHARGEABLE ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM (RESS) SAFETY AND ABUSE TESTING
    SAE J 1142 : 1994 TOWABILITY DESIGN CRITERIA AND EQUIPMENT USE - PASSENGER CARS, VANS, AND LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS
    UL 991 : 3 TESTS FOR SAFETY-RELATED CONTROLS EMPLOYING SOLID-STATE DEVICES
    ISO 6469-3:2011 Electrically propelled road vehicles Safety specifications Part 3: Protection of persons against electric shock
    SAE J 2574 : 2011 FUEL CELL VEHICLE TERMINOLOGY
    ISO 11452-5:2002 Road vehicles Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 5: Stripline
    ICC IMC INTERNATIONAL MECHANICAL CODE : 2015 INTERNATIONAL MECHANICAL CODE
    ISO 26262-7:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 7: Production and operation
    SAE J 1113/2 : 2010 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES AND LIMITS FOR VEHICLES COMPONENTS (EXCEPT AIRCRAFT) - CONDUCTED IMMUNITY, 15 HZ TO 250 KHZ - ALL LEADS
    SAE J 551/4 : 2000 TEST LIMITS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF RADIO DISTURBANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF VEHICLES AND DEVICES, BROADBAND AND NARROWBAND, 150 KHZ TO 1000 MHZ
    ISO 11451-2:2015 Road vehicles Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 2: Off-vehicle radiation sources
    ISO 26262-10:2012 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 10: Guideline on ISO 26262
    IEC 60079-12 : 1.0 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR EXPLOSIVE GAS ATMOSPHERES - CLASSIFICATION OF MIXTURES OF GASES OR VAPOURS WITH AIR ACCORDING TO THEIR MAXIMUM EXPERIMENTAL SAFE GAPS AND MINIMUM IGNITING CURRENTS
    ISO 26262-4:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 4: Product development at the system level
    ISO 26262-8:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 8: Supporting processes
    ISO 26262-3:2011 Road vehicles Functional safety Part 3: Concept phase
    SAE J 1752/1 : 2016 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES FOR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS - INTEGRATED CIRCUIT EMC MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES - GENERAL AND DEFINITIONS
    SAE J 2990 : 2012 HYBRID AND EV FIRST AND SECOND RESPONDER RECOMMENDED PRACTICE
    SAE J 1715 : 2014 HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE (HEV) AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE (EV) TERMINOLOGY
    SAE J 551/11 : 2000 VEHICLE ELECTROMAGNETIC IMMUNITY - OFF-VEHICLE SOURCE
    SAE J 2344 : 2010 GUIDELINES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE SAFETY
    IEC 60079-15:2010 Explosive atmospheres - Part 15: Equipment protection by type of protection "n"
    IEC 60079-13:2017 Explosive atmospheres - Part 13: Equipment protection by pressurized room "p" and artificially ventilated room "v"
    ISO 11452-7:2003 Road vehicles Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 7: Direct radio frequency (RF) power injection
    SAE J 1113/3 : 2010 CONDUCTED IMMUNITY, 250 KHZ TO 400 MHZ, DIRECT INJECTION OF RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) POWER
    SAE J 1742 : 2010 CONNECTIONS FOR HIGH VOLTAGE ON-BOARD ROAD VEHICLE ELECTRICAL WIRING HARNESSES - TEST METHODS AND GENERAL PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    UL 2251 : 3 PLUGS, RECEPTACLES, AND COUPLERS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES
    ISO 11451-4:2013 Road vehicles Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 4: Bulk current injection (BCI)
    NFPA 497 : 2017 CLASSIFICATION OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, GASES, OR VAPORS AND OF HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN CHEMICAL PROCESS AREAS
    ISO 11451-1:2015 Road vehicles Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy Part 1: General principles and terminology
    IEC 60079-4A:1970 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR EXPLOSIVE GAS ATMOSPHERES - METHOD OF TEST FOR IGNITION TEMPERATURES - FIRST SUPPLEMENT
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