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  • BS 9999:2017

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    Fire safety in the design, management and use of buildings. Code of practice

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  28-02-2017

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Section 1: General
    0 Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 General recommendations and background
    Section 2: Risk profiles and assessing risk
    5 Assessing risk
    6 Risk profiles
    Section 3: Ensuring effective fire protection
    7 Ensuring effective fire protection
    Section 4: Designing for the management of fire risk
    8 Establishing fire risk management systems
    9 Fire safety documentation
    10 Designing so that a building can be managed
    Section 5: Designing means of escape
    11 Principles of means of escape
    12 Evacuation strategy
    13 Internal subdivision and spatial/visual orientation
    14 Designing means of escape
    15 Minimum package of fire protection
    16 Horizontal means of escape
    17 Vertical means of escape
    18 Additional fire protection measures
    Section 6: Access and facilities for fire-fighting
    19 General recommendations for fire-fighting facilities
    20 Facilities for fire-fighting
    21 Vehicle access
    22 Water supplies for fire and rescue service use
    23 Communications systems for fire and rescue service
       use
    24 Fire control centre
    25 Fire-fighters emergency switches for discharge
       lighting installation
    26 Drawings for fire and rescue service use
    27 Heat and smoke control
    28 Electrical services
    Section 7: Designing the building structure (load-bearing
               and non-load-bearing elements)
    29 Designing the building structure - General
    30 Fire resistance
    31 Compartmentation
    32 Openings
    33 Concealed spaces
    34 Materials and finishes
    35 External fire spread and building separation
    36 Accommodation ancillary to the main use of the
       building
    37 Engineering services
    Section 8: Special risk protection
    38 Special risk protection
    Section 9: Managing occupied buildings
    39 Commissioning and handover
    40 Managing occupied buildings
    41 Fire prevention
    42 Ensuring that systems respond properly in an
       emergency
    43 Planning the response to a fire
    44 Emergency actions
    45 Evacuation of disabled people
    46 Management of fire safety prior to full occupation
       of a building
    47 Building works, alterations, decommissioning
       and demolition
    Annexes
    Annex A (normative) - Additional recommendations for
            property protection and business continuity
    Annex B (normative) - Recommendations for atria
    Annex C (informative) - Design solutions and exemplars
            for atria
    Annex D (normative) - Recommendations for theatres,
            cinemas and similar venues
    Annex E (normative) - Recommendations for shopping
            complexes
    Annex F (normative) - Process plant and outdoor
            structures
    Annex G (normative) - Recommendations for refuges
            and evacuation lifts
    Annex H (normative) - Fire safety manual
    Annex I (normative) - Routine inspection and maintenance
            of fire safety installations
    Annex J (normative) - Fire control centre and evacuation
            management
    Annex K (informative) - Fire safety equipment, facilities
            and systems
    Annex L (informative) - Signs and signage
    Annex M (normative) - Phased evacuation
    Annex N (informative) - Typical arrangements to keep
            firefighters lift wells free from water
    Annex O (normative) - Operational information (emergency
            packs) for the fire and rescue service
    Annex P (normative) - Commissioning and handover
            of smoke control systems
    Annex Q (normative) - Fire safety training
    Annex R (normative) - Control of conditions in public
            areas
    Annex S (normative) - Recommendations for owners
            of multi-occupancy residential buildings
    Annex T (informative) - Examples of fire instruction
            notice text
    Annex U (normative) - Audience/crowd control
    Annex V (normative) - Hot work
    Annex W (normative) - Routine inspection and maintenance
            of ventilation and air conditioning ductwork
    Annex X (informative) - Examples of evacuation strategies
    Bibliography
    Index

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides recommendations and guidance on the design, management and use of buildings to achieve reasonable standards of fire safety for all people in and around buildings.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This British Standard gives recommendations and guidance on the design, management and use of buildings to achieve reasonable standards of fire safety for all people in and around buildings. This British Standard is not applicable to the following types of building, which are covered in BS9991: dwellings (single-family dwelling houses, self-contained flats or maisonettes); residential accommodation blocks (e.g. for students or hospital staff), with individual bedrooms and the provision of kitchen/sanitary facilities constructed within a fire compartment; specialized housing. It is not applicable to houses of multiple occupancy (HMOs) or buildings in which occupants receive medical care. It might have only limited applicability to certain specialist buildings and areas of buildings (e.g. areas of lawful detention). This British Standard is applicable to the design of new buildings, and to material alterations, extensions and material change of use of an existing building. NOTE Attention is drawn to the Building Regulations 2010 [1] and equivalent national variations ([3] to [5]) in respect of the definition of material alterations, extensions and material change of use. It also provides recommendations and guidance on the ongoing management of fire safety in a building throughout the entire life cycle of the building, including measures for designers to ensure that the overall design of a building assists and enhances the management of fire safety. It can be used as a tool for assessing existing buildings, although fundamental change in line with its recommendations might be limited or not practicable. The recommendations and guidance given in this British Standard are intended to safeguard the lives of building occupants and fire-fighters. Whilst some of the recommendations and guidance might also assist in the achievement of other fire safety objectives – such as protection of property, the environment, communities and business/service viability – additional measures might be necessary which are outside the scope of this British Standard. This British Standard does not cover fire safety design strategies for extreme events such as terrorist actions.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee FSH/14
    Development Note Supersedes 16/30314117 DC and BS 9999(2008). (01/2017)
    Document Type Standard
    Product Note C1. Correction to Table 24
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    17/30351608 DC : 0 BS 5410-2 - CODE OF PRACTICE FOR OIL FIRING - PART 2: INSTALLATIONS PROVIDING SPACE HEATING, HOT WATER AND STEAM SUPPLY SERVICES TO NON-DOMESTIC BUILDINGS
    BS 8203:2017 Code of practice for installation of resilient floor coverings
    BS 8297:2017 DESIGN, MANUFACTURE AND INSTALLATION OF ARCHITECTURAL PRECAST CONCRETE - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS 5839-1:2017 Fire detection and fire alarm systems for buildings Code of practice for design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of systems in non-domestic premises
    17/30367827 DC : 0 BS 8486-8 - EXAMINATION AND TEST OF NEW LIFTS BEFORE PUTTING INTO SERVICE - SPECIFICATION FOR MEANS OF DETERMINING COMPLIANCE WITH BS EN 81 - PART 8: LIFT FEATURES FOR FIRE-FIGHTING CONFORMING TO BS EN 81-72
    17/30335800 DC : 0 BS 8300-1 - DESIGN OF AN ACCESSIBLE AND INCLUSIVE BUILT ENVIRONMENT - PART 1: EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT - CODE OF PRACTICE
    17/30354416 DC : DRAFT AUG 2017 BS 8572 - PROCUREMENT OF FACILITY-RELATED SERVICES - CODE OF PRACTICE
    17/30335834 DC : 0 BS 8300-2 - DESIGN OF AN ACCESSIBLE AND INCLUSIVE BUILT ENVIRONMENT - PART 2: BUILDINGS - CODE OF PRACTICE
    ENA ER G87 : ISSUE 2 2015 GUIDELINES FOR THE PROVISION OF LOW VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS TO MULTIPLE OCCUPANCY BUILDINGS
    17/30342957 DC : 0 BS 8297 - DESIGN, MANUFACTURE AND INSTALLATION OF ARCHITECTURAL PRECAST CONCRETE CLADDING - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS 8300-1:2018 Design of an accessible and inclusive built environment External environment. Code of practice
    17/30344477 DC : 0 BS 8606 - ADULT CARE SERVICES - CODE OF PRACTICE

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    BS 7036-0:2014 POWER OPERATED PEDESTRIAN DOORSETS - SAFETY IN USE - PART 0: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK REDUCTION
    93/68/EEC : 1993 AMD 2 1998 COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/68/EEC OF 22.7.93 AMENDING DIRECTIVES 87/404/EEC, 88/378/EEC, 89/106/EEC, 89/336/EEC, 89/392/EEC, 89/686/EEC, 90/384/EEC, 90/385/EEC, 90/396/EEC, 91/263/EEC, 92/42/EEC AND 73/23/EEC
    BS PAS 7(2013) : 2013 FIRE RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - SPECIFICATION
    BS EN 54-23:2010 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS - PART 23: FIRE ALARM DEVICES - VISUAL ALARM DEVICES
    BS 5410-2:2013 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR OIL FIRING - PART 2: INSTALLATIONS OVER 45 KW OUTPUT CAPACITY FOR SPACE HEATING, HOT WATER AND STEAM SUPPLY SERVICES
    BS EN 115-1:2017 Safety of escalators and moving walks Construction and installation
    BS EN 1021-1:2014 FURNITURE - ASSESSMENT OF THE IGNITABILITY OF UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE - PART 1: IGNITION SOURCE SMOULDERING CIGARETTE
    BS 7346-4:2003 COMPONENTS FOR SMOKE AND HEAT CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 4: FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS AND CALCULATION METHODS FOR SMOKE AND HEAT EXHAUST VENTILATION SYSTEMS, EMPLOYING STEADY-STATE DESIGN FIRES - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS EN 54-27:2015 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARMS SYSTEMS - PART 27: DUCT SMOKE DETECTORS
    BS EN ISO 12543-2:2011 Glass in building. Laminated glass and laminated safety glass Laminated safety glass
    BS 8486-1(2007) : 2007 EXAMINATION AND TEST OF NEW LIFTS BEFORE PUTTING INTO SERVICE - SPECIFICATION FOR MEANS OF DETERMINING COMPLIANCE WITH BS EN 81 - PART 1: ELECTRIC LIFTS
    BS 8899:2016 IMPROVEMENT OF FIRE-FIGHTING AND EVACUATION PROVISIONS IN EXISTING LIFTS - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS 5656-2:2004 ESCALATOR AND MOVING WALKS - SAFETY RULES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF ESCALATORS AND MOVING WALKS - PART 2: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE SELECTION, INSTALLATION AND LOCATION OF NEW ESCALATORS AND MOVING WALKS
    BS 6187:2011 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR FULL AND PARTIAL DEMOLITION
    BS EN 1366-7:2004 FIRE RESISTANCE TESTS FOR SERVICE INSTALLATIONS - PART 7: CONVEYOR SYSTEMS AND THEIR CLOSURES
    BS EN 50272-1:2010 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
    BS EN 81-71:2005 SAFETY RULES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF LIFTS - PARTICULAR APPLICATIONS TO PASSENGER LIFTS AND GOODS PASSENGER LIFTS - PART 71: VANDAL RESISTANT LIFTS
    BS 5306-3:2009 FIRE EXTINGUISHING INSTALLATIONS AND EQUIPMENT ON PREMISES - PART 3: COMMISSIONING AND MAINTENANCE OF PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS - CODE OF PRACTICE
    CEN/CENELEC GUIDE 6 : 2014 GUIDE FOR ADDRESSING ACCESSIBILITY IN STANDARDS
    BS EN 1155:1997 Building hardware. Electrically powered hold-open devices for swing doors. Requirements and test methods
    BS 5656-1:2013 SAFETY RULES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF ESCALATORS AND MOVING WALKS - PART 1: EXAMINATION AND TEST OF NEW ESCALATORS BEFORE PUTTING INTO SERVICE - SPECIFICATION FOR MEANS OF DETERMINING COMPLIANCE WITH BS EN 115-1:2008+A1:2010
    BS 25999-1(2006) : 2006 BUSINESS CONTINUITY MANAGEMENT - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS EN ISO 13943:2017 Fire safety. Vocabulary
    BS 7273-4:2015 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE OPERATION OF FIRE PROTECTION MEASURES - PART 4: ACTUATION OF RELEASE MECHANISMS FOR DOORS
    BS 5516-2:2004 PATENT GLAZING AND SLOPING GLAZING FOR BUILDINGS - PART 2: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SLOPING GLAZING
    BS 5839-1:2013 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS FOR BUILDINGS - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN, INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND MAINTENANCE OF SYSTEMS IN NON-DOMESTIC PREMISES
    89/106/EEC : 1988 COUNCIL DIRECTIVE OF 21 DECEMBER 1988 ON THE APPROXIMATION OF LAWS, REGULATIONS AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS OF THE MEMBER STATES RELATING TO CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS
    BS EN 81-58:2003 SAFETY RULES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF LIFTS - EXAMINATION AND TESTS - PART 58: LANDING DOORS FIRE RESISTANCE TEST
    BS 8486-2(2007) : 2007 EXAMINATION AND TEST OF NEW LIFTS BEFORE PUTTING INTO SERVICE - SPECIFICATION FOR MEANS OF DETERMINING COMPLIANCE WITH BS EN 81 - PART 2: HYDRAULIC LIFTS
    BS EN 1991-1-2:2002 EUROCODE 1: ACTIONS ON STRUCTURES - PART 1-2: GENERAL ACTIONS - ACTIONS ON STRUCTURES EXPOSED TO FIRE
    BS 5839-9:2011 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS FOR BUILDINGS - PART 9: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN, INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND MAINTENANCE OF EMERGENCY VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
    PD 6520:1988 Guide to fire test methods for building materials and elements of construction
    BS EN 1125:2008 BUILDING HARDWARE - PANIC EXIT DEVICES OPERATED BY A HORIZONTAL BAR, FOR USE ON ESCAPE ROUTES - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    BS EN ISO/IEC 17021-1:2015 (published 2015-07) Conformity assessment. Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems Requirements
    BS 7671(2008) : 2008 REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - IET WIRING REGULATIONS
    BS EN 1021-2:2014 FURNITURE - ASSESSMENT OF THE IGNITABILITY OF UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE - PART 2: IGNITION SOURCE MATCH FLAME EQUIVALENT
    BS 7346-7:2013 COMPONENTS FOR SMOKE AND HEAT CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 7: CODE OF PRACTICE ON FUNCTIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS AND CALCULATION METHODS FOR SMOKE AND HEAT CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR COVERED CAR PARKS
    BS 5852:2006
    BS EN ISO 1182:2010 REACTION TO FIRE TESTS FOR PRODUCTS - NON-COMBUSTIBILITY TEST
    BS 9990:2015 NON-AUTOMATIC FIRE-FIGHTING SYSTEMS IN BUILDINGS - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS ISO 3864-1:2011 GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS - SAFETY COLOURS AND SAFETY SIGNS - PART 1: DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR SAFETY SIGNS AND SAFETY MARKINGS
    BS EN 115-2:2010 SAFETY OF ESCALATORS AND MOVING WALKS - PART 2: RULES FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY OF EXISTING ESCALATORS AND MOVING WALKS
    BS 5651:1978 CLEANSING AND WETTING PROCEDURES FOR USE IN THE ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF CLEANSING AND WETTING ON THE FLAMMABILITY OF TEXTILE FABRICS AND FABRIC ASSEMBLIES
    BS EN 81-72:2015 SAFETY RULES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF LIFTS - PARTICULAR APPLICATIONS FOR PASSENGER AND GOODS PASSENGER LIFTS - PART 72: FIREFIGHTERS LIFTS
    BS 8489-1:2016 FIXED FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS - INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL WATERMIST SYSTEMS - PART 1: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
    BS EN 81-20:2014 Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts. Lifts for the transport of persons and goods Passenger and goods passenger lifts
    BS EN ISO 14122-4:2016 Safety of machinery. Permanent means of access to machinery Fixed ladders
    DD CEN/TS 14816:2008 FIXED FIREFIGHTING SYSTEMS - WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS - DESIGN, INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE
    BS 7346-8:2013 COMPONENTS FOR SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 8: CODE OF PRACTICE FOR PLANNING, DESIGN, INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND MAINTENANCE
    BS EN 15650:2010 VENTILATION FOR BUILDINGS - FIRE DAMPERS
    BS EN 12845:2015 Fixed firefighting systems. Automatic sprinkler systems. Design, installation and maintenance
    BS 5438:1989 METHODS OF TEST FOR FLAMMABILITY OF TEXTILE FABRICS WHEN SUBJECTED TO A SMALL IGNITING FLAME APPLIED TO THE FACE OR BOTTOM EDGE OF VERTICALLY ORIENTED SPECIMENS
    BS EN 13565-2:2009 FIXED FIREFIGHTING SYSTEMS - FOAM SYSTEMS - PART 2: DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE
    BS EN 81-70:2003 SAFETY RULES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF LIFTS - PARTICULAR APPLICATIONS FOR PASSENGER AND GOOD PASSENGERS LIFTS - PART 70: ACCESSIBILITY TO LIFTS FOR PERSONS INCLUDING PERSONS WITH DISABILITY
    BS 8519:2010 SELECTION AND INSTALLATION OF FIRE-RESISTANT POWER AND CONTROL CABLE SYSTEMS FOR LIFE SAFETY AND FIRE-FIGHTING APPLICATIONS - CODE OF PRACTICE
    BS 5839-3:1988 FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEMS FOR BUILDINGS - PART 3: SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC RELEASE MECHANISMS FOR CERTAIN FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
    BS 7157:1989 METHOD OF TEST FOR IGNITABILITY OF FABRICS USED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF LARGE TENTED STRUCTURES
    BS EN ISO 1716:2010 REACTION TO FIRE TESTS FOR PRODUCTS - DETERMINATION OF THE GROSS HEAT OF COMBUSTION (CALORIFIC VALUE)
    PD 7974-7:2003 APPLICATION OF FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES TO THE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS - PART 7: PROBABILISTIC RISK ASSESSMENT
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    BS EN 16005:2012 POWER OPERATED PEDESTRIAN DOORSETS - SAFETY IN USE - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
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    PD 7974-1:2003 APPLICATION OF FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES TO THE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS - PART 1: INITIATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF FIRE WITHIN THE ENCLOSURE OF ORIGIN (SUB-SYSTEM 1)
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    BS 4422:2005 Fire. Vocabulary
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    BS EN ISO 306:2013 Plastics. Thermoplastic materials. Determination of Vicat softening temperature (VST)
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