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  • ASTM D 1037 : 2012

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    Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  12-11-2020

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  27-06-2012

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Part AGeneral Test Methods for Evaluating the Basic Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 Part AGeneral Test Methods for Evaluating the Basic Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials. These test methods cover the determination of the properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are produced as mat-formed panels such as particleboard, medium-density fiberboard, hardboard, and oriented strand board.

    Section
    Significance and Use3
    Apparatus4
    Test Specimens5
    Moisture Content and Conditioning Requirements6
    Accelerated Aging7
    Size, Physical Properties and Appearance of Panels8
    Static Bending9
    Tension Parallel to Surface10
    Tension Perpendicular to Surface11
    Compression Parallel to Surface12
    Fastener Holding Tests:
    Lateral Nail Resistance13
    Nail Withdrawal14
    Nail-Head Pull-Through15
    Direct Screw Withdrawal16
    Hardness17
    Hardness Modulus18
    Shear in the Plane of the Panel19
    Glue-Line Shear (Block Type)20
    Falling Ball Impact21
    Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester22
    Moisture Tests:
    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling23
    Linear Expansion with Change in Moisture Content24
    Cupping and Twisting25
    Interlaminar Shear26
    Edgewise Shear27
    Compression-Shear28

    1.2 Part BAcceptance and Specification Test Methods for Hardboard. The methods for Part B provide test procedures for measuring the following properties of hardboard:

    Section
    Thickness32
    Modulus of Rupture33
    Tension Strength Parallel to Surface34
    Tension Strength Perpendicular to Surface35
    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling36
    Moisture Content and Specific Gravity37

    1.3 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents are approximate in many cases. 1 in. = 25.4 mm, 1 lbf = 4.45 N.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 Basic Test Procedures for Evaluating Properties of Wood Base-Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    ASTM
    Designation
    Test Methods for
    C177Steady-State Heat-Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate ApparatusA
    C209Cellulosic Fiber Insulating BoardA
    C236Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of the Guarded Hot BoxA
    C384Impedance and Absorption of Acoustical Materials by the Imped-
    ance Tube MethodA
    C423Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Re-
    verberation Room MethodA
    D149Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Elec-
    trical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power FrequenciesB
    D150A-C Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating MaterialsB
    D257D-C Resistance or Conductance of Insulating MaterialsB
    D495High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical InsulationB
    D1666Conducting Machining Tests of Wood and Wood-Base MaterialsC
    D1761Mechanical Fasteners in WoodC
    E72Conducting Strength Tests of Panels for Building ConstructionD
    E84Surface Burning Characteristics of Building MaterialsD
    E90Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building PartitionsA
    E96Water Vapor Transmission of MaterialsA
    E97Directional Reflectance Factor, 45-deg 0-deg, of Opaque Specimens by Broad-Band Filter ReflectometryE
    E119Fire Tests of Building Construction and MaterialsD
    E136Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°CD
    E152Fire Tests of Door AssembliesD
    E162Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy SourceD
    E661Performance of Wood and Wood-Based Floor and Roof Sheathing Under Concentrated Static and Impact LoadsD
    E662Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid MaterialsD
    E906Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Prod-
    uctsD

    A Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.06.

    B Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 10.01.

    C Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.10.

    D Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.07.

    E Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.02.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 07
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM C 1705/C1705M : 2009 : R2016 Standard Specification for Structural Cementitious Panels
    ASTM D 5456 : 2019 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
    ASTM D 7519 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Internal Bond Strength and Thickness Swell of Cellulosic-Based Fiber and Particle Panels After Repeated Wetting (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 7032 : 2017 Standard Specification for Establishing Performance Ratings for Wood-Plastic Composite and Plastic Lumber Deck Boards, Stair Treads, Guards, and Handrails
    ASTM C 1278/C1278M : 2017 Standard Specification for Fiber-Reinforced Gypsum Panel
    ASTM D 6815 : 2009 : R2015 Standard Specification for Evaluation of Duration of Load and Creep Effects of Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 2719 : 2019 Standard Test Methods for Wood Structural Panels in Shear Through-the-Thickness
    ASTM C 656 : 2017 Standard Specification for Structural Insulating Board, Calcium Silicate
    ASTM E 1803 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Determining Strength Capacities of Structural Insulated Panels
    ASTM C 208 : 2012 : R2017 : EDT 1 Standard Specification for Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board
    ASTM D 7857 : 2016 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Flexural Properties and Internal Bond Strength of Fire-Retarded Mat-Formed Wood Structural Composite Panels Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
    ASTM C 1288 : 2017 Standard Specification for Fiber-Cement Interior Substrate Sheets
    ASTM D 545 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Preformed Expansion Joint Fillers for Concrete Construction (Nonextruding and Resilient Types)
    ASTM D 5651 : 2013 Standard Test Method for Surface Bond Strength of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 2394 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Simulated Service Testing of Wood and Wood-Based Finish Flooring
    ASTM C 209 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Cellulosic Fiber Insulating Board
    ASTM D 2126 : 2015 Standard Test Method for Response of Rigid Cellular Plastics to Thermal and Humid Aging
    ASTM C 725 : 1990 : R2014 Standard Specification for Semidense Mineral Fiber Siding (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 5457 : 2019 : REV B Standard Specification for Computing Reference Resistance of Wood-Based Materials and Structural Connections for Load and Resistance Factor Design
    ASTM D 7033 : 2014 Standard Practice for Establishing Design Capacities for Oriented Strand Board (OSB) Wood-Based Structural-Use Panels

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 4442 : 2007 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 2915 : 2017 Standard Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 1554 : 2001 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 2015 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 1554 : 2000 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 3501 : 1994 Standard Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
    ASTM D 1554 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 2016 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 3043 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure
    ASTM D 3043 : 2000 Standard Test Methods for Testing Structural Panels in Flexure
    ASTM D 2395 : 1993 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 2395 : 2007 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 3043 : 2000 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Testing Structural Panels in Flexure
    ASTM D 3501 : 2005 : REV A Standard Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
    ASTM D 2395 : 2017 Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 2915 : 2003 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 4442 : 2020 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 2395 : 2014 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 2395 : 2014 Standard Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 3501 : 2005 : REV A : R2011 Standard Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
    ASTM D 2395 : 2006 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 3501 : 2005 : REV A : R2018 Standard Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
    ASTM D 1554 : 2010 : R2016 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 2395 : 2007 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 3043 : 1987 : R1993 : EDT 1 Standard Methods of Testing Structural Panels in Flexure
    ASTM D 2915 : 2010 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products
    ASTM D 1554 : 2010 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 2915 : 1998 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 2915 : 2002 Standard Practice for Evaluating Allowable Properties for Grades of Structural Lumber
    ASTM D 2395 : 2002 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Wood and Wood-Based Materials
    ASTM D 1554 : 2001 : R2005 Standard Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R1997 : EDT 1 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 1984 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 4442 : 1992 : R2003 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
    ASTM D 3501 : 2005 Standard Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression
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