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  • AS 3569-1989

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Steel wire ropes

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  26-06-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  20-10-1989

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS 3569-1989 STEEL WIRE ROPES
    4 - PREFACE
    5 - CONTENTS
    7 - SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL
    7 - 1.1 SCOPE.
    7 - 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS.
    7 - 1.3 DEFINITIONS.
    7 - 1.3.1 Bright wire (NAT)
    7 - 1.3.2 Closing
    7 - 1.3.3 Core.
    7 - 1.3.4 Filler wire
    7 - 1.3.5 Galvanized (zinc-coated) rope
    7 - 1.3.6 Grade of rope
    7 - 1.3.7 Grade of wire
    7 - 1.3.8 Lay
    7 - 1.3.9 Lay direction
    7 - 1.3.10 Lay length
    7 - 1.3.11 Lay, Lang’s
    7 - 1.3.12 Lay, ordinary
    7 - 1.3.13 Layer
    7 - 1.3.14 Minimum breaking force
    7 - 1.3.15 Multilayer stranded rope
    7 - 1.3.16 Nominal diameter
    7 - 1.3.17 Non-rotating rope
    8 - 1.3.18 Oval strand
    8 - 1.3.19 Plaited rope
    8 - 1.3.20 Postformed rope
    8 - 1. 3.21 Preformed rope
    8 - 1.3.22 Ribbon strand
    8 - 1.3.23 Ropemaking (production) length
    8 - 1.3.24 Round strand rope
    8 - 1.3.25 Seale laid strand
    8 - 1.3.26 Seale Warrington laid strand
    8 - 1.3.27 Seale filler strand
    8 - 1.3.28 Strand
    8 - 1.3.29 Stranded rope
    8 - 1.3.30 Test breaking force
    8 - 1.3.31 Triangular strand rope
    8 - 1.3.32 Warrington laid strand
    8 - 1.3.33 Wire
    10 - SECTION 2. ROPE DESIGNATIONS
    10 - 2.1 DESIGNATION.
    10 - 2.2 SIZE.
    10 - 2.3 SURFACE FINISH OF THE WIRES.
    10 - 2.4 ROPE CONSTRUCTION.
    10 - 2.4.1 Symbols.
    10 - 2.4.2 Rope construction form.
    11 - 2.5 GRADE OF ROPE.
    13 - 2.6 DIRECTION OF LAY.
    13 - 2.7 MINIMUM BREAKING FORCE OF ROPE.
    13 - 2.8 LINEAR MASS.
    13 - 2.9 EXAMPLES OF ROPE DESIGNATIONS.
    18 - 2.10 TABLES OF LINEARMASSAND BREAKING FORCE.
    42 - SECTION 3. MATERIALS
    42 - 3.1 WIRE.
    42 - 3.2 WIRE GRADE.
    42 - 3.3 FIBRE CORES.
    42 - 3.4 LUBRICANTS.
    42 - 3.5 GALVANIZING.
    43 - SECTION 4. MANUFACTURE
    43 - 4.1 CORE OF ROPES.
    43 - 4.2 CORE OF STRANDS.
    43 - 4.3 DIRECTION OF LAY OFROPE.
    43 - 4.4 FORMING.
    43 - 4.5 LUBRICATION.
    43 - 4.6 JOINTS.
    43 - 4.7 FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS AFTER MANUFACTURE.
    43 - 4.8 FINISHED DIMENSIONS.
    43 - 4.8.1 Method of measuring diameter.
    43 - 4.8.2 Tolerance on diameter for ropes other than lift ropes.
    44 - 4.8.3 Tolerance on diameter for lift ropes.
    44 - 4.8.4 Nominal rope length and tolerances.
    44 - 4.9 MASS OF ROPE.
    45 - SECTION 5. MARKING AND PACKING
    45 - 5.1 MARKING.
    45 - 5.2 WHIPPING.
    45 - 5.3 PACKING.
    46 - SECTION 6. TEST REQUIREMENTS
    46 - 6.1 TESTS ON COMPLETED ROPE.
    46 - 6.1.1 General.
    46 - 6.1.2 Method of measuring test breaking force.
    46 - 6.2 TESTS ON WIRES FROM ROPE.
    46 - 6.2.1 General.
    46 - 6.2.2 Test samples.
    46 - 6.2.3 Diameter of wire.
    46 - 6.2.4 Tensile tests.
    46 - 6.2.5 Torsional tests.
    46 - 6.2.6 Wrap/reverse bend tests.
    46 - 6.2.7 Tensile test on knotted wire.
    47 - 6.2.8 Galvanizing tests.
    47 - 6.2.9 Rejection of initial test results.
    47 - 6.3 REPEAT TESTS.
    47 - 6.4 ADDITIONAL TESTS.
    47 - 6.5 TEST CERTIFICATES.
    47 - 6.5.1 Certificate of test.
    47 - 6.5.2 Record of tests and examinations.
    48 - APPENDIX A - PURCHASING GUIDELINES
    48 - A1 GENERAL.
    48 - A2 INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE PURCHASER.
    48 - A3 TESTS.
    48 - A4 TEST CERTIFICATES AND TEST RECORDS.
    48 - A4.1 General.
    49 - A4.2 Example of test certificate for general purpose ropes.
    49 - A4.3 Example of test certificate for lift ropes.
    50 - A4.4 Example of test certificate for mining ropes.
    50 - A4.5 Example of test certificate for individual wire.
    51 - A4.6 Example test record of steel wire ropes.
    52 - A4.7 Force-elongation diagram.
    53 - A5 SPECIAL ITEMS.
    53 - A5.1 Lubrication.
    53 - A5.2 Galvanizing.
    53 - A5.3 Direction of lay.
    53 - A5.4 Forming.
    53 - A5.5 Marking.
    53 - A5.6 Packing.
    54 - APPENDIX B - GUIDELINES FOR ROPE SELECTION
    54 - B1 SCOPE.
    54 - B2 ROPE SELECTION.
    54 - B2.1 General.
    54 - B2.2 Construction features of ropes.
    54 - B2.3 Choice of the lay direction.
    54 - B2.4 Classification.
    55 - B2.5 Types of strand construction.
    55 - B2.6 Typical applications.
    57 - B3 ROPE SELECTION FOR MINE WINDING APPLICATIONS.
    57 - B3.1 General.
    57 - B3.2 Particulars of shaft.
    57 - B3.3 Particulars of winder drum for drum winders.
    57 - B3.4 Particulars of driving sheave for friction winders.
    57 - B3.5 Dimensions of headframe sheaves and positions with respect to winder drum or driving sheave.
    57 - B3.6 Haulage rope data.
    58 - B3.7 Conveyances.
    58 - B3.8 Static factor of safety.
    58 - B3.9 Dynamic loadings.
    58 - B3.10 Particulars of rope.
    58 - B3.11 Inspection and testing.
    58 - B3.12 Reel details.
    59 - B3.13 Typical enquiry or order form for mine winding and haulage ropes-round and triangular strand and non-rotating.
    61 - APPENDIX C - LOCKED AND HALF-LOCKED COIL ROPES
    63 - APPENDIX D - CALCULATION OF STEEL WIRE ROPE BREAKING FORCE
    64 - APPENDIX E - PREVIOUS STEEL WIRE ROPE DESIGNATION SYSTEM
    64 - E1 GENERAL.
    64 - E2 DESIGNATION.
    65 - E3 EXAMPLES OF DESIGNATION.

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Specifies requirements for steel wire ropes for all purposes, and includes tables giving linear mass and minimum breaking force against nominal diameter for each type of rope construction. The designation system is taken from ISO 3578. It specifies materials, manufacture, marking, packing, and test requirements. Appendices give guidelines for purchasers, and for calculation of minimum breaking force. Includes wall charts which give details of the designation system and examples of construction for the new system both full and abbreviated, and the previous Australian standard system.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies requirements for steel wire ropes. NOTE: Guidelines are given in Appendix A for the purchasing of ropes and in Appendix B for rope selection. Appendix E sets out the previous designation method. For guidance on recommended procedures for the selection, storage, handling maintenance, use, inspection, and discard of helically laid steel wire ropes, see AS 2759.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee ME-007
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1394-2001 Round steel wire for ropes
    AS 2759-2004 Steel wire rope - Use, operation and maintenance
    AS 2193-2005 Calibration and classification of force-measuring systems (Reconfirmed 2017)
    AS 2000-1987 Guide to AS 1821-1823 - Suppliers quality systems

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 3995-1994 Design of steel lattice towers and masts
    AS 3860-1991 Fixed guideway people movers
    AS 1636.2-1996 Tractors - Roll-over protective structures - Criteria and tests Rear-mounted for narrow-track tractors
    AS 2076-1996 Wire-rope grips for non-lifting applications
    AS 2740-2001 Wedge-type sockets
    AS 1735.14-1998 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Low-rise platforms for passengers
    AS/NZS 1891.3:1997 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices - Fall-arrest devices
    AS 1735.2-1993 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Passenger and goods lifts - Electric
    AS 1666.2-1995 Wire-rope slings - Care and use
    AS 1138-1992 Thimbles for wire rope
    AS 2089-1993 Sheave blocks for lifting purposes
    AS 1735.7-1998 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Stairway lifts
    AS/NZS 1576.1:1995 Scaffolding General requirements
    AS 1333-1994 Conveyor belting of elastomeric and steel cord construction (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS/NZS 1735.18:2002 Lifts, escalators, and moving walks Passenger lifts for private residence - Automatically controlled
    AS 3776-2006 Lifting components for Grade T chain slings
    AS 4324.1-1995 Mobile equipment for continuous handling of bulk materials - General requirements for the design of steel structures
    AS/NZS 1972:2006 Electric cables - Underground coal mines - Other than reeling and trailing (Reconfirmed 2020)
    AS 3995(INT)-1991 Design of steel lattice towers and masts
    AS/NZS 4576:1995 Guidelines for scaffolding
    AS 1418.1-2002 Cranes, hoists and winches General requirements
    AS 1735.2-1997 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Passenger and goods lifts - Electric
    AS 1576.1-1991 Scaffolding - General requirements
    AS 1418.15-1994 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Concrete placing equipment
    AS/NZS 1891.1:2007 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Harnesses and ancillary equipment
    AS 2759-2004 Steel wire rope - Use, operation and maintenance
    AS 1666.2-2009 Wire-rope slings Care and use (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 60311-1999 Electric irons for household or similar use - Methods for measuring performance
    AS/NZS 1891.1:1995 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Safety belts and harnesses
    AS 2601-1991 The demolition of structures
    AS 4451.1-1997 Small craft - Steering systems - Wire rope and pulley systems for sailing craft
    AS 3533.1-1997 Amusement rides and devices - Design and construction
    AS 2089-2008 Sheave blocks for lifting purposes (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 1735.2-2001 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Passenger and goods lifts - Electric
    AS 1418.2-1997 Cranes (including hoists and winches) Serial hoists and winches
    AS 1755-2000 Conveyors - Safety requirements
    AS/NZS 3845:1999 Road safety barrier systems
    AS 1735.15-2002 Lifts, escalators, and moving walks Low-rise passenger lifts - Non-automatically controlled
    AS/NZS 1972:2002 Electric cables - Underground coal mines - Other than reeling and trailing
    AS 3637.3-1997 Underground mining - Winding suspension equipment Rope cappings
    AS 3533.1-2009 Amusement rides and devices Design and construction
    AS 1576.4-1991 Scaffolding - Suspended scaffolding
    AS 1666.1-1995 Wire-rope slings - Product specification
    AS 3777-2008 Shank hooks and large eye hooks - Maximum 60 t (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 2316.1-2009 Artificial climbing structures and challenge courses Fixed and mobile artificial climbing and abseiling walls
    AS 1735.16-1993 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Lifts for persons with limited mobility - Restricted use - Automatically controlled
    AS 3785.6-1992 Underground mining - Shaft equipment - Guides and rubbing ropes for conveyances
    AS/NZS 1891.2:2001 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices Horizontal lifeline and rail systems
    AS 1138-2008 Thimbles for wire rope (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 2601-2001 The demolition of structures
    AS/NZS 1891.2(INT):1998 Industrial fall-arrest systems and devices - Horizontal lifeline and rail systems
    AS 1418.1-1994 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - General requirements
    AS 1636.1-1996 Tractors - Roll-over protective structures - Criteria and tests Conventional tractors
    AS/NZS 1972:1996 Electric cables - Underground coal mines - Other than reeling and trailing
    AS 1666.1-2009 Wire-rope slings Product specification (Reconfirmed 2019)
    AS 1636.3-1996 Tractors - Roll-over protective structures - Criteria and tests Mid-mounted for narrow-track tractors
    AS 1418.5-1995 Cranes (including hoists and winches) - Mobile and vehicle-loading cranes
    AS/NZS 3200.2.201:2000 Medical electrical equipment Particular requirements for safety - Dento-maxillofacial X-ray equipment
    AS/NZS 2398(INT):1994 Fixed diagnostic X-ray equipment - Design, construction and installation - Safety requirements
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