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  • AS 3168-1991

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Approval and test specifications - Fluorescent lamp ballasts

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  11-02-1991

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 3168-1991 APPROVAL AND TEST SPECIFICATION - FLUORESCENT LAMP BALLASTS
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    6 - 1 SCOPE
    6 - 2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    6 - 3 DEFINITIONS
    6 - 3.1 Ballast
    7 - 3.2 Electronic ballast
    7 - 3.3 Independent ballast
    7 - 3.4 Built-in ballast
    7 - 3.5 Integral ballast
    7 - 3.6 Reference ballast
    7 - 3.7 Reference lamp
    7 - 3.8 Thermal test lamp
    7 - 3.9 Calibration current of a reference ballast
    7 - 3.10 Supply voltage
    7 - 3.11 Supply current
    7 - 3.12 Circuit power factor (l)
    7 - 3.13 Rated maximum operating temperature (of a capacitor): (tc )
    7 - 3.14 Rated maximum operating temperature (of a reactive ballast winding): (t)
    7 - 3.15 Rated maximum operating temperature (of an electronic ballast case): (t)
    7 - 3.16 Rated temperature rise:
    7 - 3.17 Working voltage
    7 - 3.18 Rated voltage
    7 - 3.19 Switch-start circuit
    7 - 3.20 Starterless circuit
    8 - 3.21 Instant-start circuit
    8 - 3.22 Starter
    8 - 3.23 Open-circuit voltage (starting voltage)
    8 - 3.24 Running current
    8 - 3.25 Degradation of insulation (of a ballast winding): (S)
    8 - 3.26 Parallel cathode heating (or preheating)
    8 - 3.27 Series cathode heating (or preheating)
    8 - 3.28 Rectifying effect
    8 - 3.29 Suppressor capacitor
    8 - 3.30 Cathode heating transformer
    8 - 4 COMPLIANCE WITH APPROVAL AND TEST SPECIFICATIONS
    8 - 4.1 General requirements of AS 3100
    8 - 4.2 Specific requirements of this Specification
    8 - 4.3 Compliance with individual Specifications
    8 - 5 ENCLOSURE OF INDEPENDENT BALLASTS
    8 - 5.1 Properties of enclosure
    8 - 5.2 Entry of conductors
    8 - 5.3 Guarding of live parts
    8 - 6 INSULATION OF WINDINGS
    8 - 6.1 General
    8 - 6.2 Insulating materials
    8 - 7 CREEPAGE DISTANCES AND CLEARANCES
    9 - 8 TERMINALS AND CONNECTING FACILITIES
    9 - 8.1 Independent ballasts
    9 - 8.2 Built-in ballasts
    9 - 9 EQUIPMENT WIRING
    10 - 10 EARTHING OF INDEPENDENT BALLASTS
    10 - 11 FLEXIBLE CORD
    10 - 12 CAPACITORS
    10 - 12.1 Nominal capacitance exceeding 0.1
    10 - 12.2 Radio interference suppression capacitors
    10 - 13 OVERHEATING PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    10 - 14 RESISTANCE TO CORROSION
    10 - 15 MECHANICAL STRENGTH OF INDEPENDENT BALLASTS
    10 - 16 MOISTURE RESISTANCE AND INSULATION
    10 - 17 MARKING
    10 - 17.1 Marking on independent and built-in ballasts
    11 - 17.2 Marking on integral ballasts
    11 - 17.3 Marking of separate components
    11 - 18 INFORMATION FOR TEST BALLASTS
    11 - 19 SUPPLY CURRENT
    11 - 20 TESTS
    11 - 20.1 General
    11 - 20.2 Conditioning
    12 - 20.3 Insulation resistance test
    12 - 20.4 High voltage test
    13 - 20.5 Capacitive current
    13 - 20.6 Test of earthing facilities
    13 - 20.7 Cord anchorage test
    13 - 20.8 Supply current and waveform
    14 - 20.9 Limitation of ballast heating
    16 - 20.10 Voltage across capacitors (for reactive ballasts only).
    17 - 20.11 Test of overheating protective devices
    18 - 20.12 Mechanical strength of independent ballasts
    20 - 20.13 Mechanical test of connecting facilities (built-in ballasts only).
    20 - 20.14 Open-circuit voltage at the output terminals
    20 - 20.15 Thermal endurance of reactive ballasts
    20 - 20.16 Determination of ignitability and combustion propagation
    21 - 20.17 Test for d.c. component
    22 - APPENDIX A - GENERAL CONDITIONS OF TESTING
    22 - A1 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
    22 - A2 SUPPLY VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY
    22 - A3 INSTRUMENT CHARACTERISTICS
    23 - APPENDIX B - MEASUREMENT OF CURRENT WAVEFORM
    23 - B1 TEST CIRCUIT
    23 - B2 MEASUREMENT
    25 - APPENDIX C - THE USE OF CONSTANTS S OTHER THAN 4500 FOR THE ENDURANCE TESTS OF REACTIVE BALLASTS
    25 - C1 GENERAL
    25 - C2 PROCEDURE
    27 - APPENDIX D - THERMAL ENDURANCE TEST FOR WINDINGS OF REACTIVE BALLASTS
    30 - APPENDIX E - CIRCUIT FOR MEASURING CAPACITIVE CURRENT

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies essential safety requirements for approval and test purposes and is intended to be read in conjunction with AS 3100. Based on IEC 920.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This specification prescribes safety requirements for reactive ballasts designed for use on a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz, associated with tubular fluorescent lamps having rated wattages, dimensions and characteristics as specified in AS 1201, and operated with or without a starter switch. It applies to the complete ballasts and to such components as reactors, transformers and capacitors having a capacitance of not more than 0.1 mF, which are incorporated in the ballasts or supplied as separate elements essential to the functioning of ballasts in fluorescent lamp circuits.This specification does not apply to the following:(a) Electronic ballasts designed for use on a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz, associated with tubular fluorescent lamps, requirements for which are specified in AS 3134(Int).NOTE: As from the publication date of this amendment, all requirements prescribed throughout this Standard, for electronic ballasts associated with tubular fluorescent lamps, no longer apply.(b) Ballasts designed for use with cold-cathode fluorescent lamps, requirements for which are specified in AS 3143.(c) Capacitors which are incorporated in starters. (d) Ballasts of the resistive type.NOTES:1. It is emphasized that only safety matters and closely allied conditions are specified herein. Attention is drawn to AS 2643 which contains requirements intended to ensure the satisfactory performance of ballasts in fluorescent lamp circuits.2. Attention is drawn to Clause 12, which specifies requirements for capacitors having a capacitance greater than 0.1 mF, and used in tubular fluorescent lamp circuits.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EL-041
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Under Revision see DR 02468 CP

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 2644-1990 Capacitors for use in discharge lamp circuits
    AS 3145-1979 Approval and test specification for radio interference suppression devices
    AS 1931.1-1996 High-voltage test techniques - General definitions and test requirements
    AS 3137-1992 Approval and test specification - Luminaires (lighting fittings)
    AS 3143-1982 Approval and test specification for transformers for cold-cathode electric discharge lamps and lighting systems
    AS 2420-1987 Fire test methods for solid insulating materials and non-metallic enclosures used in electrical equipment
    AS 3191-1981 Approval and test specification for electric flexible cords (incorporating Corrigenda)
    AS 2643-1991 Fluorescent lamp ballasts of reactive type - Performance requirements
    AS 3100-1990 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
    AS 3134(INT)-1991 Approval and test specification - a.c. supplied electronic ballasts for tubular fluorescent lamps
    AS 1201-1989 Tubular fluorescent lamps for general lighting service

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 3128:1993 Approval and test specification - Portable lamp standards and brackets
    AS/NZS 60928:2000 Auxiliaries for lamps - A.C. supplied electronic ballasts for tubular fluorescent lamps - General and safety requirements (IEC 60928:1995 MOD)
    AS/NZS 3105:2002 Approval and test specification - Electrical portable outlet devices
    AS/NZS 3150:1993 Approval and test specification - Insect electrocutors
    AS/NZS 60922:1998 Auxiliaries for lamps - Ballasts for discharge lamps (excluding tubular fluorescent lamps) - General and safety requirements
    AS 3134(INT)-1991 Approval and test specification - a.c. supplied electronic ballasts for tubular fluorescent lamps
    AS/NZS 60598.1:2001 Luminaires General requirements and tests (IEC 60598.1:1996, MOD)
    AS/NZS 3190:2002 Approval and test specification - Residual current devices (current-operated earth-leakage devices)
    AS 3134-1992 Approval and test specification - a.c. supplied electronic ballasts for tubular fluorescent lamps
    AS 3137-1992 Approval and test specification - Luminaires (lighting fittings)
    AS 3138-1993 Approval and test specification - Starters for fluorescent lamps
    AS/NZS 3105:1998 Approval and test specification - Electrical portable outlet devices
    AS 2643-1991 Fluorescent lamp ballasts of reactive type - Performance requirements
    AS/NZS 61046:2001 Auxiliaries for lamps - D.C. or A.C. supplied electronic step-down convertors for filament lamps - General and safety requirements (IEC 61046:1993, MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.1:1998 Luminaires General requirements and tests
    AS 3190-1994 Approval and test specification - Residual current devices (current-operated earth-leakage devices)
    AS/NZS 3118:1993 Approval and test specification - Electric inspection handlamps
    AS 3315-1992 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for ultra-violet and infra-red radiation skin treatment appliances for household and similar use
    AS/NZS 3128:1998 Approval and test specification - Portable lamp standards and brackets
    AS 4111-1993 Starters for fluorescent lamps - Performance requirements
    SAA HB37.2-1993 Handbook of Australian fire Standards Electrical equipment (Reconfirmed 2016)
    AS/NZS 3105:1993 Approval and test specification - Electrical portable outlet devices
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