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  • AS/NZS 5139:2019

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    Electrical installations - Safety of battery systems for use with power conversion equipment

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  11-10-2019

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS NZS 5139 2019 specifies requirements for general installation and safety requirements for battery energy storage systems (BESSs), where the battery system is installed in a location, such as a dedicated enclosure or room, and is connected with power conversion equipment (PCE) to supply electric power to other parts of an electrical installation.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard sets out general installation and safety requirements for battery energy storage systems (BESSs), where the battery system is installed in a location, such as a dedicated enclosure or room, and is connected with power conversion equipment (PCE) to supply electric power to other parts of an electrical installation.
    This Standard sets out the requirements from the battery system up to but not including the PCE. This Standard also applies to pre-assembled integrated battery energy storage systems, which also include PCE(s).
    This Standard outlines the potential hazards that are associated with battery energy storage systems and their associated battery systems and specifies installation methods that minimize risks posed by these hazards.
    This Standard is applicable for the following battery systems:
    (a) Nominal voltage between 12 V d.c. and 1500 V d.c.
    (b) Connected to either single or multiple PCEs.
    (c) Using secondary or rechargeable cells.
    (d) With a rated capacity equal to or greater than 1 kWh and no more than 200 kWh, at —
    (i) C10 rating, for lead acid batteries; or
    (ii) 0.1C, for lithium technologies; or
    (iii) manufacturer’s specified energy capacity, for other technologies.
    Where an installation includes multiple battery energy storage systems, this Standard applies to each individual battery energy storage system if —
    (A) the total energy storage capacity is equal to or greater than 1 kWh; and
    (B) each individual BESS is no more than 200 kWh.
    This Standard does not apply to battery systems in the following electrical installation types:
    (1) Premises with critical power continuity requirements (e.g. acute care hospitals, substation support and black start).
    (2) Telecommunication applications.
    (3) Electric vehicles.
    (4) Portable equipment.
    (5) Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) that are in accordance with AS 62040.1.1 and AS 62040.1.2.
    (6) Transportable structures and vehicles that are in accordance with AS/NZS 3001.
    NOTE 1 While this Standard applies to systems of up to 200 kWh, the general requirements of this Standard may apply to larger installations.
    NOTE 2 This Standard applies for common BESS technologies, and is not specifically written to support all types of battery system installation types or for other storage technologies, e.g. super capacitors. This Standard may be able to be applied in full or in part to the different storage technologies, or the risk approach may be used to assess the hazards and determine mitigations.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EL-042
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Originated in Australia as AS 4086.2-1997.
    Jointly revised and redesignated as AS/NZS 5139:2019. Originated in Australia as AS 4086.2-1997. Jointly revised and redesignated as AS/NZS 5139:2019.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 62109-1:2010 Safety of power converters for use in photovoltaic power systems - Part 1: General requirements
    AS/NZS 60898.2:2004 Circuit-breakers for overcurrent protection for household and similar installations Circuit-breakers for a.c. and d.c. operation (IEC 60898-2, Ed. 1.1 (2003) MOD) (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 3112:2017 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets
    AS/NZS 4509.1:2009 Stand-alone power systems Safety and installation
    AS/NZS 5000.2:2006 Electric cables - Polymeric insulated For working voltages up to and including 450/750 V (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 3731.2-1995 Stationary batteries - Nickel-cadmium Valve-regulated type
    IEC 60695-11-20:2015 Fire hazard testing - Part 11-20: Test flames - 500 W flame test method
    ISO 9772:2012 Cellular plastics Determination of horizontal burning characteristics of small specimens subjected to a small flame
    AS/NZS IEC 60947.2:2015 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear Circuit-breakers
    AS/NZS 60079.14:2017 Explosive atmospheres Design selection, erection and initial inspection (IEC 60079-14:2013 (ED.5.0) MOD)
    AS/NZS 3000:2018 (Unamended Hardcopy + Amendments) Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)
    AS/NZS 4777.2:2015 Grid connection of energy systems via inverters Inverter requirements
    AS 62040.1.2-2003 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations
    IEC 60896-11:2002 Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 11: Vented types - General requirements and methods of tests
    AS/NZS 5000.1:2005 Electric cables - Polymeric insulated For working voltages up to and including 0.6/1 (1.2) kV (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS/NZS 3008.1.1:2017 Electrical installations - Selection of cables Cables for alternating voltages up to and including 0.6/1 kV - Typical Australian installation conditions
    IEC 60896-21:2004 Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 21: Valve regulated types - Methods of test
    AS/NZS 3008.1.2:2017 Electrical installations - Selection of cables Cables for alternating voltages up to and including 0.6/1 kV - Typical New Zealand conditions
    SAA/SNZ HB 76:2010 Dangerous Goods - Initial Emergency Response Guide
    IEC 60529:1989+AMD1:1999+AMD2:2013 CSV Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
    AS/NZS IEC 60947.1:2015 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear General rules
    AS 60947.3:2018 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fuse-combination units (IEC 60947-3:2015 (ED. 3.2) MOD)
    AS 4029.1-1994 Stationary batteries - Lead-acid Vented type (based on and including the full text of IEC 896-1)
    ISO 9773:1998 Plastics Determination of burning behaviour of thin flexible vertical specimens in contact with a small-flame ignition source
    IEC 60269-1:2006+AMD1:2009+AMD2:2014 CSV Low-voltage fuses - Part 1: General requirements
    AS/NZS 4777.1:2016 Grid connection of energy systems via inverters Installation requirements
    AS/NZS 1680.1:2006 Interior and workplace lighting General principles and recommendations
    AS/NZS 1170.1:2002 Structural design actions Permanent, imposed and other actions
    AS/NZS 1170.2:2011 Structural design actions Wind actions (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS 1170.4-2007 Structural design actions Earthquake actions in Australia (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS/NZS 5033:2014 Installation and safety requirements for photovoltaic (PV) arrays
    AS/NZS ISO 31000:2009 Risk management - Principles and guidelines
    AS 1530.1-1994 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures Combustibility test for materials
    AS 62040.1.1-2003 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas
    AS/NZS 4029.2:2000 Stationary batteries - Lead-acid Valve-regulated type (IEC 60896-2:1995, MOD)
    AS 3731.1-1995 Stationary batteries - Nickel-cadmium Vented type
    IEC 60695-11-10:2013 Fire hazard testing - Part 11-10: Test flames - 50 W horizontal and vertical flame test methods
    AS/NZS 3001:2008 Electrical installations - Transportable structures and vehicles including their site supplies
    IEC 60896-22:2004 Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 22: Valve regulated types - Requirements
    IEC 60269-3:2010+AMD1:2013 CSV Low-voltage fuses - Part 3: Supplementary requirements for fuses foruse by unskilled persons (fuses mainly for household or similar applications) - Examples of standardized systems of fuses A to F

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 3011.2:2019 Electrical installations - Secondary batteries installed in buildings Sealed cells
    AS 2676.2:2020 Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings Sealed cells
    AS 2676.1:2020 Installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings Vented cells
    AS 3011.1:2019 Electrical installations - Secondary batteries installed in buildings Vented cells
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