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  • ASTM D 420 : 1998

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering, Design, and Construction Purposes

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  11-11-2014

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  10-03-1998

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1.1 This guide refers to ASTM methods by which soil, rock, and ground water conditions may be determined. The objective of the investigation should be to identify and locate, both horizontally and vertically, significant soil and rock types and ground water conditions present within a given site area and to establish the characteristics of the subsurface materials by sampling or in situ testing, or both.

    1.2 Laboratory testing of soil, rock, and ground water samples is specified by other ASTM standards not listed herein. Subsurface exploration for environmental purposes will be the subject of a separate ASTM document.

    1.3 Prior to commencement of any intrusive exploration the site should be checked for underground utilities. Should evidence of potentially hazardous or otherwise contaminated materials or conditions be encountered in the course of the investigation, work should be interrupted until the circumstances have been evaluated and revised instructions issued before resumption.

    1.4 The values stated in (SI) inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 5777 : 2000 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5284 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Acidic Extraction Fluid
    ASTM D 5299 : 1999 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
    ASTM D 7128 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic-Reflection Method for Shallow Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 4793 : 2009 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Water
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    API 2N : 2015 PLANNING, DESIGNING, AND CONSTRUCTING STRUCTURES AND PIPELINES FOR ARCTIC CONDITIONS
    ASTM D 7046 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Use of the Metal Detection Method for Subsurface Exploration
    ASTM D 4823 : 1995 : R2003 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Core Sampling Submerged, Unconsolidated Sediments
    ASTM D 6527 : 2000 Standard Test Method for Determining Unsaturated and Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Porous Media by Steady-State Centrifugation
    ASTM D 5233 : 1992 : R2009 Standard Test Method for Single Batch Extraction Method for Wastes
    ASTM D 6088 : 2006 : R2016 Standard Practice for Installation of Geocomposite Pavement Drains
    ASTM D 5434 : 2012 Standard Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 6430 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Using the Gravity Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 7762 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Design of Stabilization of Soil and Soil-Like Materials with Self-Cementing Fly Ash
    AWWA M45 : 3 FIBERGLASS PIPE DESIGN
    ASTM D 5233 : 1992 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Single Batch Extraction Method for Wastes
    ASTM D 6234 : 2013 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Shake Extraction of Mining Waste by the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure
    BS EN ISO 19901-8:2015 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Specific requirements for offshore structures Marine soil investigations
    ASTM D 5911/D5911M : 1996 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Minimum Set of Data Elements to Identify a Soil Sampling Site (Withdrawn 2019)
    CSA ISO 19906 : 2011 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    ASTM D 5233 : 1992 : R1999 Standard Test Method for Single Batch Extraction Method for Wastes
    ASTM D 5369 : 1993 : R2003 Standard Practice for Extraction of Solid Waste Samples for Chemical Analysis Using Soxhlet Extraction
    ASTM D 3397 : 1981 Method of Test for Triaxial Classification of Base Materials, S Oils and Soil (Withdrawn 1987)
    ISO 19906:2010 Petroleum and natural gas industries Arctic offshore structures
    ASTM D 5299 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
    ASTM E 2278 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Revegetation and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage
    ASTM F 1962 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Use of Maxi-Horizontal Directional Drilling for Placement of Polyethylene Pipe or Conduit Under Obstacles, Including River Crossings
    ASTM D 5777 : 2000 : R2006 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 5369 : 1993 : R1998 Standard Practice for Extraction of Solid Waste Samples for Chemical Analysis Using Soxhlet Extraction
    ASTM D 6168 : 1997 : R2010 Standard Guide for Selection of Minimum Set of Data Elements Required to Identify Locations Chosen for Field Collection of Information to Describe Soil, Rock, and Their Contained Fluids (Withdrawn 2019)
    ASTM D 6168 : 1997 : R2004 Standard Guide for Selection of Minimum Set of Data Elements Required to Identify Locations Chosen for Field Collection of Information to Describe Soil, Rock, and Their Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4823 : 1995 : R1999 Standard Guide for Core Sampling Submerged, Unconsolidated Sediments
    ASTM D 6432 : 2011 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Using the Surface Ground Penetrating Radar Method for Subsurface Investigation
    UFC 3-220-01 : 2012 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
    CSA ISO 19906 : 2011 : R2016 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    UNI EN ISO 19906 : 2012 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    ASTM D 5284 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Acidic Extraction Fluid
    ASTM D 4823 : 1995 : R2008 Standard Guide for Core Sampling Submerged, Unconsolidated Sediments
    ASTM D 5777 : 2000 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic Refraction Method for Subsurface Investigation
    ASCE 34 01 : 2001 STANDARD GUIDELINES FOR ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE OF GROUND WATER
    ASTM D 5299 : 1999 Standard Guide for Decommissioning of Ground Water Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
    ASTM D 4220 : 1995 : R2007 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples
    ASTM D 5730 : 2004 Standard Guide for Site Characterization for Environmental Purposes With Emphasis on Soil, Rock, the Vadose Zone and Groundwater (Withdrawn 2013)
    ISO 19901-8:2014 Petroleum and natural gas industries Specific requirements for offshore structures Part 8: Marine soil investigations
    CSA ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS
    CSA ISO 19901-8:15 (R2020) Petroleum and natural gas industries — Specific requirements for offshore structures — Part 8: Marine soil investigations (Adopted ISO 19901-8:2014, first edition, 2014-12-01)
    ASTM D 6429 : 1999 : R2006 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods
    ASTM D 6168 : 1997 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection of the Minimum Set of Data Elements Required to Identify Locations Chosen for the Field Collection of Information to Describe Soil, Rock, and Their Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 4823 : 1995 : R2014 Standard Guide for Core Sampling Submerged, Unconsolidated Sediments
    CSA Z201 : 0 QUALIFICATION CODE FOR ONTARIO FOR LABORATORIES ANALYZING INDUSTRIAL WASTE
    09/19984091 DC : DRAFT JAN 2009 BS EN ISO 19906 - PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    ASTM D 5299/D5299M : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Decommissioning of Groundwater Wells, Vadose Zone Monitoring Devices, Boreholes, and Other Devices for Environmental Activities
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R1994 : EDT 2 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM E 2243 : 2013 Standard Guide for Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) for Surface Mine Reclamation: Re-contouring and Highwall Reclamation
    ASTM D 6914 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 6727 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Guide for Conducting Borehole Geophysical LoggingNeutron
    ASTM D 6820 : 2018 Standard Guide for Use of the Time Domain Electromagnetic Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 6088 : 2006 : R2011 Standard Practice for Installation of Geocomposite Pavement Drains
    I.S. EN ISO 19901-8:2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    ACI 325.3R : 1987 GUIDE FOR DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS AND SHOULDERS FOR CONCRETE PAVEMENTS
    ASTM D 6727 : 2001 Standard Guide for Conducting Borehole Geophysical Logging-Neutron
    ASTM D 6431 : 2018 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Using the Direct Current Resistivity Method for Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4793 : 2009 : R2017 Standard Test Method for Sequential Batch Extraction of Waste with Water
    ASTM D 6527 : 2000 : R2008 Standard Test Method for Determining Unsaturated and Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Porous Media by Steady-State Centrifugation (Withdrawn 2017)
    ASTM D 4220 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practices for Preserving and Transporting Soil Samples
    ASTM D 5369 : 1993 : R2008 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Extraction of Solid Waste Samples for Chemical Analysis Using Soxhlet Extraction (Withdrawn 2016)
    ISO 17312:2005 Soil quality Determination of hydraulic conductivity of saturated porous materials using a rigid-wall permeameter
    ASTM D 6286 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2016 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    EN ISO 19901-8 : 2015 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFSHORE STRUCTURES - PART 8: MARINE SOIL INVESTIGATIONS (ISO 19901-8:2014)
    EN ISO 19906 : 2010 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    ASTM D 6088 : 2006 Standard Practice for Installation of Geocomposite Pavement Drains
    ASTM D 5233 : 1992 : R2004 Standard Test Method for Single Batch Extraction Method for Wastes
    ASTM C 998 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Sampling Surface Soil for Radionuclides
    ASTM D 6429 : 1999 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods
    ASTM D 6914 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    BS EN ISO 19906 : 2010 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    ASTM D 6639 : 2018 Standard Guide for Using the Frequency Domain Electromagnetic Method for Subsurface Site Characterizations
    I.S. EN ISO 19906:2010 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ARCTIC OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
    ASTM D 3089 : 1997 : R2008 Standard Practice for Determining the A-D Dimension of Aerosol Valve Dip Tubes
    ASTM D 6151/D6151M : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 4083 : 1989 : R2007 Standard Practice for Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
    ASTM D 7128 : 2005 Standard Guide for Using the Seismic-Reflection Method for Shallow Subsurface Investigation
    ASTM D 6282 : 1998 Standard Guide for Direct Push Soil Sampling for Environmental Site Characterizations
    ASTM D 8155 : 2017 Standard Practice for Shake Extraction of Solid Mining and Metallurgical Processing Waste with Water
    ASTM D 6914 : 2004 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 6429 : 1999 : R2011 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selecting Surface Geophysical Methods (Withdrawn 2020)
    ASTM D 3987 : 2012 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water
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