• ASTM D 6725/D6725M : 2016

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    Standard Practice for Direct Push Installation of Prepacked Screen Monitoring Wells in Unconsolidated Aquifers

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  07-15-2016

    Publisher:  American Society for Testing and Materials

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    1.1This practice is based on recognized methods by which direct push monitoring wells may be designed and installed for the purpose of detecting the presence or absence of a contaminant, and collecting representative groundwater quality data. The design standards and installation procedures herein are applicable to both detection and assessment monitoring programs for facilities.

    1.2The recommended monitoring well design, as presented in this practice, is based on the assumption that the objective of the program is to obtain representative groundwater information and water quality samples from aquifers. Monitoring wells constructed following this practice should produce relatively turbidity-free samples for granular aquifer materials ranging from gravels to silty sand.

    1.3Direct push procedures are not applicable for monitoring well installation under all geologic and soil conditions (for example, installation in bedrock). Other rotary drilling procedures are available for penetration of these consolidated materials for well construction purposes (Guide D5092). Additionally, under some geologic conditions it may be appropriate to install monitoring wells without a filter pack (1, 2)2. Guide D6724 may be referred to for additional information on these and other methods for the direct push installation of groundwater monitoring wells.

    1.4The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units presented in brackets are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.5All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D6026, unless superseded by this standard.

    1.6This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgement. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of the project's many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee D 18
    Document Type Standard Practice
    Publisher American Society for Testing and Materials
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM D 5434 : 1997 Standard Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock
    ASTM D 5092 : 2004 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 5786 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for (Field Procedure) for Constant Drawdown Tests in Flowing Wells for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 1586 : 2008 : REV A Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 : R2019 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 653 : 2007 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 5092 : 2002 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells in Aquifers
    ASTM D 4750 : 1987 : R1993 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for Determining Subsurface Liquid Levels in a Borehole or Monitoring Well (Observation Well)
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4043 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection of Aquifer-Test Method in Determining of Hydraulic Properties by Well Techniques
    ASTM D 1586 : 1999 Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 1586 : 2008 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 5881 : 2013 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Critically Damped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 6634 : 2001 Standard Guide for the Selection of Purging and Sampling Devices for Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6151 : 2008 Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 6282 : 1998 Standard Guide for Direct Push Soil Sampling for Environmental Site Characterizations
    ASTM D 5785 : 1995 : R2006 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Underdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Test)
    ASTM D 3740 : 2019 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 : REV A : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4448 : 1985 : REV A : R1992 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6001 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Water Sampling for Geoenvironmental Investigations
    ASTM D 6067 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Using the Electronic Cone Penetrometer for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 5088 : 2002 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Nonradioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM D 4044 : 1996 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifiers
    ASTM D 3740 : 2008 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 : R2013 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6724 : 2004 Standard Guide for Installation of Direct Push Ground Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6026 : 2013 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 4104 : 1996 Standard Test Method (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Tests)
    ASTM D 6285 : 1999 : R2016 Standard Guide for Locating Abandoned Wells
    ASTM D 5912 : 1996 : R2004 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Hydraulic Conductivity of an Unconfined Aquifer by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) (Withdrawn 2013)
    ASTM D 6542 : 2000 Standard Practice for Tonnage Calculation of Coal in a Stockpile
    ASTM D 4044 : 1996 : R2008 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 : R2007 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 4044 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Test Method for (Field Procedure) for Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug) Tests for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifiers
    ASTM D 6026 : 2006 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 5787 : 2020 Standard Practice for Monitoring Well Protection At or Near Land Surface
    ASTM D 5434 : 2012 Standard Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock (Withdrawn 2021)
    ASTM D 5787 : 2014 Standard Practice for Monitoring Well Protection
    ASTM D 7352 : 2007 : R2012 Standard Practice for Direct Push Technology for Volatile Contaminant Logging with the Membrane Interface Probe (MIP)
    ASTM D 5786 : 2017 Standard Practice for (Field Procedure) for Constant Drawdown Tests in Flowing Wells for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 6001 : 1996 : R2002 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Water Sampling for Geoenvironmental Investigations
    ASTM D 6914 : 2004 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 6542 : 2005 : R2018 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Tonnage Calculation of Coal in a Stockpile
    ASTM D 6914 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 4104 : 1996 : R2004 Standard Test Method (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Tests)
    ASTM D 3740 : 1999 : REV C Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 5088 : 2015 : REV A Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 1586 : 2011 Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
    ASTM D 5092 : 2004 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells in Aquifers
    ASTM D 5912 : 2020 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Hydraulic Conductivity of an Unconfined Aquifer by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 5786 : 1995 : R2006 Standard Practice for (Field Procedure) for Constant Drawdown Tests in Flowing Wells for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 4104 : 2017 Standard Test Method (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Tests)
    ASTM D 5787 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Practice for Monitoring Well Protection
    ASTM D 5785 : 1995 : R2013 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Underdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Test)
    ASTM D 6724 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Guide for Installation of Direct Push Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 5785 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Underdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Test)
    ASTM D 5521 : 2005 Standard Guide for Development of Groundwater Monitoring Wells in Granular Aquifers
    ASTM D 6285 : 1999 : R2005 Standard Guide for Locating Abandoned Wells
    ASTM D 7352 : 2018 Standard Practice for Volatile Contaminant Logging Using a Membrane Interface Probe (MIP) in Unconsolidated Formations with Direct Push Methods
    ASTM D 6771 : 2002 Standard Practice for Low-Flow Purging and Sampling for Wells and Devices Used for Ground-Water Quality Investigations (Withdrawn 2011)
    ASTM D 5912 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Hydraulic Conductivity of an Unconfined Aquifer by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 5088 : 2020 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 653 : 2020 : EDT 1 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 5092 : 2004 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 5881 : 1995 : R2005 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Critically Damped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 5088 : 1990 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Nonradioactive Waste Sites
    ASTM D 7242 : 2006 Standard Practice for Field Pneumatic Slug (Instantaneous Change in Head) Tests to Determine Hydraulic Properties of Aquifers with Direct Push Groundwater Samplers
    ASTM D 6026 : 1999 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 5881 : 1995 : R2000 Standard Test Method for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Critically Damped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 5786 : 1995 : R2012 Standard Practice for (Field Procedure) for Constant Drawdown Tests in Flowing Wells for Determining Hydraulic Properties of Aquifer Systems
    ASTM D 3740 : 2011 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6151 : 1997 Standard Practice for Using Hollow-Stem Augers for Geotechnical Exploration and Soil Sampling
    ASTM D 6542 : 2005 : R2010 Standard Practice for Tonnage Calculation of Coal in a Stockpile
    ASTM D 6771 : 2018 Standard Practice for Low-Flow Purging and Sampling for Wells and Devices Used for Ground-Water Quality Investigations
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 6914 : 2004 : R2010 Standard Practice for Sonic Drilling for Site Characterization and the Installation of Subsurface Monitoring Devices
    ASTM D 3740 : 2010 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV A Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 5787 : 1995 : R2009 Standard Practice for Monitoring Well Protection
    ASTM D 5434 : 2003 Standard Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock
    ASTM D 6026 : 1996 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 : REV A Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6542 : 2005 Standard Practice for Tonnage Calculation of Coal in a Stockpile
    ASTM D 6067 : 1996 : R2003 Standard Guide for Using the Electronic Cone Penetrometer for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 3740 : 2001 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6285 : 1999 : R2012 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Locating Abandoned Wells
    ASTM D 6724 : 2001 Standard Guide for Installation of Direct Push Ground Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6286 : 1998 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 5092 : 1990 : R1995 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Design and Installation of Ground Water Monitoring Wells in Aquifers
    ASTM D 653 : 2021 : REV B Standard Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
    ASTM D 7352:2007 Standard Practice for Direct Push Technology for Volatile Contaminant Logging with the Membrane Interface Probe (MIP)
    ASTM D 4043 : 1996 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Selection of Aquifer Test Method in Determining Hydraulic Properties by Well Techniques
    ASTM D 6286 : 2012 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling Methods for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4750 : 1987 : R2001 Standard Test Method for Determining Subsurface Liquid Levels in a Borehole or Monitoring Well (Observation Well) (Withdrawn 2010)
    ASTM D 6026 : 1996 : EDT 1 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 3740 : 2012 : REV A Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 5521 : 1994 : EDT 1 Standard Guide for Development of Ground-Water Monitoring Wells in Granular Aquifers (Withdrawn 2003)
    ASTM D 3740 : 2003 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 6634 : 2001 : R2006 Standard Guide for the Selection of Purging and Sampling Devices for Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 5088 : 2015 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 5088 : 2002 : R2008 Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
    ASTM D 6286 : 2019 Standard Guide for Selection of Drilling and Direct Push Methods for Geotechnical and Environmental Subsurface Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4448 : 2001 Standard Guide for Sampling Ground-Water Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6542 : 2005 : R2018 Standard Practice for Tonnage Calculation of Coal in a Stockpile
    ASTM D 5434 : 2009 Standard Guide for Field Logging of Subsurface Explorations of Soil and Rock
    ASTM D 6001 : 2005 : R2012 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 6026 : 2021 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits and Data Records in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 6026 : 2001 Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data
    ASTM D 6001 : 2005 Standard Guide for Direct-Push Groundwater Sampling for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 4104 : 1996 : R2010 : EDT 1 Standard Test Method (Analytical Procedure) for Determining Transmissivity of Nonleaky Confined Aquifers by Overdamped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug Tests)
    ASTM D 7929 : 2014 Standard Guide for Selection of Passive Techniques for Sampling Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 4043 : 1996 : R2004 Standard Guide for Selection of Aquifer Test Method in Determining Hydraulic Properties by Well Techniques
    ASTM D 6771 : 2021 Standard Practice for Low-Flow Purging and Sampling Used for Groundwater Monitoring
    ASTM D 7929 : 2020 Standard Guide for Selection of Passive Techniques for Sampling Groundwater Monitoring Wells
    ASTM D 6067 : 2010 Standard Practice for Using the Electronic Piezocone Penetrometer Tests for Environmental Site Characterization
    ASTM D 3740 : 2004 Standard Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in the Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction
    ASTM D 5881 : 2018 Standard Practice for (Analytical Procedure) Determining Transmissivity of Confined Nonleaky Aquifers by Critically Damped Well Response to Instantaneous Change in Head (Slug)
    ASTM D 4043 : 2017 Standard Guide for Selection of Aquifer Test Method in Determining Hydraulic Properties by Well Techniques
    ASTM D 6285 : 1999 Standard Guide for Locating Abandoned Wells
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