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  • AAMI ISO 14161 : 2009

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    STERILIZATION OF HEALTH CARE PRODUCTS - BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS - GUIDANCE FOR THE SELECTION, USE, AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  21-11-2019

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  30-09-2009

    Publisher:  Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Glossary of equivalent standards
    Committee representation
    Background of ANSI/AAMI adoption of ISO 14161:2009
    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 General
    5 Characteristics of biological indicators
    6 Selection of supplier
    7 Biological indicators in process development
    8 Biological indicators in sterilization validation
    9 Biological indicators in routine monitoring
    10 Results
    11 Application of biological indicator standards
    12 Culture conditions
    13 Third-party requirements
    14 Personnel training
    15 Storage and handling
    16 Disposal of biological indicators
    Annex A (informative) - Microbiological inactivation kinetics
                            and enumeration techniques
    Annex B (informative) - Process challenge devices
    Annex C (informative) - Formulae for fraction negative methods
                            for D value calculations
    Annex D (informative) - Examples of documentation for biological
                            indicators prepared by the user
    Annex E (informative) - Calculation of z value
    Annex F (informative) - D value determination by survivor
                            curve method
    Annex G (informative) - Survival-kill response characteristics
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies guidance for the selection, use, and interpretation of results from the application of biological indicators in the development, validation, and routine monitoring of sterilization processes.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee WG 04
    Development Note Supersedes AAMI ST34 (05/2001)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AAMI ST91 : 2015 FLEXIBLE AND SEMI-RIGID ENDOSCOPE PROCESSING IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    AAMI TIR16 : 2017 MICROBIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ETHYLENE OXIDE STERILIZATION
    AAMI TIR56 : 2013 GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT, VALIDATION AND ROUTINE CONTROL OF AN ETHYLENE OXIDE STERILIZATION PROCESS UTILIZING FLEXIBLE BAG SYSTEMS FOR THE STERILIZATION OF MEDICAL DEVICES
    AAMI ST63 : 2002 STERILIZATION OF HEALTH CARE PRODUCTS - REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT, VALIDATION AND ROUTINE CONTROL OF AN INDUSTRIAL STERILIZATION PROCESS FOR MEDICAL DEVICES - DRY HEAT
    AAMI TIR14 : 2016 CONTRACT STERILIZATION USING ETHYLENE OXIDE
    AAMI ST40 : 2004 TABLE-TOP DRY HEAT (HEATED AIR) STERILIZATION AND STERILITY ASSURANCE IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    AAMI ST67 : 2011 : R2017 STERILIZATION OF HEALTH CARE PRODUCTS - REQUIREMENTS AND GUIDANCE FOR SELECTING A STERILITY ASSURANCE LEVEL (SAL) FOR PRODUCTS LABELED 'STERILE'
    AAMI ST67 : 2011 STERILIZATION OF HEALTH CARE PRODUCTS - REQUIREMENTS AND GUIDANCE FOR SELECTING A STERILITY ASSURANCE LEVEL (SAL) FOR PRODUCTS LABELED 'STERILE'
    AAMI ST40 : 2004 : R2010 TABLE-TOP DRY HEAT (HEATED AIR) STERILIZATION AND STERILITY ASSURANCE IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    AAMI ST58 : 2013(R2018) CHEMICAL STERILIZATION AND HIGH-LEVEL DISINFECTION IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    AAMI TIR56 : 2013 : R2016 GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT, VALIDATION AND ROUTINE CONTROL OF AN ETHYLENE OXIDE STERILIZATION PROCESS UTILIZING FLEXIBLE BAG SYSTEMS FOR THE STERILIZATION OF MEDICAL DEVICES
    AAMI ST77 : 2013 CONTAINMENT DEVICES FOR REUSABLE MEDICAL DEVICE STERILIZATION
    AAMI ST8 : 2013(R2018) HOSPITAL STEAM STERILIZERS
    AAMI TIR39:2009 GUIDANCE ON SELECTING A MICROBIAL CHALLENGE AND INOCULATION SITES FOR STERILIZATION VALIDATION OF MEDICAL DEVICES
    AAMI TIR39 : 2009 : R2017 GUIDANCE ON SELECTING A MICROBIAL CHALLENGE AND INOCULATION SITES FOR STERILIZATION VALIDATION OF MEDICAL DEVICES
    AAMI TIR 12 : 2010 DESIGNING, TESTING, AND LABELING REUSABLE MEDICAL DEVICES FOR REPROCESSING IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES: A GUIDE FOR MEDICAL DEVICE MANUFACTURERS
    ANSI/AAMI ST79:2017 COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO STEAM STERILIZATION AND STERILITY ASSURANCE IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
    ISO 19011:2011 Guidelines for auditing management systems
    ISO 11138-3:2017 Sterilization of health care products Biological indicators Part 3: Biological indicators for moist heat sterilization processes
    EN 285 : 2015 STERILIZATION - STEAM STERILIZERS - LARGE STERILIZERS
    ISO 11737-2:2009 Sterilization of medical devices Microbiological methods Part 2: Tests of sterility performed in the definition, validation and maintenance of a sterilization process
    ISO 11737-1:2006 Sterilization of medical devices Microbiological methods Part 1: Determination of a population of microorganisms on products
    ISO 13485:2016 Medical devices Quality management systems Requirements for regulatory purposes
    ISO 14937:2009 Sterilization of health care products General requirements for characterization of a sterilizing agent and the development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices
    AAMI TIR31 : 2008 PROCESS CHALLENGE DEVICES/TEST PACKS FOR USE IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    ISO 11138-2:2017 Sterilization of health care products Biological indicators Part 2: Biological indicators for ethylene oxide sterilization processes
    ISO/IEC 17011:2004 Conformity assessment General requirements for accreditation bodies accrediting conformity assessment bodies
    ISO 11135-1:2007 Sterilization of health care products Ethylene oxide Part 1: Requirements for development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices
    ISO 18472:2006 Sterilization of health care products Biological and chemical indicators Test equipment
    ISO 20857:2010 Sterilization of health care products Dry heat Requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices
    ISO/TS 11139:2006 Sterilization of health care products Vocabulary
    ISO 9001:2015 Quality management systems Requirements
    ISO 9000:2015 Quality management systems Fundamentals and vocabulary
    ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004 Standardization and related activities General vocabulary
    ISO 11138-1:2017 Sterilization of health care products Biological indicators Part 1: General requirements
    ISO 11138-4:2017 Sterilization of health care products Biological indicators Part 4: Biological indicators for dry heat sterilization processes
    ISO 11138-5:2017 Sterilization of health care products Biological indicators Part 5: Biological indicators for low-temperature steam and formaldehyde sterilization processes
    ISO 17665-1:2006 Sterilization of health care products Moist heat Part 1: Requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices
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