• ASTM C 88/C88M : 2018

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    Standard Test Method for Soundness of Aggregates by Use of Sodium Sulfate or Magnesium Sulfate

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  08-01-2018

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This test method covers the testing of aggregates to estimate their soundness when subjected to weathering action in concrete or other applications. This is accomplished by repeated immersion in saturated solutions of sodium or magnesium sulfate followed by oven drying to partially or completely dehydrate the salt precipitated in permeable pore spaces. The internal expansive force, derived from the rehydration of the salt upon re-immersion, simulates the expansion of water on freezing. This test method furnishes information helpful in judging the soundness of aggregates when adequate information is not available from service records of the material exposed to actual weathering conditions. 1.2 The values stated in SI or inch pound units shall be regarded separately as standard. The inch –pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance. 1.3 Some values have only SI units because the inch-pound equivalents are not used in practice. 1.4 If the results obtained from another standard are not reported in the same system of units as used by this test method, it is permitted to convert those results using the conversion factors found in the SI Quick Reference Guide.2 NOTE 1: Sieve size is identified by its standard designation in Specification E11. The alternate designation given in parentheses is for information only and does not represent a different standard sieve size. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1This test method covers the testing of aggregates to estimate their soundness when subjected to weathering action in concrete or other applications. This is accomplished by repeated immersion in saturated solutions of sodium or magnesium sulfate followed by oven drying to partially or completely dehydrate the salt precipitated in permeable pore spaces. The internal expansive force, derived from the rehydration of the salt upon re-immersion, simulates the expansion of water on freezing. This test method furnishes information helpful in judging the soundness of aggregates when adequate information is not available from service records of the material exposed to actual weathering conditions.

    1.2The values stated in SI or inch pound units shall be regarded separately as standard. The inch –pound units are shown in brackets. The values stated are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance.

    1.3Some values have only SI units because the inch-pound equivalents are not used in practice.

    1.4If the results obtained from another standard are not reported in the same system of units as used by this test method, it is permitted to convert those results using the conversion factors found in the SI Quick Reference Guide.2

    Note 1:Sieve size is identified by its standard designation in Specification E11. The alternate designation given in parentheses is for information only and does not represent a different standard sieve size.

    1.5This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee C 09
    Document Type Test Method
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 323 : 2011 : R2021 Standard Specification for Perforated-Plate Sieves for Testing Purposes
    ASTM C 125 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
    ASTM E 11 : 2020 Standard Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
    ASTM E 323 : 2011 : R2016 Standard Specification for Perforated-Plate Sieves for Testing Purposes
    ASTM E 100 : 1995 : R2001 Standard Specification for ASTM Hydrometers
    ASTM C 125 : 2000 Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
    ASTM C 125 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
    ASTM C 125 : 2020 Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
    ASTM C 125 : 2009 Standard Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates
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