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  • AS/NZS 2293.1:1998

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.
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    Emergency evacuation lighting for buildings System design, installation and operation

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF 1 User, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  24-06-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  05-05-1998

    Publisher:  Standards Australia

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 - AS/NZS 2293.1:1998 EMERGENCY EVACUATION LIGHTING FOR BUILDINGS - SYSTEM DESIGN, INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
    4 - PREFACE
    6 - CONTENTS
    8 - FOREWORD
    9 - SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
    9 - 1.1 SCOPE AND APPLICATION
    9 - 1.1.1 Scope
    9 - 1.1.2 Application
    9 - 1.2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    10 - 1.3 DEFINITIONS
    10 - 1.3.1 Ambient temperature
    10 - 1.3.2 Approved
    10 - 1.3.3 Battery
    10 - 1.3.4 Boost charge
    10 - 1.3.5 Cell
    10 - 1.3.6 Central (emergency lighting) system
    10 - 1.3.7 Combined emergency luminaire (combined exit sign)
    10 - 1.3.8 Designated area
    10 - 1.3.9 Direct lighting
    10 - 1.3.10 Electrolyte density
    10 - 1.3.11 Emergency evacuation lighting (emergency lighting)
    11 - 1.3.12 Emergency luminaire
    11 - 1.3.13 Exit
    11 - 1.3.14 Final subcircuit
    11 - 1.3.15 Float charge
    11 - 1.3.16 Illuminance
    11 - 1.3.17 Illumination
    11 - 1.3.18 Indirect lighting
    11 - 1.3.19 Light loss factor (LLF)
    11 - 1.3.20 Luminaire
    11 - 1.3.21 Luminance
    11 - 1.3.22 Luminous flux
    11 - 1.3.23 Luminous intensity
    11 - 1.3.24 Maintained emergency luminaire (maintained exit sign)
    11 - 1.3.25 Monitored supply
    12 - 1.3.26 Mounting height
    12 - 1.3.27 Nominal system voltage
    12 - 1.3.28 Non-maintained emergency luminaire (non-maintained exit sign)
    12 - 1.3.29 Normal lighting
    12 - 1.3.30 Reflectance (reflection factor)
    12 - 1.3.31 Regulatory authority
    12 - 1.3.32 Required in-service duration
    12 - 1.3.33 Reversible inverter
    12 - 1.3.34 Room index ( K)
    12 - 1.3.35 Self-contained emergency luminaire (self-contained exit sign)
    12 - 1.3.36 Single-point (emergency lighting) system
    12 - 1.3.37 Static inverter
    12 - 1.3.38 Sustained emergency luminaire (sustained exit sign)
    13 - 1.3.39 Utilization factor (UF)
    13 - 1.4 COMPLIANCE WITH OTHER STANDARDS
    13 - 1.5 NEW DESIGNS AND INNOVATIONS
    13 - 1.6 ALTERATIONS AND ADDITIONS
    14 - SECTION 2 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE, ARRANGEMENT AND CONTROL
    14 - 2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    14 - 2.2 OPERATION OF EMERGENCY LUMINAIRES AND EXIT SIGNS
    14 - 2.3 DURATION OF OPERATION
    14 - 2.4 ARRANGEMENT AND CONTROL
    14 - 2.4.1 General
    15 - 2.4.2 Sensing of supply failure
    15 - 2.5 LABELLING OF DEVICES CONTROLLING THE OPERATION OF EMERGENCY LIGHTING
    15 - 2.6 COMMISSIONING TEST
    16 - SECTION 3 EMERGENCY POWER SUPPLIES FOR CENTRAL SYSTEMS
    16 - 3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    16 - 3.2 EMERGENCY POWER SOURCE
    16 - 3.2.1 Location
    16 - 3.2.2 Fire resistance
    17 - 3.2.3 Identification and access
    17 - 3.2.4 Ventilation
    17 - 3.2.5 Use of uninterruptible power supply (UPS) systems
    17 - 3.3 BATTERIES AND THEIR INSTALLATION
    17 - 3.3.1 Acceptable types of batteries
    17 - 3.3.2 Battery capacity
    18 - 3.3.3 Installation requirements
    19 - 3.4 BATTERY CHARGER ASSEMBLY
    19 - 3.4.1 General
    19 - 3.4.2 Control of output voltage
    19 - 3.4.3 Rating of battery charger
    19 - 3.4.4 Enclosure of battery charger
    19 - 3.4.5 Battery low-voltage alarms
    19 - 3.4.6 Means for disconnecting the emergency lighting load
    20 - 3.4.7 Instrumentation and controls
    20 - 3.4.8 Rating plate
    21 - 3.5 INVERTERS
    21 - 3.5.1 Reversible inverters
    21 - 3.5.2 Separate inverter
    21 - 3.5.3 Inverter rating
    21 - 3.5.4 Instrumentation and controls
    21 - 3.5.5 Inverter enclosure
    21 - 3.6 ALARM SYSTEMS
    23 - SECTION 4 PROVISION OF DISCHARGE TEST FACILITIES
    23 - 4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    23 - 4.2 REQUIRED FACILITIES
    23 - 4.3 MANUAL TESTING FACILITIES
    24 - 4.4 AUTOMATIC TESTING FACILITIES
    24 - 4.4.1 System requirements
    24 - 4.4.2 Fully self-contained facilities
    24 - 4.4.3 Centralized testing facilities
    25 - SECTION 5 INSTALLATION OF EMERGENCY LUMINAIRES AND EXIT SIGNS
    25 - 5.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    25 - 5.2 PROVISION OF EMERGENCY LUMINAIRES AND EXIT SIGNS
    25 - 5.3 INSTALLATIONS EMPLOYING DIRECT LIGHTING
    25 - 5.3.1 Specific locations requiring emergency luminaires
    26 - 5.3.2 Spacing of emergency luminaires
    29 - 5.3.3 Avoidance of obstruction of light
    29 - 5.3.4 Avoidance of glare
    29 - 5.4 INSTALLATIONS EMPLOYING INDIRECT LIGHTING
    35 - 5.5 LIGHTING OF STAIRWAYS
    35 - 5.5.1 General
    35 - 5.5.2 Direct lighting (spacing rules)
    36 - 5.5.3 Direct lighting (illuminance calculations)
    36 - 5.5.4 Indirect lighting (illuminance calculations)
    36 - 5.6 INSTALLATION OF EXIT SIGNS (IN AUSTRALIA)
    36 - 5.6.1 Required locations
    36 - 5.6.2 Use of externally illuminated signs
    36 - 5.6.3 Sign colours
    36 - 5.6.4 Illumination
    37 - 5.6.5 Physical conditions of installation
    37 - 5.7 INSTALLATION OF EXIT SIGNS (IN NEW ZEALAND)
    37 - 5.8 IDENTIFICATION OF EMERGENCY LUMINAIRES
    38 - SECTION 6 INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL WIRING AND EQUIPMENT FOR CENTRAL SYSTEMS
    38 - 6.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    38 - 6.2 CIRCUIT VOLTAGE DROP
    38 - 6.3 PROTECTION AGAINST OVERCURRENT
    38 - 6.4 PROTECTION OF THE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AGAINST FIRE
    38 - 6.4.1 Forms of protection
    39 - 6.4.2 Protective measures for buildings required to be constructed of fire-rated elements
    40 - 6.4.3 Protective measures for buildings not required to be constructed of fire-rated elements
    41 - 6.4.4 Exemptions from protection against exposure to fire
    41 - 6.4.5 Protection of distribution boards and link boxes
    41 - 6.4.6 Installation of wiring systems
    41 - 6.5 SEGREGATION OR IDENTIFICATION OF SUBMAINS
    41 - 6.6 ARRANGEMENT OF FINAL SUBCIRCUITS
    43 - SECTION 7 INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR MAINTAINING THE SYSTEM
    43 - 7.1 SCOPE OF SECTION
    43 - 7.2 OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL
    43 - 7.2.1 Provision of a manual
    43 - 7.2.2 Information relating to central systems
    44 - 7.2.3 Information relating to single-point systems
    44 - 7.2.4 Additional information relating to automatic discharge testing systems
    44 - 7.2.5 Additional information relating to indirect lighting systems
    44 - 7.3 PROVISION FOR THE RECORDING OF MAINTENANCE
    45 - APPENDIX A - REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
    47 - APPENDIX B -TERMINAL BOX FOR THE CONNECTION OF EMERGENCY LUMINAIRES AND EXIT SIGNS IN CENTRAL SYSTEMS
    47 - B1 SCOPE
    47 - B2 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION
    47 - B3 CONNECTION DETAILS
    47 - B4 INSTALLATION DETAILS
    52 - APPENDIX C - DIAGRAMS ILLUSTRATING CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS OR CHARACTERISTICS OF EMERGENCY LIGHTING SYSTEMS
    57 - APPENDIX D - FORMS OF CONSTRUCTION DEEMED TO PROVIDE A FIRE-RESISTANCE LEVEL* OF 15/15/15

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Sets out requirements for the design, installation and operation of electric emergency evacuation lighting systems for buildings, so as to provide visual conditions which will alleviate panic and permit safe evacuation of the building's occupants, should this be necessary, in the event of failure of the electrical supply to the normal lighting. Does not specify types of buildings nor particular locations which should be provided with emergency evacuation lighting.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Standard specifies requirements for the equipment used and practices adopted in the provision of electric emergency evacuation lighting for buildings. Requirements for emergency luminaires and exit signs are specified by reference to AS/NZS 2293.3. The objective of the Standard is to provide visual conditions which will alleviate panic and permit safe evacuation of the building occupants, should this be necessary, in the event of failure of the electrical supply to the normal lighting.The Standard does not specify the types of buildings or the particular areas of buildings which should be provided with emergency evacuation lighting. This will normally be a matter for determination in accordance with the relevant building regulations. (See the Building Code of Australia or the New Zealand Building Code, as applicable.)There are some differences in the requirements specified for application in Australia and those for application in New Zealand. Such differences are identified at the appropriate place by a qualification such as 'In Australia' or 'In New Zealand', as applicable.NOTES:1 As it is never known when the emergency evacuation lighting may be called upon, it is essential that the system be regularly maintained. AS/NZS 2293.2 sets out inspection and maintenance procedures which are intended to ensure that the installation will continue to comply with this Standard.2 In Australia, requirements for the provision of emergency lighting in lift cars are given in AS 1735. In New Zealand, the comparable requirements are given in Approved Document D2 of the New Zealand Building Code.3 AS 3009 specifies requirements for the emergency standby lighting necessary in hospitals for continued patient care and requires that emergency evacuation lighting be provided in accordance with the requirements of this Standard and relevant building regulations.ApplicationThis Standard will be referenced in the Building Code of Australia by way of BCA Amendment 3 to be published by 1 July 1998, thereby superseding the previous referenced edition, AS 2293.1 -1987.This Standard may be called up by the Building Industry Authority in the Fire Safety sections of the Approved Documents which are expected to be re-published in 1999, thereby replacing AS/NZS 2293.1:1995 which is currently referenced by the New Zealand Building Code Handbook, Approved Document F6 as an Acceptable Solution to the New Zealand Building Code.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee LG-007
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Standards Australia
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes
    Under Revision

    History - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    First published in Australia as part of AS 2293.1-1979.Second edition 1983.Third edition 1987.First published in New Zealand as part of NZS 6742:1971.AS 2293.1-1987 and NZS 6742:1971 jointly revised and designated in part as AS/NZS 2293.1:1995.Second edition 1998. First published in Australia as part of AS 2293.1-1979. Second edition 1983. Third edition 1987. First published in New Zealand as part of NZS 6742:1971. AS 2293.1-1987 and NZS 6742:1971 jointly revised and designated in part as AS/NZS 2293.1:1995. Second edition 1998.

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 1612-1999 Paper sizes
    AS 4044-1992 Battery chargers for stationary batteries
    AS 3665-1989 Simplified definitions of lighting terms and quantities
    AS 3731.2-1995 Stationary batteries - Nickel-cadmium Valve-regulated type
    AS 3002-1985 Electrical installations - Shows and carnivals
    AS 3009-1985 Electrical installations - Emergency power supplies in hospitals
    AS 2005.10-1988 Low voltage fuses - Fuses with enclosed fuse-links - General requirements
    AS 3000-1986 Electrical installations - Buildings, structures and premises (known as the SAA Wiring Rules) (incorporating Amdt 1)
    AS 1852.845-1989 International electrotechnical vocabulary - Lighting
    AS 4029.1-1994 Stationary batteries - Lead-acid Vented type (based on and including the full text of IEC 896-1)
    AS 1680.1-1990 Interior lighting - General principles and recommendations
    AS 2118-1982 Automatic fire sprinkler systems (known as the SAA Code for Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems)
    AS 2191-1978 Stationary batteries of the lead-acid Plante positive plate type
    AS 1680.3-1991 Interior lighting - Measurement, calculation and presentation of photometric data
    AS 3702-1989 Item designation in electrotechnology
    AS/NZS 3100:1997 Approval and test specification - General requirements for electrical equipment
    AS 3011.1-1992 Electrical installations - Secondary batteries installed in buildings - Vented cells Vented cells
    AS 1319-1994 Safety signs for the occupational environment (Reconfirmed 2018)
    AS 3011.2-1992 Electrical installations - Secondary batteries installed in buildings Sealed cells
    AS/NZS 3013:1995 Electrical installations - Classification of the fire and mechanical performance of wiring systems
    AS 2676.1-1992 Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings - Vented cells
    AS/NZS 2293.3:1995 Emergency evacuation lighting for buildings Emergency luminaires and exit signs
    AS 2676.2-1992 Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings - Sealed cells
    AS/NZS 2293.2:1995 Emergency escape lighting and exit signs for buildings Inspection and maintenance
    AS 3731.1-1995 Stationary batteries - Nickel-cadmium Vented type
    AS 4029.2-1992 Stationary batteries - Lead-acid - Valve-regulated sealed type
    AS 4029.3-1993 Stationary batteries - Lead-acid Pure lead positive pasted plate type

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    AS 4421-1996 Guards and patrols
    AS 1735.14-1998 Lifts, escalators and moving walks Low-rise platforms for passengers
    AS/NZS 3003:2003 Electrical installations - Patient treatment areas of hospitals and medical, dental practices and dialyzing locations
    AS/NZS 3009:1998 Electrical installations - Emergency power supplies in hospitals
    AS 3533.1-1997 Amusement rides and devices - Design and construction
    AS/NZS 2293.2:1995 Emergency escape lighting and exit signs for buildings Inspection and maintenance
    AS/NZS 4783.2:2002 Performance of electrical lighting equipment - Ballasts for fluorescent lamps Energy labelling and minimum energy performance standards requirements (Reconfirmed 2013)
    AS/NZS 3084:2017 Telecommunications installations - Telecommunications pathways and spaces for commercial buildings
    AS/NZS 2293.3:1995 Emergency evacuation lighting for buildings Emergency luminaires and exit signs
    AS 2560.1-2002 Sports lighting General principles
    AS/NZS 1680.0:1998 Interior lighting - Safe movement
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