We noticed you’re not on the correct regional site. Switch to our AMERICAS site for the best experience.
  • AS/NZS 60598.1:1998

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
    Add to Watchlist
    This Standard has been added successfully to your Watchlist
    Please visit My Watchlist to see all standards that you are watching.
    Please log in or to add this standard to your Watchlist.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    We could not add this standard to your Watchlist.
    Please retry or contact support for assistance.
    You have already added this standard to your Watchlist.
    Visit My Watchlist to view the full list.

    Luminaires General requirements and tests

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-06-2017

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  05-03-1998

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

    Add to Watchlist

    Add To Cart

    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 60598.1:1998 LUMINAIRES - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS
    4 - PREFACE
    9 - CONTENTS
    13 - SECTION 0: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
    13 - 0.1 Scope and object
    14 - 0.2 Normative references
    17 - 0.3 General requirements
    17 - 0.4 General test requirements
    18 - 0.5 Components of luminaires
    18 - 0.6 List of sections of part 2
    19 - SECTION 1: DEFINITIONS
    19 - 1.1 General
    19 - 1.2 Definitions
    19 - 1.2.1 Luminaire
    19 - 1.2.2 Main part (of luminaire)
    20 - 1.2.3 Ordinary luminaire
    20 - 1.2.4 General purpose luminaire
    20 - 1.2.5 Adjustable luminaire
    20 - 1.2.6 Basic luminaire
    20 - 1.2.7 Combination luminaire
    20 - 1.2.8 Fixed luminaire
    20 - 1.2.9 Portable luminaire
    20 - 1.2.10 Recessed luminaire
    21 - 1.2.11 Rated voltage
    21 - 1.2.12 Supply current
    21 - 1.2.13 Rated wattage
    21 - 1.2.14 Non-detachable flexible cable or cord
    21 - 1.2.15 Live part
    21 - 1.2.16 Basic insulation
    21 - 1.2.17 Supplementary insulation
    21 - 1.2.18 Double insulation
    21 - 1.2.19 Reinforced insulation
    21 - 1.2.20 (Not used at present.)
    22 - 1.2.21 Class 0 luminaire (applicable to ordinary luminaires only)
    22 - 1.2.22 Class I luminaire
    22 - 1.2.23 Class II luminaire
    23 - 1.2.24 Class III luminaire
    23 - 1.2.25 Rated maximum ambient temperature (t a )
    23 - 1.2.26 Rated maximum operating temperature of the case of a ballast, capacitor or starting device (t c )
    23 - 1.2.27 Rated maximum operating temperature of a winding (t w )
    23 - 1.2.28 Ballast
    23 - 1.2.29 Independent ballast
    23 - 1.2.30 Built-in ballast
    23 - 1.2.31 Integral lampholder
    23 - 1.2.32 Ballast compartment
    24 - 1.2.33 Translucent cover
    24 - 1.2.34 Supply cable
    24 - 1.2.35 Appliance coupler
    24 - 1.2.36 External wiring
    24 - 1.2.37 Internal wiring
    24 - 1.2.38 Normally flammable material
    24 - 1.2.39 Readily flammable material
    24 - 1.2.40 Non-combustible material
    25 - 1.2.41 Flammable material
    25 - 1.2.42 Safety extra-low voltage (SELV)
    25 - 1.2.43 Working voltage
    25 - 1.2.44 Type test
    25 - 1.2.45 Type test sample
    25 - 1.2.46 By hand
    25 - 1.2.47 Terminal
    25 - 1.2.48 Looping-in (feed through)
    25 - 1.2.49 Through wiring
    25 - 1.2.50 Starting device
    26 - 1.2.51 Starter
    26 - 1.2.52 Ignitor
    26 - 1.2.53 Terminal block
    26 - 1.2.54 Rough service luminaire
    26 - 1.2.55 Electro-mechanical contact system
    26 - 1.2.56 Extra-low voltage d.c. supplied fluorescent luminaire
    26 - 1.2.57 Mounting surface
    26 - 1.2.58 Integral component
    27 - 1.2.59 Self-ballasted lamps
    27 - 1.2.60 Semi-luminaire
    27 - 1.2.61 Plug-ballast/transformer
    27 - 1.2.62 Mains socket-outlet-mounted luminaire
    27 - 1.2.63 Clip-mounted luminaire
    27 - 1.2.64 Lamp connectors
    27 - 1.2.65 Mains socket-outlet
    27 - 1.2.66 Rewireable luminaire
    28 - 1.2.67 Non-rewireable luminaire
    28 - 1.2.68 Lamp control gear
    28 - 1.2.69 Safety Extra-Low Voltage (SELV) part
    28 - 1.2.70 Dummy lamp
    28 - SECTION 2: CLASSIFICATION OF LUMINAIRES
    28 - 2.1 General
    28 - 2.2 Classification according to type of protection against electric shock
    29 - 2.3 Classification according to degree of protection against ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture
    29 - 2.4 Classification according to material of supporting surface for which the luminaire is designed
    29 - SECTION 3: MARKING
    29 - 3.1 General
    30 - 3.2 Marking on luminaires
    33 - 3.3 Additional information
    34 - 3.4 Test of marking
    35 - SECTION 4: CONSTRUCTION
    35 - 4.1 General
    35 - 4.2 Replaceable components
    35 - 4.3 Wireways
    35 - 4.4 Lampholders
    37 - 4.5 Starter holders
    37 - 4.6 Terminal blocks
    37 - 4.7 Terminals and supply connections
    39 - 4.8 Switches
    39 - 4.9 Insulating linings and sleeves
    40 - 4.10 Double and reinforced insulation
    41 - 4.11 Electrical connections and current-carrying parts
    43 - 4.12 Screws and connections (mechanical) and glands
    45 - 4.13 Mechanical strength
    48 - 4.14 Suspensions and adjusting devices
    51 - 4.15 Flammable materials
    52 - 4.16 Luminaires marked with symbol
    53 - 4.17 Drain holes
    54 - 4.18 Resistance to corrosion
    54 - 4.19 Ignitors
    54 - 4.20 Rough service luminaires-Vibration requirements
    55 - 4.21 Protective shield (tungsten halogen lamps)
    55 - 4.22 Attachments to lamps
    55 - 4.23 Semi-luminaires
    55 - 4.24 UV radiation
    56 - 4.25 Mechanical hazard
    56 - 4.26 Short-circuit protection
    56 - SECTION 5: EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WIRING
    56 - 5.1 General
    57 - 5.2 Supply connection and other external wiring
    61 - 5.3 Internal wiring
    62 - SECTION 6: NOT USED
    63 - SECTION 7: PROVISION FOR EARTHING
    63 - 7.1 General
    63 - 7.2 Provision for earthing
    65 - SECTION 8: PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK
    65 - 8.1 General
    65 - 8.2 Protection against electric shock
    67 - SECTION 9: RESISTANCE TO DUST, SOLID OBJECTS AND MOISTURE
    67 - 9.1 General
    68 - 9.2 Tests for ingress of dust, solid objects and moisture
    71 - 9.3 Humidity test
    72 - SECTION 10: INSULATION RESISTANCE AND ELECTRIC STRENGTH
    72 - 10.1 General
    72 - 10.2 Insulation resistance and electric strength
    73 - 10.2.1 Test - Insulation resistance
    73 - 10.2.2 Test - Electric strength
    75 - 10.3 Leakage current
    76 - SECTION 11: CREEPAGE DISTANCES AND CLEARANCES
    76 - 11.1 General
    76 - 11.2 Creepage distances and clearances
    79 - SECTION 12: ENDURANCE TEST AND THERMAL TEST
    79 - 12.1 General
    79 - 12.2 Selection of lamps and ballasts
    80 - 12.3 Endurance test
    80 - 12.3.1 Test
    81 - 12.3.2 Compliance
    81 - 12.4 Thermal test (normal operation)
    81 - 12.4.1 Test
    83 - 12.4.2 Compliance
    86 - 12.5 Thermal test (abnormal operation)
    86 - 12.5.1 Test
    87 - 12.5.2 Compliance
    89 - 12.6 Thermal test (failed lamp controlgear conditions)
    89 - 12.6.1 Test for luminaires without thermal cut-outs
    90 - 12.6.2
    91 - 12.7 Thermal test in regard to fault conditions in lamp controlgear or electronic devices in plastic luminaires
    91 - 12.7.1 Test for luminaires without temperature sensing controls
    92 - 12.7.2 Test for luminaires with temperature sensing controls internal/external to the ballast or transformer
    92 - SECTION 13: RESISTANCE TO HEAT, FIRE AND TRACKING
    92 - 13.1 General
    93 - 13.2 Resistance to heat
    93 - 13.2.1 Compliance is checked by the following test
    93 - 13.3 Resistance to flame and ignition
    93 - 13.3.1 Parts of insulating material retaining current-carrying parts in position shall withstand the following tests:
    93 - 13.3.2
    94 - 13.4 Resistance to tracking
    94 - 13.4.1 Compliance is checked by the following test, which is made at three places on the test sample.
    94 - 13.4.2 The specimen shall withstand 50 drops without failure at a test voltage of PTI 175.
    95 - SECTION 14: SCREW TERMINALS
    95 - 14.1 General
    95 - 14.2 Definitions
    95 - 14.2.1 Pillar terminal
    95 - 14.2.2 Screw terminal
    95 - 14.2.3 Stud terminal
    95 - 14.2.4 Saddle terminal
    95 - 14.2.5 Lug terminal
    96 - 14.2.6 Mantle terminal
    96 - 14.3 General requirements and basic principles
    98 - 14.4 Mechanical tests
    102 - SECTION 15: SCREWLESS TERMINALS AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
    102 - 15.1 General
    102 - 15.2 Definitions
    102 - 15.2.1 Screwless terminals
    102 - 15.2.2 Permanent connections
    102 - 15.2.3 Non-permanent connections
    102 - 15.2.4 Lead assemblies
    102 - 15.2.5 Non-prepared conductors
    102 - 15.2.6 Test current
    103 - 15.3 General requirements
    104 - 15.4 General instructions on tests
    104 - 15.4.1 Preparation of samples
    104 - 15.4.2 Test conductors
    104 - 15.4.3 Multi-conductor terminals
    104 - 15.4.4 Multi-way terminals
    104 - 15.4.5 Test quantities
    105 - 15.5 Mechanical tests
    105 - 15.5.1 Non-permanent connections
    105 - 15.5.2 Permanent connections
    106 - 15.6 Electrical tests
    106 - 15.6.1 Contact resistance test
    106 - 15.6.2 Heating tests
    107 - 15.7 Conductors
    108 - 15.8 Mechanical tests
    108 - 15.9 Electrical tests
    109 - 15.9.1 Contact resistance test
    109 - 15.9.2 Heating tests
    133 - Annex A - Test to establish whether a conductive part may cause an electric shock
    134 - Annex B - Test lamps
    137 - Annex C - Abnormal circuit conditions
    140 - Annex D - Draught-proof enclosure
    143 - Annex E - Determination of winding temperature rises by the increase-in-resistance method
    145 - Annex F - Test for resistance to stress corrosion of copper and copper alloys
    145 - F.1 Test cabinet
    145 - F.2 Test solution
    145 - F.3 Test piece
    146 - F.4 Test procedure
    147 - Annex G - has been deleted
    148 - Annex H - has been deleted
    149 - Annex J - Explanation of IP numbers for degrees of protection
    151 - Annex K - Temperature measurement
    151 - K.1.1
    152 - K.1.2 Temperature measurement of the insulation parts of lampholders
    154 - Annex L - Guide to good practice in luminaire design
    154 - L.1 Scope
    154 - L.2 Plastics in luminaires
    155 - L.3 Rust resistance
    155 - L.4 Corrosion resistance
    156 - L.5 Chemically corrosive atmospheres
    157 - Annex M - Conversion guide for table IX of IEC 598-1(2nd edition) to table 11.1 Determination of creepage distances....
    158 - Annex N - Explanation to luminaire marking
    158 - N.1 Protection against flame
    158 - N.2 Protection against heat
    159 - N.2.1 Spacing
    159 - N.2.2 Temperature measurements of mounting surface under abnormal or failed ballast conditions
    159 - N.3 Thermal protectors
    161 - Annex P - Requirements for the protective shield to be fitted to luminaires using metal halide lamps for protective measures....
    161 - P.1 Introduction
    161 - P.2 Procedure A
    162 - P.3 Procedure B
    163 - Annex Q - Conformity testing during manufacture
    163 - General
    163 - Testing
    165 - Annex R - Bibliography
    166 - ANNEX ZZ - VARIATIONS TO IEC 598-1:1996 FOR AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND CONDITIONS
    166 - ZZ1 INTRODUCTION
    166 - ZZ2 VARIATIONS

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides minimum safety requirements for luminaires, including requirements for their mechanical and electrical construction, and related tests. This Standard is technically equivalent to, and has been reproduced from, IEC 60598-1:1996.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This part 1 of International Standard IEC 598 specifies general requirements for the classification and marking of luminaires and for their mechanical and electrical construction, together with related tests. The part is applicable to luminaires for use with tungsten filament, tubular fluorescent and other discharge lamps on supply voltages not exceeding 1 000 V. Additional sections will be added when a need for them is recognized.Each section of IEC 598-2 details requirements for a particular type of luminaire or group of luminaires on supply voltages not exceeding 1 000 V. These sections are published separately for ease of revision and additional sections will be added as and when a need for them is recognized.Attention is drawn to the fact that this part 1 covers all aspects of safety (electrical, thermal and mechanical).The presentation of photometric data for luminaires is under consideration by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) and is not, therefore, included in this part 1.Requirements are included in this part 1 for luminaires incorporating ignitors with nominal peak values of the voltage pulse not exceeding those of table 11.2. The requirements apply to luminaires with ignitors built into ballasts and to luminaires with ignitors separate from ballasts. For luminaires with ignitors built into lamps, the requirements are under consideration.Requirements for semi-luminaires are included in this part.In general this part 1 covers safety requirements for luminaires. The object of this part 1 is to provide a set of requirements and tests which are considered to be generally applicable to most types of luminaires and which can be called up as required by the detail specifications of IEC 598-2. This part 1 is thus not to be regarded as a specification in itself for any type of luminaire, and its provisions apply only to particular types of luminaires to the extent determined by the appropriate section of part 2.The sections of part 2, in making reference to any of the sections of part 1, specify the extent to which that section is applicable and the order in which the tests are to be performed; they also include additional requirements as necessary.The order in which the sections of part 1 are numbered has no particular significance as the order in which their provisions apply is determined for each type of luminaire or group of luminaires by the appropriate section of part 2. All sections of part 2 are self-contained and therefore do not contain references to other sections of part 2.Where the requirements of any of the sections of part 1 are referred to in the sections of part 2 by the phrase "The requirements of section ... of IEC 598-1 apply", this phrase is to be interpreted as meaning that all the requirements of that section of part 1 apply except those which are clearly inapplicable to the particular type of luminaire covered by that section of part 2.In accordance with IEC guidelines, new IEC standards are divided into those covering either safety or performance. In the lamp safety standards, "information for luminaire design" is given for the safe operation of lamps; this should be regarded as normative when testing luminaires to this standard.Attention is drawn to lamp performance standards which contain "information for luminaire design"; this should be followed for proper lamp operation; however, this standard does not require the testing of lamps performance as part of the type test approval for luminaires.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee EL-041
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Obsolescent 24 July 2001Draft Amendment 1 See DR 99315 First published in New Zealand as NZS 6705.1:1986.Jointly revised and redesignated AS/NZS 60598.1:1998. First published in New Zealand as NZS 6705.1:1986. Jointly revised and redesignated AS/NZS 60598.1:1998.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 3108:1994 Approval and test specification - Particular requirements for isolating transformers and safety isolating transformers
    AS/NZS 4695.112:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Method for determining the comparative and the proof tracking indices of solid insulating materials under moist conditions
    AS 4091-1993 Tungsten filament lamps for general service - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 3250:1995 Approval and test specification - Mains operated electronic and related equipment for household and similar general use
    AS/NZS 3112:1993 Approval and test specification - Plugs and socket-outlets
    AS/NZS 3109.1:1996 Approval and test specification - Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes General requirements
    AS 3191-1981 Approval and test specification for electric flexible cords (incorporating Corrigenda)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.4:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires
    AS 3168-1991 Approval and test specifications - Fluorescent lamp ballasts
    AS/NZS 3139.1:1995 Approval and test specification - Switches for appliances General requirements
    AS 4111-1993 Starters for fluorescent lamps - Performance requirements
    AS 1939-1990 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment (IP Code)
    AS/NZS 4695.2.2:1996 Fire hazard testing of electrotechnical products Test methods - Needle-flame test
    AS 1104-1978 Informative symbols for use on electrical and electronic equipment

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS/NZS 60928:2000 Auxiliaries for lamps - A.C. supplied electronic ballasts for tubular fluorescent lamps - General and safety requirements (IEC 60928:1995 MOD)
    AS/NZS 60922:1998 Auxiliaries for lamps - Ballasts for discharge lamps (excluding tubular fluorescent lamps) - General and safety requirements
    AS/NZS 3350.1:2000 Safety of household and similar electrical appliances General requirements (IEC 60335-1:1994 MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.20:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Lighting chains
    AS/NZS 60598.2.1:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Fixed general purpose luminaires (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.18:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires for swimming pools and similar applications (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.6:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Luminaires with built-in transformers or convertors for filament lamps (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.8:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Handlamps
    AS/NZS 60598.2.10:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable child-appealing luminaires (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 61046:2001 Auxiliaries for lamps - D.C. or A.C. supplied electronic step-down convertors for filament lamps - General and safety requirements (IEC 61046:1993, MOD)
    AS/NZS 60598.2.4:1998 Luminaires Particular requirements - Portable general purpose luminaires
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective